Rod randall’s weed list from The Nature Conservancy’s Wildland Invasive Species Team




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Amaryllidaceae

Agapanthus,praecox,,African Lily,H,G,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Agapanthus,praecox,Agapanthus

“orientalis”,Agapanthus,HXX,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Agapanthus,spp.,,agapanthus,H,G,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Amaryllis,belladonna,,belladonna lily,XX,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Hymenocallis,caribaea,,spider lily,S,G,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Hymenocallis,caribea, ,,,,,Region of origin - W Indies;

Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for

Weeds Tech Series Report # 3

Leucojum,aestivum,,”summer snowflake, London

lily”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Narcissus,jonquilla,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Narcissus,papyraceus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Narcissus,papyraceus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Narcissus,pseudonarcissu, ,,,,,Region of origin - W Eur;

Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds

Tech Series Report # 3

Narcissus,pseudonarcissus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Narcissus,pseudonarcissus, ,,,,,daughter bulbs develop

rapidly in the mature adult bulb very efficient method of vegetative

reproduction; seeds dormant for 6mths; pretreatment at low temps inc.

germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Narcissus,pseudonarcissus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Narcissus,tazetta,,jonquil,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Narcissus,tazetta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Narcissus,x medioluteus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Nerine,filifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Nerine,filifolia, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of

spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech

Series Report # 3

Pancratium,maritimum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Sternbergia,lutea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Zephyranthes,atamasco, ,atamascolily,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Zephyranthes,candida,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Zephyranthes,drummondii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Zephyranthes,grandiflora,,pink storm

lily,S,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Anacardiaceae

Anacardium,occidentale,,cashew nut,w,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Anacardium,occidentale, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop Amer;

Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - agriculture - nuts,,CRC

for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3

Mangifera,indica,,mango,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Mangifera,indica, ,mango,,,,From lists and sources by Faith

Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural

Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Mangifera,indica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Pistacia,chinensis,,pistachio nut tree,S,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Pistacia,chinensis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Afghanistan to

Kashmir; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC

for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3

Rhus,aromatica, syn. Duckera,fragrant

sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published

by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,copallina, ,Shining sumac,,,,seeds with seed coat

nipped germ 10% in 10days in light & 48% within 19days in dark;

intact seeds did not germ within 28days in light/dark at

20-25C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes

Rhus,copallina, syn. Duckera,shining sumac,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,diversiloba, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Rhus,diversiloba, syn. Duckera,Pacific poison

oak,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published by

WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,diversiloba, syn. Duckera,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Rhus,glabra,Duckera glabra?,smooth sumac,X,NP,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Rhus,glabra, ,Smooth sumac,,,,seeds with seed coat nipped

germ 48% in 18days in light & 28% within 14days in dark; intact seeds

did not germ within 28days in light/dark at 20-25C,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Rhus,glabra, ,smooth sumac,,,,From lists and sources by

Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Rhus,glabra, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Rhus,glabra, syn. Duckera,smooth sumac,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,glabra, syn. Duckera,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Rhus,lanceolata, syn. Duckera,prairie

sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published

by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,laurina, syn. Duckera,laurel sumac,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,microphylla, syn. Duckera,littleleaf

sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published

by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,ovata, syn. Duckera,sugar sumac,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,radicans,Duckera,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Rhus,radicans, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Rhus,radicans, syn. Duckera,poison ivy,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,radicans, syn. Duckera,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Rhus,succedanea, ,wax tree,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades:

moist forest and plantation margins, woodland, roadsidesCultivated for:

ornament, wax from its berries, resin from its stems”,Origin: Asia

,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Rhus,succedanea, ,wax tree,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades:

moist forest and plantation margins, woodland, roadsidesCultivated for:

ornament, wax from its berries, resin from its stems”,Origin: Asia

,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Rhus,taitensis, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Rhus,toxicodendron, syn. Duckera,poison

oak,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published by

WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,trilobata, syn. Duckera,skunkbush

sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published

by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,typhina, syn. Duckera,staghorn sumac,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,vernix, syn. Duckera,poison sumac,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus,virens, syn. Duckera,evergreen sumac,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Rhus ,ovata, ,Sugar sumac,,,,”90% germ when entire

seed coat removed, 74% when whole drilled in seed coat & 2% when only

1st seed coat layer was removed; soaking in conc. sulfuric acid inc.

germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes


Schinus,areia, ,Brazilian Pepper Tree

,,,,TREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,

Greening Australia, 1995”

Schinus,areira,”Schinus molle, Schinus molle var.

areira”,”Pepper tree, Californian pepper tree, pepper corn

tree, pepperina”,HXw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Schinus,molle, ,Pepper Tree,,,,”Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal

(not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or

vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

4,5,8,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Am,Mex and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Schinus,molle, ,pepper tree,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject

of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Woody

SpeciesInvades: grassland, shrubland, roadsides, wasteland, riverbanks,

rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, shade; provides

honey”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Schinus,molle, ,pepper tree,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject

of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Woody

SpeciesInvades: grassland, shrubland, roadsides, wasteland, riverbanks,

rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, shade; provides

honey”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Schinus,molle, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Schinus,molle, ,California peppertree,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Schinus,terebinthefolius, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive

weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated

Worst Invasive Weeds”

Schinus,terebinthifolia,,broad-leaf pepper

tree,XXHwX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Schinus,terebinthifolia, ,,,,,”It is one of the worse

weeds here in Hawaii. It invades pasture, hastoxins (related to poison

ivy) and eventually overruns things here intropical conditions. S. molii

is a different story. I don't think anyonehas any problems with it

here....Mach Fu”,,Weed Science List

Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,christmas berry,,,,”, waste

areas, roadsides”,Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Marshall Islands;

New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa ,”“Weeds of

Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”,

D.F Waterhouse”

Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazilian Pepper

,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A

combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,

accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed

control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious

Weed

Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems



Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida

Weeds, FAIRS.”

Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,”Brazilian pepper,

christmasberry”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John

Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National

Parks, weed”

Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazilian pepper tree,,,,”Woody

SpeciesInvades: woodland, coastal bush, roadsides, riverbanksCultivated

for: ornament, shade, shelter, hedging; provides honey”,Origin: S

Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazilian pepper tree,,,,”Woody

SpeciesInvades: woodland, coastal bush, roadsides, riverbanksCultivated

for: ornament, shade, shelter, hedging; provides honey”,Origin: S

Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)

Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazil peppertree,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966It is one of the worse weeds here in Hawaii. It invades

pasture, hastoxins (related to poison ivy) and eventually overruns things

here intropical conditions. S. molii is a”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Schinus,terebinthifolius*,,Brazilian

pepper,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting

native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the

economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the

documented ecological damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Fl”,,List of

Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Spondias,purpurea, ,purple mombin,,,,From lists and sources

by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Toxicodendron,radicans, ,Poison ivy # ,,,,” PROCLAIMED

PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *

Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n

Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c

Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods

etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside

control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60

applies)”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Toxicodendron,radicans, ,poison ivy,,,,,,Weed Science List

Toxicodendron,radicans, ,poison ivy,,P,,,,Western

Australian Prohibited List

Toxicodendron,succedanea, ,Rhus

,,,,TREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,

Greening Australia, 1995”

Toxicodendron,succedaneum,Rhus succedanea,”rhus, rhus

tree, Japanese wax tree, scarlet rhus, sumac, wax tree”,X,LP,NSW;

SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Toxicodendron,succedaneum, ,Rhus tree # ,,,,”

PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be

destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not

required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the

State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or

Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)

applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section

60 applies)”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Toxicodendron,succedaneum, ,poison ivy,,,,,,Weed Science

List

Toxicodendron,succedaneum, ,poison ivy,,P,,,,Western



Australian Prohibited List

Toxicodendron ,radicans,”Rhus radicans, Toxicodendron

negundo”,poison ivy,E,L,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Toxicodendron ,radicans,” Rhus radicans, Toxicodendron

negundo”,poison ivy,,,,”sap of poison ivy causes severe

dermatitis in humans; most animals, including cattle, horses, sheep,

goats, pigs & birds are immune to posion ivy, & it provides a

valuable harbour & food supply to wildlife & a harbour to

vermin”,”native throughout USA, southern Canada from Quebect to

British Columbia, Mex & Caribbean; introd to other countries because

of its outstanding autumn-foliage colours”,”Noxious Weeds of

Australia, P & C”

