(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.5111/10);
Its resolutions AG/RES. 1886 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1970 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2006 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2112 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2187 (XXXVI-O/06), AG/RES. 2325 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2397 (XXXVIII-O/08), and AG/RES. 2485 (XXXIX-O/09) “Special Security Concerns of the Small Island States of the Caribbean”; AG/RES. 1497 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1567 (XXVIII-O/98), AG/RES. 1640 (XXIX-O/99), and AG/RES. 1802 (XXXI-O/01), “Special Security Concerns of Small Island States”; and AG/RES. 1410 (XXVI-O/96), “Promotion of Security in the Small Island States”;
That the ministers of foreign affairs and heads of delegation recognized, as stated in the Declaration of Bridgetown: The Multidimensional Approach to Hemispheric Security (Bridgetown, Barbados, June 4, 2002), that the security threats, concerns, and other challenges in the hemispheric context are diverse in nature and multidimensional in scope, and that the traditional concept and approach must be expanded to encompass new and nontraditional threats, which include political, economic, social, health, and environmental aspects;
That, at the Special Conference on Security, held in Mexico City on October 27 and 28, 2003, the member states addressed, in paragraphs 2 and 4 of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, the multidimensional scope of security and the new threats, concerns, and other challenges and, in paragraph 8 of that Declaration, called for “renewed and ongoing attention to, and the development of appropriate instruments and strategies within the Inter-American system to address the special security concerns of small island states as reflected in the Declaration of Kingstown on the Security of Small Island States”; and
That, in the Declaration of Kingstown on the Security of Small Island States, the member states reaffirmed that the political, economic, social, health, and environmental integrity and stability of small island states are integral to the security of the Hemisphere;
REITERATING that the security of small island states has peculiar characteristics which render these states particularly vulnerable and susceptible to risks and threats of a multidimensional and transnational nature, involving political, economic, social, health, environmental, and geographic factors; and that multilateral cooperation is the most effective approach for responding to and managing the threats and concerns of small island states;
MINDFUL of the potentially disastrous impact of acts of terrorism on the stability and security of all states in the Hemisphere, particularly the small and vulnerable island states;
ACKNOWLEDGING that effectively addressing the security threats, concerns and challenges of small island states requires simultaneous efforts to reduce both threats and vulnerabilities;
RECOGNIZING the asymmetry that exists between the institutional capacity of small island states and the volume and scope of transnational organized criminal activity in the region;
AWARE that the small island states remain deeply concerned about the possible threats posed to their economies and maritime environment should a ship transporting substances such as petroleum and potentially dangerous materials, radioactive material, and toxic waste, have an accident or be the target of a terrorist attack while transiting the Caribbean Sea and other sea-lanes of communication in the Hemisphere;
RECOGNIZING the international obligations of member states, particularly obligations of the states parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and relevant instruments of the International Maritime Organization;
UNDERSCORING the importance of sustained dialogue on the multidimensional aspects of security and their impact on the small island states of the Caribbean, in support of ongoing subregional efforts to enhance law enforcement, violence prevention, security cooperation, and disaster mitigation and preparedness;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION:
The Declaration of Commitment of Port of Spain of the Fifth Summit of the Americas, in which the Heads of State and Government recognized, inter alia, that it is important to address the threats, concerns, and challenges to security in the Hemisphere that are diverse, multidimensional in scope, and impact on the well-being of our citizens; that violence is preventable; and that climate change has adverse effects on all countries of the Hemisphere, in particular, on small island states and countries with low-lying coastal areas;1/
The decisions adopted at the Tenth and Eleventh Regular Sessions of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) to promote public-private cooperation in the fight against terrorism and to renew hemispheric commitment to enhance cooperation to prevent, combat and eliminate terrorism, as well as the decisions adopted at all previous regular sessions of CICTE that address the special security concerns of small island states; and
The outcomes of the Twelfth Regular Meeting of the Consultative Committee of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA);
BEARING IN MIND the decisions adopted at the Thirteenth Special Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), held in Trinidad and Tobago in April 2008, which identified the special security concerns of the region and have been formulated into the security cooperation agenda, instruments, and strategic priorities currently being pursued and implemented in that region;
Its resolutions AG/RES. 2114 (XXXV-O/05), “Natural Disaster Reduction and Risk Management,” AG/RES. 2184 (XXXVI-O/06), “Natural Disaster Reduction, Risk Management, and Assistance in Natural and Other Disaster Situations,” AG/RES. 2492 (XXXIX-O/09), and AG/RES. (XL-O/10), “Existing Mechanisms for Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance Among Member States”; and
