Study Guide for Exam 3 Vocabulary words and Groups you must know




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Bio 115, Marine Biology Study Guide for Exam 3

 

Vocabulary words and Groups you must know:

Taxonomy: Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Genus, species

Vertebrates vs. invertebrates

Vertebrata: gill slits, notochord, dorsal nerve cord

Agnatha, Chondrichthyes & Osteichthyes

Demersal

Anadromous vs. catadromous

Operculum, Spiracles, Lateral line

A
Ch. 8


mpullae of lorenzini

Swim bladder

Buoyancy

Caudal, dorsal, anal, pectoral and pelvic fins

homocercal vs. heterocercal

Ectothermic vs. endothermic & poikilotherms

Placoid, dentricles, cycloid, ctenoid

Ovoviviparous, oviparous, viviparous

Placenta

Tetrapods

Reptilia, Aves & Mammalia

Carapace


Pneumatized bone

Monogamous

G
Ch. 9
uano

Blubber


Piscivores, herbivores, carnivores

Baleen


Bradychardia

Echolocation



Bends condition

Species, population, community, ecosystem

Explain and diagram in bold: Population growth, birth rates, death rates, lag phase

Linear growth, exponential growth, logistic growth, J-curve, S-curve

E
Ch. 10


nvironmental resistance, carrying capacity, density dependent and density independent

Competition, predation, symbiosis, mutualism, commensalisms, parasitism Competitive exclusion, resource partitioning, marine communities

Trophic levels (producers, consumers, decomposers)

Carbon cycle, fixation, gross & net primary production, respiration (**save for next one)


Ch. 11

Factors that affect distribution, diversity, and abundance in different habitats.

-Fouling and Intertidal communities
Know the similarities and differences between the following groups (some key characteristics of each phyla are included here, but not all of them…see text and notes):

 Chordata

      gill slits, notochord, dorsal nerve cord, post anal tail

     subphylum Urochordata:  sea squirts, salps, larvaceans, suspension feeders

     subphylum Vertebrata:  fish, birds, reptiles, mammals and amphibians

Agnatha (hagfishes & lampreys)

Chondrichthes: Rays, skates, sharks, ratfishes vs. Osteichthyes: Bony fishes

Class Reptilia

Marine Iguanas, turtles, crocodiles & snakes

Class Aves

Shorebirds, divers, predators and surface hunters

Class Mammalia

Order Pinnipedia, Order Carnivora, Family Musetlidae, Ursidae,

Order Sirenia, Family Dugongidae, Trichechidae



Order Cetacea (baleen, rorquals, toothed)
Exam Necessities:

Pencil, eraser, Scantron 882, rested and prepared minds,,,,Good luck and study hard.  


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