Pollen Count Data Sheet




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Pollen Count Data Sheet V. 1-1 (WDG)

Site:

Level:

Slide:

Analyst:

Date:




Tree Pollen




Herb Pollen




Betula:




Poaceae [Gramineae]6:




Pinus:










Ulmus:




Cereal6:




Quercus:




Cyperaceae:




Tilia cord. / plat.:




Calluna:




Alnus:




Empetrum:




Fagus:




Ericaceae undif.:




Carpinus:




Asteraceae (Asteroideae/Cardueae) undif. [Compositae (tub.)]7:




Fraxinus:










Acer:




Artemisia type (Asteroideae):




Populus:




Solidago v. [Aster] type (Asteroideae)8:




Abies:




Achillea [Anthemis] type (Asteroideae)8:




Picea:




Arctium [Serratula] type (Cardueae)8:




Taxus:




Cirsium type (Cardueae):










Centaurea (Cardueae):










Asteraceae (Lactucae) undif. [Compositae (Lig.)]9:




TOTAL TREE:










Shrub Pollen




Armeria m. type [A/B]:




Corylus avellana type (Myrica [ ]):




Caltha type:










Caryophyllaceae:




Salix:




Campanula type:




Buxus:




Chenopodiaceae10:




Juniperus:




Brassicaceae [Cruciferae]:




Hippophae:




Epilobium type:




Hedera helix:




Filipendula:




Ilex:




Helianthemum:




Ephedra1:




Lamiaceae [Labiatae]11:










Fabaceae [Leguminosae]12:










Oxyria type13




TOTAL SHRUB




Plantago undif.:




Spore




Plantago lanceolata type14:




Botrychium:




Polygonum15:




Equisetum:




Potentilla type:




Lycopodium2:




Ranunculus type16:




Ophioglossum:




Rosaceae undif.17:




Osmunda:




Rubiaceae undif.18:




Polypodium:




Rumex acetosa type:




Selaginella:




Rumex19:




Pteridium aquilinum:




Saxifragaceae undif.20:




Pteropsida [Filicales] (monolete) undif.3:




Succisa:










Thalictrum:




Pteropsida (trilete) undif.4:




Urtica21:










Apiaceae [Umbelliferae] undif.22:










Valeriana:




TOTAL SPORE:










Obligate aquatic spores5










Sphagnum:










Isoetes:




TOTAL HERB:







Aquatic Pollen




Potamogeton24:




Indeterminate




Alisma type:




Sparganium erectum:




Broken:




Hydrocotyle vulgaris:




Typha angustifolia type:




Concealed:




Menyanthes trifoliata:




Typha latifolia type:




Corroded:




Myriophyllum23:










Crumpled:




Nuphar:










Degraded:




Nymphaea alba type:




TOTAL AQUATIC:




TOTAL INDETERMINATE:







Pre-Quaternary microfossils:




Dinoflagellate cysts:




Exotic:




TOTAL DRY LAND / MAIN SUM:




NOTE:

1 Ephedra can be further sub-divided into Ephedra distachya and E. fragilis.
2 Lycopodium is often added as an exotic marker, however differentiation between added and fossil pollen should be possible. This trilete spore may be subdivided Lycopodium annotium type, Lycopodium clavatum. Degraded grains may key out as Pteropsida (trilete) undif.3.
3 This category could include any of the above spores due to the loss of outer coat making differentiation impossible. Polypodeace. Other monocolpate spores that can be determined include Thelyptris palustris, Dryopteris dilatata, Dryopteris filix-mas, and Dryopteris cristata type, MWC 1991.
4 Other trilete spores may key out as Adiantum capillus-veneris, Anogramma leptophylla, Anthoceros punctatus type, Botrychium lunaria type, Cryptogramma crispa, Diaphasiastrum type, Huperzia, selago, Hymenophyllum, Lycopodiella inundata, Lycopodium annotium type, Lycopodium clavatum1 Ophiglossum vulgatum type A/B, Osmunda regalis, Phaeoceros laevis, Pilularia globulifera microspores, Pilularia microspores, Riccia type, Selaginella selagnoidies, and Trichomanes speciosum, MWC 1991.
5 These species are dependant upon waterlogged conditions and can occur is such abundance that they swamp samples and therefore must be calculated outside the main sum.
6 Grasses are defined as below; Poaceae (wild grass group) = Mean annulus diameter < 8m, mean grain size < 37m, surface scabrate or verrucate; Cereal undif. can be further sub-divided into Hordeum group = Mean annulus diameter 8-10m, mean grain size 32-45m, surface scabrate; Glyceria = water grass easily mistaken for the Hordeum group; Avena-Triticum group = Mean annulus diameter >10m, mean pollen grain size > 40m, surface verrucate; and Secale cereale = Mean annulus diameter 8-10m oblong grain outline (high pollen index), surface scabrate, MWC 1991.
7 Asteraceae can be divided into Asteroidea and the Lactucoidea. The Lactucoidea can be further sub-divided into the Cardueae and Lactucae. The old division of the Compositae based upon pollen morphology known as the Compositae Liguliflorae can now be referred to as Asteraceae (Lactucae) undif. however the Compositae Tubuliflorae covers a wider taxonomic grouping and is now referred to as Asteraceae (Asteroidea/Cardueae) undif. BWE 1994.
8 Divisions as suggested by BWE 1994.
9 Asteraceae (Lactucae) undif. are part of the Asteraceae Lactucoidea, S 1991
10 Includes Amaranthaceae, MWC 1991.
11 Lamiaceae includes species which key to Marrubium vulgare, Mentha type, Prunella type, Stachys sylvatica type, Stutellaria type and Teucrium, MWC 1991.
12 Fabaceae includes species which key to Astragalus danicus type, Coronilla varia, Galega officinalis type, Hippocrepis comosa, Lotus type, Medicago sativa, Onobrychis type, Ononis type, Ornithopus perpusillus, Robinia pseudoacacia, Trifolium type, Trifolium spadiceum, Ulex type, Vicia type and Vicia cracca type, MWC 1991.
13 Oxyria type includes Oxyria digyna, Rumex cripus, R. conglomeratus, R. sanguineus, R. pulcher, R. maritimus. Oxyria and R. acetosella are <26m, Oxyria also has a more clearly circular porus which is ringed in phase contrast, MWC 1991.
14 Varieties of Plantago can be keyed out to P. maritima type, P. major, P. media, and P. coronopus, MWC 1991..
15 Varieties of Polygonum can be keyed out to P. amphibium, P. aviculare type, P. bistorta type, and P. persicaria type.
16 Within Ranunculus type it may be possible to identify Eranthis hyemalis and Pulsatilla vulgaris MWC 1991
17 Rosaceae undif. can be sub-divided into Sanguisorba minor ssp. minor, Agrimonia eupatoria, Crataegus, Dryas octopetala, Malus sylvestris, Mespilus germanica, Potentilla -type, Prunus, Pyrus pyraster, Rosa, Rubus, Sorbus, MWC 1991.
18 Galium type is the only definable member of the Rubiaceae and includes Galium, Asperula, Rubia and Sherardia, MWC 1991.
19 Certain varieties of Rumex also key out to Oxyria type or Rumex obtusifolius type, MWC 1991.
20 Saxifragaceae undif. includes Saxifraga androsacea, S. cernua type, S. granulata -type, S. hirsuta type, S. oppsitifolia type and S. stellaris type, MWC 1991
21 Urtica can be sub-divided into Urtica dioica, U. pilulifera and U. urens, MWC 1991.
22 Apiaceae undif. can be further sub-divided into groups with similar morphological characteristics, MWC 1991
23 Myriophyllum can be sub-divided in to M. alterniflorum, M. spicatum and M. verticillatum, MWC 1991.
24 Potamogeton can be divided in to two subgenera Potamogeton subgenus Potamogeton type and Potamogeton subgenus Coleogeton, MWC 1991.
References
BWE 1994 Bennet, K.D., Whittingto, G. & Edwards, K.J. 1994 Recent plant nomenclatural changes and pollen morphology in the British Isles Quaternary Newsletter 73:1-6
MWC 1991 Moore, P.D., Webb, J.A. & Collinson, M.E. 1991 Pollen Analysis (2nd ed.) Blackwell Oxford
S 1991 Stace, C. 1991 New Flora of the British Isles Cambridge University Press Cambridge

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