Its resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXII-E/06), “Statutes of the Inter-American Defense Board,” which mandates the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), in carrying out its purpose, to take into account the needs of the smaller states, whose level of vulnerability is greater in the face of traditional threats and of new threats, concerns, and other challenges;
The meetings of the permanent committee of the Permanent Council–Committee on Hemispheric Security–held on March 25, 2010 and March 31, 2011 respectively, that addressed the follow-up of the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 2485 (XXXIX-O/09), “Special Security Concerns of the Small Island States of the Caribbean,” and which included expert presentations on CARICOM’s security priorities, among them disaster management and mitigation, violence and crime prevention, the impact of climate change as an ongoing threat to sustainable development, and border control enhancement;
The Second Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from March 25 to 27, 2009;
The renewed Commitment to Public Security in the Americas at the Second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security (MISPA II) held in Santo Domingo on November 4 and 5, 2009, and the importance of the undertakings therein to the security of small island states;
The convocation of the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA III), to be held in Trinidad and Tobago on November 17 and 18, 2011, which will focus on the theme of Police Management; and
The actions taken to address the special security concerns of the small island states by the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system and by the General Secretariat, through the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security and the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development; and
NOTING WITH INTEREST the intention of the IADB to address more effectively the special concerns of the small island states, in compliance with Statutes of the IADB, through the formation of a new office of “Small States Issues” to expand, in accordance with its Statutes, cooperation and coordination with regional and subregional organizations on the needs of small island states in the Caribbean,2/
To reemphasize the importance of strengthening and enhancing the hemispheric security agenda of the Organization of American States (OAS) by addressing the multidimensional nature of security as it relates to the special security concerns of the small island states of the Caribbean.
To instruct the Permanent Council to continue considering the issues which have an impact on the security of small island states, including global climate change, and, to this end, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH), to evaluate progress made in addressing the security concerns of those states and the development of strategies for the implementation of related General Assembly resolutions.
To urge all member states that have not already done so to give prompt consideration to ratifying or acceding to, as the case may be, the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism, and the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions (CITAAC), and to adopting all necessary measures for their effective implementation.
4. To reiterate its request that the General Secretariat, through the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security and the relevant organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system and in collaboration with member states, civil society, private sector organizations and relevant multilateral institutions, as appropriate, within their areas of competence and programming:
Strengthen regional, sub-regional, and national crime management systems, taking into account those initiatives currently being implemented or pursued by the Caribbean Community (CARICOM);
Enhance border security systems and capacities, including transportation security, at airports, seaports, and border crossing points, and assist border control authorities in the small island states in accessing critical information;
Strengthen the capacity of small island states to fight money laundering and the illicit trafficking in drugs;
Strengthen the capacity of small island states to combat the illicit manufacture and trafficking in small arms, light weapons, and ammunition;
Continue to analyze the causes and effects of violence as it relates to criminal gangs and at-risk youth and other vulnerable populations with a view to identifying best practices and supporting capacity-building initiatives including prevention, social rehabilitation, and reintegration programs aimed at reducing incidences of violence;
Continue to support the states through the provision of capacity building programs and technical assistance regarding legislation aimed at countering trafficking in persons;
Promote technical cooperation and institutional capacity-building, in order to strengthen natural and man-made disaster response and mitigation and crisis management capacity in the small island states, including the development of reconstruction capability, training in humanitarian assistance, search and rescue operations, and strengthening of critical infrastructure protection, as well as the security of tourism and recreational facilities and the use of simulation exercises;
Provide training and technical assistance regarding legislation on counter-terrorism, terrorist financing, cyber-security, and cyber-crime to small island states;
Improve coordination among the organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS, and with regional and subregional organizations, including the CARICOM Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS) and the Regional Security System (RSS), on matters related to the special security concerns of small island states, so as to ensure awareness and avoid duplication in their response to these concerns; and
Improve coordination and information-sharing among member states on immigration policies, including deportation.
5. To urge member states and the international community to adopt measures to strengthen international cooperation with a view to complying with security measures on the transportation of radioactive and hazardous materials.
