Rod randall’s weed list from The Nature Conservancy’s Wildland Invasive Species Team




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Apocynaceae

Allamanda,blanchetti,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Allamanda,cathartica,,Golden Trumpet,S,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Allamanda,cathartica, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop S Amer;

Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for

Weeds Tech Series Report # 3

Allamanda,cathartica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Alstonia,macrophylla,,devil-tree,,,,”Catergory II -

Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These

species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated

disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most

Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Apocynum,androsaemifolium, ,spreading

dogbane,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published

by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Apocynum,cannabinum, ,Hemp dogbone,,,,44% germ in constant

light at 20-25C in Petri dishes for 5-6 days; 72% germ when seed coat

broken,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes

Apocynum,cannabinum, ,hemp dogbane,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Apocynum,sibiricum, ,prairie dogbane,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Cascabela,thevetia,”Thevetia peruviana, T

neriifolia”,yellow oleander,w,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Catharanthus,roseus,,”pink pewriwinkle, vinca”,XXXw,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Catharanthus,roseus, ,Madagascar periwinkle,,,,From lists and

sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks

and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Catharanthus,roseus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Chonemorpha,fragrans,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Lochnera,pusilla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Lochnera,pusilla, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Mandevilla,laxa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Mandevilla,laxa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Nerium,oleander,,oleander,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Nerium,oleander, ,oleander,,,,From lists and sources by Faith

Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural

Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Nerium,oleander, ,oleander,,,,”Proposed Declared

Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: rocky and gravelly watercourses in

semi-arid mountain valleysCultivated for: ornament,

screening”,Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.

(Weeds)

Nerium,oleander, ,oleander,,,,”Proposed Declared



Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: rocky and gravelly watercourses in

semi-arid mountain valleysCultivated for: ornament,

screening”,Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.

(Weeds)


Ochrosia,parviflora,,kopsia,,,,”Catergory II - Species

that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species

may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated

disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most

Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Plumeria,spp.,,frangipani,S,G,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Rauvolfia,tetraphylla,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Tabernaemontana,fuchsiaefolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Tabernaemontana,fuchsiaefolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Thevetia,peruviana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Vinca,major,,blue periwinkle,HXXXAX,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Vinca,major, ,Periwinkle ,,,,”California Noxious Weed

Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Vinca,major, ,Blue Periwinkle,,,,”Dispersal:

Vegetative/Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to

one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

1,2,4,5,6,8,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: Med and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Vinca,major, ,Blue Periwinkle

,,,,GROUNDCOVERS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John

Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”

Vinca,major, ,”bigleaf periwinkle, large periwinkle,

vinca”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John

Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National

Parks, weed”

Vinca,major, ,periwinkle,,,,,,Weed Science List

Vinca,major, ,bigleaf periwinkle,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Vinca,major,,large periwinkle,,,,”RANK 2.

“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some

invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant

communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along

disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive

Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee

Vinca,major,,periwinkle; vinca ,Mostly near old homesites. Completely dominates understories.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed

Vinca,minor,,"Common Name(s):Periwinkle, Myrtle","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Excludes other species and prevents regeneration ""Perennial, 30-60 cm high, flowers blue/purple or white, 25-30 mm, leaves 25-40 mm long, elliptic, lanceolate, very short-stemm","Eurasia. Habitat: Moist rich soils, lawns, roadsides, waste places"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"

Vinca,minor,,periwinkle; vinca ,Mostly near old homesites. Completely dominates understories.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed

Vinca,minor, ,Lesser periwinkle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT

SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific

Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Vinca,minor, ,”common periwinkle, vinca”,,,,From

lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant

Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Vinca,minor, ,periwinkle,,,,”Source: “USA Composite

List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966

Vinca,minor,,common periwinkle,,,,”RANK 2.

“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some

invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant

communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along

disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive

Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee

Aponogeton,abyssinicus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Aponogetonaceae

Aponogeton,abyssinicus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Aponogeton,abyssinicus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Aponogeton,distachyos, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aponogeton,distachyos, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Aponogeton,distachyos,,Cape Water-hawthorn,HX,NP,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Aponogeton,distachyos, ,Cape

Water-hawthorn,,,,”Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent

aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation

formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

10”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Limited

distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed

Invasions In Victoria

Aponogeton,elongatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aponogeton,monostachyon, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aponogeton,monostachyon, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Aponogeton,natans, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Aponogeton,rigidifolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian



Prohibited List

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex,ambigua, ,Carolina holly,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ilex,aquifolium, ,holly,,,,,,Weed Science List

Ilex,aquifolium, ,holly,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Ilex,aquifolium,,holly,HXXXAS,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised



and/or Noxious Taxa

Ilex,aquifolium,,English holly ,Appears regularly in forest understories.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed

Ilex,aquifolium, ,English Holly ,,,,”California

Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Ilex,aquifolium, ,Holly,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,

internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very

serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation

Formations Invaded: 6,7,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur

and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Ilex,aquifolium, ,English holly ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF

PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately

invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic

Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Ilex,aquifolium, ,English holy,,,,From lists and sources by

Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Ilex,decidua, ,deciduous yaupon,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ilex,glabra, ,gallberry,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ilex,opaca, ,American holly,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ilex,vomitoria, ,yaupon,,,,”Source: “USA Composite

List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966



Araceae

Acornus,calamus, ,sweetflag,,,,”Source: “USA Composite

List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966

Alocasia,brisbanensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Arisaema,triphyllum, ,,,,,82% germ of 3-4mth old seed planted

late in autumn in glasshouse germ over 34-92 days after planting; Petri

dish 96% germ at 20-25C in either light or dark for 57-63 days ,,Germination

& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Arisarum,vulgare,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Arisarum,vulgare, ssp. vulgare,,,,,Region of origin - Medit;

Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds

Tech Series Report # 3

Arisarum,vulgare, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Arum,italicum,,Italian Cuckoo-pint,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Arum,italicum, ,Italian Cuckoo-pint,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,

internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat

to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations

Invaded: 1,6,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Eur and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Arum,italicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Arum,neglectum, ,,,,,,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Arum ,maculatum, ,,,,,”1st leaf doesn't appear above soil

surface until the 3rd year after seed germ, & the tuber, once formed,

is pulled deeper intothe ground each season by contractile

roots”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes


Calla,palustris, ,,,,,”stored seed 5-7mths in water at 1-3C

good germ in diffuse light at room temp greenhouse (18-21Cday,

13-16Cnight); 65% germ within 18 days of dry seed when seed coat cut

open”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes

Calocasia,esculenta,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Colocasia,esculenta,,wild taro,,,,”Catergory I - Species



that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida.

This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical

range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage

caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic

Pest Plant Council

Colocasia,esculentum, ,”dasheen, elephant' ear, wild taro,

cocc yam”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John

Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National

Parks, weed”

Epipremnum,pinnatum,cv. Aureum,pothos,,,,”Catergory II -

Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These

species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated

disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most

Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Orontium,aquaticum, ,Goldenclub,,,,92% germ of seed stored in tap

water in dark at 1-3C for 2-5mths then germ in tap water in diffuse light

in greenhouse; seeds stored in tap water in lab germ 86% within

6days,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Orontium,aquaticum, ,goldenclub,,,,”Source: “USA Composite

List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966

Peltandra,virginica, ,Arrow arum,,,,”5-7mths storage in

water at 1-3C, then germ in jars of tap water in diffuse light on

greenhouse bench”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for

Experimental Purposes

Peltandra,virginica, ,arrowarum,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Phoenix,dactylifera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Phoenix,reclinata, ,Senegal date palm,,,,From lists and sources

by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Phoenix,reclinata,,reclining date palm,,,,”Catergory II -

Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These

species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated

disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most

Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,,,”Pinellia ternata is listed

in Japan as X - present as weed (the species is present & behaves as

a aweed, but its rank of importance is unknown)”,”Japan, China,

Korea”,Holm et al 'A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds'

Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,,,,,Weed Science List

Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,,,perennial sub-dominance , Upland

Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Pistia,stratioites, ,Water lettuce,,,,plants grown in plastic

buckets in greenhouse with either soil or a nutrient soln,,Germination

& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Pistia,stratioites, ,waterlettuce,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”, clogging

waterways”,French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea;

Solomon Islands; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation

Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”

Pistia,stratiotes, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated

by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive

Weeds”

Pistia,stratiotes,,water lettuce,XH,NL,NSW; Qld; NT; WA; Tas;



ACT,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”potentially a very

serious weed of freshwater lakes, rivers & canals, impeding traffic

& interferring with water flow & recreational activities”,”Africa,

southern Asia, southern USA & Caribbean, scattered in S Amer, India

& Netherlands, rare in Pacific Is, present in Hawaii &

NZnaturalised on coastal plains E & SW of Darwin NT; scattered

colonies occursin the Darling Downs & Leichhardt in Qld;

eas”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”

Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,From lists and sources by

Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject

of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents

availableHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: dams, pans, slow-moving rivers, in

subtropical regionsCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant

Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject

of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents

availableHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: dams, pans, slow-moving rivers, in

subtropical regionsCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant

Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,,,Weed Science List

Pistia,stratiotes,syn ,”water lettuce, tropical

duckweed”,,,,”floating in stagnant or slowly flowing fresh

water, ponds, tidal areas; may become an important constituent of a sudd

(a dense aggregation of a free-floating vegetation); from 0-1000m

alt.;lwoland irrigated & lebak rice fields; Pistia performs best at

pH “,”uncertain, pantropcial,very widely distributed; everywhere

in Indonesia, except Kalimantan & the Lesser Sunda

Is”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,P,,Newspaper artcile in Elders

