Terms: Culture




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ANTH 107 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 1

Terms:

Culture

Anthropology

Linguistics

Archaeology

Physical Anthropology

Cultural Anthropology

Evolution

Natural selection

Recessive

Dominant


Genotype

Phenotype

DNA

Base (A,T,C,G)



Chromosome

Gene


Allele

Directional selection

Heterozygous

Homozygous

Hybridization

Meiosis


Mitosis

Natural selection

Dominant

Recessive

Mutation

Gene flow

Genetic drift

Speciation

Adaptation

Acclimatization

Stereoscopy

Strepsirhini

Haplorhini

Platyrrhines

Catarrhines

Cercopithecoidea

Ceboidea

Hominoids

hominids

Brachiation

Paleocene

Eocene


Oligocene

Miocene


Pliocene

Pleistocene



Proconsul

Adapid


Aegyptopithecus

Arboreal


Fayum

Dental pattern

Dental formula

Pongid


Plesiadapis

Knuckle walking

Quadramanual

Clinger and leaper

Quadraped

prosimian

H. sapiens sapiens

Charles Darwin

Lamarck

Watson and Crick



Gregor Mendel

Hutton


Cuvier

Jane Goodall

Birute Galdikas

Diane Fossey

Cuvier

Hutton


Lyell

homodonty

heterodonty

artifacts

ecofacts

features


sites

datum


excavation

stratified site

context

relative dating



stratigraphy

Law of Superposition

Frequency seriation

Stylistic seriation

numerical dating

radiometric dating

radiocarbon

potassium argon

half-life

dendrochronology



Ardipithecus ramidus

Sahelanthropus Tchadensis

Piltdown Hoax



Orrorin tugenensis

1. What are the elements of the “Circle of Anthropology” (diagram)?

2. Define the four subfields of anthropology. Provide examples of specialists within each.

3. What themes unify the subdisciplines of anthropology?

4. Discuss the development of evolutionary theory at the species level. In your answer define the Medieval Paradigms and what each of the following contributed—Lyell, Hutton, Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Mendel, and Watson & Crick.

5. What are gene flow and genetic drift and how do they affect populations and lead to evolutionary change?

6. How would you define primates as an order? List their definitive characteristics (separate them from other mammals).

7. Why is context so important to archaeologists? How does context relate to understanding the past?

8. How can fossils be dated when radiometric dating them is impossible?

9. What physiological changes to the body accompanied bipedalism?






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