6. To request that the General Secretariat, through the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security and the relevant organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system, keep the Committee on Hemispheric Security duly apprised on the progress made in addressing the special security concerns of the small island states of the Caribbean.
To request the Permanent Council and the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second and forty-third regular sessions on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
1. During the event, Nicaragua stated its position that it considered the Declaration of the Fifth Summit of the Americas to be unacceptable and insufficient as it failed to address a number of issues of vital importance for the Hemisphere, which are still pending discussion. Similarly, Nicaragua does not accept the reference to that Declaration in various resolutions adopted by the General Assembly. Nicaragua insists that the items on the agenda for the General Assembly should be drawn from the discussions and debates of the Heads of State and Government gathered in Trinidad and Tobago.
2. The Government of Nicaragua has maintained a critical stance towards the IADB, not agreeing that it should be engaged in matters of a military or defense nature in the countries of the hemisphere, or in any other activity that affects the sovereignty of states.
AG/RES. 2620 (XLI-O/11)
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION (CICAD)
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT General Assembly resolution AG/RES. 2537 (XL-0/10), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission” and other resolutions related to the topic;
HAVING SEEN the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council (XXX) on the 2010 annual report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) (CP/doc.4559/11);
CONSCIOUS of the need for strengthening efforts to address the world drug problem; and
CONSCIOUS ALSO of the need for increased international cooperation and technical assistance to member states, to enhance their capacity to deal with the world drug problem,
1. To take note of the 2010 annual report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) to the General Assembly (CP/doc.4559/11) and to congratulate CICAD on the progress made.
2. To invite the member states to consider making voluntary financial contributions to ensure the actions of the Commission and the programs carried out by its Executive Secretariat, to thank the international donor community for its contributions, and to invite it to continue its support to CICAD.
3. To acknowledge the work of CICAD and to urge it to continue, through its Executive Secretariat, to provide technical assistance, training, and support to member states in the areas of drug demand reduction, supply reduction, drug-related research and information systems, alternative, integral, and sustainable development, institution-building, money laundering control, and education, with a view to strengthening member states’ capacities.
4. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution.
5. The execution of the activities envisioned in this resolution shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
AG/RES. 2621 (XLI-O/11)
HEMISPHERIC PLAN OF ACTION ON DRUGS 2011 – 2015
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN resolution AG/RES. 2556 (XL-O/10), “Hemispheric Drug Strategy and Preparation of its Plan of Action”;3/
REITERATING the importance of having up-to-date strategies and mechanisms that facilitate hemispheric cooperation to address all aspects of the world drug problem;
That at its forty-seventh regular session, the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) began the process of drafting the Plan of Action of the Hemispheric Drug Strategy as a policy instrument that directs the collective effort to combat the world drug problem;
That the main purpose of the Plan of Action is to support the implementation of the Hemispheric Drug Strategy, based on its principles and contents; and
That the Plan of Action is a tool for the planning and management of the activities of CICAD and its subsidiary bodies;
CONSIDERING ALSO that the Government of Mexico coordinated the process whereby the High-Level Working Group agreed on a proposed Plan of Action; and
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that during its forty-ninth regular session, CICAD approved the Hemispheric Plan of Action on Drugs 2011-2015,
To endorse the Hemispheric Plan of Action on Drugs 2011-2015 (CICAD/doc.1860/11 rev. 2 corr. 1), which is a part of this resolution, approved by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) at its forty-ninth regular session, held on May 4 to 6, 2011, in Paramaribo, Suriname, and to urge the member states to implement that plan of action.
To thank and congratulate the Government of Mexico in its capacity as general coordinator of the plan of action’s drafting process, as well as the thematic coordinators and the participating experts, for their efforts.
To invite all member states to continue to contribute and participate in the implementation of the Plan of Action in the framework of CICAD.
To instruct the General Secretariat, through its pertinent organs and, in particular, the Executive Secretariat of CICAD, to provide support to the implementation of the Plan of Action when appropriate.
The execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
1. transnational organized crime. Although Nicaragua shares the lines of action set out in the document “2011-2015 Hemispheric Plan of Action on Drugs,” at time of the adoption of resolution AG/RES. 2556 (XL-O/10) “Hemispheric Drug Strategy and Preparation of its Plan of Action,” Nicaragua stated in a footnote thereto that it did not agree with the imperative language used in the chapeaux at the beginning of each thematic area, considering that it contradicts the principle of respect for the sovereignty of states.
