The oasis form: creating metadata

Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
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The OASIS form: creating metadata

The discussion period before lunch introduced the OASIS project, a project which seeks to improve the flow of information between contractors, local authority heritage managers and the general public. If data is captured in digital form - to use the jargon "born digital" - then it can be supplied to any number of organisations or individuals that may have need of it. However, if the data is supplied on paper, as is often the case, then the release of that data to the user community is inhibited. The OASIS project has allowed the ADS, AIP, EH and many others to develop a web-based data entry form that can supply this data in a flexible manner to all of the relevant stakeholders. This exercise introduces the OASIS form by simulating the supply of data from a real excavation project. If you would rather refer to a project with which you are already familiar, then please do so. Also, the OASIS project has not yet been completed, and developments continue. Comments and reactions are welcome - even critical ones - because this will help ensure that the data capture form is created in consultation with the whole community.

Task One: getting started

Start by pointing your browser at: and skim the description of the OASIS project. This will already be familiar to you. A more useful, practical introduction to the form is presented in the "New Users" section. Click on the "New Users of the OASIS form" link and read this page in more detail. Note in particular the buttons for submitting the records and moving between sections of the form. Note also the "plus" button that allows you to add numerous pieces of data under one heading. Having reads this short introduction, click on the "Go to the Oasis Form" link.

Take some time orienting yourself with the form. It is divided into 7 sections - Details, Location, Creators, Date, Archives, Bibliography and Record Creator. Each of these sections (except the last one) are activated by clicking on the purple "Fill in details" button, and each is supported by a short help screen activated by clicking on the appropriate question mark button. When you click the "Submit this page" button, the form is emailed to the relevant NMR or SMR who will validate the record before releasing it. Incorrect records can be cleared by clicking the "Clear all values and start again" button. Two parts of the form - the location and the bibliographic reference ask questions before you can fill in the details, since the type of details you submit will depend on the answer you give. Thus, the OASIS form for England is different from the OASIS form for Scotland.

Task Two: Project Details

Now click on the Project details button. Enter the following details into the relevant boxes.
Title: Cottam B Anglo-Scandinavian Settlement

Description: The presence of Anglian and Anglo-Scandinavian settlements at Cottam was first indicated in 1987 by numerous finds of copper alloy coins, dress pins and strap-ends by metal detector users. Fieldwork was carried out on behalf of the Department of Archaeology, University of York, between 1993 and 1995 including field walking, geophysical survey and excavation. This revealed an enclosure of eighth-ninth centuries containing traces of a small number of post-built halls. In the late ninth century the site was abandoned, a process that led to the incorporation of a female human skull in a domestic rubbish pit. A new enclosed settlement was laid out nearby, which was occupied briefly in the early tenth century. It is argued that Anglian settlement may have been part of a royal multiple estate but that as a result of estate organisation after the Scandinavian settlement it developed into an independent manor. Cottam is the first so-called "productive site" in the environs of York to be the subject of archaeological investigations. The results suggest that it was a prosperous but not exceptional site, and that the primary activity was farming, with limited evidence of trade or manufacture.

Previous Fieldwork: Yes

Future Fieldwork: Yes

Associated Code: Cot93 Site code

Associated Code: Cot95 Site code

Type of Project: Research Project

Monument Type: Settlement

Period: Early Medieval

Artefact Type: Metalwork

Period: Early Medieval

Artefact Type: Pottery

Period: Early Medieval

Artefact Type: Bone and Antler

Period: Early Medieval

Artefact Type: Flint

Period: Early Medieval
Notice while you are doing this that some of the fields require multiple entries, for which it is necessary to hit the "+" button. Notice also that the long summary text that we have supplied is tedious to enter manually, but that it corresponds to an executive summary which you may include in any report or record. Thus, entering the data from your own desk-top machine, with the text open in front of you is much easier, since you can simply copy and paste elements of the text straight into the record.
Finally, notice that Investigation type data sits in a sub form from this page. Click to "Fill in details" of the investigation type and tick the following boxes. Investigation types: Systematic Field walking, part excavation, systematic metal detector survey, full survey, field observation

When you click on the "Submit this page" button at the bottom of the Investigation type sub-form, the data appears under the correct heading in the main form.

Now click "Submit this page" and return to the base form. Notice that the data you have entered is now visible on the base form in purple, allowing you to double check the details you have supplied up to this point, but it does not allow you to edit them. If you wish to check or change the details, then clicking "Fill in details" will take you back to the project details form.

Task Three: Project Location

Now click to enter details under the "Project location" heading. Before you do this, however, it is necessary to specify the geographic location of the project - in this case England.
The Location form is more sophisticated than the details form since it responds to the answers you provide. Thus, the site of Cottam is in the county of "Humberside" If you enter "Humberside", the system will then work out the possible districts. Click on the "Reveal Districts" button, then select "East Riding of Yorkshire". Then reveal the list of parishes in that district - in this case the site has the same name as the parish - "Cottam".
Enter the following details:

Site address: Burrow House Farm, By Langtoft, Driffield

Area Studied: 500 m2

NGR: SE 975 667

We'll leave blank the boxes that we don't know or seem irrelevant - postcode and Height OD. This shows that not every field in the form need be completed. Hit the "Submit details

Task Four: Project Creator, Date, Archive and Bibliography

Visit each of the four other sections entering your own details or copying them from the help system. The enter your own details, giving an email address

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