Rod randall’s weed list from The Nature Conservancy’s Wildland Invasive Species Team




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Alismataceae

Alisma,canaliculatum, ,,,,, , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control

in Asia

Alisma,gramineum, ,narrowleaf waterplantain,,,,”Source:



“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Alisma,lanceolata,,Water Plantain,XXw,,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Alisma,lanceolata, ,Water Plantain,,,,”Dispersal:

animal external,Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Annual/Perennial

herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria).

Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10”,”Eur, N Af, W As, In

Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental

Weed Invasions In Victoria

Alisma,lanceolatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Alisma,lanceolatum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Alisma,plantago-aquatica,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised



and/or Noxious Taxa

Alisma,plantago-aquatica, ,Common

Waterplantain,,,,bensulfuron 1995 Portugal Rice ,

http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Alisma,plantago-aquatica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Alisma,plantago-aquatica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Alisma,triviale,” Alisma plantago, Alisma

plantago-aquatica”,Common waterplantain,,,,98% germ in sterile

distilled water at 29C within 10d by rupturing seed coats,,Germination

& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Alisma,triviale, ,common waterplantain,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Damasonium,alisma, Damasonium stellatum,,,,,seeds matured in

July & placed on surface of water germ in few days; seeds allowed to

sink didn't germ to any extent until next year; 3-5mth dry stored seed

placed in water germ within a few days ,,Germination & Establishment

of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Damasonium,australe, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Damasonium,minus, ,Starfruit ,,,,bensulfuron 1994 Australia

Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Echinodorus,cordifolius,”E. radicans, E. bathii, E.

schlueteri “,”burhead, radicans sword, creeping burrhead, Texas

mud baby”,S,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Echinodorus,cordifolius, ,burhead,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Echinodorus,cordifolius,”syn E. radicans, E. bathii, E.

schlueteri “,”creeping burrhead, Texas mud baby,

burrhead”,,P,,This species can tolerate a wide temp range from

15-30 C See article in “The Alismataceae” Monograph 64 Flora Neotropica

1994,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Sagittaria,aginashi, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,aginashi, ,,,,,perennial sub-dominance , ,Weeds

and Weed Control in Asia

Sagittaria,aginashi, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Sagittaria,calycina, ,California arrowhead,,,,”Source:



“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Sagittaria,chilensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,chilensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Sagittaria,cuneata, Sagittaria arifolia,,,,,”vegetative



propagation by tubers; 42-46% germ of seeds stored in water at 1-3C for

5-7mths, then germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench; dry

stored seed germ 93% on moist filter paper within 104days in dark after

seed coat cut at 20-25C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Sagittaria,engelmanniana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Sagittaria,falcata, ,coastal arrowhead,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Sagittaria,graminea,was S. graminea var. platyphylla &

S. graminea var. weatherbiana,”sagittaria, arrow-head, delta

arrowhead, slender arrowhead”,HXXHE,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Sagittaria,graminea, ,Arrow-head,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,

internal,Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK:

Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation

Formations Invaded: 10”,”Introduced deliberately from: N Am, In

Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Sagittaria,graminea, ,”sagittaria, arrow-head, delta

arrowhead, slender arrowhead”,,,,blocks water flow in irrigation

canals & drainage ditches,”native of N

Amer”“naturalised in Ekibin Creek, near Brisbane, Qld also in

Nine Mile Creek at Wunghnu in Vic & at Liverpool & Casula, NSW;

It has established in irrigation districts of north central Vic, Murray

River in SA”““,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &

C”

Sagittaria,graminea, ,Sagittaria N ,,,,” PROCLAIMED



PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *

Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n

Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c

Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods

etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement

prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies) Entry into South Australia

p”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“

(Weed)”


Sagittaria,graminea, ,”sagittaria, arrow-head”,,,,

Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,graminea, ,”sagittaria,

arrow-head”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Sagittaria,guayanensis ssp lappula,”syn Lophotocarpus

guayanensis, Sagittaria lappula, Sagittaria pusilla, Sagittaria

obtusissima, Lophiocarpus cordifolius”,,,,,”in ditches, up to

1000m alt. (Java); flowers throughout the year; the flowers open only

partly at noon or later & close long before sundown; lowland-irrigated

& lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, leaves sometimes

used as pig's food”,”tropical Afr or SE Asia, tropics of Afr

& SE Asia, Indonesia-Java, Sumatra & Sulawesi”,”Weeds

of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Sagittaria,latifolia,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Sagittaria,latifolia, ,Common arrowhead,,,,”vegetative

propagation by tubers; 42-46% germ of seeds stored in water at 1-3C for

5-7mths, then germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench; dry

stored seed germ 93% on moist filter paper within 104days in dark after

seed coat cut at 20-25C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Sagittaria,latifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,latifolia, ,common arrowhead,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Sagittaria,latifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Sagittaria,montevidensis,,”arrowhead, sagittaria,

California arrowhead”,E,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Sagittaria,montevidensis,,”arrowhead, sagittaria,

California arrowhead”,E,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Sagittaria,montevidensis,,”arrowhead, sagittaria,

California arrowhead”,E,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,California

Arrowhead,,,,bensulfuron 1993 USA Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/

heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant

Weeds. Ian Heap

Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,California

Arrowhead,,,,bensulfuron 1994 Australia Rice ,

http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,”arrowhead, sagittaria,

California arrowhead”,,,,”dense infestations block channels

& drainage ditches; 2 subsp. spread into rice fields, drainage

ditches & Barren Box Swamp west of Griffith NSW”,”native of

N & S Amer, most common weeds of Californian rice

fields”“Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area of NSW,not naturalised

eslewhere in Aust”““,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P

& C”

Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,Arrowhead N # ,,,,”

PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be

destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not

required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the

State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or

Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)

applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section

60 applies) Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,arrow-head sagittaria,,,,

Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,arrow-head sagittaria,,P,,

Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Sagittaria,platyphylla, ,Delta arrowhead,,,,vegetative

propagation by tubers,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for

Experimental Purposes

Sagittaria,platyphylla,”syn N Amer (Gulf of Mexico,

Mississippi)”,”found in 1949 in W Java near Bogor & Depok,

an escape of the Botanic Garden, Bogor & later spread throughout

Java”,,,,”a weed of minor importance, “,”up to 250m

alt. in Java; lowland & rainfed rice fields, “,”Weeds of

Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Sagittaria,platyphylla, ,delta arrowhead,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Sagittaria,pygmaea,,dwarf arrowhead,,L,Qld,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Sagittaria,pygmaea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,pygmaea, ,,,,,”perennial dominance,

sub-dominance “, Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Sagittaria,pygmaea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Sagittaria,sagittifolia,,,aquatic,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"



Sagittaria,sagittifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,sagittifolia, ,”arrow-head, chinese

arrowhead”,,,,”Sagittaria sagittifolia is an herbaceous,

perennial or sometimes annual aquatic plant. It is a general nuisance in

the crops, irrigation systems,drains and waterways of more than 50 countries.

Its remarkable ability to adapt, both in form and

physiology”,”N & S Amer, Eur, Eurasia, S & E Asia, the

Pacific Islands, Hawaii, Afr, and Aust”,WORLD WEEDS Natural

Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.