Weekly (Aug 98) of Water Lettuce Find at Airport prompoted a member of

the public to phone in and tell us he had sold heaps of the plant from

his shop in 1975! Very popular as it was a good multiplier!!,,Western

Australian Prohibited List

Pistia,stratiotes*,,water lettuce,,,,”Catergory I - Species

that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida.

This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical

range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.*P

=Prohibited by Flo”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species -

Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Symplocarpus,foetidus, ,skunkcabbage,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Syngonium,podophyllum,,”arrowhead plant, goosefoot

plant”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Syngonium,podophyllum,,arrowhead vine,,,,”Catergory II -

Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These

species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated

disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most

Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Typhonium,trilobatum,”syn Typhonium divaricatum, Typhonium

javanicum”,,,,,”sunny to light-shaded, mostly humid places,

roadsides, lawns, fields, gardens, open forests, sometimes common, but

scattered; form 0-1000m alt.; flowering jan-Dec; upland & gogo rancah

rice fields, a weed of minor importance, used as a medicine (with

vine”,”unknown, pantropcial; everywhere in Indonesia, except in

Kalimantan, the Lesser Sunda Is & Irian Jaya”,”Weeds of

Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Xanthosoma,sagittifolium,,”melanga, elephant

ear”,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to

disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as

Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida

communities. “,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida

Exotic Pest Plant Council

Xanthosoma,violaceum,,blue taro,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Zantedeschia,aethiopica,Calla aethiopica,”arum lily, calla

lily”,HXXH,NL,WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,White Arum Lily,,,,”Dispersal:

Bird, internal,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Very

serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation

Formations Invaded: 1,8,9,10,13”,”Introduced deliberately from:

S Af and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution,

medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In

Victoria

Zantedeschia,aethiopica, Calla aethiopica,”arum lily, calla

lily”,,,,,”native of Africa”“nat. in parts of coastal

NSW, esp. far South Coast in southern-central & SWdist. of Vic, the

mosit valleys of Adelaide Hills in SA, NW Tas; serious weed of lower SW

of WA between Armadale & Margaret River

Dist.”““,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”

Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,arum lily,,,, Declared spp. under

ARRPA,,Weed Science List

Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,arum lily,,P,, Declared spp. under

ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List



Araliaceae

Aralia,spinosa, ,devils-walkingstick,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Hedera,helix,,Common Name(s): English Ivy,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Low Level Invasive ""Small yellow flowers, leaves alternate, simple ""","Europe. Habitat: Fields, old gardens, urban areas"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"

Hedera,helix,,English ivy ,Completely overruns forest understories and riparian areas. An immense and expensive problem. Avoid it like the plague (which it is!).,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed

Hedera,helix,,”ivy, English

ivy”,HXXXAwH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Hedera,helix, ,English Ivy ,,,,”California Noxious Weed

Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit

effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet,

containing information on noxious weed control in California. This

information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Hedera,helix, ,Ivy,,,,”Dispersal: Bird, internal,Vegetative.

Life Form: Perennial herbc. RISK: Very serious threat to one or

vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

5,6,7,8,12,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Hedera,helix, ,English ivy ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT

SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest Exotic

Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Hedera,helix, ,English ivy,,,,From lists and sources by Faith

Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural

Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Hedera,helix, ,ivy,,,,,,Weed Science List

Hedera,helix, ,English ivy,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Hedera,helix,,English ivy,,,,”RANK 2. “SIGNIFICANT

THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some invasive

characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may

have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance

corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest

Plants in Tennessee

Polycias,tricochleata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Polyscias,sambucifolia,,elderberry panax,H,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Schefflera,actinophylla,,”Queensland umbrella tree,

Australian ivy palm”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Schefflera,actinophylla, ,Umbrella Tree ,,,,Major



WeedTREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,

Greening Australia, 1995”

Schefflera,actinophylla, ,”Queensland umbrella tree,

octupus tree”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John

Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National

Parks, weed”

Schefflera,actinophylla, ,Queensland Umbrella

Tree,,,,Trees/Shrubs.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening

Australia, 1995”

Schefflera,actinophylla,,schefflera ,,,,”Catergory I -

Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in

Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or

geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological

damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida

Exotic Pest Plant Council

Tetrapanax,papyrifer,,”aralia, ricepaper

plant”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Tetrapanax,papyrifer, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List


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