Original: Spanish declarations and resolutions adopted by the general assembly




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INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING OF AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, AMMUNITION, EXPLOSIVES,
AND OTHER RELATED MATERIALS

(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
Having seen the annual report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.5217/11), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;
UNDERSCORING the importance of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA);
REITERATING the urgent need for all member states to take appropriate measures for full implementation of the Convention and the importance of promoting and facilitating cooperation and the sharing of information and experiences among all the states at the bilateral, regional, and international levels with a view to averting, combating, and eradicating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials;
REAFFIRMING the principles of sovereignty, nonintervention, and the juridical equality of states;
RECALLING previous General Assembly resolutions on the CIFTA, as well as the Declaration of Bogotá on the Functioning and Application of the CIFTA and the Tlatelolco Commitment, which support implementation of the CIFTA, adopted at the First and the Second Conference of States Party, respectively;
KEEPING IN MIND the Third Conference of States Party of the CIFTA to be held in 2012; and
TAKING NOTE of the Work Program 2011-2012 of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, which the Committee adopted at its Twelfth Regular Meeting;
RESOLVES:


  1. To urge the four member states that have not already done so to give prompt consideration to ratifying or acceding to, as the case may be, the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA).




  1. To request the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) to continue preparing the model legislations on Record-keeping, Confidentiality and Exchange of Information (Articles XI, XII and XIII); Security Measures (Article VIII), and Controlled Delivery (Article XVIII), and to convene a meeting of the Group of Experts on October 28, 2011 at OAS headquarters, to consider said documents.




  1. To encourage the OAS member states that do not have such legislation in place to implement, as appropriate, the model legislation approved by the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, and to request the assistance of the General Secretariat, where appropriate, in the development and enactment of this model legislation.




  1. To encourage the OAS member states that have not yet done so to submit to the General Secretariat their responses to the Questionnaire on the Implementation and Effectiveness of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials.




  1. To convene for March 28-29, 2012, at OAS headquarters, the Third Conference of States Party to the CIFTA to examine its functioning and application, pursuant to Article XXVIII of the Convention, and to convene three (3) preparatory meetings, including the Thirteenth Regular Meeting of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA to be held on February 3, 2012 at OAS headquarters.




  1. Invite the Inter-American Defense Board to organize, through its Inter-American Defense College, a seminar on “Illicit Arms Trafficking” for its students and the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH).




  1. To request the General Secretariat to continue organizing, in the framework of the CIFTA, the Declaration of Bogotá and the Tlatelolco Commitment, specialized workshops and training programs on stockpile management and destruction of firearms and munitions; identification, marking and tracing of firearms; strengthening of broker controls; and strengthening of border controls.




  1. To consider advancing application of the “International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons” (International Tracing Instrument /ITI) of the United Nations, as well as cooperation to mark and trace illicit firearms in the Hemisphere.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to update the document “Summary of Country Compliance with CIFTA: Status of Ratifications and National Firearms Legislation in Force” (CIFTA/CEP-II/doc.5/08) for presentation during the Third Conference of States Party.

  2. To include the topic “Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials” in the 2011-2012 calendar of activities of the Committee of Hemispheric Security.




  1. To invite OAS member states; permanent observers to the OAS; international, regional, and subregional organizations; and the international community to consider making voluntary financial contributions to the OAS firearms fund [AG/RES. 2108 (XXXV-O/05)] and/or to consider providing technical, human, and educational assistance in order to support the full implementation of the CIFTA and strengthen its Technical Secretariat.




  1. To request the Secretary General, in his function as depositary of the Convention, to provide the needed legal services to support the meetings and activities of the Consultative Committee.




  1. T

    o request the Secretary General to present a report to the General Assembly at its forty-first regular session on the status of signatures and ratifications of, and accessions to, the CIFTA.






  1. The execution of the activities outlined in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.




  1. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution.

AG/RES. 2628 (XLI-O/11)

INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY
IN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.5217/11);
BEARING IN MIND:
That one of the essential purposes of the Organization of American States set forth in its Charter is to achieve an effective limitation of conventional weapons that will make it possible to devote the largest amount of resources to the economic and social development of the member states;
That the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions recognizes that, in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Charter of the United Nations, member states have the inherent right to individual and collective self-defense; and
That the Declaration on Security in the Americas also recognizes that transparency in conventional weapons acquisitions and in defense policies, the limitation of military spending while maintaining capabilities commensurate with legitimate defense and security needs, as well as other cooperation mechanisms between countries, are important confidence- and security-building measures which contribute to the reduction of tensions and to the strengthening of regional and international peace and security;
CONSIDERING that, in the Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas, held in Quebec City, the Heads of State and Government declared that they would strive to improve the transparency and accountability of defense and security institutions and to promote greater understanding and cooperation among government agencies involved in security and defense issues, through such means as increased sharing of defense policy and doctrine papers and personnel and information exchanges, including improving transparency in arms acquisitions;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION:
That the Governments of Mexico and Costa Rica deposited their instruments of ratification of the Convention on March 7, 2011, and May 12, 2011, respectively, thereby expressing their commitment to strengthening the instruments of the inter-American system that contribute to hemispheric security;
That the Governments of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) have deposited their instruments of ratification or accession, bringing to 15 the number of member states that are states parties to the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions; and
The holding of the Fourth Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in Lima, Peru, on November 15 and 16, 2010, and of the Rapporteur’s Report and the Chairman’s Conclusions of that meeting;
WELCOMING:
The commitment in the “Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra,” adopted at the IX Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, to promoting universal participation and the full implementation of the Convention;
The designation by the General Secretariat of an area responsible for systematizing the information presented by member states and, within its sphere of competence, following up on implementation of the Convention; and
The creation by the General Secretariat of a web page dedicated to the Convention,
RESOLVES:
1. To reaffirm, where applicable, its mandates to the Permanent Council and to the General Secretariat contained in resolution AG/RES. 2552 (XL-O/10) “Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions,” as well as the recommendations to the member states contained therein.
2. To reaffirm its commitment to the principles of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions and other related instruments applicable at the global, regional, and subregional levels.
3. To invite all member states which have not already done so to consider signing, ratifying, and/or acceding to the Convention.
4. To urge states parties to the Convention to submit, in a timely fashion, annual reports and notifications in compliance with their obligations under Articles III and IV of the Convention.
5. To urge states parties to identify, by July 1st of every year, national points of contact to contribute to the preparation of notifications and annual reports.
6. To invite states parties to the Convention, non-states parties, permanent observers, regional and international organizations, and civil society organizations interested in transparency in conventional weapons acquisitions to consider the possibility of offering technical assistance to those states that so request and/or making voluntary contributions to support activities related to the application of the Convention.
7. To request that the General Secretariat, in accordance with Article V of the Convention, contact the permanent observers so that they may contribute to the objective of the Convention by providing information annually to the General Secretariat on their exports of conventional weapons to the states parties to the Convention.
8. To request that the Permanent Council, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, convene a meeting of national points of contact in 2012, to which member states not party to the Convention will also be invited, to consider implementation of the Convention and activities aimed at promoting signature and ratification of the Convention, and to contribute to the preparation of the second Conference of the States Parties.
9. To request the Secretary General to forward this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Association of South-East Asian Nations Regional Forum (ARF), and other pertinent regional organizations.
10. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the Permanent Council prior to the forty-second regular session of the General Assembly on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention and of accessions thereto.
11. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2629 (XLI-O/11)

FOLLOW-UP TO THE MEETINGS OF MINISTERS RESPONSIBLE
FOR PUBLIC SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


Having seen the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.5217/11);
RECOGNIZING that it is the exclusive duty and obligation of states to address problems related to public security in an effort to safeguard the rights and well-being of their citizens, in a framework of security and respect for human rights;
BEARING IN MIND the Commitment to Public Security in the Americas (MISPA/doc.7/08 rev. 4), adopted at the First Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA I), held in Mexico in October 2008; and the Consensus of Santo Domingo on Public Security (MISPA II/doc.8/09 rev. 4), adopted at the Second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA II), held in the Dominican Republic in November 2009;
BEARING IN MIND ALSO the theme of the forty-first regular session of the General Assembly: Citizen Security in the Americas;
HAVING SEEN resolutions AG/RES. 2444 (XXXIX-O/09), “Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas,” and AG/RES. 2540 (XL-O/10), “Follow-up to the Meetings of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas”;
TAKING NOTE of the outcomes of the Meeting of Caribbean Academics and Experts: Looking ahead Towards MISPA III, which took place in Montego Bay, Jamaica, on May 19 and 20, 2010;
TAKING NOTE ALSO of the results of the Meeting of Government Experts in Preparation for MISPA III, held in Santiago, Chile, on November 18 and 19, 2010, particularly with regards to the establishment of “police management” as a relevant area identified for consideration by the Ministers of Public Security during MISPA III; and
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the offer of the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago to host the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA III),
RESOLVES:


  1. To encourage member states to effectively implement or continue implementing the Commitment to Public Security in the Americas and the Consensus of Santo Domingo; and to request the General Secretariat to execute or continue the execution of the mandates entrusted to it in those documents.




  1. To encourage the Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas to continue to strengthen the capacity of member states in public security management; prevention of crime, violence, and insecurity; police management; citizen and community participation; and international cooperation.




  1. To urge the General Secretariat to conclude the feasibility study, with the inputs from member states, on the best ways to strengthen the training and education of personnel responsible for public security in the region (MISPA/RE/doc.4/09), for presentation to the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA III), and to keep the Committee on Hemispheric Security regularly informed of the progress made.




  1. To request the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to continue to expand, on the basis of the inputs provided by the member states, among other things, a compilation of best practices and experiences in the areas of police management and international cooperation for presentation to the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA III).




  1. T

    o convene on November 17 and 18, 2011, in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA III).






  1. To establish a Working Group, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, to coordinate preparations for MISPA III.




  1. To include the topic of “MISPA III” in the 2011-2012 calendar of activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security for the purpose of following up on the outcomes of MISPA III and the implementation of mandates entrusted to the General Secreatriat through the MISPA process.




  1. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2630 (XLI-O/11)

THE AMERICAS AS AN ANTIPERSONNEL-LAND-MINE-FREE ZONE11/


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


REITERATING its profound concern over the presence in the Americas of thousands of antipersonnel land mines and other undetonated explosive devices;
BEARING IN MIND:
The serious threat that mines and other unexploded ordnance pose to the safety, health, and lives of local civilian populations, as well as of personnel participating in humanitarian, peacekeeping, and rehabilitation programs and operations;
That the presence of mines is a factor that impedes economic and social development in rural and urban areas;
That mines have a humanitarian impact with very serious consequences, which are long-lasting and require sustained socioeconomic assistance to victims; and
That their elimination constitutes an obligation and prerequisite for the development and integration of peoples, especially in border areas, and helps to consolidate a common strategy for combating poverty;
DEEPLY CONCERNED that Colombia remains one of the countries with the highest number of antipersonnel-land-mine victims in the world;
ALARMED by the continued and increasing use of antipersonnel land mines and other improvised explosive devices by non-state actors, especially illegal armed groups in Colombia;
RECOGNIZING WITH SATISFACTION:
The efforts made by Colombia in the area of demining, especially in completing the operations to sweep all areas that had been mined by the state prior to signing of the Ottawa Convention (35 military bases), pursuant to Article 5 of the Ottawa Convention;
The efforts being made by member states to implement comprehensive mine-action programs, including mine clearance, stockpile destruction, the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims and their reintegration, activities aimed at mine-risk education, and the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas; and
The work accomplished by the Governments of Ecuador and Peru on their common border, which has permitted the exchange of information and levels of cooperation that constitute an effective confidence- and security-building measure and a path toward greater integration among their peoples;
The mine-free-territory declarations made by the Republics of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Suriname, and, recently, Nicaragua, and the efforts made in fulfillment of those declarations;
WELCOMING the declaration in 2010 of Central America as a mine-free zone;
RECOGNIZING WITH GRATIFICATION:
The valuable contributions by member states such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Trinidad and Tobago, the United States, and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of); and by permanent observers such as Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, the European Union, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom to demining efforts through the OAS;
The invaluable efforts that Ecuador and Peru have been making to rid their territories of antipersonnel mines, thereby contributing to the goal of making the Americas an antipersonnel mine-free zone;
The success of the Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA) of the Organization of American States (OAS), which for more than 18 years has supported humanitarian demining activities and the destruction of explosive devices and carried out campaigns to educate people living in mine-affected communities about the risks posed by landmines and to address the physical, psychological, and socioeconomic rehabilitation of landmine survivors and their families;
The important and efficient coordination work of the General Secretariat, through AICMA, together with the technical assistance of the Inter-American Defense Board; and
The work of nongovernmental organizations in furthering the aim of a Hemisphere and a world free of antipersonnel land mines, which is often performed in cooperation and association with the states, AICMA, and other international entities;
HAVING SEEN:
The Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on matters assigned to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.5217/11 add. 1); and
The Report of the General Secretariat on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 2559 (XL-O/10), “The Americas as an Antipersonnel-Land-Mine-Free Zone”;
RECALLING the 18 General Assembly resolutions from 1997 to 2005 directly relating to antipersonnel landmines, which were referenced individually in resolution AG/RES. 2180 (XXXVI-O/06) and adopted by consensus by all member states;
RECALLING ALSO that, in the Declaration on Security in the Americas, adopted at the Special Conference on Security, the states of the Hemisphere reaffirmed their support for establishing the Hemisphere as an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone; and
NOTING:
The successful outcome of the Tenth Meeting of States Parties of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention), held from November 29 to December 3, 2010, in Geneva, Switzerland, and the hemispheric commitment to the Convention with the naming of Canada as co-chair of the Standing Committee on the General Status and Operation of the Convention; and of Colombia as co-chair of the Standing Committee on Mine Clearance, Mine Risk Education and Mine Action Technologies and Peru as co-rapporteur of the Standing Committee on the General Status of Implementation of the Ottawa Convention; and
The consideration given in prior years to the granting of extensions to OAS member states that have so requested, under Article 5 of the Ottawa Convention and taking note of their commitment to continue working to rid their territories of antipersonnel mines; and
The recent consideration of granting of extensions to Colombia, an OAS member state which so requested, in accordance with Article 5 of the Ottawa Convention, at the Tenth Meeting of States Parties to the Convention; and noting its commitment to continue working to rid its territory of antipersonnel mines, which are being planted continuously and indiscriminately by outlawed armed groups,
RESOLVES:
1. To renew its support for the efforts of member states to rid their territories of antipersonnel land mines and destroy their stockpiles, and convert the Americas into the world’s first antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone.
2. To urge those states parties that requested and were granted extensions under Article 5 of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) to make every effort necessary to comply with their Article 5 obligations within the periods established.
3. To stress the responsibility of all member states to continue their vital cooperation in mine action as a national, subregional, and regional priority, as well as a means to promote confidence and security, and to develop statements of remaining goals, contribute resources, and collaborate with the Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA) of the Organization of American States (OAS).
4. To urge the international donor community to continue its humanitarian support for victim rehabilitation and in ongoing demining activities, as appropriate, in Guatemala, El Salvador, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Nicaragua.
5. To urge the member states, permanent observers, international organizations, and the international community in general to continue their technical and financial support for continuation of the combined Ecuador-Peru humanitarian demining program on their common border, which constitutes a successful example of international cooperation and an effective confidence- and security-building measure.
6. To firmly condemn, in accordance with the principles and norms of international humanitarian law, the use, stockpiling, production, and transfer of antipersonnel mines by non-state actors, acts which put at grave risk the population of the affected countries; and to strongly call upon non-state actors to observe the international norm established by the Ottawa Convention to facilitate progress toward a mine-free world.
7. To condemn also the use of antipersonnel land mines and improvised explosive devices by non-state actors, especially illegal armed groups in Colombia.
8. To invite all states parties to participate in the Eleventh Meeting of States Parties to the Ottawa Convention, from November 28 to December 3, 2011, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, as a means of demonstrating their continued commitment to the objectives of that convention.
9. To celebrate the support demonstrated by 33 member states of the Hemisphere through their ratification of the Ottawa Convention; and to encourage the governments to continue working in the area of mine action in accordance with said Convention and with their mine action plans in order to meet mine-clearance deadlines pursuant to Article 5 of the Convention.
10. To urge states which have not yet done so to ratify or consider acceding to the Ottawa Convention as soon as possible to ensure its full and effective implementation.
11. To call upon all states parties and non-states parties that share the objectives of the Ottawa Convention to take all necessary action, at the national, subregional, regional, and international levels, to fulfill the commitments established in the Cartagena Declaration: A Shared Commitment for a Mine-Free World and to implement the Cartagena Action Plan 2010-2014: Ending the Suffering Caused by Anti-Personnel Mines.
12. To reiterate the importance of participation by all member states in the OAS Register of Antipersonnel Land Mines by April 15 of each year, in keeping with resolution AG/RES. 1496 (XXVII-O/97); and to commend member states which have regularly submitted their reports to that end, instructing them to provide to the OAS Secretary General a copy of the Ottawa Convention Article 7 transparency reports presented to the United Nations Secretary-General. In this connection, in keeping with the spirit of the Ottawa Convention, to invite member states which are not yet party thereto to consider voluntarily providing this information.
13. To urge member states which have not yet done so to become parties as soon as possible to Amended Protocol II to the 1980 United Nations Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects and to the other four protocols thereto; and to request member states to inform the Secretary General when they have done so.
14. To request the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to continue providing technical advice to the AICMA Program.
15. To instruct the General Secretariat to continue providing member states, within the resources allocated in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources, with the support necessary to continue the mine-clearing programs, prevention education programs for the civilian population, and programs for the rehabilitation of victims and their families and for the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas.
16. To reiterate the mandate assigned to the General Secretariat to continue, through the AICMA Program, its efforts with the member states, permanent observers, other states, and donor organizations to identify and obtain voluntary funding for the demining programs and comprehensive action against antipersonnel mines carried out by the member states in their respective territories, and to continue cooperating in projects to assist comprehensive action against antipersonnel mines, including humanitarian demining, the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims and their families, prevention education, and socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas, at the request of states and in close coordination with national authorities in order to strengthen their capacities and make those programs sustainable over time.
17. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the United Nations Secretary-General and to other international organizations as he deems appropriate.


  1. To request the Permanent Council and the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

FOOTNOTE
1. eliminate the humanitarian threat of all remaining landmines and declare countries “mine-impact-free.” Additionally, the United States is undertaking a comprehensive review of its antipersonnel landmine policy. The United States regrets that this resolution does not by name condemn the use of landmines in Colombia by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in a manner similar to OAS Permanent Council resolution CP/RES. 837 (1354/03), “Condemnation of terrorist acts in Colombia,” adopted on February 12, 2003. The United States on August 14, 2007 condemned the continued and growing use of landmines and other explosive devices by the FARC after the UN, credible nongovernmental organizations, and the press highlighted the FARC as the “largest non-state armed group and most prolific user of mines.”

AG/RES. 2631 (XLI-O/11)

SUPPORT FOR THE ACTIVITIES OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE BOARD12/


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to the General Assembly (CP/doc.4545/11);
RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXII-E/06), “Statutes of the Inter-American Defense Board,” adopted on March 15, 2006, and resolutions AG/RES. 2300 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2400 (XXXVIII-O/08), AG/RES. 2482 (XXXIX-O/09), and AG/RES 2573 (XL-O/10), “Support for the Activities of the Inter-American Defense Board;
RECALLING ALSO that the IADB is not by nature an operational body and that its Statutes provide that its purpose is to provide the OAS and its member states with technical and educational advice and consultancy services on matters related to military and defense issues in the Hemisphere in order to contribute to the fulfillment of the OAS Charter;
WELCOMING the continued commitments of human and other resources made by members of the IADB in filling the elected offices established in its Statutes;
REITERATING the invaluable role and contributions of the IADB on matters related to military and defense issues to the OAS organs, the dependencies of the OAS Secretariat, and the OAS member states;
REITERATING ALSO the importance of the advanced academic courses offered by the Inter-American Defense College to military officers and civilian officials of OAS member states and to permanent observers;
TAKING NOTE of the reports submitted to the CSH in compliance with resolution AG/RES. 2573 (XL-O/10): “Report of the Chair of the Informal Group to Reflect on the Topic of the Inter-American Defense Board” (CP/CSH-1267/10 corr. 1) and “Institutional Assessment of the Services the Inter-American Defense Board could offer to the Member States Under its Statutes” (CP/CSH-1266/10);
WELCOMING the measures adopted to increase coordination between the IADB and the OAS through the establishment of liaison officers;
ALSO RECOGNIZING the technical assistance that the IADB provides to the Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Program (AICMA);
TAKING NOTE of resolution AG/RES. 2446 (XXXIX-O/09), “Support for the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas in Housing Its Institutional Memory,” and of the progress that has been made on the commitments contained in this resolution; and
TAKING NOTE ALSO of the Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra of the Ninth Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, from November 22 to 25, 2010,
RESOLVES:


  1. To urge those member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) that are not yet members of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to become members.




  1. To urge the IADB, in compliance with its Statutes, to continue rendering timely technical, consultative, and educational assistance on topics related to military and defense matters to those member states, organs of the OAS, and offices of the General Secretariat that so request.




  1. To encourage member states to strengthen and support the Secretariat of the IADB by providing military officers and civilian officials with the necessary skills and expertise for it to continue performing its functions.




  1. To urge all OAS member states to continue promoting the participation of at least one student per year from their country in the advanced academic courses and seminars offered by the Inter-American Defense College (IADC).




  1. To exhort the Council of Delegates of the IADB to continue to strengthen its cooperation with the OAS through the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH), coordinating its annual calendar of activities and the presentation of its approved Annual Work Plan to the OAS, through the CSH, by September each year.




  1. To encourage the Secretariat of the IADB and the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to continue strengthening their communication channels.




  1. To request the Secretariat of the IADB and the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to jointly support the implementation of defense mandates, when appropriate.




  1. To invite member states to seek and request relevant studies, assessments, and reports from the IADB on matters, in accordance with its Statutes.




  1. To request the IADB to continue reporting on its analysis and review of technical assistance, educational, and consultancy services that the IADB can provide to member states in accordance with its Statutes and to submit a report to the CSH by December 1, 2011.




  1. To ask the IADB to continue providing technical assistance to the Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Program (AICMA), and to invite member states to continue contributing specialists to the IADB’s team of international monitors.




  1. To request the IADB, in accordance with its Statute, to draw up, taking into account existing mechanisms and bodies at the multilateral, regional, and subregional levels, and to present to the CSH, before the next regular session of the General Assembly, a plan for improving advice and guidance to the inter-American system for bolstering hemispheric capacity for response to disasters, where appropriate.




  1. To instruct the IADB to attend ongoing regional and global defense fora, including, but not limited to, the Conference of American Armies (CAA), the Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC), the System of Cooperation amongst Air Forces of the Americas (SICOFAA), and the Conference of Central American Armed Forces (CFAC); to report on the proceedings of their meetings to the Committee on Hemispheric Security; and to consider strengthening cooperation with said fora.




  1. To request the IADB to support the Pro-Tempore Secretariat of the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas (CDMA), at the request of the host country, in carrying out the duties set forth in Article 25 of the CDMA’s Regulations.




  1. To request the IADB to work with the OAS General Secretariat in encouraging participation by member states as regards reporting on the application of confidence-and security-building measures, in accordance with the consolidated list of measures approved by the CHS (CP/CSH-1043/08 rev.1) and the format approved at the Fourth Meeting of the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (CSH/Foro-IV/doc.07/10).




  1. To request the IADB to work jointly with the OAS General Secretariat toward the full implementation of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions.




  1. To urge the OAS General Secretariat to consider asking the IADB for technical advisory services for the handling, securing, and destruction of stockpiles of weapons in its projects in that area, in accordance with its Statutes.




  1. To invite the member states, permanent observers, and other donors to support, through voluntary contributions, the activities undertaken by the IADB in carrying out its purpose and functions.




  1. To encourage the IADB to continue its efforts to secure resources and funds and to request that the OAS General Secretariat help to facilitate the efforts of the IADB in this regard.




  1. To exhort member states to continue to provide the IADB with the financial and human resources necessary to strengthen the institution and enhance academic instruction of military officers and civilian officials at the Inter-American Defense College.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

FOOTNOTE
1. …would undermine the country’s sovereignty, independence, institutions, and legal structures.
A

G/RES. 2632 (XLI-O/11)

FUTURE OF THE MISSION AND FUNCTIONS OF THE INSTRUMENTS AND COMPONENTS OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DEFENSE SYSTEM13/
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


TAKING NOTE of the Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra of the Ninth Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, from November 22 to 25, 2010, which recommended that the OAS convene a conference on the future of the mission and functions of the instruments and components of the inter-American defense system;

RESOLVES:




  1. To instruct the Permanent Council to begin the process of appropriate steps and consultations to consider convening a special conference on the future of the mission and functions of the instruments and components of the inter-American defense system, in keeping with the recommendation of the Ninth Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas.



  1. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

FOOTNOTE
1. … does not agree with IADB intervention in matters of a military or other nature that involves undermining the sovereignty, independence, institutions, and legal structures of the country.
AG/RES. 2633 (XLI-O/11)


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