Sagittaria,subulata, ,dwarf arrowhead,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Sagittaria,trifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Sagittaria,trifolia, ,,,,,perennial , Taiwan Japan,Weeds and

Weed Control in Asia

Sagittaria,trifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Sagittaria,variabilis, ,,,,,”no germ of intact seeds



during 10day test; mechanically ruptured coats, germ 92% promptly in

sterile distilled water at 29C”,,Germination & Establishment of

Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Alliaceae

Allium,acuminatum, ,tapertip onion,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Allium,ampeloprasum,,”broadleaf wild leek, wild

leek”,X,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Allium,ampeloprasum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,canadense, ,Wild Onion,,,,”large bulblets higher

germ rate & longer viability; dormancy 2.5mths, “,,Germination

& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Allium,canadense, ,wild onion,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Allium,cepa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,mutabile, ,purple onion,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Allium,neapolitanum,,Naples Onion,X,G,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Allium,neapolitanum, ,Naples Onion,,,,Dispersal: ?. Life Form:

Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations

(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”Introduced

deliberately from: Med and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or

localised, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions

In Victoria

Allium,neapolitanum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,oleraceum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,orientale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,paniculatum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Allium,paniculatum, ,Panicled Onion ,,,,”California

Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Allium,paniculatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,porrum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,roseum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Allium,roseum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Allium,rotundum, ,,,,,,,Behrendt & Hanf “Grass Weeds

In World Agriculture”

Allium,scorodoprasum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,scrodoprasum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Allium,scrodoprasum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Allium,sphaerocephalon, ,,,,,,,Behrendt & Hanf “Grass

Weeds In World Agriculture”

Allium,tricoccum, ,wild leek,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Allium,triquetrum,,”three-corner garlic, angled

onion”,HHH,NL,Vic; SA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Allium,triquetrum, ,Angled Onion,,,,”Dispersal:



Vegetative,Water. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat

to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations

Invaded: 1,4,5,6,7,8,9 “,”Introduced deliberately from: W Med,

In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental

Weed Invasions In Victoria

Allium,triquetrum, ,”three-corner garlic, angled

onion”,,,,”restricted to high rainfall areas, does not compete

strongly with crops & improved pastures, but imparts a strong onion

flavour & unpleasant odour to dairy products & meat, making them

unfit for sale; problem as garden weed, in bushlands & public

places”,”native of western Medit region, not widely distributed

but occurs commonly in parts of Aust & NZ”“nat. in SA,

found in NSW, Vic, Tas & WA”““,”Noxious Weeds of

Australia, P & C”

Allium,triquetrum, ,Three cornered garlic * ,,,,”

PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be

destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not

required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the

State. c Special program in south-ea”, Roadside control cost to be

met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies),”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Allium,triquetrum, ,”three-corner garlic, angled

onion”,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,ursinum, ,,,,,,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Allium,ursinum ,,wood garlic,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Allium,ursinum , ,wood garlic,,P,,”Hardy bulb to 30cm

tall. Flowers early summer. This plant prefers woodland conditions in a

moist well-drained soil, and can then be invasive, but because it dies down

in summer other plants can grow in the same space. The bulb needs to be

planted fairly “,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Allium,vineale,,”crow garlic, wild garlic, field garlic,

wild onion”,HX,NL,Vic; SA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Allium,vineale, ,,,,,,,Behrendt & Hanf “Grass Weeds In

World Agriculture”

Allium,vineale, ,Wild Garlic ,,,,”California Noxious Weed

Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed

Allium,vineale, ,Wild garlic,,,,”aerial bulblets stored at

room temp dormancy broken after 5mths, larger bulblets higher germ %

& longer viability”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Allium,vineale, ,”crow garlic, wild garlic, field garlic,

wild onion”,,,,”important weed because it contains allyl

sulphides which impart a strong garlic odour & flavour to agric.

produce, particularly cereal grain, grain products, milk &

meat”,”native of Eur, NAfr & Asia Minor, important weed of

cereal crops & vineyards; introd most temp regions of world-Eng,

Spain, Ger, Italy, Turkey & Sweden; important weed of pastures,

cereals crops & lawns in USA & NZ”“occurs in all states

ex Qld & NT; Vic w”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &

C”

Allium,vineale, ,field garlic,,,,From lists and sources by



Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and

Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Allium,vineale, ,Field garlic ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN

SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control

required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable

in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special

program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc.

Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside

control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)

Move”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Allium,vineale, ,”crow garlic, wild garlic, field

garlic”,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allium,vineale, ,wild garlic,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Allium,vineale,,field garlic,,,,”RANK 2. “SIGNIFICANT

THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some invasive

characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may

have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance

corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest

Plants in Tennessee

Ipheion,uniflorum,,spring star-flower,X,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Nothoscordum,gracile,”N. borbonicum, N.

inodorum”,fragrant false garlic,XXX,G,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Nothoscordum,inodorum, ,FALSE Garlic ,,,,”California

Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined

government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible

through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in

California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed



Aloeaceae

Aloe,arborescens,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa

Aloe,arborescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Aloe,cameronii,,”aloe, “,S,G,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Aloe,cameronii, ,,,,,Region of origin - Afr; Extent of spread -

localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series

Report # 3

Aloe,ferox,,bitter aloe,E,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Aloe,ferox, ,bitter aloe,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aloe,ferox, ,bitter aloe,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Aloe,latifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aloe,maculata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Aloe,parvibracteata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Aloe,parvibracteata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aloe,saponaria,Probably should be A. maculata,,X,,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Aloe,saponaria,,Soap Aloe,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Aloe,saponaria, var. ficksburgensis,,,,,Region of origin - S

Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for

Weeds Tech Series Report # 3

Aloe,saponaria, ,Soap Aloe,,,,”Dispersal: Vegetative. Life

Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or

vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

1,3,4,5,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Aloe,saponaria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Kniphofia,uvaria, ,Red-hot Poker,,,,”Dispersal: Wind. Life

Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation

formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:

1,2”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially

Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small

populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Alstroemeriaceae

Alstroemeria,aurea,,Alstroemeria,HA,,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Alstroemeria,aurea, ,Alstroemeria,,,,”Dispersal:

?Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Very serious

threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations

Invaded: 6,7,8,”,”Introduced deliberately from: Chile, Arg and

Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to

large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria

Alstroemeria,aurea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Alstroemeria,pulchella,,,XXX,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Alstroemeria,pulchella, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthaceae

Achyranthes,aspera, ,chafflower,,,,”tropical America,

disturbed forest”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New

Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon

Islands; Vanuatu,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty

in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”

Achyranthes,aspera,,devil's horsewhip,X,NP,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Achyranthes,aspera, ,”chaff flow, devil's

horsewhip”,,,,,widely disbursed in tropical & subtropical

regions of the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution -

Holm et. al.

Achyranthes,aspera, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Achyranthes,japonica, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed

Control in Asia

Achyranthes,sicula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Achyranthes,sicula, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Acnida,altissima, ,tall waterhemp,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Aerva,javanica,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Aerva,javanica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Aerva,lanata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious

Taxa


Allmania,nodiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Allmania,nodiflora,”syn Achyranthes nodiflora,

Chamissoa javanica, Chamissoa nodiflora”,,,,,”locally abundant

on light, esp. sandy soils, sandy shores, fields, roadsides, dunes; in

Java up to 100m alt.; upland & gogo rancah rice fields, a weed of

minor importance, Amaranthaceae”,”SE Asia, tropical Asia, W

Malesia, Philippines, throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in

Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Allmania,nodiflora, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Alternanthera,angustifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Alternanthera,bettzickiana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Alternanthera,bettzickiana, ,,,,,Region of origin - Brazil;

Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental ?,,CRC for

Weeds Tech Series Report # 3

Alternanthera,dentata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Alternanthera,ficoidea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Alternanthera,philoxeroides,,, Coastal in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"

Alternanthera,philoxeroides,”Achyranthes

philoxeroides, Bucholzia philoxeroides, Telanthera philoxeroides”,alligator

weed,XXwH,L,NSW; Vic; Qld; Sa; NT; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,Alligatorweed

,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A

combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,

accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed

control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious

Weed

Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,Alligatorweed,,,,vegetative



propagation of terminal sections,,Germination & Establishment of

Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Alternanthera,philoxeroides,” Achyranthes

philoxeroides, Bucholzia philoxeroides, Telanthera

philoxeroides”,alligator weed,,,,”strong competitor in rice

fields & pastures prone to waterlogging often crowding out &

reducing yield; thick mats produced restrict flow in waterways &

light penetration, promote sedimentation & create anaerobic

conditions”,”native of S Amer; widesprd in trop & warm-temp

regions of world; problem in SE USA & irrigation areas of California,

Arg, Caribbean Is, parts of Afr, India, Malay, SE Asia, Indo &

NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”

Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,alligator weed,,,,From lists

and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of

Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”

Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,Alligator weed N # ,,,,”

PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed.

* Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n

Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c

Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods

etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside

control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)

Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,alligator weed,,,, Declared

spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List

Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,”alligator weed,

alligator grass”,,,,Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) is

a much-feared weed of waterways across the world. It is best known as an

aquatic weed but is also found in several of man's cultivated crops &

inn pastures. It is a problem weed of 10 crops in 30 countries.,Found in

thermal tropics or the mild regions of the temperate zones.,WORLD WEEDS

Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.

Alternanthera,philoxeroides,

,alligatorweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”

published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,alligator weed,,P,, Declared

spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Alternanthera,philoxeroides,,alligator weed,,,,”RANK

2. “SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some

invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant

communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance

corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest

Plants in Tennessee

Alternanthera,philoxeroides*,,alligator

weed,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt

native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I,

but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities.

*P =Prohibited by Florida Department “,,List of Florida's Most

Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council

Alternanthera,pungens, ,Khaki weed N # ,,,,”

PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be

destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not

required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the

State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or

Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)

applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies) Entry into

South Australia “,”South Australian ““Proclaimed

Plants”“ (Weed)”

Alternanthera,pungens,”Achyranthes repens,

Alternanthera achyrantha, Alternanthera echinata, Alternanthera

repens”,”khaki weed, creeping chaffweed”,XXXX,L,NSW; Vic;

SA; NT,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Alternanthera,pungens,” Achyranthes repens,

Alternanthera achyrantha, Alternanthera echinata, Alternanthera

repens”,”khaki weed, creeping

chaffweed”,,,,”colonises bare or disturbed areas; deep

taproot-survive drought conditions, plant needs plentiful moisture for

vigorous growth, grows well in irrigated areas; heads cause problems to

feet & mouths of stock & dogs, poisonous to

animals”,”native of trop Amer, widesprd throughout temp &

trop world; southern & eastern Afr, temp areas of Eur & N Amer,

Philip, India, Sri Lanka & PNG”,”Noxious Weeds of

Australia, P & C”

Alternanthera,pungens, ,khaki weed,,,,,,Weed Science List

Alternanthera,pungens, ,khaki weed,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Alternanthera,repens, ,khakiweed,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Alternanthera,sessilis, ,sessile joyweed,,,,”tropical

and subtropical America (Brazil?), taro, roadside ditches”,Fiji;

French Polynesia; Guam; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa;

Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna ,”“Weeds of

Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western

Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”

Alternanthera,sessilis,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"

Alternanthera,sessilis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Alternanthera,sessilis, ,,,,, , Taiwan ,Weeds and Weed

Control in Asia

Alternanthera,sessilis,syn Alternanthera

repens,,,,,”preferably wet soil, along ditches, fallow lands;

flowering Jan-Dec (Java); in upland lebak & tidal rice fields; in

Irian Jaya from 0-2650m, sometimes noxious, young tips eaten as

vegetable”,”unknown, throughout the Old World; throughout

Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,

1987”


Alternanthera,sessilis, ,”sessile joyweed, sessile

flowered globe amaranth”,,,,”Alternanthera sessilis tends to

overlap A. philoxeroides, in transition zones between wet and dry lands.