Toxicodendron ,succedaneum, Rhus succedanea,”rhus,

rhus tree, Japanese wax tree, scarlet rhus, sumac, wax

tree”,,,,”rhus is an allergenic plant, its sap causing severe

dermatitis, all parts of the plant are dangerous; resin remains active

for long periods so that contact with affected tools, clothes etc many

months after contamination may result in painful

lesions”,”native of Japan, China & the Himalayan region,

has spread as an ornamental to most warm-temp parts of the

world”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”



Annonaceae

Annona,glabra,,pond apple,Xw,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Annona,reticulata,,custard apple,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Annona,reticulata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Annona,senegalensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Annona,senegalensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Annona,squamosa,(prev. Annona reticulata?),,,N,,,,Australian



Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Annona,squamosa, ,sugar-apple,,,,From lists and sources by

Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”



Anthericaceae

Chlorophytum,comosum,Anthericum comosum,”spider lily,

spider plant, ribbon plant”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa



Apiaceae

Actinotus,helianthi,,Flannel Flower,X,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Actinotus,helianthi, ,Flannel Flower,,,,Dispersal: Wind. Life

Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation

formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,”Introduced

deliberately from: NSW, Qld and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:

Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental

Weed Invasions In Victoria

Aegopodium,podagraria,,”goutweed, Bishop's weed, ground

elder”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Aegopodium,podagraria, ,Ground Elder,,,,,”All Europe except

Iberian Pen, S Italy, Greece, less in UK & Eire”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Aegopodium,podagraria, ,goutweed,,,,From lists and sources by

Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Aegopodium,podagraria,, bishop's goutweed,Weed Status Uncertain - current information is inadequate to assess risk. Further analysis may be warranted.,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"

Aegopodium,podagraria,,Common Name(s): Goutweed,"Avail nurseries, Weed Low Level Invasive ""Perennial, 3-11 dm high, flowers in white, dense clusters, 6-12 cm wide, stems erect, leaves with long petioles, biternate with 9 leaflets, 2.5-9 cm long biternate with 9 leaflets, 2.5-9 cm long ","Eurasia. Habitat: Roadsides, waste places, habitations"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"

Aegopodium,podagraria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aegopodium,podograria, ,bishops goatweed,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Aethusa,cynapium, ,Fool's Parsley,,,,,”All Europe, Asia

Minor, rarer in Medit regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”


Aethusa,cynapium,Umbelliferae ,Fool's Parsley,,,,,”All

Europe, Asia Minor, rarer in Medit regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds

of the World”

Aethusa,cynapium, ,foolsparsley,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ammi,majus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Ammi,majus, ,Bullwort,,,,,Southern to SW Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Ammi,majus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Ammi,majus, ,greater ammi,,,,”Source: “USA Composite

List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966

Ammi,majus,syn ,Bishop's weed,,,,”Seeds are diuretic,

carminative, tonic, digestive & stomachic, also used against

asthma”,”Medit, Eur, W Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt

Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”

Ammi,visnaga,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Ammi,visnaga, ,Toothpick Bullwort,,,,,Southern to SW Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Ammi,visnaga, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Ammi,visnaga, ,toothpick ammi,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ammi,visnaga,syn Daucus visnaga,Toothpick,,,,”Dry mature

umbel rays are used as toothpicks, seeds used as diuretic, carminative,

stimulant, vasodilator, & antipasmodic. “,”Medit, W

Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil

el-Hadidi, M”

Anetheum,graveolens,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Anethum,graveolens, ,Dill,,,,,Scattered Mainland Europe,Hanf “Arable

Weeds of the World”

Anethum,graveolens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Angelica,atropurpurea, ,purplestem angelica,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Angelica,sylvestris,,Common Name(s): Angelica,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""4-10 feet high, flowers in white clusters, purple stem, erect, smooth compound leaves """,Europe. Habitat: Wetlands," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"

Anthriscus,caucalis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Anthriscus,sylvestris, ,Chervil ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT

SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific

Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Anthriscus,sylvestris, ,woodland beakchervil,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Apium,graveolens,,Celery,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Apium,graveolens, ,Celery,,,,”Dispersal: Water. Life Form:

Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations

(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,11”,”Eur and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Apium,graveolens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Apium,leptophyllum, ,wild celery,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966=

Cyclospermum leptophyllum, Apium tenuifolium, Ciclospermum

leptophyllum”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Apium,leptophyullum,syn A. tenuifolium,,,,,”gardens,

lawns”,introduced from Amer into some warm temp. regions of the Old

World,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi,

M”

Berula,erecta,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa



Berula,erecta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Bifora,radians, ,,,,,,”Central Europe to Italy, less in

North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Bifora,radians,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,”Central Europe to Italy,

less in North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Bifora,testiculata,,”Bifora, carrot weed, Bird's

eye”,,LP,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Bifora,testiculata, ,Small Coriander,,,,,Southern to SW

Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Bifora,testiculata, ,Bifora + n ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN

SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control

required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in

part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program

in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited

in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on

roads (Section 52(2) applies)”,”South Australian

““Proclaimed Plants”“ (Weed)”

Bifora,testiculata, ,”Bifora, carrot weed, Bird's

eye”,,,,,,Weed Science List

Bifora,testiculata, ,”Bifora, carrot weed, Bird's

eye”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Blupleurum,lancifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Blupleurum,rotundifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Blupleurum,semicompositum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Bowlesia,incana, ,hairy bowlesia,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Bunium,bulbocastanum, ,Great Pignut,,,,,UK though Central Europe

to Italy & Greece,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Bunium,bulbocastanum,Umbelliferae ,Great Pignut,,,,,UK though

Central Europe to Italy & Greece,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”


Bunium,bulbocastanum, ,Great Pignut,,P,,,UK though Central

Europe to Italy & Greece,Western Australian Prohibited List

Bupleurum,falcatum,”syn. B.

chinensis,”,”Bupleurum, Chai Hu “,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Bupleurum,lancifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Bupleurum,lancifolium, ,False Thorow Wax,,,,B.

protractum,”Central to South West Europe & UK, less in NW

“,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Bupleurum,rotundifolium, ,,,,,germ in presence of 0.03% soln GA

on filter paper in darkness at 20-25C.,,Germination & Establishment

of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Bupleurum,rotundifolium,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Bupleurum,rotundifolium, ,Thorow Wax,,,,,Mainland Europe &

UK except Denmark & NE,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Bupleurum,rotundifolium,,hound's ear,,,,”RANK 3.

“LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally

spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural

areas; also some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in

Tennessee

Bupleurum,semicompositum,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Carum,caryi, ,caraway,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List

of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966

Caucalis,platycarpos, ,Small Bur Parsley,,,,”C. lappula, C.

daucoides”,”Mainland Europe, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Caucalis,platycarpos,Umbelliferae ,Small Bur Parsley,,,,”C.

lappula, C. daucoides”,”Mainland Europe, except Denmark &

NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Centella,asiatica,syn Hydrocotyle asiatica,Indian penny

wort,,,,”locally common in rather wet roadsides, earth banks, along

ditches; locally gregarious; at about 0-2500m alt; flowering Jan-Dec;

rainfed rice fields, rarely noxious, sometimes planted to prevent

erosion; eaten raw or steamed as a vegetable “,”unknown, pantropical;

througout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et

al, 1987”

Centella,asiatica, ,Asiatic pennywort,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Ciclospermum,leptophyllum,Apium leptophyllum,,X,,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Cicuta,douglasii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Cicuta,douglasii, ,western waterhemlock,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Cicuta,douglasii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Cicuta,mackenzieana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Cicuta,mackenzieana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Cicuta,maculata, ,Spotted water hemlock,,,,no germ of either

freshly harvested or seeds stored for 6mths; germ at 21C in dark; GA

treatments not successful,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for

Experimental Purposes

Cicuta,maculata, ,spotted waterhemlock,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Cicuta,virosa,,cowbane,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Cicuta,virosa, ,,,,,”seeds germ in 1st & 2nd springs

after collection; seeds germ soon after harvest, exposed to temps

similiar to those prevailing outdoors; seeds left in germinator until

germ or rotted; 95-97% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of

Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Cicuta,virosa, ,cowbane,,,,,,Weed Science List

