­­­Stephen A. Karl




Дата канвертавання20.04.2016
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­­­Stephen A. Karl

University of Hawai’i, Manoa

The Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology

P.O. Box 1346

Kane'ohe, Hawai'i 96744

Phone: (808) 236-7478

Fax: (808) 236-7443

skarl@hawaii.edu



Publications


  1. Karl, S.A., A.F.L. Castro, R.C. Garla. Population genetics of the nurse shark (Ginglymostoma cirratum) in the western Atlantic. Submitted 07/2011 Marine Biology

  2. Bird, C.E., S.A. Karl, R.J. Toonen. Detecting and measuring genetic differentiation. In Phylogeography and population genetics in Crustacea. S. Koenemann, C. Schubart, and C. Held (eds.). CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL, USA. in press.

  3. Curtis, C., B.S. Stewart, and S.A. Karl. 2011. Genetically effective population sizes of Antarctic seals estimated from nuclear genes. Conservation Genetics, DOI 10.1007/s10592-011-0241-x.

  4. Coykendall, D.K., S.B. Johnson, S.A. Karl, R.A. Lutz, and R.C. Vrijenhoek. 2011. Genetic diversity and demographic instability in Riftia pachyptila tubeworms from eastern Pacific hydrothermal vents. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11:96-107.

  5. Baranets, V., Z.H. Forsman, and S.A. Karl. 2011. Microsatellite loci for the plate-and-pillar coral. Porites rus. Conservation Genetics Resources, 3:519-521.

  6. Wiener, C.S., M.A.J. Rivera, R.J. Toonen, J.C. Leong, R.K. Kosaki, S.A. Karl, K. Keller, and H. Johnson. 2011. Creating Effective Partnerships in Ecosystem Based Management: A Culture of Science and Management. Journal of Marine Biology, 2011, doi:10.1155/2011/241610

  7. Gorospe, K.D. and S.A. Karl. 2011. Small-scale spatial analysis of in situ sea temperature throughout a single coral patch reef. Journal of Marine Biology 2011, doi:10.1155/2011/719580.

  8. Karl, S.A., A.L.F. Castro, J.A. Lopez, P. Charvet, and G.H. Burgess. 2011. Phylogeography and conservation of the bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) inferred from mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA. Conservation Genetics, 12:371-382.

  9. Dewar, H, T. Thys, S.L.H. Teo, C. Farwell, J. O’Sullivan, T. Tobayama,, M. Soichi, T. Nakatsubo, Y. Kondo, Y. Okada, D.J. Lindsay, G.C. Hays, A. Walli, K. Weng, J.T. Streelman, and S.A. Karl. 2010. Satellite tracking the world’s largest jelly predator, the Ocean Sunfish, Mola mola, in the Western Pacific. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 393:32-42.

  10. Curtis, C., B.S. Stewart, and S.A. Karl. 2009. Pleistocene population expansions of Antarctic pack-ice seals. Molecular Ecology, 18:2112-2121.

  11. Hayes, K.A. and S.A. Karl. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of crown conchs (Melongena spp.): the corona complex simplified. Journal of Biogeography, 36:28-38.

  12. Karl, S.A. 2008. Multiple paternity and genetically effective population size. Molecular Ecology, 17:3973-3977.

  13. Schwartz, T.S. and S.A. Karl. 2008. Population genetic assignment of confiscated gopher tortoises. Journal of Wildlife Management, 72:254-259.

  14. Rice, S.A., S.A. Karl, and K.A. Rice. 2008. The Polydora cornuta complex (Annelida: Polychaeta) in North America contains populations that are reproductively isolated and genetically distinct. Invertebrate Biology, 126:366-385

  15. . Jansen, K.J. H.R. Mushinsky, and S.A. Karl. 2008. Population genetics of the mangrove salt marsh snake, Nerodia clarkii compressicauda, in a fragmented, linear habitat. Conservation Genetics, 9:401-410.

  16. Castro, A.F.L., B.S. Stewart, S.G. Wilson, R.H. Hueter, M.G. Meekan, P.J. Motta, B.W. Bowen, and S.A. Karl. 2007. Population genetics structure of the earth’s largest fish, the whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Molecular Ecology, 16:5183-5192.

  17. Bowen, B.W. and S.A. Karl. 2007. Population genetics and phylogeography of sea turtles. Molecular Ecology, 16:4886-4907.

  18. Curtis, C., B.S. Stewart, and S.A. Karl. 2007. Sexing pinnipeds with ZFX and ZFY loci. Journal of Heredity, 98:280-285.

  19. Severance, E.G. and S.A. Karl. 2006. Contrasting population genetic structure of sympatric mass-spawning Caribbean corals. Marine Biology 150:57-68.

  20. Pierce, S.K., N.E. Curtis, S.E. Massey, A.L. Bass, S.A. Karl, and C.M. Finney. 2006. A morphological and molecular comparison between Elysia crispata and a new species of kleptoplastic sacoglossan sea slug (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia from the Florida Keys, USA. Molluscan Research 26:23-38.

  21. Moon, J.C., E.D. McCoy, H.R. Mushinsky, and S.A. Karl. 2006. Multiple paternity and breeding system in the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus. Journal of Heredity 97:150-157.

  22. Bass, A.L. and S.A. Karl. 2006. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the genera in the family Plakobranchidae (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement No. 69:61-68.

  23. Bass, A.L., H. Dewar, T. Thys, J.T. Streelman, and S.A. Karl. 2005. Evolutionary divergence among lineages of the ocean sunfish family, Molidae. Marine Biology 148:405-414.

  24. Schwartz, T.S. and S.A. Karl. 2005. Population and conservation genetics of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus). Conservation Genetics 66:917-928.

  25. Cattell, M. and S.A. Karl. 2004. Genetics and morphology in a Borrichia frutescens and B. arborescens (Asteraceae) hybrid zone. American Journal of Botany 91:1757-1766

  26. Hayes, K. and S.A. Karl. 2004. Characterization of microsatellite markers from the gastropod genus Melongena. Molecular Ecology Primer Notes 4:755-757/

  27. Roberts, M., T. Schwartz and S.A. Karl. 2004. Global population structure and male-mediated gene flow in the green turtle (Chelonia mydas): Microsatellite analysis. Genetics 166:1857-1870.

  28. Severance, E.G., A.M. Szmant, and S.A. Karl. 2004. Single-copy gene markers isolated from the Caribbean coral, Montastraea annularis. Molecular Ecology Primer Notes 4:167-169.

  29. Severance, E.G., A.M. Szmant, and S.A. Karl. 2004. Microsatellite loci isolated from the Caribbean coral, Montastraea annularis. Molecular Ecology Primer Notes 4:74-76.

  30. Seminoff, J.A., S.A. Karl, T. Schwartz, and A. Resendiz. 2003. Hybridization of Chelonia mydas and Eretmochelys imbricata in the Pacific Ocean: Indication of an absence of gender bias in the directionality of crosses. Bulletin of Marine Science 73:643-652.

  31. Streelman, J.T., C. Puchulutegui, A.L. Bass, T. Thys, H. Dewar, and S.A. Karl. 2003. Microsatellites from the world’s heaviest bony fish, the giant Mola mola. Molecular Ecology Primer Notes 3: 247-249.

  32. Schwartz, T.S., M. Osentoski, T. Lamb, and S.A. Karl. 2003. Microsatellite loci for the genus Gopherus (Testudines: Testudinidae) and their applicability to other turtle species. Molecular Ecology Primer Notes 3: 283-286

  33. Streelman, J.T., M. Alfaro, M.W. Westneat, D.R. Bellwood, and S.A. Karl. 2002. Evolutionary history of the parrotfishes: Biogeography, ecomorphology, and comparative diversity. Evolution 56:961–971.

  34. Karl, S.A. and D.S. Wilson. 2001. Phylogeography and systematics of the mud turtle, Kinosternon baurii. Copeia 2001:797-801.

  35. Schulze, S.R, S.A. Rice, J. L. Simon, and S.A. Karl. 2000. Evolution of poecilogony and the biogeography of North American populations of the polychaete, Streblospio. Evolution 54:1247-1259.

