Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary Criteria: A1




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Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary Criteria: A1




Province(s): Chaiyaphum Latitude: 16º20'N

PA Status: Wildlife Sanctuary (1972) Longitude: 101º37'E

EBA / SA: none Area: 156,000 ha

Forest Complex: Phu Khieo-Nam Nao Altitude Range: 250-1,375 m asl

General Description

The IBA comprises Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary in the Phetchabun range of north-eastern Thailand. The site adjoins Nam Nao National Park (IBA TH017) to the north, Ta Bao-Huai Yai Wildlife Sanctuary to the south-west and Tad Mok National Park to the west. The topography of the site is dominated by a large, steep-sided plateau at around 900 m asl, with some limestone outcrops. The vegetation at the site comprises mixed deciduous forest with smaller areas of semi-evergreen forest below 800 m asl, accounting for c.20% of the total area, and hill evergreen forest with semi-natural clearings at higher elevations, covering c.55% of the total area. Some agricultural encroachment has occurred at the site, promoting successional grassland and other secondary habitats, especially around Tung Kramong and Bung Pan. The lowlands in the Phrom basin at c.500-600 m asl, along the border with Nam Nao National Park (IBA TH017), have been partly inundated following the construction of the Chulabhorn dam.



Bird Fauna: Key Features

Together with the adjacent Nam Nao National Park (IBA TH017), Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most important sites for the conservation of the globally endangered White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata in Thailand. The total population in the two contiguous IBAs was estimated at c.24 individuals in 1993. Two other globally threatened species have been recorded at the site, although neither is thought to occur regularly in significant numbers. In addition, the site supports significant populations of four globally near-threatened species: White-rumped Falcon Polihierax insignis, Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi, Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis and Brown Hornbill Anhorrhinus tickelli. A fifth globally near-threatened species, Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster, has been recorded at the site but is not confirmed to regularly occur in significant numbers. Furthermore, both Green Peafowl Pavo muticus and Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis, two globally vulnerable species, are regularly recorded near the wildlife sanctuary headquarters. However, these records are believed to refer to released birds.



Species

Season

Global Threat Status

IBA

Criteria

Notes


White-winged Duck

Cairina scutulata

R

EN

A1

The species was recorded at 17 discrete sites between 1987 and 1993, with a maximum count of 10 birds at Lam Saphung.
†Pale-capped Pigeon

Columba punicea

N

VU

A1, A3

A single bird was recorded in winter 1999. The species is presumed to be a rare non-breeding visitor to the site.

†Masked Finfoot

Heliopais personata

N

VU

A1, A3

A male was recorded in January and June 1996, and there is an historical record from 1986. The species is presumed to be a rare non-breeding visitor to the site.

Notes: † = not confirmed to regularly occur in significant numbers.



Biome Restricted Species: The site does not qualify under criterion A3. See Appendix 3 for details.

Other Globally Threatened Species





Mammals










Species

Status

Species

Status

Hairy Rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

CR

East Asian Porcupine Hystrix brachyura

VU

Asian Elephant Elephas maximus

EN

Bear Macaque Macaca arctoides

VU

Tiger Panthera tigris

EN

Northern Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca leonina

VU

Gaur Bos frontalis

VU

Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa

VU

Southern Serow Capricornis sumatraensis

VU

Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus

VU

Asian Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii

VU

Bourret's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus paradoxolophus

VU

Dhole Cuon alpinus

VU

Asian Black Bear Ursus thibetanus

VU













Reptiles










Species

Status

Species

Status

Siamese Crocodile Crocodylus siamensis

CR

Big-headed Turtle Platysternon megacephalum

EN













Fish










Species

Status







Puntius speleops

VU



















Plants










Species

Status

Species

Status

Afzelia xylocarpa

EN

Hopea odorata

VU

Hopea ferrea

EN









Threats to Biodiversity

One of the main threats to biodiversity at the site is hunting, which is a potentially severe threat to the White-winged Duck population. Forest fire during the dry season is another major threat. Some lowland areas within the wildlife sanctuary have already been inundated following the construction of the Chulabhorn dam, and further infrastructure development is a potential threat.



Literature and Data Sources


BirdLife International (1998) Proceedings of the Thailand IBA workshop, Bangkok, November 1998. Unpublished report.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

Kasetsart University Forestry Faculty (1989) Final report of the Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary management master plan. Unpublished report.

Khob Khat, O. (1989) Birds in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary. Bangkok: Biology Conservation Center, Science Faculty, Mahidol University.

Kreetiyutanot, K. and Horata, T. (1995) Species diversity, habitats and status of mammals and birds in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Chaiyaphum province. Bangkok: Kasamsri.

Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary and Khon Kean University (1995) Integrated information system for the management of Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary. Unpublished report.

Round, P. D. (1988) Resident forest birds in Thailand: their status and conservation. Cambridge, UK: International Council for Bird Preservation.

Sanguanyat, N. (1997) Species diversity, habitats and status of birds in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Chaiyaphum province. Bangkok: Kasamsri.

UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Center website http//:www.wcmc.org.uk/protected_areas

Wildlife Conservation Division (2000) Basic data for wildlife sanctuaries in Thailand. Bangkok: Office of Natural Resources Conservation, Forestry Department.






Directory of Important Bird Areas in the Kingdom of Thailand


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