United Nations Environment Programme nowpap




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United Nations Environment Programme NOWPAP








Northwest

Pacific

Action Plan

Distr.

RESTRICTED


UNEP/NOWPAP/DINRAC

FPM 6/Ref.4

24 May, 2007
Original: English

Northwest Pacific Action Plan

Data and Information Network

Regional Activity Centre


The 6th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting

Beijing, the People’s Republic of China, 24 - 25 May 2007



THE REGIONAL REPORT ON MARINE AND COASTAL NATURE RESERVES

IN THE NOWPAP REGION




Note
This regional report is drafted by Dr. Li Junsheng, Professor of Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES) based on the analysis to Four National Reports on Marine and Coastal Nature Reserves in NOWPAP Region by NOWPAP DINRAC FPs as an outcome of DINRAC Activity M, which is in the Workplan for the 2006/2007 biennium agreed at the 5th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting (Shenzhen, the People’s Republic of China, 10-11 May 2006).


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1. Background of the Report 1

P. R. China 1

Russian Federation 1

Japan 2


Republic of Korea 2

2. Current situation of the establishment of marine and coastal Nature Reserves 4

3. Introduction of Key Nature Reserves 6

3.1 P. R. China 6

3.1.1 Yalu River Estuary and coastal Wetland National Nature Reserve 6

3.1.2 Shandong Changdao National Nature Reserve 6

3.1.3 Jiangsu Yancheng Rare Bird National Nature Reserve 7

3.1.4 Jiangsu Dafeng Pere Davis Deer (Elaphurus davidianus) National Nature Reserve 7

3.2 Japan 11

3.2.1 Daizen-Oki National Park 11

3.2.2 Saikai National Park 11

3.2.3 San’in Kaigan National Park 12

3.2.4 Genkai Quasi-National Park 12

3.2.5 Iki-Tsushima Quasi-National Park 13

3.2.6 Niseko Shakotan Otaru-kaigan Quasi-National Park 13

3.2.7 Sado-Yahiko-Yoneyama Quasi-National Park 13

3.2.8 Wakasa-wan Quasi-national Park 14

3.3 Republic of Korea 19

3.3.1 Ecosystem Conservation Area 19

3.3.2 Marine and Coastal National Park 19

3.3.3 Wetland Protected Areas 19

4.3.4 Natural Heritage Protected Areas 20

3.3.5 Special Islands 20

3.3.6 Wildlife Protected Areas 20

3.3.7 Man and Biosphere of UNESCO 21

3.3.8 Fisheries Resources Protected Areas 21

3.3.9 Fisheries Protection Areas 21

3.3.10 Fisheries Enhancement Areas 21

3.3.11 Fisheries Resources Managed Areas 22

3.3.12 Shellfish Production Areas 22

3.4 Russian Federation 25

3.4.1 Far Eastern State Marine Nature Biospheric Reserve 25

3.4.2 L.G. Kaplanov Lazovskiy State Nature Reserve 25

3.4.3 K.G. Abramov Sikhote-Alin State Nature Biospheric Reserve 25

3.4.4 State Nature Reserve “Botchinskiy” 26

3.4.5 State Marine Partial Reserve “Vostok Bay” 26

4. Brief management organizations related to Nature Reserves 28

4.1 P. R. China 28

4.2 Japan 29

4.3 Republic of Korea 30

4.3.1 Ministry of Environment 30

4.3.2 Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries 30

4.3.3 Cultural Heritage Administration, Ministry of Culture and Tourism 31

4.3.4 Korea National Park Authority 31

5. Brief of activities and measures (including laws and regulations) related to Nature Reserves 32

5.1 Organizations 32

5.2 Legal Systems 32

5.3 Nature Reserves Establishment and Administrations 33

5.3.1 Nature Reserves Establishment 33

5.3.2 Nature Reserves Administration 34

6. Summary 37

References 40





1. Background of the Report


This regional report is an outcome of the activity of the Establishment of Database of Coastal and Marine Nature Reserves in the NOWPAP Region, which was agreed on at the fifth NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting (Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China, 10-11 May, 2006). It is the activity in the NOWPAP DINRAC workplan 2006/07 biennium. The overall objective of this activity is to establish a database on marine and coastal nature reserves in the NOWPAP region, as a review and understanding on the current situation and development of nature reserves.

In the NOWPAP region, the most significant constraint for data and information sharing and exchanging on marine and coastal nature reserves is that each Member has its different national conditions, nature reserves’ standards, information management means and development degrees, and description of nature reserves in native languages. To overcome this constraint, it is necessary to collect data and information on marine and coastal nature reserves in the regional level, identify the system objective and data demand and then establish a database on marine and coastal nature reserves in order to contribute to enhancement of information exchange and public awareness in the NOWPAP region. The compilation of the Regional Report on Marine and Coastal Nature Reserves in the NOWPAP Region is to give a review and understanding on the current situation and management of key nature reserves of member countries, People’s Republic of China, Japan, Republic of Korea, and Russian Federation, respectively.

To achieve the objective for data and information sharing and exchanging, the NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points of four countries provided their selfless assistance to the compiling group. They did so many inter-governmental communications during the project. Their names are listed below:

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