Original: Spanish declarations and resolutions adopted by the general assembly




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CONSUMER PROTECTION: CONSOLIDATION OF THE NETWORK FOR CONSUMER SAFETY AND HEALTH AND CREATION OF AN INTER-AMERICAN RAPID PRODUCT SAFETY WARNING SYSTEM

(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
CONSIDERING:
That Article 39 of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) establishes that the member states should make efforts to obtain adequate and dependable supplies for consumers; and
That at the Special Summit of the Americas, held in Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico, in 2004, the Heads of State and Government agreed to promote consumer protection, fair competition, and improved functioning of markets through clear, effective, and transparent regulatory frameworks;
CONSIDERING ALSO the importance of information sharing and the exchange and dissemination of best practices in consumer and health protection among competent organs and agencies, for better integration of public policies related to these areas, and the importance of strengthening the capacity of states to monitor and control the safety of products available on the market for consumption or use;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
That resolution AG/RES. 2549 (XL-O/10), “Consumer Protection: Network for Consumer Safety and Health in the Americas,” mandated the creation of a Network for Consumer Safety and Health (RCSS) in the Americas, as a first step toward implementation of an Inter-American Rapid Product Safety Warning System (IAPSWS);
That in resolution AG/RES. 2494 (XXXIX-O/09), “Consumer Protection,” the OAS General Assembly requested the General Secretariat to “support ... reinforcement of existing cooperation mechanisms and other kinds of joint activities among governmental consumer protection agencies” and to coordinate “its activities with those of national consumer protection agencies and other organizations”;
That, consequently, the General Secretariat, in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), carried out technical consultations on consumer product safety and its impact on health, where attention was called to the importance of effective means of information exchange among authorities in the region charged with monitoring the market;
RECOGNIZING WITH SATISFACTION:
The coordination performed previously by the Department of Special Legal Programs and at present by the Department of Social Development and Employment to implement the RCSS, and the efforts by the Department of Information Technology Services to build the RCSS electronic portal, officially launched before the Permanent Council on November 23, 2010;
That, in pursuance of the mandate to train competent authorities, set forth in resolution AG/RES. 2549 (XL-O/10), the first postgraduate training course for national authorities was carried out successfully, as was a specialized workshop, and that information exchange activities in specialized areas will continue to be held;
That, as reported by the General Secretariat to the Permanent Council on February 14, 2011, this is an example of effective coordination within and outside the Organization, at both the inter-American and worldwide levels; and that its implementation with the states has been multidisciplinary, involving authorities in the consumer protection, health, metrology, standardization, civil society, and other areas; and
AWARE:
Of the need to continue reinforcing efforts and to draw upon the enthusiasm with which the Network for Consumer Safety and Health has been welcomed by the competent authorities, in order to continue helping to ensure adequate protection of consumers and of their right to safe and healthful consumer products; and
That the creation of an Inter-American Rapid Product Safety Warning System (IAPSWS) will help to protect consumer health through rapid detection and coordinated action to prevent the entry of unsafe consumer products into markets in the Americas,
RESOLVES:


  1. To thank the General Secretariat, in particular the Department of Social Development and Employment and the Department of Information Technology Services of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) for rapidly setting in motion the Network for Consumer Safety and Health and its Internet tools, and for coordinating their complementary training and information-exchange activities.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to continue its coordination with PAHO and other international organizations to consolidate the Network for Consumer Safety and Health in the region and to position the OAS as an important actor at the global level in the area of consumer product safety. Also to request the General Secretariat to design and implement the Inter-American Rapid Product Safety Warning System (IAPSWS).




  1. To request the General Secretariat, for the purpose of consolidating the Network for Consumer Safety and Health, to promote and implement cooperation agreements with subregional agencies for the creation of the IAPSWS, so as to draw upon the progress made by those organizations and not to duplicate efforts in the field of consumer product safety.




  1. To request the General Secretariat, in collaboration with international consumer protection organizations, to design a plan for fostering participation by civil society and other stakeholders in building the IAPSWS.




  1. T

    o urge those member state authorities that do not yet participate in the Network for Consumer Safety and Health to join it and to participate actively in the training activities, the information exchange, and the planning of an Inter-American Rapid Product Safety Warning System (IAPSWS).






  1. To request the General Secretariat to establish a specific fund of voluntary contributions, to be called “Consumer Safety and Health Fund,” that will support measures to consolidate the Network and will be administered by the Department of Social Development and Employment.




  1. To thank the governments that have made voluntary monetary and in-kind contributions, especially the Governments of Brazil, Peru, and the United States of America and the Generalitat of Catalonia, and to invite member states, permanent observers, and other donors, once the aforementioned fund has been established, to support with voluntary contributions the activities undertaken by the General Secretariat to consolidate the Network for Consumer Safety and Health and the establishment of the IAPSWS.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to report on the implementation of the foregoing mandates to the Permanent Council before the next regular session of the General Assembly.

AG/RES. 2683 (XLI-O/11)

INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM ON
EDUCATION FOR DEMOCRATIC VALUES AND PRACTICES
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN resolutions AG/RES. 1907 (XXXII-O/02), “Promotion of Democracy”; AG/RES. 1869 (XXXII-O/02), “Promotion of Democratic Culture”; AG/RES. 1960 (XXXIII-O/03), “Program for Democratic Governance in the Americas”; AG/RES. 1957 (XXXIII-O/03), “Promotion and Strengthening of Democracy: Follow-up to the Inter-American Democratic Charter”; AG/RES. 2045 (XXXIV-O/04), “Program for Democratic Governance in the Americas”; AG/RES. 2044 (XXXIV-O/04), “Promotion and Strengthening of Democracy”; AG/RES. 2119 (XXXV-O/05), Promotion and Strengthening of Democracy”; AG/RES. 2164 (XXXVI-O/06), AG/RES. 2320 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2423 (XXXVIII-O/08), AG/RES. 2481 (XXXIX-O/09), and AG/RES. 2571 (XL-O/10), “Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices”; and CIDI/RES. 235 (XV-O/10), “Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
That in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), the member states reaffirm that the education of peoples should be directed toward justice, freedom, and peace, and pledge to give primary importance within their development plans to the encouragement of education oriented toward the overall improvement of the individual, and as a foundation for democracy, social justice, and progress;
That 2011 marks the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, which recognizes that education is key to strengthening democratic institutions, promoting the development of human potential, alleviating poverty, and fostering greater understanding among peoples; and that it is essential that a quality education be available to all, including girls and women, rural inhabitants, and minorities;
That the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices is one of the tools with which the OAS can continue to carry out programs and activities to promote the principles and practices of democracy and strengthen a culture of democracy in the Hemisphere, paying special attention to the conduct of programs and activities for educating children and youth as a means of ensuring the persistence of democratic values, including fundamental freedoms and social justice;
That in the Declaration Against Violence, adopted at the Second Meeting of Ministers of Education, held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, on September 24, 2001, the ministers pledged to emphasize nonviolence and the culture of peace in national and subregional initiatives for training and education in values and to foster the preparation of a hemispheric program for education in democratic values;

That, in the Declaration of Santiago on Democracy and Public Trust: A New Commitment to Good Governance for the Americas, adopted by the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session, in June 2003, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the member countries declared that “[t]he consolidation of democracy in the region requires a culture based on profound democratic principles and values and on their daily observance. These values should be fostered through education for democracy”;


That, in the Declaration of Mexico, adopted at the Third Meeting of Ministers of Education, held in Mexico City, from August 11 to 13, 2003, the ministers recognized “the importance of instilling democratic awareness, culture, and values in the present and future generations, and of the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter,” and urged that “efforts be made to incorporate those principles into our educational programs in accordance with the laws of each country”;
That in the Declaration of Commitment of Port of Spain of the Fifth Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government recognized that “education is a lifelong process that promotes social inclusion and democratic citizenship and allows people to contribute fully to the development of society” and reaffirmed their “commitment to the 2008 Declaration of Medellín on Youth and Democratic Values”;40/
That in the Declaration of San Pedro Sula, “Toward a Culture of Non-Violence,” adopted at the thirty-ninth regular session of the General Assembly in June 2009, the ministers of foreign affairs of the OAS member states declared “the importance of developing and implementing educational programs starting from the early years of education, in both the formal and informal systems, that promote a culture of peace and non-violence”;
That in the Declaration of Lima: Peace, Security, and Cooperation in the Americas, adopted at the fortieth regular session of the General Assembly, in June 2010, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the member states declared “[t]heir decision to continue fostering a culture of peace and promoting education for peace among the countries of the region, reaffirming our goal of continuing to devote more resources to the well-being of our peoples”; and
That in the Declaration of Quito, adopted by the Sixth Inter-American Meeting of Ministers of Education, held in Quito, Ecuador, on August 12 to 14, 2009, the ministers entered a commitment to promote public policies and educational programs aimed at bringing about a cultural transformation geared to eradicating violence, particularly violence at school and in the home and violence against women, children, and youth, caused by cultural, economic, social, ethnic, political, and other factors;
RECALLING:
That the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices was adopted at the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), held in Scarborough, Trinidad and Tobago, from August 10 to 12, 2005, to promote a culture of democracy and non-violence through formal and non-formal education in the Hemisphere and that the implementation of the Program will be guided, as provided for therein, by an Advisory Group composed of education officials, academics, and civil society experts, as well as other appropriate interested parties;
That, in the Declaration of Mar del Plata of the Fourth Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government expressed support for “the recommendations contained in the Declaration and Plan of Action of the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Education,” and stated that they would strive “for quality public education at all levels and promote literacy to ensure a democratic citizenry, foster decent work, fight poverty, and achieve greater social inclusion”;
That in the Hemispheric Commitment to Early Childhood Education, adopted at the Fifth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the Framework of CIDI, held in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from November 14 to 16, 2007, the ministers made reference to a high-quality education for all that would, among other things, foster the development of factors relating to peace, development, and human rights, education in democratic values and practices, and protection of the environment, and undertook to “redouble our efforts to continue forging a democratic culture in our Hemisphere by implementing the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, emphasizing that the values and practices that foster peaceful coexistence begin to be formed in early childhood”; and



That the Declaration of Medellín, adopted at the fourth plenary session of the General Assembly, held in June 2008 in the city of Medellín, emphasizes the importance of promoting opportunities for youth to participate in meaningful ways in political, economic, and cultural life; and that the ministers of foreign affairs of the OAS member states declared their commitment to promote formal and non-formal education in democratic values and practices in order to develop knowledge and skills among the youth to prepare them for life in a democratic society and the full enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental freedoms, and requested the OAS General Secretariat, in collaboration with the member states, to promote increased participation by youth in the activities established within the framework of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices;
BEARING IN MIND:
That in the Declaration of Quito, adopted by the Sixth Inter-American Meeting of Ministers of Education, held in Quito, Ecuador, on August 12 to 14, 2009, the ministers recognized with satisfaction the progress made in the implementation of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, given its contribution to strengthening a democratic and non-violent culture; and they instructed the Inter-American Committee on Education (CIE), with the support of SEDI, to draw up a Work Plan for 2009-2012, paying special attention to lines of action such as strengthening strategies, mechanisms, and entities to promote the participation of youth;
That the Seventh Inter-American Meeting of Ministers of Education will be held in the Republic of Suriname, on March 1 and 2, 2012,
RESOLVES:


  1. To underscore the importance of and recognize the progress made with implementing the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, which, through the actions undertaken in pursuit of its three components–research, professional development, and exchanges of information and experiences–helps bring about a greater understanding of the different dimensions of education for democracy in the Americas, supports capacity building in the member states, and promotes horizontal cooperation in formal and non-formal education through mechanisms and opportunities for dialogue and for the dissemination of information on education topics of key importance for democratic citizenship in the Americas.

2. To instruct the General Secretariat to continue carrying out activities under the Program, such as the project “Strengthening of Democratic Values and Principles for Maintaining and Consolidating Democracy in Peru and in Latin America,” currently under way in Colombia, Guatemala, and Peru; the Cooperation Fund for Technical Assistance Missions of the Program; the project “Education for Democratic Citizenship in the Caribbean: An Online Course for Educators”; the project “The Use of Arts and the Media to Promote Civic Democracy in Children and Youth,” executed in collaboration with the Inter-American Committee on Education (CIE) and the Inter-American Committee on Culture (CIC); the Inter-American Journal of Education for Democracy; the project “Armando Paz,Building a Culture of Peace with Youth in Central America through Arts, Media, and Social Dialogue”; online courses; and others included in the CIE Work Plan (2010-2012).




  1. To request the General Secretariat, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development, to present to the Ministers of Education of the Americas a progress report on the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices.




  1. To welcome the offer of the Republic of Panama to host the Forum on “The role of education for democratic values and practices in sustainable democracy in the Americas,” in the framework of the commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the Inter-American Democratic Charter.




  1. To request that the General Secretariat, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI) and the Secretariat for Political Affairs, continue supporting the Permanent Council, the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), and the member states in the design and execution of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, and report back regularly to CIDI and to the Permanent Council.




  1. To instruct the CIE, in collaboration with SEDI, the Secretariat for Political Affairs, and other relevant bodies of the inter-American system, to follow up on the implementation of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices.




  1. To thank those member states that have contributed financial, logistical, and human resources for the Program’s activities.




  1. To invite the member states and permanent observers, as well as individuals and national or international organizations, whether public or private, that wish to do so to make voluntary contributions to support the development and implementation of the Program, taking into account the commitment established by the Ministers of Education at their Sixth Meeting, held in Quito, Ecuador, on August 12 to 14, 2009, to “urge cooperation, development, and financing agencies to work together in backing the multilateral activities of the CIE, contributing new funds which, coupled with the contributions of member states and other partners, would serve to implement the mandates” that they agreed on.




  1. To request CIDI, with the support of SEDI, to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session, on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

FOOTNOTE
. … expressed its view that the Declaration of the Fifth Summit of the Americas was unacceptable and inadequate as it did not resolve a number of matters that were extremely important for the Hemisphere and were still under discussion.  Nor does Nicaragua accept that references may be made to that Declaration in the resolutions to be adopted by the OAS General Assembly.  Nicaragua reaffirms that the items on the General Assembly agenda should be derived from the debates and deliberations of the Heads of State and Government in Trinidad and Tobago.
AG/RES. 2684 (XLI-O/11)

FREE TRADE AND INVESTMENT IN THE HEMISPHERE


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECALLING resolution AG/RES. 1364 (XXVI-O/96), “Free Trade and Investment in the Hemisphere,” through which the Inter-American Juridical Committee (CJI) was instructed to conduct a study on the matter;
RECOGNIZING the opinion of the Inter-American Juridical Committee (CJI/RES. 11-14/96), in which the Committee unanimously concluded that “in the significant areas described above the bases and potential application of the legislation which is the subject of this Opinion are not in conformity with international law”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT resolutions AG/RES. 1447 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1532 (XXVIII-O/98), AG/RES. 1614 (XXIX-O/99), AG/RES. 1700 (XXX-O/00), AG/RES. 1826 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1884 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1914 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 1976 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2063 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2239 (XXXVI-O/06), and AG/RES. 2301 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2376 (XXXVIII-O/08); AG/RES. 2450 (XXXIX-O/09) and AG/RES. 2547 (XL-O/10; and
CONSIDERING the Report of the Permanent Council on Free Trade and Investment in the Hemisphere (CP/CG-1877/11),
RESOLVES:


  1. To take note of the Report of the Permanent Council on Free Trade and Investment in the Hemisphere, presented pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 2547 (XL-O/10).




  1. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on developments in this regard.




  1. Execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.



AG/RES. 2685 (XLI-O/11)

STRENGTHENING OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION OF WOMEN


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECOGNIZING the importance that has been assigned by the Secretary General to the issues of women and gender equality, as well as the support provided to the CIM;
RECALLING that the year 2010 was proclaimed to be the Inter-American Year of Women by means of resolution AG/RES. 2322 (XXXVII-O/07);
RECOGNIZING the results attained by the Thirty-fifth Assembly of Delegates of the Inter-American Commission of Women, held on November 3 to 5, 2010, in Mexico City, Mexico, in particular the adoption of the Declaration of the Inter-American Year of Women “Women and Power: For a World of Equality” CIM/DEC. 10 (XXXV-O/10);
NOTING that the Hemispheric Forum on “Women's Leadership for Citizens' Democracy,” was held at the headquarters of the Organization of American States (OAS) on April 2 to 6, 2011;
CONSIDERING:
That resolution AG/RES. 1732 (XXX-O/00), which adopted the Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality (IAP), requested the General Secretariat to strengthen the Permanent Secretariat of the CIM by providing it with the necessary human and financial resources, and to help it obtain funds from private sources;
That resolutions AG/RES. 1451 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1592 (XXVIII-O/98), AG/RES. 1625 (XXIX-O/99), AG/RES. 1777 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1941 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2021 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2124 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2161 (XXXVI-O/06), AG/RES. 2323 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2441 (XXXIX-O/09), and AG/RES. 2560 (XL-O/10) have repeatedly instructed the General Secretariat and the Permanent Council to make every possible effort to allocate technical, human, and financial resources to the CIM in order to strengthen its capacity to meet its increasing mandates; and
That the human and financial resources allocated to the CIM are still insufficient for it to comply effectively with all its mandates,
RESOLVES:


  1. To endorse the Declaration of the Inter-American Year of Women, “Women and Power: For a World of Equality,” CIM/DEC. 10 (XXXV-O/10), adopted at the Thirty-fifth Assembly of Delegates of the Inter-American Commission of Women, held on November 3 to 5, 2010, in Mexico City, Mexico, and to urge the member states to pursue or continue to pursue, effectively, the commitments contained in this document.

  2. To urge the Secretary General to support the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) in its role as a specialized organization of the Organization of American States (OAS) with adequate human and financial resources to strengthen its capacity to carry out its increasing mandates, in particular those recognized as priorities by the member states.




  1. To urge the Secretary General to include in the request for resources CIM projects and programs among the priorities presented to external donors for funding, and to invite member states and permanent observers, as well as to individuals and national or international organizations, whether public or private, that wish to do so, to make voluntary contributions to support the development and implementation of CIM projects and programs.




  1. To ask member states and permanent observers to identify ways and means of supporting the CIM in the fulfillment of its mandates, including through the provision of human resources.




  1. To request the Secretary General to report, via the Permanent Council, to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2686 (XLI-O/11)

PREVENTION AND ERADICATION OF COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION
AND SMUGGLING OF AND TRAFFICKING IN MINORS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


