Skipper Richness (Hesperiidae) Along an Altitudinal Gradient in Serra do Mar, Paraná, Brazil




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Skipper Richness (Hesperiidae) Along an Altitudinal Gradient in Serra do Mar, Paraná, Brazil.

E Carneiro¹, OHH Mielke¹, MM Casagrande¹, K Fiedler²

¹Laboratório de Estudos de Lepidoptera Neotropical, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná. Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-980 Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Correspondence email: carneiroeduardo@hotmail.com

²Department of Tropical Ecology & Animal Biodiversity, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, A-1030 Vienna, Austria.

Eduardo Carneiro. Laboratório de Estudos de Lepidoptera Neotropical, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná. Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-980 Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Phone: 55 (41) 3369-3661. carneiroeduardo@hotmail.com

Supplement 1. List of Hesperiidae species collected at Serra do Mar, Paraná, Brazil. Abbreviations: FOR: forest, ESV: early successional vegetation, GRA: high-altitude grasslands, ANH: Anhangava Mountain, ARA: Araçatuba Mountain, CAR: Caratuva Mountain. *Species typical of grasslands habitats; H Species that present hilltopping behavior.






Species

Altitudinal Range (m)

Veg. Type

Mountain




FOR

ESV

GRA

ANH

ARA

CAR




Pyrrhopyginae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Elbella hegesippe (Mabille & E. Boullet, 1908)

916-1270

X




X




X




2

HElbella mariae mariae (Hayward, 1941)

1034-1440

X




X

X







3

HElbella mariae molinai (Hayward, 1941)

1860-1860







X







X

4

HMyscelus amystis epigona (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)

1430-1430







X

X







5

HOlafia rocius rocius (Hopffer, 1874)

1030-1684




X

X

X

X




6

Passova polemon (Hopffer, 1874)

1089-1290

X




X

X







7

Sarbia xanthippe spixii (Plötz, 1879)

911-1435

X




X

X

X







Pyrginae

























Eudamini

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

Aguna asander asander (Hewitson, 1867)

945-1152




X

X




X




9

HAstraptes alardus alardus (Stoll, 1790)

1440-1860







X

X




X

10

Astraptes elorus (Hewitson, 1867)

912-1116

X







X

X




11

Astraptes fulgerator fulgerator (Walch, 1775)

912-1087

X

X




X

X




12

Autochton integrifascia (Mabille, 1891)

1029-1430

X

X

X

X







13

Autochton zarex (Hübner, 1818)

911-1119

X







X

X




14

Celaenorrhinus eligius punctiger (Burmeister, 1878)

1105-1220

X

X




X







15

Epargyreus exadeus exadeus (Cramer, 1779)

1250-1250







X




X




16

HEpargyreus socus socus (Hübner, 1825)

1440-1440







X

X







17

HNarcosius dosula dosula (Evans, 1952)

1434-1439







X

X







18

Oechydrus chersis evelinda (Butler, 1870)

911-1095

X

X







X

X

19

Phocides pialia pialia (Hewitson, 1857)

912-912

X










X




20

HPhocides polybius phanias (Burmeister, 1880)

1152-1860







X

X

X

X

21

Polygonus leo leo (Gmelin, ([1790])

1860-1860







X







X

22

Polygonus savigny savigny (Latreille, [1824])

970-1488

X

X

X

X

X

X

23

Proteides mercurius mercurius (Fabricius, 1787)

1035-1035




X







X




24

Urbanus dorantes dorantes (Stoll, 1790)

1030-1647

X

X

X

X

X

X

25

Urbanus esta Evans, 1952

998-1249

X

X




X




X

26

Urbanus proteus (Linnaeus, 1758)

1287-1481




X

X

X

X

X

27

Urbanus teleus (Hübner, 1821)

911-1435

X

X

X

X

X

X

28

*Urbanus zagorus (Plötz, 1880)

1367-1367







X




X







Pyrgini

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

Achlyodes busirus rioja Evans, 1953

912-1103

X







X

X




30

Achlyodes mithridates thraso (Hübner, [1807])

1014-1014

X







X







31

Camptopleura auxo (Möschler, 1879)

1126-1126




X




X







32

Carrhenes canescens pallida Röber, 1925

1057-1366

X







X




X

33

Gindanes brebisson brebisson (Latreille, 1824)

944-1328

X

X




X

X

X

34

Gorgythion begga begga (Prittwitz, 1868)

911-1434

X

X

X

X

X




35

Helias phalaenoides palpalis (Latreille, [1824])

1086-1086

X







X







36

Heliopetes alana (Reakirt, 1868)

911-1098

X







X

X




37

Heliopetes ochroleuca Zikán, 1938

1018-1018

X







X







38

Milanion leucaspis (Mabille, 1878)

928-1087

X







X

X




39

Pachyneuria inops (Mabille, 1877)

1133-1133




X




X







40

Pyrgus orcus (Stoll, 1780)

911-1865

X

X

X

X

X

X

41

Pythonides lancea (Hewitson, 1868)

1320-1320

X













X

42

HSophista aristoteles plinius (Plötz, 1882)

1430-1430







X

X







43

Sostrata bifasciata bifasciata (Ménétriés, 1829)

916-1113

X

X




X

X

X

44

Theagenes dichrous (Mabille, 1878)

982-1405

X

X

X

X

X

X

45

Trina geometrina geometrina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)

988-988




X




X







46

Xenophanes tryxus (Stoll, 1780)

988-988

X













X

47

Zera hyacinthinus servius (Plötz, 1884)

998-1435

X

X

X

X




X




Hesperiinae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

48

Adlerodea modesta Hayward, 1940

1126-1126




X




X







49

Anthoptus epictetus (Fabricius, 1793)

911-1310

X

X




X

X

X

50

Arita mubevensis (Bell, 1932)

1054-1103

X







X







51

Arita polistion (Schaus, 1902)

1435-1435







X

X







52

Arita sp.

1029-1029

X







X







53

Arotis derasa derasa (Herrich-Schäffer, 1870)

911-911

X










X



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