- Regulatory and enforcement framework in place to avoid, reduce, mitigate and offset adverse impacts on biodiversity of tourism and associated infrastructure development and tourism products and services resulting in improved conservation security over 155,500 hectares of ecologically sensitive tourism regions/zones, 150,000 ha of protected areas (the PA System of Jordan); and ecological corridors (the size to be determined during the PPG)
-All new developments/hotels/roads etc apply the new biodiversity friendly tourism permitting system
Strengthened administrative and operational framework to licence hotels and accompanying infrastructure: ensuring adoption of biodiversity good practices and monitoring compliance.
- A Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for tourism development to inform the national and regional land-use plans- defining spatial areas where development should be avoided; where it may be permitted- but subject to management controls, and what mitigation and offset requirements are needed
- An ecotourism charter including a set of standards is developed by the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities (MoTA) and adopted by eco-tour operators, eco-lodges and environmental camp sites
- A nationally approved biodiversity-friendly certification system for hotels is developed as part of the classification system of MoTA and adopted by hotels
- Guidelines for environmental impact assessment and for permitting system developed for biodiversity-friendly tourism and adopted by the tourism regions/zones, Ministry of Environment and MoTA
2.Improved institutional framework for the implementation of biodiversity friendly tourism development measures in high conservation value areas
- Institutional capacities emplaced to manage the impacts of tourism development on biodiversity within the newly established authorities of the tourism regions/zones viz planning, monitoring, and enforcement of biodiversity management measures in the tourism sector.
- No major adverse tourism development impacts on biodiversity in ecologically sensitive areas in Petra region (75,500ha), in Ajloun zone (40,000 ha) and Dead Sea zone (40,000 ha) monitored through habitat disturbance of key species from tourism:
1. re-colonization of breeding raptors such as the Bonelli’s Eagle
2. density of carnivores such as Blanford Fox (Vulpes cana)
- All new eco-tour operators, eco-lodges and environmental camp sites in the targeted area adopt the BD-friendly standards developed by the project
- At least 40% of hotels in the ecologically sensitive areas meet biodiversity- friendly certification requirements developed by the project and adopted by the MoTA
- Overarching land-use plan and permitting system in place at the level of the tourism regions/zones
- Improved enforcement of land use development strictures, geared to protecting biodiversity. Surveillance, interception and prosecution capabilities of enforcement agencies enhanced: tourism police, environmental police, local police and the Royal Society for Conservation of Nature (RSCN) based on rationalised enforcement framework
- Monitoring system in place to evaluate acceptable limits of change in biodiversity-important areas, and take adaptive measures to reduce impacts
- A system of penalties for mal-feasance in the tourism sector developed and adopted reflecting the new BD-friendly classification system and the clarifications in the mandates of the different agencies responsible for enforcement and prosecution.
- Economic incentives for promoting the adherence of the private sector to the reformed policies and regulations ( i.e.. introducing taxes and charges levied on tourism enterprises which are not adopting environmentally friendly practices).
- Critical interpretation facilities/ infrastructure developed to sensitise tourists to regulations and good practices.
3. Strengthened capacity and financial viability of PAs to address emerging threats from tourism.
PA Management Effectiveness Tracking Tools (METTs) show improvement in scores for the major PAs in the 3 regions (Ajloun, Debeen, Mujib and Dana) particularly in relation to scores relating to revenue generation, tourism planning and management, relations with local communities, and addressing key threats
- Reduction of funding gap for management of protected areas as recorded by protected area financing scorecards.
- Visitor management capabilities in PAs enhanced (visitor infrastructure, rangers and eco-guides management capacities) to expand visitor attractions and reduce the impacts on sensitive areas
- Business plans in place for PAs around tourism regions/zones promoting the development of ecotourism and NBT in the PAs and in the ecological corridors between the PAs and surrounding tourism regions/zones
- Site financing system (for PAs through gate and concession fees, collection and fee management system, fiduciary management controls