  36. Karl, S.A. and B.W. Bowen. 1999. Evolutionary significant units versus geopolitical taxonomy: Molecular systematics of an endangered sea turtle (genus Chelonia). Conservation Biology 13:990-999

  37. Garzon, M., N. Jonoska, and S.A. Karl. 1999. The bounded complexity of DNA computing. Biosystem 52:63-72.

  38. Streelman, J.T., R. Zardoya, A. Meyer, and S.A. Karl. 1998. Multilocus phylogeny of cichlid fishes (Pisces: Perciformes): Evolutionary comparison of microsatellite and single-copy nuclear loci. Molecular Biology and Evolution 15:798-808.

  39. Jonoska, N. and S.A. Karl. 1998. Molecular computation of the road-coloring problem. In: DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science. Landweber, L.F. and E.B. Baum (eds.) 44:87-96.

  40. Jonoska, N., S.A. Karl, and M. Saito. 1998. Graph structures in DNA computing. In: Computing with Bio-Molecules: Theory and Experiments. Paun, G. (ed.) Springer-Verlag Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.

  41. Streelman, J. T. and S.A. Karl. 1997. Paradigms and the rise (or fall?) of molecular biology. Nature Biotechnology 15:696-697.

  42. Streelman, J. T. and S.A. Karl. 1997. Reconstructing labroid evolution with single-copy nuclear DNA. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B 264:1011-1020.

  43. Jonoska, N. and S.A. Karl. 1997. Ligation experiments in computing with DNA. In: Proceedings of 1997 IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation (ICEC 1997). 13-16 April. Pp. 261-265.

  44. Jonoska, N., S.A. Karl, and M. Saito. 1997. Creating 3-dimensional graph structures with DNA. DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science 48:123-135.

  45. Hare, M.P., S.A. Karl and J.C. Avise. 1996. Anonymous nuclear DNA markers in the American oyster and their implications for the heterozygote deficiency phenomenon in marine bivalves. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13:334-345.

  46. Karl, S.A., S. Schutz, D. Desbruyères, R.C. Vrijenhoek and R. Lutz. 1996. Molecular analysis of gene flow in the hydrothermal-vent clam, Calyptogena magnifica. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology 5:193-202.

  47. Zardoya, R., D.M. Vollmer, C. Craddock, J.T. Streelman, S.A. Karl and A. Meyer. 1996. Evolutionary conservation of microsatellite flanking regions and their utility in resolving the phylogeny of cichlid fishes (Pisces: Perciformes). Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B 263:1611-1618.

  48. Karl, S.A., B.W. Bowen and J.C. Avise. 1995. Hybridization among the ancient mariners: Molecular genetic identification and characterization of marine turtle hybrids. Journal of Heredity 86:262-268.

  49. Karl, S.A. and J.C. Avise. 1993. PCR-based assays of polymorphisms from anonymous single-copy nuclear DNA: Techniques and applications. Molecular Biology and Evolution 10:342-361.

  50. Karl, S.A., B.W. Bowen, and J.C. Avise. 1992. Global population structure and male-mediated gene flow in the green turtle (Chelonia mydas): RFLP analysis of anonymous nuclear DNA regions. Genetics 131:163-173.

  51. Karl, S.A. and J.C. Avise. 1992. Balancing selection at allozyme loci in oysters: Implications from nuclear RFLPs. Science 256:100-102.

  52. Karl, S.A., R.M. Zink and J.J. Jehl, Jr. 1987. Allozyme analysis of the California gull (Larus californicus). The Auk 104:767-769.

  53. Stewart, B.S., S.A. Karl, P.K. Yochem, S. Leatherwood, and J.L. Laake. Aerial surveys for cetacdeans in the former Akutan, Alaska, whaling grounds. Arctic 40:33-42.

  54. Karl, S.A. 1986. Observation of predation on a Pleuronectid fish by Navanax inermis. Veliger 28:460.


Non-refereed Publications

  1. Bowen, B.W. and S.A. Karl. 2008. Resolving Evolutionary Lineages and Taxonomy of Bonefishes (Albula spp.) in Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries.