Cicuta,virosa, ,cowbane,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Conium,chaerophylloides, ,,,P,,Prohibited by AQIS,,Western

Australian Prohibited List

Conium,maculatum,,”hemlock, carrot fern, poison-hemlock,

poison parsley, spotted hemlock”,HXXAH,NLP,ACT; NSW; Vic; Qld;

Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Conium,maculatum,,poison-hemlock ,CLASS C WEED: Class C weeds are noxious weeds that are common throughout most of Washington. The following Class C weeds have been selected by the County Weed Board as priority weeds in King County and control is mandatory.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State

Conium,maculatum, ,Poison Hemlock ,,,,”California Noxious

Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Conium,maculatum, ,Hemlock,,,,”Dispersal: animal

external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to

one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

4,8,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur, W As, N Af, In

Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed

Invasions In Victoria

Conium,maculatum, ,Hemlock,,,,C. divaricatum,”All Europe,

Asia, N & S America”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Conium,maculatum, ,”hemlock, carrot fern, poison-hemlock,

poison parsley, spotted hemlock”,,,,”poisonous to both humans

& stock, causing death by respiratory paralysis; cattle & pigs

more susceptible than sheep & goats; cattle losses have been recorded

in southern States of Aust & death of a child in

Vic”,”native range is Eur, W Asia & N Afr from where it has

spread to most temp areas of the world, often as an ornamental or

medicinal plant; weed of neglected areas & some perennial crops in

much of its native range; widespd in NAmer, important in S Amer &

NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”

Conium,maculatum, ,Poison-hemlock ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT

SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately

invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic

Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Conium,maculatum, ,poison hemlock,,,,From lists and sources by

Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Conium,maculatum, ,hemlock,,,,,,Weed Science List

Conium,maculatum, ,”hemlock, wild carrot, wild parsnip, poison

hemlock”,,,,”Conium maculatum inhabits roadsides, stream and

river banks, pastures, woodlots, and waste areas; is a reported as a weed

in N & S Amer, Eur, W Asia, Aust and NZ. It is a weed of nine crops

in 34 countries and is a frequently reported pasture weed. The

“,”Native to Eur, northern Afr and western Asia and was often

introduced to new areas as an ornamental garden plant.”,WORLD WEEDS

Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.

Conium,maculatum, ,poison hemlock,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Conium,maculatum, ,hemlock,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Conium,maculatum,,poison hemlock,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER

THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and

remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also

some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee

Coriandrum,sativum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Coriandrum,sativum, ,Coriander,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except

Denmark & NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Coriandrum,sativum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Cryptotaenia,japonica, ,”Japanese Parsley,

Mitsuba”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Cymopterus,watsonii, ,spring parsley,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Daucus,aurens, ,,,,,,SW Europe in Italy,Hanf “Arable Weeds

of the World”

Daucus,aurens,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,SW Europe in Italy,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Daucus,carota,,carrot wild ,"WEED OF CONCERN: Control and containment of existing populations of these noxious weeds is strongly encouraged in King County, Washington State.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State

Daucus,carota,,carrot,XX,NL,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Daucus,carota, ,Wild carrot,,,,”84% germ in dark with alt.

temps of 20-30C; dormancy due to endosperm covering tip of radicle, once

removed or digested off germ % inc.”,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Daucus,carota, ,Wild Carrot,,,,”D. gingidum, D.

communis”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Daucus,carota, ,Wild Carrot,,,,”2,4-D 1957 Canada “,

http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Daucus,carota, ,Wild Carrot,,,,”2,4-D 1993 USA Cropland,

Roadside “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Daucus,carota, ,Queen Anne's Lace ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT

SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific

Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Daucus,carota, ,queen Anne's lace,,,,From lists and sources by

Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Daucus,carota, ,Carrot *c ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH

AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in

part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of

the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea”,

,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“

(Weed)”

Daucus,carota, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Daucus,carota, ,”carrot, wild carrot”,,,,”Daucus

carota is a herbaceous plant, identical in nomenclature to the cultivated

vegetable, carrots. It is a reported weed of 16 crops in more than 55

countries, but it is seldom a weed of cultivated

fields.”,cosmopolitan distribution except for the warm tropics and

arctic regions.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm

et. al.