FORTY-NINTH REGULAR SESSION
May 4 - 6, 2011
CICAD/doc.1860/11 rev.2 – corr. 1
17 May 2011
HEMISPHERIC PLAN OF ACTION ON DRUGS, 2011-2015
Hemispheric Plan of Action on Drugs, 2011-2015
Purpose: The main purpose of this Action Plan is to support implementation of the Hemispheric Drug Strategy. On the basis of the principles and tenets of the Hemispheric Drug Strategy, the Plan identifies the objectives and sets priorities for the activities to be carried out during the period 2011-2015.
The member states of CICAD recognize this Plan as a reference guide for the implementation of national projects and programs designed to give effect to the Hemispheric Drug Strategy. The Action Plan is also a tool for constructing the hemispheric agenda of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) and its subsidiary organs, in order to align them and create synergies. Member states also recognize that in many cases, the objectives and actions identified in the Plan are designed to generate basic capacities upon which gradual progress will be made toward implementation of the Strategy. Accordingly, the Plan will be reviewed and updated at the end of the five-year period.
General comments: The Action Plan consists of objectives and actions. The objectives represent guidance stemming from the Hemispheric Strategy. The actions are the concrete activities, both joint and individual, designed to achieve each objective; these actions are prioritized and sequenced according to the level of development required and take into account differences in the dimensions of the problems in member states. At times, they refer to an initial stage or basis upon which to move incrementally toward full implementation of the Strategy.
Cross-cutting issues: The member states of CICAD recognize that financing and training are cross-cutting issues throughout this Action Plan. The importance of these issues requires that they be fully addressed in order to carry out the actions and thereby achieve the proposed objectives.
Coordination: In order to enhance the scope of the activities included in the Action Plan, the Executive Secretariat of CICAD will promote appropriate coordination among the pertinent areas of the General Secretariat.
Follow-up: The Commission will be responsible for evaluation and monitoring of the Action Plan via the MEM, ad hoc instruments, and other tools that it may identify. For this purpose, the Chair of CICAD, with the support of the Executive Secretariat, will prepare an annual report to be presented to the Commission at its spring session on CICAD’s progress in carrying out the priority actions and achievement of the objectives set out in the Plan.
In addition, a virtual forum will be maintained for information related to the activities organized by the Executive Secretariat and Expert Groups that are related to the implementation of the Plan.
Relevant information will be exchanged through this forum, on-line training will be offered, and secure data bases will be established, among other activities.
OBJECTIVE No. 1 - INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING
Establish and/or strengthen national drug authorities, placing them at a high political level, with the mission to coordinate the effective planning and implementation of national drug policies.
a) Establish and/or strengthen National Drug Authorities (NDAs) at a high political level through the necessary measures that guarantee their adequate functioning.
b) Introduce and strengthen the necessary mechanisms that guarantee the effective coordination of the planning and implementation of national policies on drugs.
OBJECTIVE No. 2 OBJECTIVE No. 1 - INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING
Design, implement, strengthen and update national evidence-based strategies and policies on drugs.
a) Conduct needs assessments that observe scientific and methodological rigor in order to inform the design, strengthening and updating of comprehensive national policies on drugs.
b) Promote, where appropriate, the participation of civil society actors in the process of designing, implementing and updating national drug policies and programs, where applicable, thus encouraging a broad and open dialogue that contributes to their strengthening.
c) Adopt measures, when appropriate, for the decentralization of national drug policies.
d) Design and implement a plan of action with all actors, direct and indirect, that are involved in the process of assigning roles, responsibilities and resources.
e) Promote relations with the scientific community that contribute to the design, implementation, updating and evaluation of national drug policies.
OBJECTIVE No. 3 - INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING
Establish and/or strengthen national observatories on drugs or similar technical offices to develop national drug information systems and foster scientific research on this subject.
a) Establish or strengthen National Drug Observatories (NDOs) or other similar technical offices.
b) Establish and/or strengthen national drug information systems for the generation, collection, organization, analysis and dissemination of information.
c) Promote the development and adoption of methodologies and information-gathering mechanisms that, whenever possible, allow for the comparison of data among countries.
OBJECTIVE No. 4 - INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING