Rod randall’s weed list from The Nature Conservancy’s Wildland Invasive Species Team




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Violaceae

Hybanthus,attenuatus,,,"rice, a wide diversity of annual crops, pastures, waste places",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"

Hybanthus,attenuatus,syn ,,,,,”in all kinds of annual

crops, from 0-ca. 400m alt, a potentially significant weed, locally

dominant & fast growing; in C Amer a common weed in crops, humid

pastures & waste places, “,”S Amer, in Indonesia, has so

far been found only in C. Java (1978)”,”Weeds of Rice in

Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Viola,arvensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Viola,arvensis, ,Field Pansy,,,,V. banatica,All Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Viola,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Viola,arvensis, ,field violet,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Viola,grypoceras, ,,,,, , Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in

Asia


Viola,kitaibeliana var. rafinesquii, ,johnnyjumpup

violet,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published

by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Viola,mandshurica, ,,,,, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in

Asia

Viola,odorata,,common violet,XXXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised



and/or Noxious Taxa

Viola,odorata, ,Common Violet,,,,”Dispersal: Water,Ant.

Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation

formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

1,2,4,5,6,7,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N Af,M East and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Viola,odorata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Viola,riviniana,,common dog-violet,X,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Viola,riviniana, ,Common Dog-viole,,,,”Dispersal: ?Ant.

Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation

formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

6,7”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N Af, In Victoria: Rare

or localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In

Victoria


Viola,riviniana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Viola,spp., ,,,,,”82% germ at alt 5-15C; seeds germ in

spring following harvest; seeds placed in germinator, exposed to temps

prevailing outdoors; 62% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of

Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Viola,tricolor, ,Wild Pansy,,,,,,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”

Viola,tricolor, ,Wild Pansy,,,,,,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the



World”

Viola,tricolor, ,wild violet,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Viola,verecunda, ,,,,, ,Shimane ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Vitaceae

Ampelopsis,arborea, ,peppervine,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ampelopsis,brevipedunculata,,,Peidmont and mountains & valleys in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"

Ampelopsis,brevipedunculata, ,porcelainberry,,,,From lists and

sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks

and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Cissus,incisa, ,ivy treebine,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Cissus,rotundifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Parthenocissus,japonicus, ,Boston ivy,,,,From lists and sources



by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Parthenocissus,quinquefolia,,”Virginia creeper, Boston ivy,

Japanese ivy”,XS,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Parthenocissus,quinquefolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Parthenocissus,quinquefolia, ,Virginia creeper,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Vitis,aestivalis, ,summer grape,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Vitis,candicans, ,mustang grape,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Vitis,rotundifolia, ,muscadine grape,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Vitis,rupestris, ,sand grape,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Vitis,vulpina, ,riverbank grape,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Xyridaceae

Xyris,indica, ,,,,, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Xyris,indica, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Xyris,indica var. indica,syn ,,,,,”usually restricted to

inundated fields; only in lighter red clay & loam soils,sometimes on

sand; in everwet & in seasonal regions; from 0-600m alt; flowering

throughout the year (inJava mostly Mar-June); flowers ephemeral. dropping

in the afternoon; rainf”,”Asia, from India, Indonesia, S China

to Aust, Malesia; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, islands of Madura &

Kangean, Kalimantan & Irian Jaya, as far as known”,”Weeds

of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Zannicheiliaceae

Lepilaena,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Zingiberaceae

Curcuma,longa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Curcuma,longa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Hedychium,coccineum, ,red ginger lily,,,,”Herbaceous

SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations, riverbanks, moist, shaded

sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of

Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,coccineum, ,red ginger lily,,,,”Herbaceous

SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations, riverbanks, moist, shaded

sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern

Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,coronarium,,white ginger,w,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Hedychium,coronarium, ,white gingerlily,,,,From lists and

sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks

and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Hedychium,coronarium, ,white ginger

lily,,,,”Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations,

riverbanks, moist, shaded sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin:

Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,coronarium, ,white ginger

lily,,,,”Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations,

riverbanks, moist, shaded sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin:

Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,coronarium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Hedychium,flavescens, ,yellow ginger

lily,,,,”Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations,

riverbanks, moist, shaded sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin:

Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,flavescens, ,yellow ginger

lily,,,,”Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations,

riverbanks, moist, shaded sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin:

Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,gardneranum, ,Ginger Lily

,,,,SHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,

Greening Australia, 1995”

Hedychium,gardnerianum, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds

nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive

Weeds”


Hedychium,gardnerianum,,”Kahila gingerlily, yellow

yinger lily”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Hedychium,gardnerianum, ,Kahila gingerlily,,,,From lists

and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of

Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Hedychium,gardnerianum, ,kahill ginger

lily,,,,”Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations,

riverbanks, moist, shaded sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin:

Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,gardnerianum, ,kahill ginger

lily,,,,”Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forests, plantations,

riverbanks, moist, shaded sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin:

Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Hedychium,gardnerianum, ,Ginger Lily

,,,,Trees/Shrubs.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening

Australia, 1995”

Hedychium,gardnerianum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Kaempferia,sp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Zingiber,officinale,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Zingiber,officinale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Zingiber,zerumbet,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Zingiber,zerumbet, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Zosteraceae

