Saturday, 26 November 2011




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Saturday, 26 November 2011

GLOSSARY

RECOR: Rwanda Environmental Conservation Organization

CARPE: Central African Regional Program for Environment

A.R.E: Albertine Rift Endemics;

G.I.S: Geographic Information System

G.P.S: Global Positioning System

IUCN: International Union for Conservation of Nature

NUR/ CEESD: National University of Rwanda/ Centre for Environment, Entrepreneurship and

Sustainable Development

PWST: Parks and Wildlife Service Tasmania

RDB: Rwanda Development Board;

USAID: United Nations International Development Agency;



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


The achievement of this research required the intervention of multiple stakeholders. We would therefore like to take this opportunity to express our gratitude towards them;

Our first gratitudes go to USAID/CARPE who accepted to fund this project throough IUCN. Our deep gratitudes go to RNRA/Department of Forestry and Terestial Ecosystems management who have been the whole process;

We express our sincere gratitudes to RNRA agents in Nyanza, Ngororero and Rutsiro Districts for their efforts to collaborate narrowly with our research team;

We are also grateful to NUR/CEESD to put us in touch with Msc Biodiversity Conservation Programme students who conducted this research;

We are indebted to thank the Focal Point of IUCN/CARPE in Rwanda for his tireless efforts to make this project a success;

Finally, we express our deep gratitudes to our research team members for the job welldone.



TABLE OF CONTENTS




GLOSSARY ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS iv

LIST OF TABLES v

LIST OF FIGURES vi

LIST OF APPENDICES viii

CHAPTER I: RESEARCH PROJECT BACKGROUND 1

I. INTRODUCTION ON NATURAL REMNANT FORESTS OF RWANDA 2

I.2. STUDY SITE DESCRIPTION 3

I.2.1. Study site background description 3

CHAPTER II: PLANTS INVENTORY 7

II.1. Introduction 7

II.1.1. Remnant natural Forests 7

II.1.2. Endemic species 7

II.1.3. Invasive Alien and Exotic species 7

II.2 Methods and material 8

II.2.1. Method 8

II.2.2. Material 9

II.3. Results 9

II.3.1 Plants species found in Kibirizi & Muyira remnant natural forest 10

II.3.2.Plant species found in Sanza remnant natural forest 11

I.3.3. Plant species found in Nyamakanda remnant natural forest 11

I.4. Discussion 12

CHAPTER III: FAUNA INVENTORY 14

III.1. Birds 14

III.1.1. Materials 14

III.1.2. Methods 14

III.1.3. Results and discussion 15

III.3.1. Survey effort 16

III.2. Mammals 18

III.2.1. Methodology 18

III.2.2. Results and discussion 18

CHAPTER IV.THREATS ASSESMENT 19

IV.1. Method and material 19

IV.2. Results and discussion 20

IV.2.1. Threats 20

IV.2.2. Threats in Kibirizi-Muyira natural remant forest 21

IV.2.3. Threats in Sanza natural remnant forest 22

IV.2.4. Threats in Nyamakanda natural forest 23

Conclusion and Recommandations 24

CITED REFERENCES 26

APPENDICES 28




LIST OF TABLES




Table 1: Used materials 9

Table 2: Number of Plant species recorded in different surveyed relict forests 10

Table 3: Distance walked (m) and number of point counts 16

Table 4: The number of bird species recorded in each forest 16

Table 5: Total number IUCN red listed species and A.R.E bird species 16

Table 6: List of mammals species in Kibirizi-Muyira relict forest 18

Table 7: List of Sanza mammal species 19

Table 8: List of threats encountered in each remnant forest 20

Table 9: Threats assessment ranking at Kibirizi-Muyira natural remnant forest 21

Table 10: Threats assessment ranking in Sanza remanat forest 22

Table 11: Threats assessment ranking in Nyamakanda natural forest 23



LIST OF FIGURES




Figure 1: Map of Kibirizi natural remnant forest 4

Figure 2:Map of Muyira forest 4

Figure 3:Overview of Kibirizi forest from the top of Muyira forest 5

Figure 4: Map of Sanza remnant forest 5

Figure 5: Map of Nyamakanda remnant forest 6

Figure 6: Transect method 8

Figure 7: Epiphytic orchid in Nyamakanda 11

Figure 8: Kibirizi-Muyira, charcoal production (left), agriculture extension (right) 22

Figure 9: Sanza forest, mining (left) and logging (right) 22

Figure 10: Nyamakanda forest, bee-hive (left), logging (right) 23




LIST OF APPENDICES




Appendix 1: Surveying team (Photo taken during data collection; on 15th Nov.2011) 28

Appendix 2: Botany team members and their addresses 28

Appendix 3: Zoology team members and their addresses 28

Appendix 4: Botanical Data collection sheet 29

Appendix 5: Plant species found in Kibirizi and Muyira remnant natural forests 29

Appendix 6: Sanza relict forest’s plant biodiversity 33

Appendix 7: Nyamakanda plant biodiversity 37

Appendix 8:Bird list of Kibirizi-Muyira 39

Appendix 9: Bird list of Sanza relict forest 41

Appendix 10:Bird list of Nyamakanda 42

Appendix 11:Total list of bird list in surveyed areas and their status 43

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