  2. Wilson, D.S. and S.A. Karl. 2001. Genetic relatedness of populations of the mud turtle, Kinosternon baurii, from mainland Florida and the upper and lower Florida Keys. Chelonia Conservation and Biology 4:228-230

  3. Bowen B.W. and S.A. Karl. 2000. Meeting report: Taxonomic status of the East Pacific green turtle (Chelonia agassizii). Marine Turtle Newsletter 89:20-22.

  4. Bowen, B.W. and S.A. Karl. 1999. In war, truth is the first casualty. Conservation Biology 13:1013-1016.

  5. Bowen, B.W. and S.A. Karl. 1996. Population genetics, phylogeography, and molecular evolution. In: Biology of Sea Turtles. P. Lutz (ed.) CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida. Pp. 29-50.

  6. Karl, S.A. 1996. Hybridization and taxonomy of marine turtles: Anonymous nuclear DNA sequence analyses. In: Proceeding of the International Symposium on Sea Turtle Conservation Genetics. B.W. Bowen and W.N. Witzell (eds.) NOAA Technical Memorandum, NMFS-SEFSC-396. Pp. 99-108.

  7. Karl, S.A. 1996. Application of anonymous nuclear loci to conservation biology. In: Molecular genetic approaches in conservation. R. Wayne and T. Smiths (eds.) Oxford University Press. Pp. 38-53.

  8. Karl, S.A. 1992. 1001 Molecular approaches. Trends in Genetics 8:295.


Publications in Preparation

  1. Karl, S.A. and C.G. Meyer. The survival of coral reefs into the next century. In preparation, Marine Biology.

  2. Williams, J.D. and S.A. Karl. Genetic analysis of Lampsilis teres populations in the eastern Gulf of Mexico drainages of Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia.

  3. Jokiel, P.L., K.S. Rodgers, and S.A. Karl. Genetic structure of a reef coral population (Porites rus): comparison of grafting vs. molecular genetic technique.

  4. Robbins, T.R., L.E. Straub, K.D. Gorospe, S.A. Karl, A.W. Schrey, E.D. McCoy, and H.R. Mushinsky. The role of territoriality in hybridization and highly biased introgression in a Sceloporus spp. hybrid zone.

  5. Karl, S.A., R. J. Toonen, S. Grant, and B.W. Bowen. Ten common misconceptions in molecular ecology. Invited Review, Molecular Ecology

  6. Karl, S.A. K.A. Hayes. Population genetics of the Crown Conchs (Melongena spp.): Extreme population subdivision in a species with direct developing larval.


Presentations (presenter listed first)
Invited

  1. Karl, S.A. 2011. Micro-Spatial Genetic and Thermal Architecture of Hawaiian Coral Reefs: Coral Adaptation Versus Acclimatization. Northwestern Hawaiian Island Coral Reef Research Partnership Joint Science Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  2. Karl, S.A. 2010. Reefs Under a Microscope: Micro-Spatial Genetic and Thermal Architecture of Hawaiian Coral Reefs. Advance Placement Biology class at Le Jardin Academy, Kailua, Hawaii, USA.

  3. Karl, S.A. 2010. Reefs under a microscope: micro-spatial genetic and thermal architecture of Hawaiian coral reefs. Northwestern Hawaiian Island Coral Reef Research Partnership Joint Science Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  4. Karl, S.A. 2010. Thirty years in the lives of sea turtles: a molecular ecological perspective. University of Hawaii, Manoa, Marine Biology class, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  5. Karl, S.A. 2009. Reefs Under a Microscope: Micro-Spatial Genetic and Thermal Architecture of Hawaiian Coral Reefs. Hawaii Conservation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  6. Karl, S.A. 2008. Thirty years in the lives of sea turtles: a molecular ecological perspective. University of Alabama, Birmingham, Biology Department, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

  7. Karl, S.A. 2008 Genetic relatedness of coral on a micro-spatial scale. Northwestern Hawaiian Island Coral Reef Research Partnership Joint Science Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  8. Karl, S.A. 2007 Individual genetic relatedness in reef building coral. Northwestern Hawaiian Island Coral Reef Research Partnership Joint Science Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  9. Karl, S.A. B.W. Bowen. 2006. Systematics of Bonefish. 2nd International Tarpon-Bonefish Symposium. Dana Beach, Florida, USA.