Ruppia,maritima, ,widgeongrass,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Zannichellia,palustris, ,Horned pondweed,,,,”fruit germ

in year of growth, germ freely in water after 4.5mths

drying”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes


Zannichellia,palustris, ,horned pondweed,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Zostera,marina, ,,,,,”this species is the best known,

most widespread & probably most important of the few marine

angiosperms - refer to citations & references

listed”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes


Zygnemataceae

Spirogyra,arcla, ,,,,, , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in

Asia

Spirogyra,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List



Spirogyra,spp. (aquatic), ,spirogyra,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Zygophyllaceae

Tribulus ,terrestris, ,Puncture Vine,,,,,All Europe except

NW region,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Tribulus,terrestris,, puncturevine,"Possible Weed of Agriculture, grassland and Forest: High Weed Potential in Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"

Kallstroemia,californica, ,California

caltrop,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”

published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Kallstroemia,grandiflora, ,orange caltrop,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Kallstroemia,hirsutissima, ,hairy caltrop,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Kallstroemia,maxima, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Kallstroemia,maxima, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Larrea,divaricata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Larrea,divaricata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Larrea,tridentata, ,Creosote bush,,,,germ best following



an after ripening period; Optimum germ temp 35C in dark,,Germination

& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Larrea,tridentata, ,creosotebush,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Peganum,harmala,,”African rue, harmel”,XX,L,SA;

WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Peganum,harmala, ,Harmel ,,,,”California Noxious Weed

Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit

effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet,

containing information on noxious weed control in California. This

information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Peganum,harmala, ,”African rue,

harmel”,,,,”it occurs only in isolated patches & is

confined to NSW & SA; it was first naturalised in NSW on the heavy

soils at Wirruna Station near Young in 1933 & at Savernake in 1937

& is still growing in these areas; in SA it occurs in patches at

Tintinara, Taylo”,”is indigenous to the Medit region & the

Middle East, extending into Tibet, Pakistan, north west India & the

Soviet Union north of the Caspian Sea; introd to the US in 1928 & to

Aust a little later”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &

C”

Peganum,harmala, ,African rue ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF



PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific

Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Peganum,harmala, ,African rue n ,,,,” PROCLAIMED

PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *

Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n

Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c

Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods

etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside

control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)

Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“

(Weed)”

Peganum,harmala, ,African rue,,,, Declared spp. under



ARRPA,,Weed Science List

Peganum,harmala, ,African rue,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Peganum,harmala, ,African rue,,P,, Declared spp. under

ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Porlieria,angustifolia, ,guayacan,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Tribulus,cistoides, ,,,,,”, “,Fiji; French

Polynesia; Kiribati; Papua New Guinea ,”“Weeds of Agriculture

and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F

Waterhouse”

Tribulus,cistoides,,caltrop,,L,NT,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Tribulus,cistoides, ,Jamaica feverplant,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Tribulus,cistoides,,”puncture vine,

burnut”,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to

disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as

Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida

communities. “,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida

Exotic Pest Plant Council

Tribulus,micrococcus, ,Yellow vine,,,,,,Weed Science List

Tribulus,micrococcus, ,Yellow vine,,P,,,,Western

Australian Prohibited List

Tribulus,terrestris,,”caltrop, bindii, cat-head,

catshead, goat head, Malta cross, puncture vine, yellow

vine”,XXXHX,L,Vic; SA; NT; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Tribulus,terrestris, ,Puncturevine ,,,,”California

Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Tribulus,terrestris, ,Puncture vine,,,,”1-12wk old

& 3-5yr old seed tested in greenhouse in soil; seed stored in polyethylene

bag in closed draw for 16mths, untreated seed 10% germ in 3wks, 22% in

8wks; various treatments used, sulfuric acid for 30min, imbiding on wet

filter paper-low germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for

Experimental Purposes

Tribulus,terrestris, ,”caltrop, bindii, cat-head,

catshead, goat head, Malta cross, puncture vine, yellow

vine”,,,,”spines on the fruit damage the feet of animals,

particularly horses, sheep, cattle & dogs & are a nuisance to

humans particularly on playing fields, caravan parks etc; when growing in

orchards, vineyards & market gardens caltrop fruit are an annoyance

to “,”The native range of caltrop is very wide, extending from

the Medit region through Asia, Afr & subtropical Aust; it occurs in

almost all temperate areas of the world & is troublesome in most; it

is imprt in N Amer, particularly in the SW from Texas to

Cali”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”

Tribulus,terrestris, ,Puncture-vine ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST

OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser

invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Tribulus,terrestris, ,Caltrop n ,,,,” PROCLAIMED

PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *

Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n

Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c

Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods

etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside

control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)

Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“

(Weed)”

Tribulus,terrestris, ,caltrop,,,,,,Weed Science List



Tribulus,terrestris, ,puncturevine,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Tribulus,terrestris, ,caltrop,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Tribulus,terrestris,,puncturevine,,,,”RANK 2.

“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some

invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant

communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along

disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive

Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee

Zygophyllum,fabago,, syrian beancaper,Possible Weed of Agriculture and Grassland habitats: High Weed Potential in Disturbed areas,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"

Zygophyllum,fabago, ,Syrian Beancaper ,,,,”California

Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Zygophyllum,fabago, ,,,,,,”Eastern Europe, some

scattered in Spain & SW France”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”


Zygophyllum,fabago, ,,,,,,”Eastern Europe, some

scattered in Spain & SW France”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”

Zygophyllum,fabago, ,Syrian bearcaper ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST



OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to

spread,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Zygophyllum,fabago, ,Syrian beancaper,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:



347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
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