Plant species characteristics over a century on islands: Lake Hjälmaren



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Appendices to Rydin and Borgegård "Plant species characteristics over a century on islands: Lake Hjälmaren".
Appendix 1. Occurrences of the most important species on 30 islands in Hjälmaren over the century of succession. The list includes all species which have appeared on at least 10 of the islands or which have been noted as "abundant" on at least 3 islands in at least one survey. "Arrive" and "Decline" is the first and last survey at which the species reached at least 50% of its maximum island frequency, respectively (or abundance for species that were noted as abundant on at least three islands).

___________________________________________________________________________________________

Frequency Abundance

(number of islands) (number of islands)

Arrive Decline 1886 1892 1903 1927 1984 1886 1892 1903 1927 1984

Species -04 -28 -85 -04 -28 -85



Pioneers

Bidens tripartita 1 1 17 27 10 8 11 8 1 0 0 0

Epilobium montanum 1 1 8 6 4 6 3 5 0 0 0 0

Epilobium palustre 1 1 21 19 20 24 17 15 0 0 0 0

Gnaphalium uliginosum 1 2 14 22 4 3 2 - - - - -

Polygonum hydropiper 1 1 20 21 4 8 4 14 1 0 0 0

Polygonum lapathifolium 1 1 22 23 10 2 5 16 1 0 0 0

Polygonum minus 1 1 9 6 1 3 0 5 0 0 0 0

Ranunculus sceleratus 1 1 14 5 1 4 0 - - - - -

Rorippa palustris 1 1 22 23 16 13 7 10 0 0 0 0

Senecio vulgaris 1 2 11 9 0 1 0 - - - - -

Solanum dulcamara 1 1 23 29 28 28 30 15 4 0 1 4

Taraxacum officinale 1 1 23 22 22 24 26 11 0 1 0 0

Tussilago farfara 1 1 26 25 23 23 30 16 1 2 0 0



Pioneer stayers

Cirsium vulgare 1 5 12 14 5 10 7 - - - - -

Epilobium angustifolium 1 2 22 22 22 22 27 11 6 5 5 5

Galium palustre 1 5 16 23 28 29 30 - - - - -

Myosoton aquaticum 1 5 16 16 10 15 14 - - - - -

Populus tremula 1 5 17 24 22 22 23 9 4 6 16 16

Rumex acetosa 1 4 15 11 14 14 2 - - - - -

Early successional species

Alopecurus geniculatus 2 2 7 25 5 0 0 - - - - -

Carex leporina 2 2 0 11 1 0 0 - - - - -

Carex pseudocyperus 2 2 0 11 3 5 4 - - - - -

Carex rostrata 2 3 0 19 22 6 1 0 3 3 0 0

Carex vesicaria 2 3 18 25 25 22 2 0 3 2 1 0

Eleocharis acicularis 2 3 0 11 7 1 0 - - - - -

Eriophorum angustifolium 2 2 0 11 4 0 0 - - - - -

Juncus articulatus 1 3 7 11 6 4 0 - - - - -

Lycopus europaeus 2 3 5 21 27 28 30 0 2 3 0 0

Phleum pratense 2 3 1 12 6 3 0 - - - - -

Polygonum amphibium 2 4 2 12 11 8 4 - - - - -

Salix caprea 2 4 20 23 23 21 18 0 4 3 2 0

Salix cinerea 2 2 2 26 28 28 28 0 7 1 2 1

Salix pentandra 2 4 5 19 20 14 4 - - - - -

Scirpus lacustris 2 3 0 20 18 3 5 0 3 3 0 0

Tanacetum vulgare 2 5 7 16 16 13 12 - - - - -

Early successional stayers

Agrostis capillaris 2 5 2 11 9 5 7 - - - - -

Alisma plantago-aquatica 2 4 2 20 18 10 5 - - - - -

Betula spp. 2 5 11 23 22 23 26 0 11 8 12 9

Cicuta virosa 2 5 0 17 19 26 24 - - - - -

Cirsium arvense 2 5 8 17 10 11 16 - - - - -

Cirsium palustre 1 5 8 15 17 20 16 - - - - -

Hieracium umbellatum 2 5 1 9 10 9 9 - - - - -

Phragmites australis 2 5 1 23 23 26 29 0 7 7 9 11

Pinus sylvestris 2 5 0 10 13 6 10 - - - - -

Sonchus arvensis 2 5 8 20 18 21 23 - - - - -

Mid successional species

Cardamine pratensis 3 5 0 3 12 14 7 - - - - -

Carex canescens 2 3 0 15 20 7 2 - - - - -

Carex nigra 3 3 1 6 14 5 1 - - - - -

Eleocharis palustris 3 3 2 21 25 18 11 0 1 4 0 0

Fragaria vesca 2 5 4 13 11 21 16 - - - - -

Galeopsis bifida 4 5 0 0 0 13 8 - - - - -

Mentha arvensis 3 5 1 3 12 21 16 - - - - -

Myosotis laxa 2 5 0 16 15 24 14 - - - - -

Orthilia secunda 3 4 0 1 15 11 3 - - - - -

Phalaris arundinacea 3 3 4 19 28 30 30 0 2 10 4 1

Poa pratensis 4 5 1 5 6 13 9 - - - - -

Poa trivialis 3 4 4 7 11 19 3 - - - - -

Potentilla palustris 2 4 0 9 14 7 5 - - - - -

Ranunculus flammula 2 4 5 19 22 14 8 - - - - -

Ranunculus repens 3 3 4 7 11 15 11 0 0 3 0 0

Rumex crispus 3 4 0 4 12 12 3 - - - - -

Salix aurita 2 4 0 14 21 18 7 - - - - -

Salix nigricans 2 4 0 13 21 24 11 - - - - -

Stellaria palustris 4 4 0 1 8 19 7 - - - - -

Veronica scutellata 3 4 1 2 10 19 8 - - - - -

Mid successional stayers and late species

Acer platanoides 5 5 0 3 3 4 20 - - - - -

Alnus glutinosa 4 5 3 20 24 27 30 0 8 5 23 23

Angelica sylvestris 5 5 0 1 1 5 19 - - - - -

Calamagrostis canescens 4 5 0 8 17 26 26 0 0 3 11 11

Calamagrostis purpurea 5 5 0 0 0 2 19 - - - -

Carex acuta 4 5 0 14 27 28 30 0 2 9 13 20

Chelidonium majus 5 5 0 1 4 4 9 0 0 0 1 3

Convallaria majalis 5 5 0 0 0 3 10 - - - - -

Dryopteris carthusiana 5 5 2 0 9 6 20 - - - - -

Eupatorium cannabinum 5 5 0 1 2 1 16 - - - - -

Fallopia convolvulus 5 5 0 0 0 1 10 - - - - -

Filipendula ulmaria 4 5 0 4 9 14 19 0 0 1 2 3

Fraxinus excelsior 5 5 0 0 7 6 27 - - - - -

Galium aparine 4 5 0 0 2 10 13 - - - - -

Geranium robertianum 4 5 6 6 9 16 23 - - - - -

Iris pseudacorus 5 5 0 0 0 0 19 - - - - -

Lactuca muralis 5 5 0 0 1 2 12 - - - - -

Lysimachia thyrsiflora 3 5 0 6 11 10 19 - - - - -

Lysimachia vulgaris 4 5 0 2 12 20 28 - - - - -

Lythrum salicaria 3 5 5 13 20 23 30 - - - - -

Melampyrum pratense 5 5 0 0 0 1 13 - - - - -

Moehringia trinervia 4 5 0 1 2 20 27 - - - - -

Myosotis scorpioides 3 5 5 2 7 5 11 - - - - -

Peucedanum palustre 3 5 0 12 16 21 27 - - - - -

Picea abies 3 5 0 4 15 8 17 - - - - -

Poa angustifolia 5 5 0 0 0 1 12 - - - - -

Polygonatum multiflorum 5 5 0 0 0 1 14 - - - - -

Polygonatum odoratum 5 5 0 1 0 5 12 - - - - -

Prunus padus 5 5 0 0 6 10 25 - - - - -

Ribes alpinum 5 5 0 0 1 5 18 - - - - -

Ribes nigrum 5 5 0 0 1 2 11 - - - - -

Ribes rubrum 5 5 0 0 1 2 18 - - - - -

Ribes uva-crispa 4 5 1 0 4 7 11 - - - - -

Rosa canina 4 5 0 0 2 8 13 - - - - -

Rubus idaeus 5 5 4 10 20 26 28 0 0 3 6 14

Rumex hydrolapathum 5 5 0 0 2 6 23 - - - - -

Salix fragilis 4 5 1 2 2 7 14 - - - - -

Scrophularia nodosa 4 5 7 11 13 18 28 - - - - -

Scutellaria galericulata 5 5 1 4 9 24 28 0 0 0 0 6

Sium latifolium 5 5 0 0 2 5 18 - - - - -

Sorbus aucuparia 3 5 3 12 18 17 28 - - - - -

Stachys palustris 4 5 0 1 5 17 30 - - - - -

Thalictrum flavum 4 5 0 0 2 5 10 - - - - -

Tilia cordata 5 5 0 0 2 5 14 - - - - -

Typha latifolia 5 5 0 0 3 5 11 - - - - -



Ulmus glabra 5 5 0 1 2 6 17 - - - - -

Urtica dioica 4 5 7 11 16 16 27 0 1 3 6 7
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002 -> Plant species characteristics over a century on islands: Lake Hjälmaren


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