  10. Karl, S. A. 2004. Complex population structure in turtles. Workshop on the Use of molecular markers for the study of marine biodiversity. Horta, Azores.

  11. Karl, S. A. 2002. A talk in two parts: Evolution of larval life history in a Polychaete worm, and genetics and the ocean sunfish, Mola mola: Millstone or milestone?" University of South Carolina, Marine Science Program. Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

  12. Karl, S. A., A.L. Bass, M.H. Zacks. 2000. Marine turtles and international considerations for listing ESUs. Society for Conservation Biology. Missoula, Montana, USA.

  13. Zacks, M.H. and S.A. Karl. 2000. [De]constructing archetypes of the pristine. Latin American Studies Association, 12th International Congress. Miami, Florida, USA.

  14. Karl, S.A. 2000. Evolutionary genetics of Chelonia. Special Symposium at the 20th International Symposium on Turtle Biology, Orlando, Florida, USA.

  15. Karl, S.A. 1999. Living by the numbers: The commingling of mathematics and biology. Keynote Address. 24th Annual Sun Coast Regional Meeting of the Florida Section of the Mathematical Association of America. Tampa, Florida, USA.

  16. Karl, S.A. 1999. Blending the alphabet soups: PCR meets ESUs. A Second Symposium on the Status and Conservation of Florida Turtles. St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.

  17. Karl, S.A. 1999. Getting our bearings in DNA computing, Panelist. Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference. Orlando, Florida, USA.

  18. Karl, S.A. 1995. Hybridization and taxonomy of marine turtles: Anonymous nuclear DNA sequence analyses. Sea Turtle Genetics Workshop, National Marine Fisheries Service, Miami, Florida, USA.

  19. Karl, S. A. 1995. From Playa Grande to the stygian deep-sea: Gene flow in the marine environment. Florida International University Graduate Seminar Series. Miami, Florida, USA.

  20. Karl, S.A. 1994. Genetic variation at anonymous nuclear DNA loci. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Molecular Conservation Genetics Symposium. San Francisco, California, USA.

  21. Karl, S.A. 1994. Nuclear DNA analysis of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas). University of Florida, BEECS Genetics Core, Conservation Genetics Symposium. Gainesville, Florida, USA.

  22. Karl, S.A. 1994. Dispersal of hydrothermal vent organisms in the stygian deep-sea. Archbold Biological Station. Lake Placid, Florida, USA.

  23. Karl, S.A. 1994. Genetic issues in conservation biology. Symposium on the Status and Conservation of Florida Turtles. St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.

  24. Karl, S.A. 1992. PCR-based assays of polymorphisms from anonymous single-copy nuclear DNA: Techniques and applications to green turtles and American oyster. Haskins Shellfish Research Center. Bivalve, New Jersey, USA.


Other


  1. Whitney, J. and S.A. Karl. 2011. Indications of Incipient Ecological Speciation in a Polymorphic Coral Reef Fish. Society for the Study of Evolution. Norman, Oklahoma.

  2. Whitney, J. and S.A. Karl. 2011. Indications of Incipient Ecological Speciation in a Polymorphic Coral Reef Fish. University of Hawaii, Manoa Tester Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  3. Whitney, J.L. and Karl, S.A. 2011. Indications of Incipient Ecological Speciation in a Polymorphic Coral Reef Fish. The Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Marine Speciation Symposium, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

  4. Gorospe, K. and S.A. Karl. 2010. Why study just one reef? Characterizing micro-spatial environmental and coral genetic variation on a single patch reef. International Society for Reef Studies Symposium, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

  5. Gorospe, K. and S.A. Karl. 2010. Why study just one reef? Characterizing micro-spatial environmental and coral genetic variation on a single patch reef. Hanauma Bay Education Program, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  6. Gorospe, K. and S.A. Karl. 2010. Why study just one reef? Characterizing micro-spatial environmental and coral genetic variation on a single patch reef. University of Hawaii, Manoa Tester Symposium, Honolulu Hawaii, USA.

