The national curriculum in England Key stages 1 and 2 framework document September 2013




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The national curriculum in England

Key stages 1 and 2 framework document

September 2013

Contents


1.Introduction 4

2.The school curriculum in England 5

3.The national curriculum in England 6

4.Inclusion 8

5.Numeracy and mathematics 9

6.Language and literacy 10

7.Programmes of study and attainment targets 12

English 13

Spoken language – years 1 to 6 16

Key stage 1 – year 1 17

Key stage 1 – year 2 24

Lower key stage 2 – years 3 and 4 31

Upper key stage 2 – years 5 and 6 38

English Appendix 1: Spelling 46

Spelling – work for year 1 47

Spelling – work for year 2 51

Spelling – work for years 3 and 4 55

Word list – years 3 and 4 60

Spelling – years 5 and 6 62

Word list – years 5 and 6 67

International Phonetic Alphabet (non-statutory) 69

English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation 70

Glossary for the programmes of study for English (non statutory) 75

Mathematics 94

Key stage 1 – years 1 and 2 95

Year 1 programme of study 96

Year 2 programme of study 100

Lower key stage 2 – years 3 and 4 106

Year 3 programme of study 107

Year 4 programme of study 113

Upper key stage 2 – years 5 and 6 119

Year 5 programme of study 119

Year 6 programme of study 127

Mathematics Appendix 1: Examples of formal written methods for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division 134

Science 137

Key stage 1 139

Key stage 1 programme of study – years 1 and 2 139

Year 1 programme of study 140

Year 2 programme of study 143

Lower key stage 2 – years 3 and 4 146

Lower key stage 2 programme of study 146

Year 3 programme of study 148

Year 4 programme of study 151

Upper key stage 2 – years 5 and 6 155

Upper key stage 2 programme of study 156

Year 5 programme of study 157

Year 6 programme of study 161

Art and design 165

Computing 167

Design and technology 170

Geography 174

History 178

Languages 183

Music 186

Physical education 188



1.Introduction


1.1This document sets out the framework for the national curriculum at key stages 1 and 2 and includes:

  • contextual information about both the overall school curriculum and the statutory national curriculum, including the statutory basis of the latter

  • aims for the statutory national curriculum

  • statements on inclusion, and on the development of pupils’ competence in numeracy and mathematics, language and literacy across the school curriculum

  • programmes of study for key stages 1 and 2 for all the national curriculum subjects that are taught at these key stages.


2.The school curriculum in England


2.1Every state-funded school must offer a curriculum which is balanced and broadly based1 and which:

  • promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school and of society, and

  • prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life.

2.2The school curriculum comprises all learning and other experiences that each school plans for its pupils. The national curriculum forms one part of the school curriculum.

2.3All state schools are also required to make provision for a daily act of collective worship and must teach religious education to pupils at every key stage and sex and relationship education to pupils in secondary education.

2.4Maintained schools in England are legally required to follow the statutory national curriculum which sets out in programmes of study, on the basis of key stages, subject content for those subjects that should be taught to all pupils. All schools must publish their school curriculum by subject and academic year online.2

2.5All schools should make provision for personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE), drawing on good practice. Schools are also free to include other subjects or topics of their choice in planning and designing their own programme of education.


3.The national curriculum in England

Aims


3.1The national curriculum provides pupils with an introduction to the essential knowledge that they need to be educated citizens. It introduces pupils to the best that has been thought and said; and helps engender an appreciation of human creativity and achievement.

3.2The national curriculum is just one element in the education of every child. There is time and space in the school day and in each week, term and year to range beyond the national curriculum specifications. The national curriculum provides an outline of core knowledge around which teachers can develop exciting and stimulating lessons to promote the development of pupils’ knowledge, understanding and skills as part of the wider school curriculum.


Structure


3.3Pupils of compulsory school age in community and foundation schools, including community special schools and foundation special schools, and in voluntary aided and voluntary controlled schools, must follow the national curriculum. It is organised on the basis of four key stages3 and twelve subjects, classified in legal terms as ‘core’ and ‘other foundation’ subjects.

3.4The Secretary of State for Education is required to publish programmes of study for each national curriculum subject, setting out the ‘matters, skills and processes’ to be taught at each key stage. Schools are free to choose how they organise their school day, as long as the content of the national curriculum programmes of study is taught to all pupils.



3.5The structure of the national curriculum, in terms of which subjects are compulsory at each key stage, is set out in the table below:

Figure 1 – Structure of the national curriculum




Key stage 1

Key stage 2

Key stage 3

Key stage 4

Age

5 – 7

7 – 11

11 – 14

14 – 16

Year groups

1 – 2

3 – 6

7 – 9

10 – 11

Core subjects













English









Mathematics









Science









Foundation subjects













Art and design










Citizenship











Computing









Design and technology










Languages4











Geography










History










Music










Physical education









3.6All schools are also required to teach religious education at all key stages. Secondary schools must provide sex and relationship education.

Figure 2 – Statutory teaching of religious education and sex and relationship education




Key stage 1

Key stage 2

Key stage 3

Key stage 4

Age

5 – 7

7 – 11

11 – 14

14 – 16

Year groups

1 – 2

3 – 6

7 – 9

10 – 11

Religious education









Sex and relationship education












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