Trade, Gold, and Diffusion Global History and Geography I name

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Trade, Gold, and Diffusion

Global History and Geography I Name: ______________________________

E. Napp Date: ______________________________

Word Bank:

Salt, Barter, Trade, Nomad, Ghana, Taxation, Security, Invasion, Trans Saharan Trade, Animism, Islam, Cultural Diffusion, Mali, Mansa Musa, Timbuktu, Ibn Battuta, Pilgrimage, Songhai, Guns

Map from


  1. Which significant West African king’s journey is displayed on the map? ________________________________________________________________________

  2. State two facts about this significant king:

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  1. Where was this king traveling to? ________________________________________________________________________

  2. Why was this king traveling to this city? ________________________________________________________________________

  3. State two facts about this significant city:

  • ______________________________________________________________

  • ______________________________________________________________

  1. What natural resource was available in West Africa? ________________________________________________________________________

  2. What natural resource was available in North Africa? ________________________________________________________________________

  3. What important city was located in West Africa? ________________________________________________________________________

  4. State two important facts about this important West African city:

  • ____________________________________________________________

  • ____________________________________________________________

  1. What parts of African were connected in the salt for gold trade? ______________________________________________________________________

  2. Using evidence from the map, what religion entered West Africa from Arabia? ______________________________________________________________________

  3. Is the answer for question 11 an example of cultural diffusion? Explain your answer. ________________________________________________________________________

  4. Review Question: List the Five Pillars of Islam.

  1. __________________________________________________

  2. __________________________________________________

  3. __________________________________________________

  4. __________________________________________________

  5. __________________________________________________

  1. Review Questions: Define the following terms.

  1. Qu’ran (Koran): _______________________________________________

  2. Hajj: _________________________________________________________

  3. Pilgrimage: ____________________________________________________

  4. Monotheism: ___________________________________________________

Review Questions:

  1. Who was Marco Polo? _____________________________________________________________________

  2. Who was Ibn Battuta? _____________________________________________________________________

  3. What route did Marco Polo travel? _____________________________________________________________________

  4. Where did Ibn Battuta travel? ___________________________________________________________________

Ibn Battuta: Man of Travel, Man of Adventure

Excerpt Adapted from

Ibn Battuta was born in 1304 A.D. in the city of Tangiers, Morocco. His family members were judges or lawyers. Ibn Battuta learned to read and write Arabic by memorizing and copying the Quran by the age of 12. He Battuta studied Islamic scared law called Shari'a which guided the Muslims to live in harmony and be guided by God. His training to be a qadi or judge would have enabled him to hear and decide cases of sacred law.”


1: How did Ibn Battuta learn to read and write Arabic? _____________________________________________________________________________

2: What is Shari’a? _____________________________________________________________________________

3: What occupation was Ibn Battuta trained to perform? _____________________________________________________________________________

Ibn Battuta traveled many roads through Dar al-Islam, home of Islam. His journey began during the period known as Pax Mongolia when Mongol Khans maintained peace throughout much of Asia. This period of peace allowed for increased movement, expansion of commerce, the arts, literature, law and government.”

4: What is “Dar al-Islam”? ______________________________________________________________________________

5: Why was Ibn Battuta able to travel successfully during the Pax Mongolia? ______________________________________________________________________________ “On camels, horses, donkeys and boats Ibn Battuta was determined to visit the Islamic world. A man of meager means he was fed and entertained and cared for along the way by royalty, merchants and Mongol Kings. The Muslim practice of granting hospitality to pilgrims journeying to Mecca fulfills one of the Five Pillars of Faith.”

6: How did Ibn Battuta travel? ______________________________________________________________________________

7: Who provided for Ibn Battuta’s needs during his travels? ______________________________________________________________________________

8: Why were people willing to provide for Ibn Battuta’s needs? ______________________________________________________________________________

Ibn Battuta traveled in search of knowledge. His account of his journey known as Rihla or book of travels has contributed to our understanding of the geography and social history of his time.”

9: What was the “Rihla”? ______________________________________________________________________________

Mansa Musa: The Most Significant King of Mali

Excerpt adapted from Global History: The Growth of Civilizations

The greatest Malian king, Mansa Musa, ruled from 1312 to 1337. He was devoted to the Muslim religion. Largely through his influence, Islam spread throughout his empire.”


  1. When did Mansa Musa rule? ________________________________________________________________________

  2. What spread throughout his empire due to his influence? _______________________________________________________________________

In 1324, Mansa Musa made a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. (He was fulfilling one of the Five Pillars of obligation of the faithful.) An enormous caravan loaded with 24,000 pounds of gold accompanied him on the journey. Among his followers were 500 servants, each carrying a six-pound staff made of gold. Few kings anywhere could display such wealth. In the words of an Arab historian, these treasures “almost put Africa’s sun to shame.” Mansa Musa spent and gave away so much gold on this trip that he affected the economy of the areas he visited. Some scholars estimate that the price of gold in Egypt went down. The resulting inflation (general rise in prices of goods) did not correct itself for ten years.”

  1. What did Mansa Musa do in 1324? ________________________________________________________________________

  2. Why did Mansa Musa do this? ________________________________________________________________________

  3. What accompanied him on his journey? ________________________________________________________________________

  4. What did each of his 500 servants carry? ________________________________________________________________________

  5. What did Mansa Musa give away during his trip? ________________________________________________________________________

  6. What happened in Egypt as a result of Mansa Musa’s visit to Egypt? ________________________________________________________________________

On his return from Mecca, Mansa Musa brought back many talented people to Timbuktu, his capital city. They included teachers, scholars, artists, engineers, and architects. These talented people made Timbuktu’s university a famous center for learning and the arts.”

  1. Who did Mansa Musa bring back to Timbuktu? ________________________________________________________________________

  2. What was Timbuktu? ________________________________________________________________________

  3. What did Timbuktu become? ________________________________________________________________________

Travelers to Timbuktu were impressed by Mali’s commercial activities, fair legal system, and law-abiding citizens. (Ibn Battuta, the famous Muslim traveler, visited Mali and wrote about his impressions in the mid-1300s.) They claimed that there were few incidents of robbery and violence in Mali. Some visiting Muslims disapproved of the great freedom exercised by the women of Mali. Unlike women in other Muslim lands, Mali women were free to take an active part in the social and cultural life of the empire.”

  1. What impressed travelers to Timbuktu? ________________________________________________________________________

  2. What famous traveler visited Mali? ________________________________________________________________________

  3. What did visitors claim of Mali? What did some disapprove of? ________________________________________________________________________

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