Subjects with urticaria using Chinese herbal medicines




Дата канвертавання20.04.2016
Памер79.9 Kb.

Tables

Table 1 Age-specific frequencies for the use of Chinese herbal medicines among patients with urticaria reimbursed under the National Health Insurance Program in Taiwan during 2009


Age (years)

Subjects with urticaria using Chinese herbal medicines

No. of patients (%)

Males (%)

Females (%)

0–18

6001 (16.05)

2912 (7.79)

3089 (8.26)

18–35

12246 (32.76)

3546 (9.49)

8700 (23.27)

35–50

11889 (31.80)

3464 (9.26)

8425 (22.54)

50–65

5572 (14.90)

2045 (5.47)

3527 (9.43)

> 65

1678 (4.49)

734 (1.96)

944 (2.53)

Total

37386 (100%)

12701 (33.97)

24685 (66.03)

Male:female = 1:1.94.

Table 2 Top 10 Chinese herbal formulae prescribed for urticaria in Taiwan during 2009


Chinese herbal formula

(Chinese name)



Ingredients

No. of prescriptions

Percentage

Xiao Feng San

Angelicae sinensis, Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz, Saposhinkoviae Radix, Anemarrhena Rhizome, Sophora Flavescens, Sesamum Indicum, Schizonepeta tenuifolia, Atractylodes Rhizome, Arctium lappa, Gypsum Fibrosum, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Cryptotympana atrata Fabr, Akebia quinata Decne

46772

48.84%

Jing Fang Bai Du San

Bupleurum falcatum, Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, Saposhinkoviae Radix, Poriae cocos, Platycodon grandiflorum, Schizonepeta tenuifolia, Notopterygii Rhizoma, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Angelicae Tuhou Radix, Poncirus trifoliata Rafin, Zingiber officinale

14561

15.20%

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang

Coptidis Rhizoma, Gardenia jasminoides, Scutellaria baicalensis, Phellodendri cortex

8837

9.23%

Dang Gui Yin Zi

Angelicae sinensis, Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz, Paeoniae lactiflorae Radix, Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, Polygonum multiflorum, Schizonepeta tenuifolia, Saposhinkoviae Radix, Tribulus terrestris, Astragalus membranaceus, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Zingiber officinale

7575

7.91%

Longdan Xiegan Tang

Gardenia jasminoides, Alismatis Rhizoma, Gentiana scabra, Akebia quinata Decne, Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz, Bupleurum falcatum, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Plantaginis semen, Angelicae sinensis

7554

7.89%

Jia Wei Xiao Yao San

Bupleurum falcatum, Angelicae sinensis, Paeoniae lactiflorae Radix, Atractylodes macrocephala, Poriae cocos, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Paeonia suffruticosa Andr, Gardenia jasminoides, Menthae folium, Zingiber officinale

7007

7.32%

Wen Ching Yin

Gardenia jasminoides, Scutellaria baicalensis, Coptidis Rhizoma, Phellodendri cortex, Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz, Angelicae sinensis, Paeoniae lactiflorae Radix

6908

7.21%

Gui Zhi Tang

Cinnamomi ramulus, Paeoniae lactiflorae Radix, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Zingiber officinale, Zizyphus jujuba Mill

4600

4.80%

Yin Qiao San

Lonicera japonica, Forsythia suspensa, Platycodon grandiflorum, Arctium lappa, Menthae folium, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Phragmites communis Trin., Lophatherum gracile, Schizonepeta tenuifolia

3495

3.65%

Xiao Chai Hu Tang

Bupleurum falcatum, Pinellia ternata, Panax ginseng, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Scutellaria baicalensis, Zizyphus jujuba Mill, Zingiber officinale

3377

3.53%

Total prescription numbers, n = 95765.

Table 3 The top 10 individual Chinese herbs prescribed for urticaria in Taiwan during 2009


Chinese single herb

(Chinese name)



Botanical name

No. of prescriptions

Percentage

Bai-Xian-Pi

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

14895

15.55%

Mu Dan Pi

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr

12646

13.21%

Di Fu Zi

Kochia scoparia

12213

12.75%

Lian-Qiao

Forsythia suspensa

11966

12.50%

Chan Tui

Cryptotympana atrata Fabr

9408

9.82%

Yi Yi Ren

Semen coicis

8982

9.38%

Gan Cao

Glycyrrhiza uralensis

8643

9.03%

Jing Jie

Schizonepeta tenuifolia

7814

8.16%

Jin Yin Hua

Lonicera japonica

7803

8.15%

Tu Fu Ling

Smilax lanceifolia Roxb

7743

8.09%

Total prescription number, n = 95765.

Table 4 The most common two-drug combinations of Chinese herbal medicines in a single prescription for urticaria


Chinese Herbal formulae or drugs

No. of prescriptions

Support

First

Second

Xiao Feng San

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

8938

9.33%

Xiao Feng San

Kochia scoparia

8057

8.41%

Xiao Feng San

Jing Fang Bai Du San

6252

6.53%

Xiao Feng San

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr

6044

6.31%

Kochia scoparia

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

5475

5.72%

Xiao Feng San

Cryptotympana atrata Fabr

5037

5.26%

Xiao Feng San

Smilax lanceifolia Roxb

4523

4.72%

Xiao Feng San

Forsythia suspensa

4386

4.58%

Xiao Feng San

Dang Gui Yin Zi

4325

4.52%

Xiao Feng San

Semen coicis

4212

4.40%

Total prescription number, n = 95765.

Table 5 The most common three-drug combination of Chinese herbal medicines in a single prescription for urticaria



Chinese herbal formulae or drug

No. of prescriptions

Support

First

Second

Third

Xiao Feng San

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

Kochia scoparia

3693

3.86%

Xiao Feng San

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr

1832

1.91%

Xiao Feng San

Lonicera japonica

Forsythia suspensa

1335

1.39%

Xiao Feng San

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

Smilax lanceifolia Roxb

1292

1.35%

Xiao Feng San

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

Cryptotympana atrata Fabr

1287

1.34%

Xiao Feng San

Kochia scoparia

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr

1281

1.34%

Xiao Feng San

Kochia scoparia

Jing Fang Bai Du San

1224

1.28%

Xiao Feng San

Kochia scoparia

Cryptotympana atrata Fabr

1131

1.18%

Xiao Feng San

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr

Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz

1126

1.18%

Xiao Feng San

Kochia scoparia

Smilax lanceifolia Roxb

1096

1.14%

Total prescription number, n = 95765.

Additional files



Appendix I. Summary of the scientific and Chinese equivalent names of herbs

Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz

白鮮皮

Paeonia suffruticosa Andr

牡丹皮

Kochia scoparia

地膚子

Forsythia suspensa

連翹

Cryptotympana atrata Fabr

蟬蛻

Semen coicis

薏苡仁

Glycyrrhiza uralensis

甘草

Schizonepeta tenuifolia

荊芥

Lonicera japonica

金銀花

Smilax lanceifolia Roxb

土茯苓

Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz

生地黃



Appendix II. Summary of the English (Hanyu Pinyin) and Chinese equivalents of formulae names


Xiao Feng San

消風散

Jing Fang Bai Du San

荊防敗毒散

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang

黃連解毒湯

Dang Gui Yin Zi

當歸飲子

Longdan Xiegan Tang

龍膽瀉肝湯

Jia Wei Xiao Yao San

加味逍遙散

Wen Ching Yin

溫清飲

Gui Zhi Tang

桂枝湯

Yin Qiao San

銀翹散

Xiao Chai Hu Tang

小柴胡湯


- -


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка