(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
RECALLING resolution AG/RES. 2066 (XXXV-O/05), in which the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) suggested including human rights content and basic activities in the academic curricula of educational institutions, and resolutions AG/RES. 2321 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2404 (XXXVIII-O/08), AG/RES. 2466 (XXXIX-O/09), and AG/RES. 2604 (XL-O/10);
CONSIDERING that in the Plan of Action of the First Summit of the Americas the Heads of State and Government, gathered in Miami in 1994, established that governments should “[d]evelop programs for the promotion and observance of human rights, including educational programs to inform people of their legal rights and their responsibility to respect the rights of others”;
RECALLING that Article 49 of the OAS Charter provides that “[t]he Member States will exert the greatest efforts, in accordance with their constitutional processes, to ensure the effective exercise of the right to education,” taking into account, inter alia, that “[e]lementary education, compulsory for children of school age, shall also be offered to all others who can benefit from it. When provided by the State it shall be without charge”;
CONSIDERING ALSO that Article 13 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter establishes that “[t]he promotion and observance of economic, social, and cultural rights are inherently linked to integral development, equitable economic growth, and to the consolidation of democracy in the states of the Hemisphere”;
BEARING IN MIND that Article 13.2 of the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, “Protocol of San Salvador,” refers to essential factors to which education in each of the States Parties should be directed, one of them being respect for human rights;
APPRECIATING the efforts of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIHR) in producing, uninterruptedly since 2002, Inter-American Reports on Human Rights Education, currently nine of them, which record progress made by the States Parties to the “Protocol of San Salvador” with respect to human rights education;
CONSIDERING that the right to human rights education from the very first years at school helps strengthen the democratic system, development, security, and progress of the free societies of the Americas;
FURTHER CONSIDERING that the right to human rights education from the very first years at school is an essential element in ensuring respect for human rights and basic freedoms;
REAFFIRMING that the Inter-American Democratic Charter regards the promotion and protection of human rights as a basic prerequisite for the existence of a democratic society;
APPRECIATING the efforts of the Inter-American Meeting of Ministers of Education on Human Rights Education, convened by the Minister of Education of Panama and the IIHR and held in May and June 2007, and the Ministerial Dialogue, convened by the Ministry of Education of Colombia and the IIHR and held in May 2008, to strengthen the human rights material incorporated into the states’ formal educational systems;
RECOGNIZING that effectively incorporating human rights education into the formal educational system, a measure to which all member states are committed, is an aspect of medium- and long-term efforts and therefore requires technical and financial sustainability;
RECOGNIZING ALSO that the IIHR has, in compliance with its mandates, been playing a fundamental role in supporting the inter-American system for the effective incorporation of human rights education into formal educational systems and in other areas in the countries of the Americas; and
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the progress made in the implementation of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices since its launch in August 2005, and the important role played by the IIHR on the board of experts for the Program,
To acknowledge the progress, actions, and policies gradually being implemented by member states with respect to human rights education for children and young people in academic institutions, as documented by the Inter-American Reports on Human Rights Education.
To suggest to the member states that they implement, if and to the extent that they have not yet done so, the recommendations contained in the Inter-American Reports on Human Rights Education to incorporate human rights education at different levels in their formal education systems, bearing in mind the educational policies and guidelines of each member state.
To suggest to the member states that they analyze the contributions of the Curricular and Methodological Proposal of the IIHR to incorporate human rights education into the official curriculum for children aged 10 to 14 and evaluate its applicability, bearing in mind the national contexts and education systems of member states, in accordance with Article 13.2 of the Protocol of San Salvador Additional to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, “Protocol of San Salvador,” and, in that regard, to recommend to the states that have not already done so that they adopt, sign, and ratify the latter instrument.
To underscore the work and achievements of the Inter-American Meeting of Ministers of Education on Human Rights Education in the signatory states to the “Protocol of San Salvador,” in which participants shared their experiences and discussed the curricular and methodological developments needed to introduce or strengthen human rights education in each State Party’s educational system.
o encourage the member states to continue supporting the IIHR in educational activities and projects conducted at the national and regional levels under this mandate, especially through an initiative entitled the Inter-American Covenant on Human Rights Education, the initial implementation of which enjoys firm support from the Ministry of Education of the Republic of El Salvador and the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay, and which comprises the promotion of inclusive education, the provision of infrastructure to ensure quality education, teacher training, curriculum development, the preparation and distribution of teaching materials, and the implementation of proposals for preventing, addressing, and overcoming manifestations of violence affecting the school environment.
To congratulate the signatory states to the “Protocol of San Salvador” that have made substantial progress in including in textbooks exercises related explicitly to human rights, as well as instructional designs for their implementation, as indicated in section IV of the IX Inter-American Report on Human Rights Education, Developing a methodology for human rights education in textbooks for students from 10 to 14 years of age. [unofficial translation]
AG/RES. 2674 (XLI-O/11)