Pteridophytes




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List of plant species occurring at the Ouachita River Preserve – Updated 23 January 2009 - 205 taxa.
Scientific name Common name Strata Frequency Habitat Source
PTERIDOPHYTES
Asplenicaceae

Asplenium platyneuron ebony spleenwort herb 4 A,B 1
Dennstaedtiaceae

Pteridium aquilinum bracken fern herb 1
Dryopteridaceae

Athyrium filix-femina var. asplenioides southern lady fern herb 1

Onoclea sensibilis sensitive fern herb 1

Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern herb 1
Ophioglossaceae

Botrychium sp. grapefern herb 2 A 2
Polypodiaceae

Pleopeltis polypodioides var. michauxiana resurrection fern herb 3 A,B 1
GYMNOSPERMS
Cupressaceae

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana eastern red cedar tree, sap, shrub 1 D,G 1

Taxodium distichum bald cypress tree, sap 2 C 1
Pinaceae

Pinus echinata shortleaf pine tree, sap 1 B 1

Pinus taeda loblolly pine tree, sap 4 D 1
ANGIOSPERMS – MAGNOLIOPSIDA (Dicots)
Acanthaceae

Ruellia humilis wild petunia herb 1

Ruellia strepens smooth wild petunia herb 1
Aceraceae

Acer negundo box elder tree, sap, shrub 3 E 3

Acer rubrum var. rubrum red maple tree, sap, shrub 3 A,B,E 1
Alingiaceae

Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum tree, sap 4 A,D 1
Anacardiaceae

Rhus copallinum winged sumac shrub 1

Toxicodendron radicans eastern poison ivy woody vine, herb 1
Annonaceae

Asimina triloba pawpaw tree, sap, shrub 1
Apiaceae

Cicuta maculata spotted water hemlock herb 1

Ptilmnium nutallii bishopweed herb 1

Trepocarpus aethusae whitenymph herb 1
Apocynaceae

Apocynum cannabinum hemp dogbane herb 1

Trachelospermum difforme climbing dogbane herb 1
Aquifoliaceae

Ilex decidua deciduous holly sap 1

Ilex opaca var. opaca American holly tree, sap, shrub 1
Araliaceae

Aralia spinosa walking stick herb 3 A,B,C,E 2

Scientific name Common name Strata Frequency Habitat Source
Asclepiadaceae

Matelea sp. climbing milkweed herb 2 A,B 1
Asteraceae

Ambrosia artemisiifolia annual ragweed herb 1

Ambrosia bidentata lanceleaf ragweed herb 1

Ageratina altissima white snakeroot herb 1

Baccharis halimifolia sea-myrtle shrub 3 C,G 1

Bidens aristosa bearded beggarticks herb 1

Boltonia asteroides white doll’s daisy herb 1

Cirsium c.f. horridulum yellow thistle herb 1

Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Canada horseweed herb 1

Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria black-eyed tickseed herb 1

Elephantopus tomentosa devil's grandmother herb 1

Erechtites hieraciifolia American burnweed herb 1

Erigeron tenuis slenderleaf fleabane herb 1

Eupatorium capillifolium dog fennel herb 1

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum clasping boneset herb 1

Eupatorium rotundifolium var. scabridum round-leaf boneset herb 1

Eupatorium serotinum late boneset herb 1

Euthamia leptocephala bush goldenrod herb 1

Helenium flexuosum purple sneezeweed herb 1

Helianthus angustifolius swamp sunflower herb 1

Packera glabella butterweed herb 4 A,C,E 3

Pluchea foetida stinky camphorweed herb 1

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium subsp. obtusifolium sweet everlasting herb 3 D 1

Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod herb 1

Solidago odora fragrant goldenrod herb 1

Solidago rugosa var. rugosa rough-leaved goldenrod herb 1

Verbesina alternifolia yellow ironweed herb 3 A 2
Betulaceae

Betula nigra river birch tree, sap 3 E 3

Carpinus caroliniana blue beech tree, sap 4 A,E 1

Ostrya virginiana hop hornbeam sapling 4 A 1
Bignoniaceae

Bignonia capreolata crossvine woody vine 4 A,B,E 1

Campsis radicans trumpet creeper vine 1
Campanulaceae

Lobelia puberula var. mineolana downy cardinal flower herb 1

Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata roundleaf Venus' looking glass herb 1
Caprifoliaceae

Lonicera japonica * Japanese honeysuckle herb 4 A,B,D,G 1

Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis common elderberry shrub 1
Celastraceae

Euonymous americana strawberry bush herb 1
Celtidaceae

Celtis laevigata sugarberry tree, sap, shrub 1
Clusiaceae

Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew’s cross herb 1

Hypericum prolificum shrubby St. John's wort shrub 1
Cornaceae

Cornus foemina stiff dogwood shrub 1

Cornus florida flowering dogwood tree, sap, shrub 1
Ebenaceae

Diospyros virginiana American persimmon tree, sap 1
Ericaceae

Vaccinium pallidum blue ridge blueberry shrub 1

Vaccinium stamineum deerberry shrub 1

Scientific name Common name Strata Frequency Habitat Source

Vaccinium virgatum small flowered blueberry shrub 1
Fabaceae

Amphicarpaea bracteata American hog peanut herb 1

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis eastern redbud tree, sap, shrub 1

Clitoria mariana butterfly pea herb 1

Gleditsia triacanthos honey locust tree 3 A,E,G 1

Lespedeza cuneata * Asian bushclover herb 3 D 1

Lespedeza repens creeping bushclover herb 1

Lespedeza virginica slender bushclover herb 1

Robinia pseudoacacia black locust tree 3 G 1

Stylosanthes biflora sidebeak pencilflower herb 1
Fagaceae

Fagus grandifolia American beech tree, sap 3 A,B,E 3

Quercus alba white oak tree, sap 4 A,B 1

Quercus falcata southern red oak tree, sap 3 A 1

Quercus lyrata overcup oak tree, sap 3 C 3

Quercus marilandica var. marilandica blackjack oak tree, sap 2 B 1

Quercus michauxii basket oak tree, sap 3 A 1

Quercus nigra water oak tree, sap 4 A,B,C,D 1

Quercus pagoda cherrybark oak tree, sap 5 A 1

Quercus phellos willow oak tree, sap 4 A,B,C,D 1

Quercus shumardii var. shumardii Shumard’s oak tree, sap 3 A 1

Quercus stellata post oak tree, sap 2 B 1

Quercua velutina black oak tree 3 B 3
Geraniaceae

Geranium carolinianum Carolina cranesbill herb 3 B 1
Hamamelidaceae

Hamamelis virginiana eastern witch hazel herb 1
Hippocastanaceae

Aesculus pavia red buckeye shrub 3 B 1
Juglandaceae

Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory tree 2 A,E 3

Carya glabra var. glabra pignut hickory tree 2 A,C 1

Carya ovata shagbark hickory tree 2 A,B 3

Carya tomentosa mockernut hickory tree, sap 2 B 1
Lamiaceae

Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolatus heal-all herb 1

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium slender mountain mint herb 1

Salvia lyrata lyreleaf sage herb 1

Scutellaria parvula var. parvula small tuber skullcap herb 1
Lauraceae

Sassafras albidum sassafras sap. 1
Linaceae

Linum perenne * blue flax herb 1
Loganiaceae

Gelsemium sempervirens yellow jasmine herb 1
Malvaceae

Hibiscus moscheuatos subsp. lasiocarpos crimson-eyed rose mallow herb 3 A,C 1
Melastomataceae

Rhexia mariana var. mariana Maryland meadow beauty herb 1
Meliaceae

Melia azedarach * Chinaberry tree, sap 3 G 3
Moraceae

Morus rubra red mulberry tree 2 A 1
Scientific name Common name Strata Frequency Habitat Source
Myricaceae

Myrica cerifera wax myrtle shrub 1
Nyssaceae

Nyssa sylvatica blackgum tree, sap 1
Oleaceae

Fraxinus americana white ash tree 2 B 3

Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash tree 3 C 1

Ligustrum sinense * Chinese privet shrub, sap 4 C,E,G 1
Onacraceae

Ludwigia alternifolia seedbox primrose-willow herb 1

Oenothera linifolia threadleaf evening primrose herb 1
Oxalidaceae

Oxalis dillenii yellow woodsorrel herb 1

Oxalis stricta yellow woodsorrel herb 1

Oxalis violacea violet woodsorrel herb 1
Phytolaccaceae

Phytolacca americana var. americana American pokeweed herb 3 D,F 1
Platanaceae

Platanus occidentalis American sycamore tree, sap 4 E 1
Polemoniaceae

Phlox glaberrima smooth phlox herb 1

Phlox pilosa var. pilosa downy phlox herb 1
Polygonaceae

Polygonum hydropiperoides swamppepper knotweed herb 1

Polygonum pennsylvanicum var. pennsylvanicum Pennsylvania smartweed herb 1

Rumex crispus subsp. cripus * curly dock herb 1
Portulacaceae

Claytonia virginica Virginina spring beauty herb 1
Rhamnaceae

Berchemia scandens rattan vine woody vine 1

Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn sap, shrub 1
Rosaceae

Crataegus marshallii parsley hawthorn shrub 1

Crataegus spathulata pasture hawthorn shrub 1

Prunus serotina black cherry sap, tree 1

Rubus argutus high bush blackberry shrub 1

Rubus trivialis southern dewberry shrub 1
Rubiaceae

Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush shrub 1

Diodia virginiana Virginia buttonweed herb 1

Galium sp. bedstraw herb 1

Mitchella repens partridgeberry herb 1
Salicaceae

Salix nigra black willow shrub 4 E 1
Sauruaceae

Saururus cernuus lizard’s-tail herb 1
Scrophulariaceae

Agalinis tenuifolia slenderleaf false foxglove herb 1

Verbascum blattaria * moth mullein herb 1
Solanaceae

Solanum carolinense Carolina horsenettle herb 1
Scientific name Common name Strata Frequency Habitat Source
Symplocaceae

Symplocos tinctoria common sweetleaf sap, shrub 3 B 1
Ulmaceae

Ulmus alata winged elm tree, sap 1

Ulmus americana American elm tree, sap 1
Urticaceae

Boehmeria cylindrica smallspike false nettle herb 1
Vergenaceae

Callicarpa americana American beauty berry herb 3 A,B,D 2
Violaceae

Viola palmata early blue violet herb 1

Viola sororia wholly blue violet herb 1
Viscaceae

Phoradendron leucarpum oak mistletoe herb 4 A,B,D 1
Vitaceae

Ampelopsisi arborea peppervine herb 1

Parthenocissus virginiana Virginia creeper woody vine 4 A,B 1

Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis summer grape woody vine 3 A,B,D 2

Vitis riparis riverbank grape woody vine 3 A,B,D 2

Vitis rotundifolia muscadine woody vine 1
ANGIOSPERMS – LILIOPSIDA (Monocots)
Araceae

Arisaema dracontium green dragon herb 2 B 2
Arecaceae

Sabal minor drawf palmetto shrub 2 A 3
Commelinaceae

Commelina sp. dayflower herb 1

Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis western spiderwort herb 1

Tradescantia ohiensis smooth spiderwort herb 2 A,B 2
Cyperaceae

Carex caroliniana Carolina caric sedge herb 1

Carex glaucodea blue caric sedge herb 1

Carex louisianica Louisiana caric sedge herb 1

Carex tribuloides bristle-bract caric sedge herb 1

Cyperus strigosus straw-colored flatsedge herb 1

Eleocharis sp. spikerush herb 1

Scirpus pendulus drooping bulrush herb 1
Hemerocallidaceae

Hemerocallis fulva * orange daylily herb 2 G 3
Iridaceae

Sisyrinchium sp. blue-eyed-grass herb 1
Juncaceae

Juncus dudleyi Dudley’s rush herb 1

Juncus effusus soft rush herb 1

Juncus marginatus grassleaf rush herb 1
Lemnaceae

Lemna minor little duckweed herb 3 C 3
Poaceae

Agrostis sp. bentgrass herb 1

Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus broomsedge bluestem herb 3 D 1

Aristida purpurascens purple three awn herb 1

Arundinaria gigantea river cane shrub 4 A,E 3

Scientific name Common name Strata Frequency Habitat Source

Briza minor * little quaking grass herb 1

Chasmanthium latifolium inland woodoats herb 4 C,E 1

Chasmanthium sessiliflorum longleaf woodoats herb 5 A,C 1

Dichanthelium commutatum variable rosettegrass herb 1

Dichanthelium scoparium velvet rosettegrass herb 1

Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye herb 1

Elymus villosus hairy wild rye herb 1

Elymus virginicus Virginia wild rye herb 1

Eragrostis pilosa * India lovegrass herb 1

Eragrostis spectabilis purple lovegrass herb 1

Gymnopogon brevifolius short-leaf skeletongrass herb 2

Leersia oryzoides rice cutgrass herb 1

Leersia virginica white grass herb 1

Panicum anceps beaked panicgrass herb 1

Panicum virgatum switchgrass herb 3 D 3

Paspalum floridanum Florida crowngrass herb 1

Paspalum leave filed crowngrass herb 1

Schedonorus arundinaceas tall fescue herb 4 D,G 1

Schizachyrium scoparium little bluestem herb 1

Sporobolus sp. grass herb 1

Tridens flavus var. flavus tall purpletop herb 1

Tridens strictus narrow redtop herb 1
Smilacaceae

Smilax bona-nox saw greenbrier woody vine 4 A,B 1

Smilax glauca cat greenbrier woody vine 3 A 1

Smilax rotundifolia roundleaf greenbrier woody vine 3 A,D 1

* = non-native species (10/205 = 4.9% of taxa)


Strata

tree: > 5 in dbh and > 20 ft tall

sapling: 0.4 to < 5 in dbh and > 20 ft tall

shrub: usually 3 to 20 ft tall; multi-stemmed, brushy shrubs small trees and saplings

woody vine: vines that are woody

herb: graminoids, forbs, ferns, fern allies, herbaceous vines, tree seedlings


Frequency

5 = abundant

4 = common

3 = occasional

2 = infrequent

1 = rare
Habitat

A = Upper bottomland – Cherrybark oak forest

B = Upland - White oak (mounds)

C = Lower Bottomland - sloughs with Bald Cypress

D = Pine plantations and old fields

E = Riparian Forest (Betula nigra) along Ouachita River

F = Gravel bars

G = Disturbed areas (roads, old home places)
Source

1 = Scott Simon, Douglas Zollner, Roger Mangham, Elaine / Claiborne Deming, Charlie Thomas, Rick and Karen Evans, 8 June 2007 site visit.

2 = Dedication, 17 May 2008 site visit.

3 = Roger Mangham and D. Zollner, Site visit and easement monitoring, 23 January 2009.


Nomenclature according to: Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Arkansas. Arkansas Vascular Flora Committee. 2006.





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