  7. Karl, S.A., K. Gorospe, and V Baranets. 2010. Micro-Spatial Genetic and Thermal Architecture of Hawaiian Coral Reefs: Coral Adaptation Versus Acclimatization. Society for the Study of Evolution, Portland, Oregon, USA.

  8. Karl, S.A., K. Gorospe, and V Baranets. 2010. Micro-Spatial Genetic and Thermal Architecture of Hawaiian Coral Reefs: Coral Adaptation Versus Acclimatization. Western Society of Naturalists, San Diego, California, USA.

  9. Karl, S.A., K. Gorospe, and V Baranets. 2010. Reefs under a microscope: micro-spatial genetic and thermal architecture of Hawaiian coral reefs. American Academy of Underwater Sciences, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  10. Karl, S.A. 2010 Reefs under a microscope: micro-spatial genetic and thermal architecture of Hawaiian coral reefs. Northwestern Hawaiian Island Coral Reef Research Partnership Joint Science Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  11. Gorospe, K. and S.A. Karl. 2009. Why study just one reef? Characterizing micro-spatial environmental and coral genetic variation on a single patch reef. Conservation Genetics Workshop, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Barro Colorado Island, Panama.

  12. Karl, S.A., K. Gorospe, and V. Baranets. 2009. Reefs under a microscope: genetic and thermal architecture of Hawaiian coral reefs. Hawaii Conservation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  13. Gorospe, K. and S.A. Karl. 2008. Why study just one reef? Characterizing micro-spatial environmental and coral genetic variation on a single patch reef. International Coral Reef Symposium, International Society for Reef Studies, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.

  14. Gorospe, K. and S.A. Karl. 2008. Why study just one reef? Characterizing micro-spatial environmental and coral genetic variation on a single patch reef. University of Hawaii, Manoa Tester Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  15. Castro A.F.L., J.A. Lopez, P Chavert-Almeida, G.G. Burgess, and S.A. Karl. 2007 Mitochondrial genetic variation of the Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas) in the western Atlantic. 86th Annual meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

  16. Karl, S.A. 2006. Evolution and speciation in Marine Fish. University of Hawaii Zoology Department, Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

  17. Karl, S.A. and T.S. Schwartz. 2005. Population and conservation genetics of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus). 85th Annual meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Tampa, Florida, USA.

  18. Hayes, K. and S.A. Karl. 2002. Evolution of the "Corona Complex" in the genus Melongena (Gastropoda: Melongenidae). 16th Annual Meeting of Florida Association of Benthologists. St. Augustine, Florida, USA.

  19. Hayes, K. and S.A. Karl. 2001. Evolution of the "Corona Complex" in the genus Melongena (Gastropoda: Melongenidae). 14th International Congress of Unitas Malacologica and the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Malacological Society. Vienna, Austria.

  20. Schwartz, T. and S.A. Karl. 2001. Population genetics of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) in Florida. Annual Society for Integrated and Comparative Biology. Chicago, Illinois, USA.

  21. Schwartz, T. and S.A. Karl. 2000. Genetic Structure of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) populations in Florida using microsatellites. Poster presented to the Annual Suncoast Biomolecular Symposium. Tampa, Florida, USA.

  22. Hayes, K. and S.A. Karl. 2000. Evolution of the "Corona Complex" in the genus Melongena (gastropoda: melongenidae): Patterns from internal transcribed spacer regions and microsatellite data. Poster presented to the Annual Suncoast Biomolecular Symposium. Tampa, Florida, USA.

  23. Severance, E. and S.A. Karl. 2000. Molecular evolution of Scleractinian diversity: How panmictic are coral populations of the Western Atlantic? Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Evolution, Bloomington. Idaho, USA.

  24. Schwartz, T., S.A. Karl, H. Mushinsky, and E. McCoy. 2000. Genetic Structure of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) populations in Florida using microsatellites. Poster presented to the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Bloomington, Idaho, USA.