Daucus,carota, ,wild carrot,,,,”Source: “USA Composite



List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966

Daucus,carota,,”wild carrot, Queen Anne's

lace”,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species

which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not

readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic

weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee

Daucus,crinitus, ,,,,,,Spain & Portugal,Hanf “Arable

Weeds of the World”

Daucus,crinitus,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,Spain & Portugal,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Daucus,pusillus, ,,,,,little or no germ of fresh seed; germ %

inc. with inc. length of dry storage; germ at alt. temp 10-30C or 15-30C

,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Eryngium,campestre,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Eryngium,campestre, ,Field Eryngo,,,,E. latifolia,Mainland

Europe & UK except Denmark & NE,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”

Eryngium,campestre, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Eryngium,hookeri, ,Hooker eryngo,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Eryngium,maritimum,,sea holly,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Eryngium,maritimum, ,sea holly,,,,,,Weed Science List

Eryngium,pandanifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Eryngium,sanguisorba, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Eryngium,sanguisorba, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Eryngium,yuccifolium, ,button snakeroot,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Falcaria,vulgaris,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Falcaria,vulgaris, ,Longleaf,,,,”F. rivini, F.



sioides”,”Mainland Europe, UK & S Sweden, less in Uk S

Sweden & NW Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Falcaria,vulgaris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Falcaria,vulgaris, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Ferula,communis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Ferula,communis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Foeniculum,vulgare,Foeniculum officinale,”fennel, aniseed,

dill, anise, sweet anise”,HXXXXX,NL,Vic; Tas,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Foeniculum,vulgare, ,Fennel ,,,,”California Noxious Weed

Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Foeniculum,vulgare, ,Fennel,,,,”Dispersal: animal

external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to

one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

1,4,8,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Foeniculum,vulgare, ,,,,,”F. capillaceum, F.

officinale”,”UK, Eire & Mainland Europe except Denmark

& NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Foeniculum,vulgare, Foeniculum officinale,”fennel, aniseed,

dill, anise, sweet anise”,,,,grows mostly on neglected areas &

doesnt est. in grazed pastures or cult. paddocks; once est. it excludes

almost all other vegetation; grown for human consumption in parts of Eur

& essential oils in Tas,”originated in southern Eur &

western Asia & is regarded as a weed in parts of this range; widely

dist. throughout temp world & now common in N & S Amer, &

NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”

Foeniculum,vulgare, ,Fennel ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT

SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific

Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Foeniculum,vulgare, ,fennel,,,,From lists and sources by Faith

Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural

Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Foeniculum,vulgare, ,fennel,,,,,,Weed Science List

Foeniculum,vulgare, ,common fennel,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Heracleum,lehmannium, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Heracleum,mantegazzianum,,”giant hogweed, giant parsnip,

cartwheel flower”,XS,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Heracleum,mantegazzianum, ,Giant hogweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF

PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific

Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Heracleum,mantegazzianum,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"

Heracleum,mantegazzianum,,hogweed giant,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State

Heracleum,mantegazzianum, ,giant hogweed,,,,From lists and

sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks

and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Heracleum,mantegazzianum, ,”giant hogweed,

cartwheel-flower”,,P,,”Uses for taxon: Environmental:

ornamental; Vertebrate poisons: mammals; Weed: potential seed

contaminantCAB references suggest it is: -an alien weed species of

riparian ecosystems along the rivers of County Durham, Uk -an escaped

species establish”,”Asia-temperate: Georgia, Russian

Federtion-Ciscaucasiawidely introduced & natuarlised”,Western

Australian Prohibited List

Heracleum,maximum, Heracleum lanatum,,,,,no germ of dry stored

seeds tested within 1 yr of collection; prechilling wasn't

tired,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Heracleum,maximum, ,common cowparsnip,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Heracleum,sphondylium, ,,,,,”some seed germ immediately

after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in unheated

germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing

outdoors;90% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for

Experimental Purposes

Heracleum,sphondylium, ,Hogweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable

Weeds of the World”

