The Stone Monuments Evolution from Roman Cities in Dacia during the ii-nd to the iii-rd Century ad

Дата канвертавання18.04.2016
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The Stone Monuments Evolution from Roman Cities in Dacia during the II-nd to the III-rd Century AD.

Roman settlements from Dacia, founded by the Romans in 106 AD reach an unprecedented development, as well as by the year 275 AD in Northern Danubian province are known 12 cities. 8 of them reach the colony rank and 4 of them the rank of municipium. Roman province of Dacia is the only one from all the Empire where in a short period of time develops an urban life with very important consequences on subsequent Romanization.

The present study refers to four Roman settlements: Ampelum, Municipium Apulense, Porolissum and Tibiscum, which according to the particularities of every one have started evolving from being a military camp, and then a vicus and in the end a municipium.

Raising the status of Roman settlements at the rank of municipium Latin, is an recognition of urban community with incomplete citadel rights from Roman rights point of view, being forced to pay taxes and performing military service, but retain their autonomy and also their old laws and customs .

Is well known that during the reign of Septimius Severus (193-211), a special attention is granted to provinces, especially the African ones and to the one from Danube, where he protected and also developed cities.

Transformations made were first of all due to reforms from army initiated by Septimius Severus, which allowed soldiers to marry with women from provinces and to live in military vicus or canabae or with their families.

These events were surprised during our researches in cities of Dacia where we discovered that during the reign of Septimius Severus people did new works on the streets, monuments and public imposing buildings.

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