  25. Hayes, K. and S.A. Karl. 2000. Evolution of the “Corona Complex” in the genus Melongena (Gastropoda: Melongenidae): Evidence from internal transcribed spacer regions and microsatellite data. Poster presented to the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Bloomington, Idaho, USA.

  26. Streelman, J.T., M.E. Alfaro, M.W. Westneat, and S.A. Karl. 1999. Molecular phylogeny and evolution of parrotfishes. Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

  27. Schultze, S.R, S.A. Karl, S.A. Rice, and J.L. Simon. 1999. Biogeography and evolution of poecilogony in the polychaete genus Streblospio: Evidence from molecular genetics and reproductive compatibility trials. Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

  28. Severance, E.G. and S.A. Karl. 1999. Estimating molecular biodiversity through gene flow analysis of coral from the Florida Keys. International conference on the Scientific Aspects of Coral Reef Assessment, Monitoring, and Restoration. Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA.

  29. Jansen, K.P., S.A. Karl, and H. Mushinsky. 1998. Molecular systematics and phylogeography of the salt-marsh snakes, Nerodia clarkii, using mtDNA d-loop sequences. 78th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada.

  30. Karl, S.A. and J.T. Streelman. 1998. Are microsatellite loci really neutral genetic markers? Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Vancouver, Canada.

  31. Streelman, J.T. and Karl, S.A. 1998. Timing the divergence of cichlid major groups. Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Vancouver, Canada.

  32. Schulze, S.R., S.A. Karl, J.L. Simon, S.A. Rice. 1998. Reproductive compatibility and genetic relatedness of the polychaete Streblospio benedicti species complex. 27th Annual Benthic Ecology Meetings. Melbourne, Florida, USA.

  33. Bowen, B.W. and S.A. Karl. 1998. The gods of conservation biology. 18th International Symposium on Turtle Biology. La Paz, Mexico.

  34. Karl, S.A., D. Sweger, and E. Severance. 1997. Molecular systematics of marine turtles using single-copy nuclear DNA sequence data. 77th annual meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

  35. Streelman, J.T., and S.A. Karl. 1997. Nuclear DNA phylogeny and evolution of labroid fishes. 77th annual meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

  36. Karl, S.A. 1997. Taxonomic distinctiveness of the black turtle, Chelonia agassizii: From green to black and back. 17th International Symposium on Turtle Biology. Orlando, Florida, USA.

  37. Streelman, J.T., and S.A. Karl. 1996. Evolution of nuclear DNA in cichlid fishes. 76th annual meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.

  38. Jonoska, N. and S.A. Karl. 1996. A molecular computation of the road-coloring problem. 2nd DIMACS annual workshop on DNA Based Computer. Princeton, New Jersey, USA (all authors presented).

  39. Karl, S.A. 1994. Genetic issues in conservation biology. Symposium on the Status and Conservation of Florida Turtles. St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.

  40. Karl, S.A., S. Schutz and R.C. Vrijenhoek. 1993. Population genetics and gene flow in the deep-sea-hydrothermal vent clam Calyptogena magnifica. Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution. Irvine, California, USA.

  41. Karl, S.A. 1993. Population genetics and gene flow in the deep-sea-hydrothermal vent clam Calyptogena magnifica. Society for the Study of Evolution. Snowbird, Utah, USA.

  42. Karl, S.A., B.W. Bowen and J.C. Avise. 1992. Global population structure and male-mediated gene flow in the green turtle (Chelonia mydas): RFLP Analyses of anonymous nuclear DNA regions. 11th International Symposium on Turtle Biology. Jekyll Island, South Carolina, USA.

  43. Bowen, B.W., S.A. Karl and M. Marcovaldi. 1992. Molecular confirmation of marine turtle hybrids. Poster presented to the 11th International Symposium on Turtle Biology. Jekyll Island, South Carolina, USA.

  44. Karl, S.A., B.W. Bowen and J.C. Avise. 1991. Global population structure and male-mediated gene flow in the green turtle (Chelonia mydas): RFLP Analyses of anonymous nuclear DNA regions. Society for the Study of Evolution. Hilo, Hawaii, USA.

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