U ep nited n united Nations Environment Programme




старонка1/14
Дата канвертавання15.04.2016
Памер496.3 Kb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   14

U
EP
NITED


N

United Nations

Environment

Programme

Distr.

LIMITED
UNEP(DEC)/CAR IG.20/INF.3

24 September 2001
ENGLISH

Original: ENGLISH


ATIONS



First Meeting of the Contracting Parties

(COP) to the Protocol Concerning Specially

Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW)

in the Wider Caribbean Region


Havana, Cuba, 24-25 September 2001

Elements for the Development of a

Marine Mammal Action Plan for the Wider Caribbean:

A Review of Marine Mammal Distribution
ELEMENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A

MARINE MAMMAL ACTION PLAN FOR THE WIDER CARIBBEAN:

A REVIEW OF MARINE MAMMAL DISTRIBUTION
Dr Nathalie Ward

Eastern Caribbean Cetacean Network

Boston University Marine Program

PO Box 573

Woods Hole, MA USA 02543

Anna Moscrop

International Fund for Animal Welfare

Habitat for Animals Program

PO Box 1822

Yarmouthport, MA USA 02675

Dr Carole Carlson

International Fund for Animal Welfare

Habitat for Animals Program

PO Box 1822

Yarmouthport, MA USA 02675


TABLE OF CONTENTS

pg. 4. Executive Summary


6. Introduction

7. Objectives of MMAP for the Wider Caribbean Region (WCR)

8. Marine Mammal Diversity and Distribution: A Review

9. Future Recommendations

10. General Distribution and Ecology of Marine Mammals in the WCR

ORDER CETACEA

13. Suborder Mysticeti or Baleen Whales

13. Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae

15. Bryde’s whale, Balaenoptera edeni

17. Fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus


17.Common minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata

17.Sei whale, Balaenoptera borealis

18.Blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus

18.Northern right whale, Eubalaena glacialis


18. Suborder Odontoceti or Toothed Whales

19. Family Physeteridae

19.Sperm Whale, Physeter macrocephalus

22. Family Kogiidae, Pygmy and Dwarf Sperm Whales

22. Pygmy sperm whale, Kogia breviceps

22. Dwarf sperm whale, Kogia sima

24. Family Ziphiidae, Beaked Whales

24.Cuvier’s beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris

24.Gervais’ beaked whale, Mesoplodon europaeus

26.Blainville’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon densirostris

27.True’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon mirus

27.Sowerby’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon bidens

27. Family Delphinidae, Oceanic Dolphins

27.Killer whale, Orcinus orca

28.Pygmy killer whale, Feresa attenuata

29.False killer whale, Pseudorca crassidens

29.Short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus

31.Melon-headed whale, Peponocephala electra

32. Fraser’s dolphin, Lagenodelphis hosei

32. Pantropical spotted dolphin, Stenella attenuata

32. Atlantic spotted dolphin, Stenella frontalis

35. Spinner dolphin, Stenella longirostris

35. Clymene dolphin, Stenella clymene

36. Common dolphins, Delphinus spp.

37. Common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus

39. Striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba

39. Risso’s dolphin, Grampus griseus

40. Rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis

41. Tucuxi, Sotalia fluviatilis

ORDER SIRENIA


42. Family Trichechidae

42. West Indian manatee, Trichechus manatus



ORDER CARNIVORA


43.Suborder Pinnipedia

43.West Indian monk seal, Monachus tropicalis

43.California sea lion, Zalophus californianus
45. Acknowledgements

46. Literature Cited


70. Appendix I: Map and Occurrence Tables

Tables 1–6: Occurrence of Marine Mammals by Sub-Regions

Figure 1: Map of Wider Caribbean with Sub-Regions

75. Appendix II: Cetacean Species Descriptions and Conservation Status

84. Appendix III: Species List of Marine Mammals of the Wider Caribbean

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
At the Inter-governmental Meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Convention in Kingston, Jamaica (February 2000), the Parties adopted the Scientific Committees’ recommendation for the timely development of a Marine Mammal Action Plan (MMAP) for the Wider Caribbean Region (WCR). The objectives of the MMAP are to ascertain the current status of marine mammals in the WCR, to identify where data are scarce,

to make recommendations for future research, and to determine how best to apply and manage legislative and protective measures for maximum conservation benefit in the future. The MMAP aims to provide a framework for activities that require national and regional cooperation, on the basis of respect for the sovereign rights of the participating governments.

“The Distribution of Marine Mammals of the Wider Caribbean” describes the diversity and distribution of marine mammals in the WCR. This paper serves as a companion document to “Marine Mammals of the Wider Caribbean Region: A Review of Their Conservation Status” (UNEP (WATER)/CAR WG.22/ INF.7: Ward and Moscrop 1999). This literature review is intended to provide additional background information for the development of a MMAP, and to contribute to the development and expansion of conservation measures at both national and international levels throughout the region. Recommendations for cooperative research and management strategies are proposed as well as coordination of public awareness and conservation education efforts.
Information for this document was gathered from historical records, scientific literature, and sighting and stranding reports from various organizations including research groups and whale watch operations. The paucity of available information about marine mammals in the region, particularly cetaceans, indicates that future research would be beneficial.

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   14


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка