Plant species characteristics over a century on islands: Lake Hjälmaren



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Appendices to Rydin and Borgegård "Plant species characteristics over a century on islands: Lake Hjälmaren".
Appendix 2. Species attributes as defined in the Methods section.
Life Height Long- Breeding Polli- Seed Seed Vegeta- Dispersal Ellenberg Shore

form (m) evity system nation number mass tive Water Wind Zoo N light %

Species (mg) reprod.

Pioneers

Bidens tripartita T 0.40 1 A I 1000 2.72 0 2 0 1 8 8 100.0

Epilobium montanum H 0.40 3 A I 2500 0.13 2 1 3 0 6 4 100.0

Epilobium palustre H 0.20 3 A I 1000 0.04 2 1 3 0 3 7 79.2

Gnaphalium uliginosum T 0.10 1 A W 900 0.02 0 0 3 0 4 7 100.0

Polygonum hydropiper T 0.30 1 A I 350 1.66 0 2 0 0 8 7 100.0

Polygonum lapathifolium T 0.40 1 A I 800 2.25 0 1 0 0 8 6 100.0

Polygonum minus T 0.15 1 A I 900 0.73 0 2 0 0 8 7 -

Ranunculus sceleratus T 0.25 1 A I 26500 0.19 0 2 0 0 9 9 -

Rorippa palustris T 0.25 1 A I 13000 0.10 0 2 0 0 8 7 100.0

Senecio vulgaris T 0.20 1 A I 5000 0.21 0 2 3 0 8 7 -

Solanum dulcamara A 1.00 3 C I 42000 1.42 0 2 0 1 8 7 73.1

Taraxacum officinale H 0.25 3 H I 3000 0.75 1 2 2 0 7 7 67.8

Tussilago farfara G 0.10 3 C I 3500 0.25 2 - 3 0 6 8 67.9



Pioneer stayers

Cirsium vulgare H 0.70 2 B I 2800 2.64 0 2 2 0 8 8 52.1

Epilobium angustifolium H 1.00 3 C I 50000 0.05 2 2 3 0 8 8 42.4

Galium palustre H 0.15 3 B I 900 0.91 2 2 0 0 4 6 57.2

Myosoton aquaticum G 0.25 3 A I 1500 0.28 0 2 0 0 8 7 33.1

Populus tremula P 15.00 3 C W - 0.13 2 - 3 0 - 6 25.1

Rumex acetosa H 0.40 3 C W 2100 0.33 1 2 0 0 5 8 -

Early successional species

Alopecurus geniculatus H 0.25 2 B W 400 0.20 1 1 1 0 7 9 -

Carex leporina H 0.30 3 B W 200 0.53 0 2 0 0 4 7 -

Carex pseudocyperus A 0.60 3 B W 1100 0.72 1 2 0 1 5 7 52.1

Carex rostrata A 0.40 3 B W 300 1.74 2 2 0 0 3 9 100.0

Carex vesicaria A 0.60 3 B W 300 1.94 1 2 0 0 5 7 52.1

Eleocharis acicularis A 0.05 3 C W 20 0.15 2 2 0 0 2 7 -

Eriophorum angustifolium A 0.50 3 B W 200 0.44 2 2 3 0 2 8 -

Juncus articulatus H 0.30 3 B W 10000 0.02 2 2 1 0 2 8 -

Lycopus europaeus H 0.40 3 B I 1200 0.28 2 2 0 0 7 7 79.8

Phleum pratense H 0.60 3 C W 600 0.41 0 2 0 1 6 7 -

Polygonum amphibium G 0.30 3 B I 200 4.65 2 2 0 0 6 8 86.7

Salix caprea P 5.00 3 C I - 0.08 0 - 3 0 7 7 21.4

Salix cinerea N 2.00 3 C I - 0.07 0 - 3 0 4 7 48.1

Salix pentandra P 4.00 3 C I - 0.22 0 2 3 0 4 - 100.0

Scirpus lacustris A 1.00 3 C W 200 1.62 2 1 0 0 5 8 100.0

Tanacetum vulgare H 0.80 3 B I 12500 0.13 2 2 0 0 5 8 47.5

Early successional stayers

Agrostis capillaris H 0.30 3 B W 200 0.06 2 2 1 0 3 7 68.5

Alisma plantago-aquatica A 0.40 3 B I 36500 0.27 2 2 0 0 8 7 73.1

Betula spp. P 10.00 3 C W - 0.15 0 2 2 1 - 7 27.2

Cicuta virosa H 0.80 3 B I 4000 1.68 1 2 0 0 5 7 92.7

Cirsium arvense G 0.80 3 C I 4000 1.37 2 2 3 0 7 8 70.0

Cirsium palustre H 1.00 2 B I 7000 2.00 0 2 3 0 3 7 35.2

Hieracium umbellatum H 0.50 3 C I 1600 0.43 1 1 2 0 2 6 48.8

Phragmites communis A 2.00 3 H W 12500 0.13 2 2 3 0 5 7 81.7

Pinus sylvestris P 20.00 3 C W - 5.15 0 2 2 1 - 7 15.3

Sonchus arvensis G 0.75 3 B I 13000 0.60 2 2 3 0 - 7 83.0

Mid successional species

Cardamine pratensis H 0.25 3 C I 300 0.60 1 - 1 0 - 4 65.6

Carex canescens H 0.25 3 B W 100 0.34 0 2 0 0 2 7 -

Carex nigra G 0.25 3 B W 250 0.81 1 2 0 1 2 8 -

Eleocharis palustris A 0.25 3 B W 40 0.69 2 2 0 0 - 8 100.0

Fragaria vesca H 0.10 3 C I 1500 0.31 2 2 0 1 6 7 24.6

Galeopsis bifida T 0.20 1 B I 250 2.92 0 - 0 1 7 7 21.4

Mentha arvensis H 0.20 3 B I 200 0.27 1 2 0 0 - - 79.2

Myosotis laxa H 0.25 2 B I 120 0.24 0 2 0 0 5 7 72.3

Orthilia secunda C 0.10 3 B I 3600 0.00 2 - 3 0 2 4 0.0

Phalaris arundinacea A 1.00 3 C W 600 0.67 2 2 0 0 7 7 56.4

Poa pratensis H 0.40 3 C W 700 0.32 2 2 0 1 6 6 38.3

Poa trivialis H 0.50 3 C W 700 0.09 1 2 0 1 7 6 0.0

Potentilla palustris A 0.30 3 C I 3000 0.33 2 2 0 0 2 7 44.9

Ranunculus flammula H 0.05 3 C I 25 0.37 2 2 0 0 2 7 100.0

Ranunculus repens H 0.20 3 B I 150 2.32 2 2 0 1 - 6 46.5

Rumex crispus H 0.70 3 C W 3700 1.33 0 2 0 0 5 7 100.0

Salix aurita N 1.00 3 C I - 0.05 0 - 3 0 3 7 35.2

Salix nigricans N 2.00 3 C I - 0.09 0 - 3 0 6 7 32.6

Stellaria palustris H 0.30 3 B I 1200 0.56 2 0 0 0 2 5 79.2

Veronica scutellata H 0.15 3 A I 700 3.45 0 0 0 0 3 8 68.5

Mid successional stayers and late species

Acer platanoides P 8.00 3 C I - 152.00 0 2 1 0 - 4 22.9

Alnus glutinosa P 10.00 3 C W - 1.34 0 2 2 1 - 5 37.1

Angelica sylvestris H 1.00 2 B I 5000 1.15 0 2 1 0 - 7 35.2

Calamagrostis canescens H 1.00 3 C W 700 0.06 2 - 1 0 5 6 48.6

Calamagrostis purpurea H 1.50 3 H W 800 0.14 2 - 1 0 5 6 48.2

Carex acuta A 0.60 3 B W 600 0.49 2 2 0 0 4 7 69.8

Chelidonium majus H 0.40 3 C I 6700 0.81 0 2 0 0 8 6 26.6

Convallaria majalis G 0.15 3 C I 20 15.56 2 0 0 1 4 5 0.0

Dryopteris carthusiana H 0.50 3 B - - - 2 - 3 0 3 5 28.0

Eupatorium cannabinum H 1.00 3 C I 10000 0.34 2 0 3 0 8 7 63.9

Fallopia convolvulus T 0.30 1 A W 200 1.28 0 0 1 0 - 7 45.8

Filipendula ulmaria H 0.80 3 B I 34500 0.99 1 2 1 0 4 7 29.9

Fraxinus excelsior P 15.00 3 C W - 58.10 0 2 1 0 7 4 33.2

Galium aparine T 0.50 1 A I 360 14.98 0 2 0 1 8 7 22.9

Geranium robertianum H 0.20 2 A I 300 1.14 0 1 0 0 7 4 40.2

Iris pseudacorus G 0.50 3 C I 1400 52.94 2 2 0 0 7 7 48.2

Lactuca muralis H 0.60 3 B I 500 0.29 0 1 2 0 6 4 22.9

Lysimachia thyrsiflora A 0.45 3 B I 2500 0.32 2 2 0 0 3 7 89.7

Lysimachia vulgaris H 0.80 3 B I 10000 0.20 2 2 0 0 - 6 56.6

Lythrum salicaria H 0.75 3 C I 2500 0.06 2 0 0 0 - 7 84.5

Melampyrum pratense T 0.20 1 C I 70 6.46 0 0 0 0 3 - 5.4

Moehringia trinervia H 0.15 2 B I 2500 0.16 0 0 0 0 7 4 12.8

Myosotis scorpioides H 0.25 3 B I 100 0.28 2 2 0 0 5 7 62.0

Peucedanum palustre H 0.70 2 C I 900 3.71 0 2 1 0 4 7 62.6

Picea abies P 25.00 3 B W - 5.60 0 1 2 0 - 5 0.0

Poa angustifolia H 0.60 3 B W 700 0.19 2 2 0 1 3 7 7.7

Polygonatum multiflorum G 0.50 3 B I 240 28.20 1 0 0 1 4 2 7.2

Polygonatum odoratum G 0.30 3 B I 120 37.30 1 0 0 1 3 7 0.0

Prunus padus P 8.00 3 B I - 530.00 0 1 0 1 6 5 10.0

Ribes alpinum N 1.00 3 C I - 4.82 0 0 0 1 - 5 0.0

Ribes nigrum N 1.00 3 B I - 1.01 0 0 0 1 5 4 25.6

Ribes rubrum N 1.00 3 B I - 6.42 0 0 0 1 6 4 7.7

Ribes uva-crispa N 0.70 3 B I - 5.83 0 0 0 1 6 4 17.9

Rosa canina N 2.00 3 C I - 16.10 0 1 0 1 - 8 0.0

Rubus idaeus Z 1.00 3 B I 10000 1.15 2 2 0 1 8 7 39.8

Rumex hydrolapathum A 1.50 3 B W 5000 2.61 0 2 0 0 7 7 91.3

Salix fragilis P 10.00 3 C I - 0.09 2 - 0 0 6 5 84.5

Scrophularia nodosa H 0.70 3 C I 12000 0.08 1 0 0 0 7 4 52.1

Scutellaria galericulata H 0.25 3 B I 120 1.42 2 2 0 0 6 7 64.4

Sium latifolium A 1.00 3 C I 6000 1.55 2 2 0 0 8 7 89.3

Sorbus aucuparia P 8.00 3 B I - 2.23 0 2 0 1 - 6 21.0

Stachys palustris G 0.40 3 B I 240 0.62 2 2 0 0 7 7 86.0

Thalictrum flavum H 0.50 3 B W 800 0.82 2 2 0 0 6 7 26.6

Tilia cordata P 8.00 3 B I - 31.00 0 - 1 0 5 5 22.9

Typha latifolia A 2.00 3 C W 100000 0.03 2 2 3 0 8 8 100.0

Ulmus glabra P 20.00 3 C W - 11.87 0 2 3 0 7 4 36.9

Urtica dioica H 0.70 3 C W 22000 0.19 2 - 2 1 8 - 36.9

Life forms: P, Phanerophyte; N, Nanophanerophyte; Z, Woody chamaephyte; C, Herbaceous chamephyte; H, Hemicryptophyte;

G, Geophyte; T, Therophyte; A, Hydrophyte.



Breeding system: A, self; B, mixed or not known; C, cross; H, apomictic.
Каталог: archive -> ecol -> E072 -> 002
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archive -> Comments: (1) The order of species has been changed from Petrovsky's draft to keep together the obviously closely related taxa of the
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002 -> Plant species characteristics over a century on islands: Lake Hjälmaren


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