Heracleum,sphondylium,Umbelliferae ,Hogweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Heracleum,sphondylium, ,hogweed cowparsnip,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Hydrocotyle,americana, ,marsh pennywort,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Hydrocotyle,bonariensis,,”Pennywort, kurnell

curse”,XXwX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Hydrocotyle,bonariensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Hydrocotyle,ramiflora, ,,,,, Weed in poor site , Miyagi Oita

,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides,,”hydrocotyle, water

pennywort”,Hw,GL,WA; SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Amers,

Eur; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknwon”,,CRC

for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3

Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,Hydrocotyle,,,,” PROCLAIMED

PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *

Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n

Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c

Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods

etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside

control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)

Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,Hydrocotyl,,,, Declared spp. under

ARRPA,,Weed Science List

Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,Hydrocotyl,,P,, Declared spp. under

ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Hydrocotyle,sibthorpioides,”syn Hydrocotyle hirsuta,

Hydrocotyle latisecta, Hydrocotyle punticulata, Hydrocotyle ranunculoides

var. incisa, Hydrocotyle rotundifolia, Hydrocotyle splendens, Hydrocotyle

zollinger”,,,,,”sunny or slightly shaded, damp, fertile

locations along ditchbanks, between stones of pathways; locally abundant,

from 1-1400m alt.; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, eaten

raw or steamed”,”Asia, Aust, tropical Asia, Afr(?), S Amer;

everywhere in Malesia; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in

Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Hydrocotyle,sibthorpioides, ,lawn pennywort,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Hydrocotyle,umbellata, ,water pennywort,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Hydrocotyle,verticillata, ,whorled pennywort,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Hydrocotyle,verticillata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Hydrocotyle ,bonariensis, ,Pennywort,,,,”Dispersal: ?. Life



Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation

formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,11”,”S

Am,N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Leptotaenia,dissecta var. multifida, ,carrotleaf leptotaenia,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Lomatium,dissectum, var. multifidum ,,,,,fresh seed dormant;

cold stratification at 8C for 11mths highest germ %,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Lomatium,grayi, ,,,,,44% germ at 15C in dark,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Lomatium,leptocarpum, ,bicolor biscuitroot,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Lomatium,nudicaule, ,,,,,no germ under conditions tested; didn't

use prechilling or 15C in dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Melanoselinum,decipiens,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Oenanthe,javanica, ,,,,,perennial , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control

in Asia


Oenanthe,pimpinelloides,,water dropwort,Xw,L,SA,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Oenanthe,pimpinelloides, ,,,,,Region of origin - W Medit; Extent

of spread - 300 ha; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series

Report # 3

Oenanthe,pimpinelloides, ,Water dropwort # n ,,,,”

PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be

destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not

required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the

State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or

Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)

applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section

60 applies) Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Oenanthe,sarmentosa, ,,,,,”72% germ in dark with alt. temp

of 20-30C, 56% with alt. light/dark & alt. temp

20-30C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental

Purposes


Orlaya,grandiflora, ,,,,,Caucalis grandiflora,”Mainland

Europe, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”

Orlaya,grandiflora,Umbelliferae ,,,,,Caucalis



grandiflora,”Mainland Europe, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Orlaya,kochii, ,,,,,”O. platycarpos, Caucalis

platycarpos”,Southern to Western Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of

the World”

Orlaya,kochii,Umbelliferae ,,,,,”O. platycarpos, Caucalis

platycarpos”,Southern to Western Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of

the World”

Pastinaca,sativa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Pastinaca,sativa, ,Wild parsnip,,,,2mth old seed on blotters or

sand in petri dishes at 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs with light; 75% germ of

fresh seed with alt. every 2nd day from 30C in dark to 23C ing light

75ft-c;90% germ of dry stored seed & 95% germ of wet stored seed at

5C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Pastinaca,sativa, ,Wild Parsnip,,,,P. opoponax,”All Europe

less in UK, Eire, Scandinavia, Denmark & NE Europe”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Pastinaca,sativa, ,wild parsnip,,,,From lists and sources by Faith

Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural

Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Pastinaca,sativa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Pastinaca,sativa, ,wild parsnip,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Pastinaca,sativa,,parsnip,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER

THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and

remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also

some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee

Petroselinum,crispum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Petroselinum,crispum, ,Parsley,,,,,Cosmopolitan,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Petroselinum,crispum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Petroselinum,segetum, ,Corn Caraway,,,,,Western Europe &

UK,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Petroselinum,segetum,Umbelliferae ,Corn Caraway,,,,,Western

Europe & UK,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Pimpinella,saxifraga, ,,,,,seeds germ in 1st spring; seeds

placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing

outdoors until germ; 91% germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Ridolfia,segetum, ,,,,,,SW Europe inc Greece & Italy,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Ridolfia,segetum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Ridolfia,segetum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Sanicula,europaea, ,Sanicle,,,,seeds germ 95% in 1st spring;

seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing

outdoors until they germ or rotted ,,Germination & Establishment of

Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Scandix,australis, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds

of the World”

Scandix,australis,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Scandix,pecten-veneris,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Scandix,pecten-veneris, ,Shepherd's Needle,,,,S.

hispanica,”UK, Eire, S Sweden & Mainland Europe except Greece

and NE “,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Scandix,pecten-veneris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Scandix,pecten-veneris, ,shepherds-needle,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Scandix,stellata, ,,,,,,”Greece, Spain &

Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Scandix,stellata,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,”Greece, Spain &

Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Selinum,lineare, ,,,,,100% germ of seed in 1st spring after

collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those

prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,,Germination & Establishment

of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Selinum,palustre, ,,,,,93% germ of seed in 1st spring after

collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those

prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,,Germination & Establishment

of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Sium,angustifolium, ,,,,,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring;

seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing

outdoors until germ or rotted-total germ 96%,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Sium,latifolium, ,,,,,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring; seeds

placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing

outdoors until germ or rotted-total germ 90%,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Sium,suave, ,waterparsnip,,,,”Source: “USA Composite

List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA

WEEDS 14: 1966

Tordylium,aegyptiacum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Tordylium,aegyptiacum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Tordylium,apulum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious



Taxa

Tordylium,apulum, ,,,,,Region of origin - Medit; Extent of

spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental?,,CRC for Weeds Tech

Series Report # 3

Tordylium,apulum, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds

of the World”

Tordylium,apulum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Tordylium,maximum, ,,,,,,”Central to Souther Europe, less

in NW & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Tordylium,maximum,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,”Central to Souther

Europe, less in NW & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”


Tordylium,officinale, ,,,,,,Greece & Italy,Hanf “Arable

Weeds of the World”

Tordylium,officinale,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,Greece & Italy,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Torilis,arvensis,,Spreading Hedge-parsley,X,,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Torilis,arvensis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eurasia; Extent of

spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series

Report # 3

Torilis,arvensis,,hedgeparsley ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State

Torilis,arvensis, ,Spreading Hedge-parsley,,,,”Dispersal:

animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or

vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

4,8”,”Euras, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Torilis,arvensis, ,Spreading Hedge Parsley,,,,,”Mainland

Europe & UK, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of

the World”

Torilis,arvensis, ,Field hedge-parsley ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF

PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific

Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)

Torilis,arvensis,,hedge-parsley,,,,”RANK 2.

“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some

invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities;

may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance

corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest

Plants in Tennessee

Torilis,japonica, Torilis anthriscus,Japanese

hedgeparsley,,,,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds

placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing

outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 99%,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Torilis,japonica, ,Japanese hedgeparsley,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Torilis,leptophylla, ,,,,,T. xanthotricha,”Central to

Southern Europe, less in NE regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”


Torilis,leptophylla, ,,,,,T. xanthotricha,”Central to

Southern Europe, less in NE regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”

Torilis,nodosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa



Torilis,nodosa, ,Knotted Hedge Parsely,,,,,”Central &

Southern Europe, UK & Eire, less in Central North”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Torilis,nodosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Turgenia,latifolia, ,Greater Bur Parsley,,,,Caicalis

latifolia,”Central to Southern Europe, less in UK”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Turgenia,latifolia,Umbelliferae ,Greater Bur Parsley,,,,Caicalis

latifolia,”Central to Southern Europe, less in UK”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”


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