It appears in more than 30 crops across the world, is more terrestrial than

aquatic.”,Found in thermal tropics or the mild regions of the

temperate zones.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm

et. al.

Alternanthera ,sessilis,syn Gomphrena sessilis



,Sessile-flowered globe amaranth,,,,”drains, irrigation canals, rice

fields”,tropical and subtropical regions of the world,”The Weed

Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”

Amaranthus,albus,,”tumble pigweed, prostrate

pigweed”,HX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,albus, ,White pigweed,,,,,Mainland Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,albus, ,Tumble pigweed,,,,simazine 1987 Spain

Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,albus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,albus, ,tumble pigweed,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate Amaranth,,,,,”UK,

Mainland Europe except Slovak states”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”

Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate Amaranth,,,,,”UK,



Mainland Europe except Slovak states”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the

World”


Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate

pigweed,,,,”sulfonylureas 1991 Israel Roadside, Forest “,

http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate pigweed,,,,simazine 1986

Spain Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate pigweed,,,,”triazines

1983 Israel Cropland, Roadside “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/

heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant

Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,blitoides, ,spreading pigweed,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,bouchonii, , ,,,,triazines 1982 France ,

http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,bouchonii, , ,,,,triazines 1986 Switzerland Corn

, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,caudatus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,caudatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,crispus, ,,,,,,Italy and SE Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,cruentus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,cruentus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1989 Spain

Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,cruentus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,deflexus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,deflexus, ,,,,,,Southern and Eastern Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,deflexus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,dubius,,amaranth,,GQ,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,dubius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,dubius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Amaranthus,dubius,,,"annual crops, rice, gardens, disturbed sites and secondary vegetation",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"



Amaranthus,gangeticus, ,spleen amaranth,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,gracilis,”syn Amaranthus polystachyus,

Amaranthus viridis, Euxolus caudatus, Euxolus

polystachyus”,pigweed,,,,”common weed in cultivated areas,

waste places, gardens, along roads; does not grow in very wet places;

prefers sandy soils or those rich in humus & fairly moist; very

common in Java below 300m, goes up to 600m; flowers throughout the year;

upland & gogo r”,”E Asia, pantropical; throughout

Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,

1987”


Amaranthus,graecizans,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,graecizans, Amaranthus blitoides,Prostrate

pigweed,,,,optimum germ temp 30-37C with periodic illumination &

partial or entire removal of seed coat ,,Germination & Establishment

of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Amaranthus,graecizans, ,Speading Pigweed,,,,”A.

angustifolius, A. slyvestris”,”Mainland Europe, UK”,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,graecizans,syn A. angustifolius ,White

pigweed,,,,”fields, gardens, orchards, roadsides, especially in

sandy soils”,”Medit, trop Afr, W Asia”,”The Weed

Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”

Amaranthus,graecizans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,graecizans, ,prostrate pigweed,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,grandiflorus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,hybridus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Green Amaranth,,,,”A.

chlorostachys, A. hypochondriacus, A. powellii”,Mainland Europe,Hanf

“Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,imazaquin 1992 USA

Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1972 USA

Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1984 Italy

, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1985 Spain

Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1980

France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1982

Switzerland Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/

heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant

Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1986

Israel Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1993

South Africa Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,hybridus,syn A. cruentus; A. paniculatus; A.

chlorostachys ,Green amaranth,,,,”fields, orchards, waste

ground”,temp. and trop. regions of the world,”The Weed Flora of

Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,hybridus, ,smooth pigweed,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,interruptus, ,native amaranth,,,,”southern

China, “,New Caledonia; Niue; Solomon Islands,”“Weeds of

Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western

Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”

Amaranthus,lividus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,”A. blitum, A.

ascendens, A. polygonoides”,”Mainland Europe, S Sweden,

Finland”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,paraquat 1990

Malaysia Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/

heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant

Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,triazines 1978 Switzerland

Vineyard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,triazines 1981

France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,lividus,syn A. ascendens ,,,,,”cultivated

fields, waste ground, ditch sides”,widespread in warm and trop.

regions of the world,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., &

Nabil el-Hadidi, M”

Amaranthus,lividus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,lividus, ,,,,,annual sub-dominance , Upland

Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Amaranthus,lividus, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Amaranthus,lividus, ,livid amaranth,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,macrocarpus, ,Dwarf Amaranth,,,,,,Weed Science

List


Amaranthus,macrocarpus, ,Dwarf Amaranth,,P,,,,Western

Australian Prohibited List

Amaranthus,mangostanus, ,,,,,annual dominance , Upland

Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Amaranthus,mitchellii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,muricatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,muricatus, ,,,,,,”Spain ,

Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,muricatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,imazethapyr 1991

USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,dinitroanilines

1989 USA Cotton , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,triazines 1993 USA

Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,paniculatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,patulus, ,,,,, , Hokkaido Okayama ,Weeds and

Weed Control in Asia

Amaranthus,powellii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,powellii, ,Powell Amaranth,,,,atrazine 1989

Czech Republic Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/

heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant

Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,powellii, ,Powell Amaranth,,,,terbacil 1992 USA

, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,powellii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,powellii, ,Powell amaranth,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,quitensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,quitensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,retroflexus,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Common Amaranth,,,,,”Mainland

Europe, UK, S Sweden”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,linuron 1984

Bulgaria Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot

Pigweed,,,,”thiazfluron 1987 Germany Roadside, Railway “,

http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,ALS inhibitors

1995 USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,sulfonylureas

1991 Israel Forest , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1980

Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1980

Germany Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1980

USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,”atrazine

1985 Czech Republic Corn, Sugarbeet”, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/

heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant

Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1986

Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1991

Poland Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1995

Chile , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,metribuzin 1984

Bulgaria Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,triazines 1980

France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net

1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,”triazines

1982 Switzerland Vineyard, Orchard “,

http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International

Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,”common amaranth, redroot,

redroot pigweed”,,,,Amaranthus retroflexus is in 60 crops in 70

countries.,,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.

al.


Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,redroot pigweed,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,rudis, ,Common waterhemp,,,,”imazethapyr

1993 USA Corn, Soybean “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/

heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant

Weeds. Ian Heap

Amaranthus,spinosus, ,”spiny amaranth, spiny

pigweed”,,,,”tropical America, vegetables”,Fiji; Guam; New

Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu

,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern

and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”

Amaranthus,spinosus,,needle burr,X,NP,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,spinosus, ,Needle Burr,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,spinosus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,spinosus,syn ,”spiny pigweed, needle

burr”,,,,”in open, not too dry places; very common; prefers

good soils; up to 1800m alt.; up to 20 000 seeds/plant; upland rice

fields, sometimes noxious, suspected of poisoning calves in

Aust;sometimes eaten as a vegetable”,”unknown, pantropical;

throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et

al, 1987”

Amaranthus,spinosus, ,spiny amaranth,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus,spinosus, ,Needle Burr,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Amaranthus,thunbergii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,thunbergii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Amaranthus,tricolor,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,viridis,,slender amaranth,X,N,,,,Australian

Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa

Amaranthus,viridis, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Amaranthus,viridis, ,”green amaranth, prince of wales feather,

green pigweed, “,,,,Amaranthus viridis is in 50 crops in more than

80 countries.,,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm

et. al.


Amaranthus,viridis (=A.gracilis), ,”slender amaranth,

green amaranth”,,,,”tropical America, vegetables,

cabbage”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New

Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon

Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna ,”“Weeds of

Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western

Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”

Amaranthus,viridus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Amaranthus,viridus, ,slender amaranth,,,,”Source:

“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:

347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Amaranthus ,hybridus, Amaranthus hypochondriacus,Smooth

pigweed,,,,seeds kept moist at 3C for 1-3wks gave high germ % at

alternating temps 20-30C with or without light,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Amaranthus ,inamoenus, ,,,,,diurnal alternation of 20-40C

for 7days nearly complete germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Amaranthus ,retroflexus, ,Redroot pigweed,,,,”dormancy

of fresh seed can be broken by 2-3min in conc. H2SO4; temps above 20C

optimum 35-40C, alternating light dark”,,Germination &

Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Amaranthus ,spinosus, ,Spiny amaranth,,,,42% germ of dry

stored seed at room temp for several mths after harvest; germ in

continuous darkness in petri dishes,,Germination & Establishment of

Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Amaranthus ,viridis, ,Slender amaranth,,,,64% germ of moist

seed with 24hrs light alternating 24hrs dark at room temp,,Germination

& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Brayulinea,densa, ,small matweed,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Celosia,argentea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Celosia,argentea, ,,,,,43% germ of seed in moist sand after

dry storage for several months,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds

for Experimental Purposes

Celosia,argentea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Celosia,argentea,syn ,quailgrass,,,,”roadsides, esp.

after disturbance, building sites, quarries, riverbeds; up to 700m alt.;

flowering Jan-Dec; upland & gogo rancah rice fields, can become a

noxious weed in upland rice; a very bad weed in India, an inferior

vegetable; seeds used as a poulti”,”Afr, pantropical;

thoroughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et

al, 1987”

Celosia,cristata,,cockscomb,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Celosia,cristata, ,cockscomb,,,,,,Weed Science List

Celosia,cristata, ,cockscomb,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Celosia,trigyna, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Celosia,trigyna, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Cyathula,cylindrica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Cyathula,cylindrica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List

Cyathula,prostrata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List



Cyathula,prostrata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited

List


Digera,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Digera,arvensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Digera,muricata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Digera,muricata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List

Froelichia,floridana,,”cottontails, Florida snake

cotton, plain's snake cotton”,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Froelichia,floridana, ,”cottontails, Florida snake

cotton, plain's snake cotton”,,,,”produces seed quickly with no

dormancy, other than temp dependency, can result in rapid colonisation of

affected areas; self limiting allelopathic system; plants unpalatable

& have no feed value but eaten if there is little other

feed”,”native of eastern N Amer, that does not seem to have

become widely spread”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &

C”

Froelichia,floridana, ,cottontails,,,,,,Weed Science List



Froelichia,floridana, ,cottontails,,P,,,,Western Australian

Prohibited List

Froelichia,gracilis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Froelichia,gracilis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Amer; Extent

of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech

Series Report # 3

Froelichia,gracilis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Gomphrena,celosiodes, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Gomphrena,celosioides,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Gomphrena,celosioides, ,,,,, Seed Impurities , Thailand

,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia

Gomphrena,celosioides,syn ,S Amer,,,,”a weed of minor

importance, dangerous to horses (PNG) causes 'coastal staggers' in Qld,

“,”in Indonesia except Sumatra, Kalimantan & Sulawesi &

in Singapore, on grassy roadsides, areas of high rainfall, locally

abundant; 1-1300m alt.; flowering Jan-Dec; upland rice

fields”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”

Gomphrena,decumbens, ,,,,,germ of seeds under a variety of

conditions very slow & unsatisfactory for unkown reasona,,Germination

& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes

Guilleminea,densa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or

Noxious Taxa

Guilleminea,densa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Iresine,rhizomatosa, ,bloodleaf,,,,”Source: “USA

Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,

1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966

Pupalia,lappacea,,sweethearts,Xw,,,,,Australian Naturalised

and/or Noxious Taxa

Pupalia,lappacea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List

Tidestromia,lanuginosa, ,woolly

tidestromia,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”

published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966


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