Whistle Lake Trails Plants and Lichens

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Whistle Lake Trails Plants and Lichens

Anacortes Community Forest Lands, Washington

Scientific Names Common Names Status Rpt By

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Oenanthe sarmentosa K. Presl ex DC. water parsely OBL 1

Aquifoliaceae Holly Family

Ilex aquifolium L. English holly I, UPL 1

Araceae Calla-lily, Arum Family

Lysichiton americanus Hultén & St. John swamp lantern, skunk cabbage OBL 1

Asteraceae Daisy Family

Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort. wall-lettuce I, NI 1

= Lactuca muralis (L.) Fresen.

Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. tall Oregon grape UPL 1

Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. low Oregon grape UPL 1

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus rubra Bong. red alder FAC 1

Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Linnaea borealis L. twinflower FACU- 1

Lonicera ciliosa (Pursh) Poir. ex DC. orange honeysuckle UPL 1

Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake snowberry FACU 1

Crassulaceae Stonecrop Family

Sedum spathulifolium Hook. broadleaf stonecrop UPL 1

Cupressaceae Cypress Family

Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don western redcedar FAC 1

Cyperaceae Sedge Family

Carex obnupta Bailey slough sedge OBL 1

Ericaceae Heath Family

Arbutus menziesii Pursh Pacific madrone UPL 1

Gaultheria shallon Pursh salal FACU 1

Vaccinium parvifolium Sm. red huckleberry UPL 1

Geraniaceae Geranium Family

Geranium robertianum L. herb-Robert I, B, UPL 1

Grossulariaceae Currant Family

Ribes divaricatum Dougl. wild or spreading gooseberry FAC 1

Juncaceae Rush Family

Luzula DC. woodrush 1

Nymphaeaceae Water-lily Family

Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm. ssp. polysepala (Engelm.) yellow pond-lily I, OBL 1

E.O. Beal

= Nuphar polysepala Engelm.

Orchidaceae Orchid Family

Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. evergreen orchid FACU- 1

Pinaceae Pine Family

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco Douglas fir FACU 1

Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. western hemlock FACU- 1

Rhamnaceae Buckthorn Family

Frangula purshiana (DC.) Cooper cascara FAC- 1

= Rhamnus purshiana DC.

Rosaceae Rose Family

Fragaria virginiana Duchesne ssp. platypetala wild strawberry FACU 1

(Rydb.) Staudt

Geum macrophyllum Willd. large-leaved or big-leaved avens FACW- 1

Holodiscus discolor (Pursh) Maxim. ocean spray UPL 1

Prunus emarginata (Dougl. ex Hook.) D. Dietr. bitter cherry FACU 1

Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt. baldhip rose FACU 1

Rosa nutkana K. Presl Nootka rose FAC 1

Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees Himalayan blackberry I, FACU+ 1

Rubus spectabilis Pursh salmonberry FAC+ 1

Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schlecht. trailing blackberry, dewberry FACU 1

Spiraea douglasii Hook. hardhack FACW 1

Salicaceae Willow Family

Populus balsamifera L. ssp. trichocarpa (Torr. & black or Northern cottonwood FAC 1

Gray ex Hook.) Brayshaw

Typhaceae Cat-tail Family

Typha latifolia L. cattail OBL 1

Urticaceae Nettle Family

Urtica dioica L. stinging nettle I, FAC+ 1

Ferns and Allies

Dennstaedtiaceae Bracken Fern Family

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn bracken fern FACU 1

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Dryopteris expansa (K. Presl) Fraser-Jenkins & spreading wood-fern facw 1


Polystichum munitum (Kaulfuss) K. Presl common sword fern FACU 1

Polypodiaceae Polypody Family

Polypodium glycyrrhiza D.C. Eat. licorice fern UPL 1


Aulacomniaceae Aulacomniaceae Family

Aulacomnium androgynum (Hedw.) Schwaegr. lover's moss 1

Brachytheciaceae Brachytheciaceae Family

Eurhynchium oreganum (Sull.) Jaeg. Oregon beaked moss 1

Eurhynchium praelongum (Hedw.) Schimp. in slender beaked moss 1


Isothecium myosuroides Brid. cat-tailed moss 1

Dicranaceae Dicranaceae Family

Dicranum (scoparium Hedw)? broom moss 1

Hylocomiaceae Hylocomiaceae Family

Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Schimp. in B.S.G. step moss, stair-step moss 1

Pleurozium schreberi (Brid.) Mitt. big red stem 1

Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus (Hedw.) Warnst. goose-necked moss, electrified 1

cat's tail moss

Leucodontaceae Leucodontaceae Family

Dendroalsia abietina (Hook.) Britt. plume moss, fir tree moss 1

Mniaceae Mniaceae Family

Leucolepis acanthoneuron (Schwaegr.) Lindb. Menzie's tree moss 1

Plagiomnium T. Kop. plagiomnium moss 1

Neckeraceae Neckeraceae Family

Neckera douglasii Hook. Douglas' neckera 1

Plagiotheciaceae Plagiotheciaceae Family

Plagiothecium undulatum (Hedw.) Schimp. in wavy-leaved cotton moss 1


Polytrichaceae Haircap Moss Family

Polytrichum commune Hedw. common haircap or hairy-cap moss 1


Cladoniaceae Cladoniaceae Family

Cladina (mitis (Sandst.) Hustich)? lesser green or yellow reindeer 1


Cladonia (bellidiflora (Ach.) Schaerer)? toy soldiers 1

Cladonia pyxidata (L.) Hoffm. pebbled pixie-cup 1

Cladonia transcendens (Vainio) Vainio magic or variable pebblehorn 1

Parmeliaceae Parmeliaceae Family

Hypogymnia (occidentalis L. Pike)? lattice bone, western tube lichen 1

Parmelia sulcata Taylor powdered shield, waxpaper lichen 1

Platismatia glauca (L.) Culb. & C. Culb. ragbag 1

Tuckermannopsis playtphylla (Tuck.) Hale weathered ruffle 1

= Cetraria platyphylla Tuck.

Peltigeraceae Peltigeraceae Family

Peltigera britannica (Gyelnik) Holt.-Hartw. & freckle pelt 1


Peltigera membranacea (Ach.) Nyl. dog pelt 1

Report Dates:

First reported February 19, 2001. Last updated March 24, 2001. Additions, comments, or questions should be directed to Peter O'Mara at omara@fidalgo.net.

Reported By:

1. O'Mara, P. Summary of February 19 and March 5, 2001 observations.


This small lake within the Anacortes Community Forest Lands (ACFL) has easy perimeter trails that provide

access to wetlands, balds, and rocky areas within lowland forests.

ACFL maps that include directions to the trailhead are available at the Anacortes visitors' center on Commercial Avenue. Plants and lichens listed in this report were observed along trails 20, 205, 22, 21 and 204 around the perimeter of Whistle Lake and past the north edge of Toot Swamp.


Unless otherwise noted, scientific names are from the latest PLANTS database, Version 3.0 (USDA, 1999). Common names are those used regionally (see Goward 1994 and 1999, and McCune, 1997 for lichen common names). Each plant's wetland status was determined by consulting USFWS, 1996, Cooke, 1997, and Weinmann, 1999. Introduced plants are identified in Weinmann, 1999 and in the PLANTS database. Weed status is from the 1999-2000 Washington State Noxious Weed List. The following symbols and acronyms are used in this report:


Alternate or reported scientific names, if different from those in the PLANTS database.

Alternate or reported scientific names also used in the Jepson Manual (Hickman, 1993).


Tentative or incomplete identification.

A, B, C

Washington State noxious weed status (see reference below).


Facultative Wetland. Equally likely to be in wetlands (34%-66% probability) or non-wetlands.


Facultative Upland. Usually in non-wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Facultative Wetland. Usually found in wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Introduced species.


No wetland indicator status has been assigned.


Obligate Wetland. Almost always a wetland species (>99% probability).


Obligate Upland. Rarely in wetlands (<1% probability).

+, -

Wetland status is toward the higher or lower end of the indicated range of probabilities.

Wetland status listings in lower case letters indicate a proposed status or one assigned by regional experts.


Cooke, Sarah, Editor. 1997. A Field Guide to the Common Wetland Plants of Western Washington and Northwest

Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society and Washington Native Plant Society.
Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 2 - Fruticose species. B.C. Ministry of

Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 9. 319 pp.

Goward, T., B. McCune and D. Meidinger. 1994. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 1 - Foliose

and squamulose species. B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 8. 181 pp.

Hickman, James C. (Editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press.
McCune, B. and L. Geiser. 1997. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.

386 pp.
USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/plants). National Plant Data Center, Baton

Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. National List of Vascular Plant Species that Occur in Wetlands: 1996 National Summary. Available from http:://wetlands.fws.gov/bha/.
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. 1999. Washington State Noxious Weed List.
Weinmann, Fred. 1999. King County Vascular Plants (available from the Washington Native Plant Society).

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