Paulo s. Young




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Maxillopoda

THECOSTRACA

PAULO S. YOUNG

Museu Nacional

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Class Thecostraca Gruvel, 1905

Superorder Rhizocephala Müller, 1862

Order Kentrogonida Delage, 1884

Family Peltogastridae Lilljeborg, 1860

Genus Peltogaster Rathke, 1843



Peltogaster purpureus (Müller, 1862)

Synonymy: Young, 1993a: 247.

Description and diagnosis: Müller, 1862: 5.

References: Müller, 1862: 5, figs. 5-6; 1863: 32, fig. 7; 1864: 60, figs. 56, 58, 60; 1869: 89, figs. 56, 58, 60; Boschma, 1937: 298; Young, 1993a: 247.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (SC).

Comments: Parasite of an unidentified species of Paguroidea.
Peltogaster socialis Muller, 1863

Description and diagnosis: Müller, 1863: 31.

References: Müller, 1863: 31, fig. 6; 1864: 63, fig. 59; 1869: 93, fig. 59; Weltner, 1897: 232.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (SC).

Comments: Parasite of an unidentified species of Paguroidea.

Family Sacculinidae Lilljeborg, 1860

Genus Loxothylacus Boschma, 1928

Loxothylacus panopaei (Gissler, 1884)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1975: 197.

Description and diagnosis: Boschma, 1928: 8; 1931: 365.

References: Weisbord, 1975: 197, pl. 26, figs. 8-15; Young, 1993a: 248, fig. 1a-b.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PA).

Comments: Parasite of the decapod crustaceans Neopanope packardi, Panopeus herbstii, P. occidentalis, Eurypanopeus depressus, Pilumnus sayi, Tetraxanthus rathbunae, Rithropanopeus harrisii, Tetraplax quadridentata, and Lophopanopeus bellus.

Genus Ptychascus Boschma, 1933



Ptychascus glaber Boschma, 1933

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1975: 201.

Description and diagnosis: Boschma, 1933: 532.

References: Boschma, 1933: 532, figs. 43-48; 1967: 321, figs. 1-2; Weisbord, 1975: 201, pl. 24, figs. 1-4; Young, 1993a: 248.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PA).

Comments: Parasite of the decapod crustaceans Sesarma benedicti and Aratus pisonii.

Genus Sacculina Thompson, 1836



Sacculina hirsuta Boschma, 1925

Synonymy: Young, 1993a: 248.

Description and diagnosis: Boschma, 1925: 10; 1931: 339; 1937: 260.

References: Farrapeira-Assunção et al., 1992a: 25; Young, 1993a: 248, fig. 1c-d.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PB, PE, SP).

Comments: Parasite of the decapod crustacean Pilumnus dasypodus.

Family Lernaeodiscidae Boschma, 1928

Genus Lernaeodiscus Müller, 1862

Lernaeodiscus porcellanae Müller, 1862

Synonymy: Young, 1993a: 250.

Description and diagnosis: Müller, 1862: 2; 1869: 95; Boschma, 1969: 413.

References: Müller, 1862: 2, pl. 1, figs. 1-4; 1863: 26, figs. 1-5; 1864: 64, fig. 64; Weltner, 1897: 235; Weisbord, 1975: 204, pl. 25, figs. 1-3; Farrapeira-Assunção et al., 1992a: 25; Young, 1993a: 250, figs. 2, 3a-b.

Geographic distribution: Northeastern Pacific and Western Atlantic. Brazil (PA, MA, PE, AL, BA, SC).

Comments: Parasite of the porcellanid crustaceans Petrolisthes galathinus, P. cabrilloi, and P. armatus.
Lernaeodiscus sp.

Description and diagnosis: Young, 1993a: 252.

References: Young, 1993a: 252, fig. 3c-d.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (AL).

Comments: Parasite of the porcellanid crustacean Petrolisthes rosariensis.

Order Akentrogonida Häfele, 1911

Family Chthamalophilidae Bocquet-Védrine, 1961

Unidentified species



References: Young, 1993a: 253.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Comments: Parasite of the thoracic crustacean Chthamalus proteus.

Subclass Cirripedia Burmeister, 1834

Superorder Thoracica Darwin, 1854

Order Pedunculata Lamarck, 1818

Suborder Heteralepadomorpha Nilsson-Cantell, 1987

Family Heteralepadidae Nilsson-Cantell, 1921

Genus Heteralepas Pilsbry, 1907

Heteralepas cornuta Darwin, 1852

Synonymy: Zevina, 1982: 116.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 165; Broch, 1927: 16.

References: Young, 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (RS).
Heteralepas lankesteri (Gruvel, 1900)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 11; Zevina, 1982: 119.

Description and diagnosis: Weisbord, 1979: 11.

References: Nilsson-Cantell, 1927: 759, fig. 7, pl. 1, fig. 5; Weisbord, 1979: 11, pl. 1, fig. 5; Young, 1990: 650; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PE).

Genus Paralepas Pilsbry, 1907



Paralepas martini Young, 1990

Description and diagnosis: Young, 1990: 650.

References: Young, 1990: 650, figs. 5d-g, 6; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (AP).

Suborder Lepadomorpha Pilsbry, 1916

Family Oxynaspididae Pilsbry, 1907

Genus Oxynaspis Darwin, 1852



Oxynaspis hirtae Totton, 1940

Synonymy: Totton, 1940: 474.

Description and diagnosis: Totton, 1940: 474.

References: Leta & Young, 1994: 30; Young, 1995: 230; Leta & Young, 1995[1996]: 24, figs. 1-4.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (BA).
Family Poecilasmatidae Annandale, 1909

Genus Octolasmis Gray, 1825



Octolasmis hoeki (Stebbing, 1895)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 59; Zevina, 1982: 50.

Description and diagnosis: Stebbing, 1895: 18; Stubbings, 1967: 242.

References: Young, 1990: 646, fig. 3a-d; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic. Brazil (PE, SP, RJ).
Octolasmis lowei (Darwin, 1852)

Synonymy: Zevina, 1982: 59.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 128; Stubbings, 1964: 104; Zevina, 1982: 59; Young, 1990: 646, figs. 3e-h, 4.

References: Weltner, 1897: 241 (as Dichelaspis darwinii); Lacombe, 1977: 11; Weisbord, 1979: 60, pl. 6, fig. 14; Young, 1990: 646, figs. 3e-h, 4; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (from ES to RS).

Genus Poecilasma Darwin, 1852



Poecilasma inaequilaterale Pilsbry, 1907

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 40.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1907: 85.

References: Young, 1990: 650, fig. 5a-c; 1995: 230 .

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from SP to RS).
Poecilasma kaempferi Darwin, 1852

Synonymy: Zevina, 1982: 98.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 102; Pilsbry, 1907: 84.

References: Young, 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (RJ).

Family Lepadidae Darwin, 1852

Genus Lepas Linnaeus, 1758

Lepas anatifera Linnaeus, 1758

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 13.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 73; Pilsbry, 1907: 79.

References: Weltner, 1897: 244; Luederwaldt, 1929: 52; Oliveira, 1940a: 138; Lacombe & Rangel, 1978: 3; Weisbord, 1979: 13, pl. 2, figs. 1-2; Young, 1990: 641, fig. 1a-c.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (from PB to RS).
Lepas anserifera Linnaeus, 1767

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 18.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 81; Pilsbry, 1907: 80.

References: Weltner, 1897: 244 (as L. anserifera dilatata); Luederwaldt, 1929: 52; Oliveira, 1940a: 138; Weisbord, 1979: 13, pl. 2, figs. 3-4; Young, 1990: 642, fig. 1d-f.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (from PB to RS).

Lepas hilli (Leach, 1818)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 23.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 77; Pilsbry, 1907: 80.

References: Weisbord, 1979: 23, pl. 2, figs. 5-6; Holthuis, 1991: 16, figs. 27, 28a; Young, 1990: 642.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil.
Lepas pectinata Spengler, 1792

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 25.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 85; Pilsbry, 1907: 81.

References: Weisbord, 1979: 25, pl. 2, figs. 7-9; Young, 1990: 644, fig. 2a-b.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (SP, RS, PP).

Genus Dosima Gray, 1825



Dosima fascicularis (Ellis & Solander, 1786)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 28; Zevina, 1982: 21.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 92; Pilsbry, 1907: 81; Daniel, 1971: 85.