BEARING IN MIND:
Resolutions AG/RES. 2548 (XL-O/10) “Prevention and Eradication of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Smuggling of and Trafficking in Minors” AG/RES. 2486 (XXXIX-O/09) “Prevention and Eradication of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Smuggling of and Trafficking in Minors,” AG/RES. 2432 (XXXVIII-O/08) “Prevention and Eradication of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Smuggling of and Trafficking in Minors,” AG/RES. 2348 (XXXVII-O/07), “Hemispheric Cooperation Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons and Second Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons,” AG/RES. 2240 (XXXVI-O/06) “Combating the Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Smuggling of and Trafficking in Children in the Hemisphere,” AG/RES. 1948 (XXXIII-O/03) “Fighting the Crime of Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women, Adolescents and Children,” and all other General Assembly resolutions on the subject of trafficking in persons;
The Rio de Janeiro Declaration and Call for Action to Prevent and Stop Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents, which arose from the Third World Congress against Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from November 25 to 28, 2008;
The outcomes of the XX Pan American Child Congress, held in Lima, Peru, from September 23 to 25, 2009, as well as of the First Pan American Forum of Children and Adolescents in the framework of the “Program to Promote and Defend the Human Rights of Children and Adolescents,” particularly as regards promoting the participation of children and adolescents as part of the strategy of capacity building to counter the commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents (CSEC) and other forms of sexual violence; and
The XII United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, held in Salvador, Brazil, from April 12 to 19, 2010;
CONSIDERING:
That, in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), the member states reaffirm that the education of peoples should be directed toward justice, freedom, and peace, and promote the strengthening of the civic conscience of the American peoples, as one of the bases for the effective exercise of democracy and for the observance of the rights and duties of all persons;
The importance of all children having access to education, and the importance of programs that promote enrollment and the retention of the student population in the school system and prevent their dropping out, and of programs that support children who would otherwise be marginalized, discriminated against, and without access to school programs, including indigenous and other minority children, children with disabilities, working children, and children affected by conflict and other humanitarian emergencies;
That resolution AG/RES. 2240 (XXXVI-O/06), “Combating the Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Smuggling of and Trafficking in Children in the Hemisphere,” specifically includes the Inter-American Children’s Institute (IIN) and other entities of the OAS in the request that work on this subject be coordinated with the Department of Public Security of the General Secretariat;
That the aforementioned resolution takes into account the conclusions and recommendations of the First Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons, held on Isla Margarita, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, from March 14 to 17, 2006, which recall “the governments’ commitment to improve their capacity to identify, investigate, prosecute, and punish those responsible for trafficking in persons, especially in women and children, and to provide due assistance and protection to the victims”; and
That resolution AG/RES. 2348 (XXXVII-O/07), “Hemispheric Cooperation Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons and the Second Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons,” states that “poverty, inequity, and social exclusion in the Hemisphere are factors that make people, especially women and children, more vulnerable to becoming victims of traffickers, who often belong to organized criminal groups operating at both domestic and transnational levels”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the conclusions and recommendations of the Second Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons, co-sponsored by the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the Eastern Republic of Uruguay and held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from March 25 to 27, 2009, which underscored the need to call attention to the negative action of so-called clients or users of trafficking for sexual exploitation; and the Eighth Meeting of Ministers of Justice or Other Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas, held on February 26, 2010, in Brasilia, Brazil, the final document of which encourages member states to consider, within the framework of their respective national legislation, sanctions or other measures for so-called clients, consumers, or users of trafficking for sexual exploitation and other forms of exploitation of persons;
Welcoming the adoption of AG/RES. 2551 (XL-O/10), “Work Plan Against Trafficking in Persons in the Western Hemisphere,” which includes suggested activities to be undertaken by member states to prevent child trafficking and provide protection and care for child victims.
BEARING IN MIND that the Inter-American Children’s Institute (IIN) adopted in Cartagena de Indias the 2007-2011 Action Plan, which gives particular attention to its task of helping to strengthen the capacity of states to protect the rights of minors from different threats, including commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC);
RECALLING the resolutions adopted by the Directing Council of the IIN on the prevention and eradication of child commercial sexual exploitation and the smuggling of and trafficking in minors, particularly resolution CD/RES. 10 (82-R/07), adopted at the 82nd Regular Meeting, held on July 26 and 27, 2007, in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, which established the Inter-American Cooperation Program for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Illegal Trafficking, entrusted the Director General of the IIN with developing a joint work proposal within the framework of that initiative, and supported the creation of an observatory in this area;
RECOGNIZING the progress already made in the IIN in fulfillment of its mandates in the framework of implementation of the Action Plan 2007-2011, which has been reported on in the Institute’s annual reports to the General Assembly and to the Permanent Council; and that for several years the OAS General Secretariat has been implementing programs to combat trafficking in persons and that it has staff devoted to this task; and
BEARING IN MIND that to date the IIN has been implementing an Inter-American Cooperation Program for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Illegal Trafficking, which involves three areas of work: Area 1 – Gathering and updating information about the topic of the commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents in the region and making it available to the states parties; Area 2 – Creating information and knowledge on the topic of the commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents to help the states parties in the design and implementation of their policies and actions intended to deal with this problem; Area 3 – Human resource training and specialized technical assistance for the states parties,
RESOLVES:


  1. To take note of the progress made in implementing the three components of the Inter-American Cooperation Program for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Illegal Trafficking; and to urge the IIN to continue to implement and reinforce that Program, in keeping with the schedule established therein.




  1. To invite the IIN to consider updating the aforementioned program with a view to including prevention and eradication of all forms of sexual exploitation of minors.




  1. To entrust the Secretary General with continuing to coordinate the implementation of this program directly with the IIN, the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security, and, where appropriate, the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development, especially by promoting implementation of a coordinated information system that includes technical data on which to base joint decision-making, and additionally with receiving support and advice from other competent organs and agencies of the Organization of American States (OAS).

4. To promote and strengthen horizontal cooperation in harmonizing legislation, methodology, projects, programs, and good practices.


5. To promote and strengthen technical cooperation and exchanges of information on methods, projects, programs, and good practices.
6. To request the IIN to work jointly with the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to develop and implement the measures contained in the Work Plan against Trafficking in Persons in the Western Hemisphere, relying on the support and advisory services of other bodies of the inter-American system and international agencies.
7. To acknowledge the work carried out by the IIN to modernize the Observatory on Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Other Forms of Violence against Children and Adolescents included in Work Area 1 of the Inter-American Program, including the publication of a virtual newsletter titled ANNAobserva, which enables states to receive periodic updated news in this area. Similarly, as part of Work Area 3 of the Program, the new approaches adopted by the IIN, in coordination with several states, for the development of trained human resources and the strengthening of institutional technical capacity, specifically in this area, are recognized and appreciated, urging the IIN to continue to develop these approaches.
8. To take note that as part of the strategies for generating information and exchanging experiences, on August 23 and 24, 2010, the First Regional Meeting on the Prevention, Protection, and Restitution of Rights in the face of the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): Experiences for Reflection, was held in San José, Costa Rica, with the assistance and support of the National Children’s Trust (PANI), which resulted in the bilingual publication “Best Practices for the Prevention, Protection, and Restitution of Rights in the face of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).”
9. To promote regional and hemispheric meetings for sharing good practices in the areas of comprehensive assistance, prevention, and legislation.
10. To applaud the continuation and updating of the web site “Our Voice in Colours,” which is intended to encourage the participation of children and adolescents in matters of public policy that concern them, in accordance with the recommendations of the Third World Congress against the Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents. This web site is a novel tool within the framework of the OAS, which for the first time opens up an exclusive and permanent forum for the participation of children.
11. To take note of the IIN’s cooperative ties with the national commissions against sexual exploitation of the different member states of the inter-American system, with technical liaisons to date in 20 of the 33 active OAS member states, and to urge the IIN to continue strengthening that relationship and broaden it to include technical relationships with all OAS member states.
12. To request the IIN to continue to provide advice to member states that so request in their efforts to adopt or amend their domestic legislation, regulations, and procedures to combat commercial sexual exploitation and smuggling of and trafficking in minors, including legislation on travel authorizations and migration control, as well as in training and technical assistance to national committees and to the other entities that seek to prevent and eradicate this crime, to protect victims, and to enforce the law.
13. To express its concern at the new manifestations of CSEC, in particular the use of new technologies, and to welcome in this regard the findings of the thematic discussion at the Twentieth Session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, held in Vienna, Austria from April 11 to 15, 2011, the main theme of which was “Protecting Children in a Digital Age: The Misuse of Technology in the Abuse and Exploitation of Children”; and the contribution made by the IIN in its 10th Report to the Secretary General, which contains a rigorous study on the topic and offers recommendations for the member states. That study is a part of Work Area 2 of the Inter-American Program, dealing with the creation of information and knowledge.
14. To urge the member states, permanent observers, international financial institutions, regional and subregional organizations, and civil society organizations to contribute to financing this Program and to the Specific Fund of the Inter-American Observatory on Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Other Forms of Violence against Children and Adolescents.
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5. To urge the member states that have not yet done so to consider signing and ratifying, ratifying, or acceding to, as the case may be, the international instruments relating to the fight against commercial sexual exploitation and smuggling of and trafficking in minors, among them the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention), adopted in 2000, the Protocol thereto to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, adopted in 2000, and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, adopted in 2000; the Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted in 1989, and the Optional Protocol thereto on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, adopted in 2000; the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, adopted in 1980; the Inter-American Convention on International Traffic in Minors, adopted in 1994; and the Inter-American Convention on the International Return of Children, adopted in 1989; and to urge the states parties to take the necessary measures to fulfill in due course their obligations under these instruments.


16. To promote among the member states the adoption and implementation of protocols for the repatriation, under safe conditions, of minors who are victims of trafficking, defining the procedures to be followed by governments as guarantors of the best interest of children, based on principles enshrined in domestic and applicable international law.
17. To urge the member states to establish and, where appropriate, strengthen, programs for comprehensive and inter-disciplinary care for children and adolescents victims of commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking, in particular those who have contracted HIV/AIDS, and children involved in smuggling, as well as measures to be considered to ensure full respect for their rights.
18. To request the IIN to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2687 (XLI-O/11)




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