References: Heller, 1865: 253; Luederwaldt, 1929: 52; Weisbord, 1979: 28, pl. 2, figs. 10-11; Young, 1990: 644, fig. 2c-d.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (RJ, SC, RS).

Genus Alepas Rang, 1829



Alepas sp.

References: Solander apud Darwin, 1852: 159, footnote.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil.

Genus Conchoderma Olfers, 1814



Conchoderma virgatum (Spengler, 1790)

Synonymy: Zevina, 1982: 27.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1852: 146.

References: Holthuis, 1991: 17, figs. 27, 28a.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil.

Suborder Scalpellomorpha Nilsson-Cantell, 1987

Family Lithotryidae Gruvel, 1905

Genus Lithotrya Sowerby, 1822



Lithotrya dorsalis (Ellis & Solander, 1786)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1977: 282; Young, 1992: 40.

Description and diagnosis: Weisbord, 1977: 282.

References: Borradaile, 1916: 131, figs. 4, 5a-b (as L. atlantica); Young, 1986: 108 (as L. atlantica); 1992: 40, fig. 1a-c; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PB, AL, BA, TI).

Family Scalpellidae Pilsbry, 1907

Subfamily Meroscalpellinae Zevina, 1978

Genus Hamatoscalpellum Zevina, 1978



Hamatoscalpellum rathbunae (Pilsbry, 1907 )

Synonymy: Zevina, 1978: 1345.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1970: 40.

References: Young, 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (SP to RS).

Genus Litoscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971



Litoscalpellum henriquecostai (Weber, 1960)

Synonymy: Young, 1992: 42.

Description and diagnosis: Weber, 1960: 1; Young, 1992: 42.

References: Weber, 1960: 1, figs. 1-11; Zevina, 1978: 1344; 1981: 129, fig. 90; Young, 1992: 42, figs. 2-3; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (SP to RS).
Litoscalpellum regina (Pilsbry, 1907)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1977: 269; Zevina, 1981: 136.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1907: 21.

References: Calman, 1918: 112; Weisbord, 1977: 269, pl. 30, fig. 6; Zevina, 1981: 136 fig. 95; Young, 1992: 46, fig. 4; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PE, RS).

Subfamily Arcoscalpellinae Zevina, 1978

Genus Verum Zevina, 1978

Verum idioplax Pilsbry, 1907: 48

Synonymy: Zevina, 1978: 1348.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1907: 48.

References: Young, 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Genus Arcoscalpellum Hoek, 1907



Arcoscalpellum boubalocerus Young, 1992

Description and diagnosis: Young, 1992: 46.

References: Young, 1992: 46, figs. 5-7; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (RJ to RS).
Arcoscalpellum portoricanum (Pilsbry, 1907)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1977: 259.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1907: 35; Calman, 1918: 121.

References: Young, 1992: 52, fig. 8a-b; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RS).




Arcoscalpellum triangulare (Hoek, 1883)

Synonymy: Newman & Ross, 1971: 84.

Description and diagnosis: Hoek, 1883: 84.

References: Young, 1992: 54, fig. 8c-e; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Antarctic and southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (RS).

Genus Weltnerium Zevina, 1978



Weltnerium aduncum (Aurivillius, 1892)

Synonymy: Aurivillius, 1894: 64.

Description and diagnosis: Aurivillius, 1894: 64.

References: Aurivillius, 1892: 130; 1894: 64, pl. 5, figs. 5-6; Weltner, 1898: 7; Zevina, 1981: 203, fig. 142; Young; 1995: 234.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (BA, RJ).

Comments: Localities inferred from distribution of the host (Hoek, 1881: 82), cited by Weltner (op.cit.) as localities of this species.

Order Sessilia Lamarck, 1818

Suborder Verrucomorpha Pilsbry, 1916

Family Verrucidae Darwin, 1854

Genus Verruca Schumacher, 1817

Verruca caribbea Pilsbry, 1916

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 72.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1916: 28.

References: Young, 1993b: 256, fig. 1a-b; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RS).
Verruca calotheca flavidula Pilsbry, 1916

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 74.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1916: 34; Nilsson-Cantell, 1927: 772.

References: Nilsson-Cantell, 1927: 772, fig. 13, pl. 1, fig. 6; Weisbord, 1979: 74, pl. 9, figs. 1-2; Young, 1993b: 257; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PE).

Genus Rostratoverruca Broch, 1922



Rostratoverruca nexa (Darwin, 1854)

Synonymy: Weisbord, 1979: 79.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 522; Pilsbry, 1916: 29.

References: Young, 1993b: 257, fig. 1c-f; 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (ES, RJ, SP).

Genus Altiverruca Pilsbry, 1916



Altiverruca gibbosa (Hoek, 1883)

Synonymy Newman & Ross, 1971: 135.

Description and diagnosis: Hoek, 1883: 134.

References: Young, 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (SP) .
Altiverruca quadrangularis (Hoek, 1883)

Synonymy: Rosell, 1989: 24.

Description and diagnosis: Hoek, 1883: 140.

References: Hoek, 1883: 140, pl. 11, figs. 10-11, pl. 12, figs. 8-12; Young, 1995: 244.

Geographic distribution: Philippines and southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (RS).

Suborder Balanomorpha Pilsbry, 1916

Superfamily Chthamaloidea Darwin, 1854

Family Chthamalidae Darwin, 1854

Subfamily Euraphiinae Newman & Ross, 1976

Genus Euraphia Conrad, 1837



Euraphia rhizophorae (Oliveira, 1940)

Synonymy: Young, 1993b: 257.

Description and diagnosis: Oliveira, 1940b: 379; 1941: 26; Young, 1993b: 257.

References: Oliveira, 1940b: 379, pl. 1: 1941: 26, pl. 6, figs. 1 4; 1947: 726; Oliveira & Krau, 1953: 511; Gerlach, 1958: 670; Stubbings, 1967: 259, fig. 12; Ross, 1968: 6; Lacombe & Monteiro, 1974: 641, fig. 16; Southward, 1975: 32, pl. 3, fig. 8, pl. 4, fig. 14; Bacon, 1976: 38, figs. 13 16, tabs. 5 6; 1977: 40; Newman & Ross, 1976: 41; Bourget, 1977: 284; Lacombe, 1977: 4, tab. 2, map 1; Southward & Newman, 1977: 411; Achituv, 1984: 74; Laguna, 1985: 47, figs. 11a, c, 12a, c, 13a, c; 1987: 133, figs. 1a, c, 2a, c, 3a, c; Coelho & Farrapeira-Assunção, 1988: 107; Silva-Brum & Absalão, 1989: 143; Farrapeira-Assunção & Silva, 1991: 132; Young, 1993b: 257, figs. 2-5; 1995: 234.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (MA to PR).

Subfamily Chthamalinae Darwin, 1854

Genus Chthamalus Ranzani, 1817

Chthamalus bisinuatus Pilsbry, 1916

Synonymy: Young, 1993b: 262.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1916: 306; Dando & Southward, 1980: 807.

References: Darwin, 1854: 455 (as C. stellatus); Müller, 1867: 332 (as C. stellatus); 1868: 395 (as C. stellatus); Hoek, 1883: 31 (as C. stellatus); Weltner, 1897: 272, 273 (as C. stellatus and (?) Chamaesipho columna); Pilsbry, 1916: 306, pl. 71, fig. 6-6a; Nilsson-Cantell, 1925: 25, pl. 1, fig. 2 (as C. stellatus cornutus); 1931: 107; Luederwaldt, 1929: 52; Oliveira, 1940a: 138; 1941: 24, pl. 2, fig. 3, pl. 4, fig. 6, pl. 7, figs. 1-4; Lacombe & Monteiro, 1974: 641, fig. 15; Newman & Ross, 1976: 43; Bourget, 1977: 284; Lacombe, 1977: 2; Dando & Southward, 1980: 807, figs. 9c-g, 15d, 16; Silva-Brum & Absalão, 1989: 143; Farrapeira-Assunção & Silva, 1991: 132; Young, 1993b: 262, fig. 6; 1995: 234.

Geographic distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (from PI to RS, TI).
Chthamalus proteus Dando & Southward, 1980

Synonymy, Description and diagnosis: Dando & Southward, 1980: 793 and 809.

References: Dando & Southward, 1980: 809, figs. 9g-i, 10a-e, 11, 12, 15a, 16a; Silva-Brum & Absalão, 1989: 143; Farrapeira-Assunção & Silva, 1991: 132; Young, 1993b: 264, fig. 5; 1995: 234.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from RN to PR).

Superfamily Coronuloidea Leach, 1817

Family Chelonibiinae Pilsbry, 1916

Genus Chelonibia Leach, 1817



Chelonibia caretta (Spengler, 1790)

Synonymy: Pilsbry, 1916: 267.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 394.

References: Pilsbry, 1916: 267, pl. 63, fig. 5-5a; Young, 1991: 191; Farrapeira-Assunção, 1991a: 133.

Geographic distribution: Indo-West Pacific and Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).
Chelonibia patula (Ranzani, 1818)

Synonymy: Pilsbry, 1916: 268.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 396; Pilsbry, 1916: 268; Stubbings, 1967: 297.

References: Darwin, 1854: 396, pl. 14, figs. 3a-b, 4; Lacombe, 1977: 11; Lacombe & Rangel, 1978: 5; Young, 1991: 191, fig. 1a; Botter et al., 1992: 34; Young, 1995: 230.

Geographic distribution: Indo-West Pacific and Atlantic. Brazil (from PB to SC).
Chelonibia testudinaria (Linnaeus, 1757)

Synonymy: Pilsbry, 1916: 264.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 392; Pilsbry, 1916: 264; Nilsson-Cantell, 1921: 369.

References: Weltner, 1897: 254; Pilsbry, 1916: 264, pl. 62, figs. 1-4; Young, 1991: 191, fig. 1b; Farrapeira-Assunção, 1991a: 133.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (CE, SE, BA, RJ, SP, SC, RS, TI).

Family Platylepadidae Newman & Ross, 1976

Genus Platylepas Gray, 1825

Platylepas decorata Darwin, 1854

Synonymy, description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 429, Monroe & Limpus, 1979: 206.

References: Young, 1991: 194, fig. 2a-e

Geographic distribution: Indian, Pacific, and southwestern Atlantic. Brazil (BA).

Platylepas hexastylos (O. Fabricius, 1798)

Synonymy: Pilsbry, 1916: 285.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 428 (as P. bissexlobata); Pilsbry, 1916: 285; Hiro, 1937: 472.

References: Silva-Brum, 1985: 55; Young, 1991: 195, fig. 2f.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (PB, RJ, RS).

Platylepas hexastylos ichthyophila Pilsbry, 1916

Synonymy: Young, 1991: 197.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1916: 287.

References: Young, 1991: 197, fig. 2g-h.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PB).

Platylepas sp .

Synonymy: Young, 1991: 197.

Description and diagnosis: Pilsbry, 1916: 287.

References: Young, 1991: 197, fig. 21-j.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Genus Stomatolepas Pilsbry, 1910



Stomatolepas elegans (Costa, 1838)

Synonymy: Monroe & Limpus, 1979: 203 (as S. praegustator); Young, 1991: 198.

Description and diagnosis: Young, 1991: 198.

References: Young, 1991: 198, fig. 3.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (PB, BA).

Stomatolepas transversa Nilsson-Cantell, 1930

Synonymy: Monroe & Limpus, 1979: 205; Young, 1991: 201.

Description and diagnosis: Young, 1991: 201.

References: Young, 1991: 201, fig. 4.

Geographic distribution: Aroe Archipelago, Australia, and Brazil (PB).

Family Coronulidae Leach, 1817

Genus Coronula Lamarck, 1802

Coronula diadema (Linnaeus, 1767)

Synonymy, Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 417; Pilsbry, 1916: 273; Cornwall, 1924: 421; 1927: 504.

References: Young, 1991: 194, fig. 1c.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (RJ, SP) .
Coronula reginae Darwin, 1854

Synonymy: Cornwall, 1927: 507; Tarasov & Zevina, 1957: 244.

Description and diagnosis: Darwin, 1854: 419; Cornwall, 1927: 507; Tarasov & Zevina, 1957: 244.

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