Original: Spanish declarations and resolutions adopted by the general assembly




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REPORT OF THE SECOND MEETING OF MINISTERS AND HIGH AUTHORITIES
OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF CIDI

(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN:
Resolutions AG/RES. 2081 (XXXV-O/05), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion: Follow-up to the Declaration of Margarita”; AG/RES. 2383 (XXXVIII-O/08), “First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI”; AG/RES. 2472 (XXXIX-O/09), “Report of the First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI”; and AG/RES. 2568 (XL-O/10), “Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI”; and
Resolutions CIDI/RES. 165 (X-O/05), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion: Follow-up to the Declaration of Margarita”; CIDI/RES. 206 (XIII-O/08), “First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI”; CIDI/RES. 221 (XIV-O/09), “Report of the First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI”; and CIDI/RES. 232 (XV-O/10), “Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI” and CIDI/RES. 256 (XVI-O/11), “Report of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI”;
CONSIDERING:
That the Heads of State and Government, gathered at the Fifth Summit of the Americas, held in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, from April 17 to 19, 2009, instructed their ministers, especially those responsible for finance, planning and social development, to begin or consolidate a review of national social protection, inclusion, and poverty eradication programs, where necessary, in order to increase efficiency and effectiveness, reduce duplication, identify gaps at the national level, and optimize the use of resources; and
That at the Fifth Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government instructed their ministers, especially those responsible for finance, planning and social development, to exchange, at the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development to be held in Colombia, experiences and best practices derived from the reviews of national social protection, inclusion, and poverty eradication programs;
That it is incumbent upon the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) to encourage regional dialogue and cooperation activities conducive to integral development and poverty reduction; and
BEARING IN MIND:
That the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI was held on July 8 and 9, 2010, in Cali, Colombia;
That the meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development gave rise to a dialogue on strengthening social protection systems as a comprehensive strategy to combat poverty, inequity, inequality, and social exclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean, recognizing the pivotal role of the State in this effort, and seeking linkage among institutions and with civil society and community-based organizations, academia, and other private stakeholders, based on the following strategic lines: i) promoting employment and income generation, ii) strengthening food and nutritional security policies; and, iii) risk management and reconstruction of the social fabric through societal organization to reduce the vulnerability of the victims of natural disasters;
That the Ministers and High-level Authorities of Social Development reiterated the call for the Inter-American Social Protection Network to be strengthened as a mechanism of hemispheric cooperation in fighting poverty, inequity, and exclusion and to foster the exchange of successful experiences and analyses of the main challenges confronting social protection and promotion strategies and that the launching and consolidation of the Network had benefited greatly from the support of member states, and, in particular, the financial assistance provided by the United States;
That it is necessary for the General Secretariat, in its role as Technical Secretariat, to continue its efforts to facilitate cooperation in the framework of the Inter-American Social Protection Network (IASPN);
That in the framework of the Ministerial Meeting, the delegations took note of the progress made in the negotiations of the Social Charter of the Americas and its Plan of Action and reiterated their support of its objectives;
Also, that in the Framework of the Ministerial Meeting, Brazil was elected Chair of the Inter-American Committee on Social Development (CIDES); El Salvador and Mexico were elected to the First Vice Chair, which the two delegations shall share for a period of one year each, and Barbados was elected as Second Vice Chair; and
That the Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development adopted a communiqué (CIDI/REMDES/doc.5/10 rev. 5), which is contained in the Final Report of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI (CIDI/REMDES/doc.11/10),
RESOLVES:


  1. To commend the Government of Colombia on the successful holding of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI.




  1. To endorse the communiqué of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI (CIDI/REMDES/doc.5/10 rev. 5).




  1. To instruct the Inter-American Committee on Social Development (CIDES) to follow up on the decisions of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI in its Work Plan 2010-2012.




  1. T

    o instruct the General Secretariat to lend the necessary support, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI), to CIDES in implementing its Work Plan 2010-2012 and to report periodically to the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI).






  1. To accept with gratitude the offer by the Government of Brazil to host the Third Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI in 2012, made in the context of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI.




  1. To request the Inter-American Council for Integral Development to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2646 (XLI-O/11)

EXTENSION OF THE MANDATE OF THE CEPCIDI WORKING GROUP


TO STRENGTHEN CIDI AND ITS ORGANS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN:
Resolutions CIDI/RES. 192 (XII-O/07), “Strengthening Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue for Integral Development”; CIDI/RES. 193 (XII-O/07), “Strengthening Technical Cooperation for Integral Development”; CIDI/RES. 194 (XII-O/07), “Strengthening Substantive Policy Dialogue in the Framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development”; CIDI/RES. 213 (XIII-O/08), and CIDI/RES. 228 (XIV-O/09), “Strengthening Partnership for Development: Policy Dialogue, Technical Cooperation, Structure, and Mechanisms,” CIDI/RES. 244 (XV-O/10), and CIDI/RES. 258 (XVI-O/11) “Extension of the Mandate of the CEPCIDI Working Group to Strengthen CIDI and its Organs”;
Resolutions AG/RES. 2303 (XXXV-O/05), “Strengthening Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue for Integral Development”; AG/RES. 2304 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Technical Cooperation for Integral Development”, AG/RES. 2305 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Substantive Policy Dialogue in the Framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development” and AG/RES. 2390 (XXXVII-O/08) and AG/RES. 2469 (XXXIX-O/09), “Strengthening Partnership for Development: Policy Dialogue, Technical Cooperation, Structure, and Mechanisms”;
REITERATING the importance of strengthening the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) and its organs, as well as political dialogue and technical cooperation mechanisms, with a view to enhancing their efficiency and effectiveness;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
That a process of reflection and consultation is taking place within the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) on mechanisms for policy dialogue in the framework of CIDI and on the present structure of partnership for development, exploring various opportunities with a view to strengthening it;
That, in that context, CEPCIDI established a working group charged with “consider[ing] various alternatives to strengthen CIDI and its organs and to improve their operations”;
That the Working Group to Strengthen CIDI has been carrying out its tasks since 2008 and is making progress with its Work Plan (CEPCIDI/GT/FORCIDI/doc.20/10 rev. 1. corr. 1), in fulfillment of which presented the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) its recommendations to strengthen the Special Multilateral Fund of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (FEMCIDI);
That based on the recommendations to strengthen FEMCIDI, CEPCIDI approved resolution CEPCIDI/RES. 175/10 (CLXIV-O/10) “Strengthening of the Special Multilateral Fund of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (FEMCIDI): Establishment of a Transition Period Aimed at Putting into Practice the Proposed Structure for FEMCIDI,” through which future programming of FEMCIDI under the current modality were suspended and a transition period aimed at putting into practice the proposed structure for FEMCIDI included in the schematic flowchart (CEPCIDI/doc.963/10) was established;
That within the objectives of the Work Plan, it is still pending the study of new modalities of cooperation, financing mechanisms, technical cooperation, links between the political processes, strengthening of political dialogue, and the structure of CIDI and its organs;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT MOREOVER that the Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Affairs (CAAP) of the Permanent Council is carrying out a prioritization and re-engineering process for the General Secretariat;
RECALLING the importance of the work undertaken in Playa del Carmen in October 2008, and reinforced by the CIDI Specialized Meeting of High-level Cooperation Authorities through the Consensus of Bogotá, adopted in October 2009 to strengthen CIDI; and
RECALLING FURTHER that the Sixteenth Regular CIDI considered innovative modalities for cooperation and financing mechanisms now in implementation in the OAS framework, providing recommendations and guidelines in order to promote and consolidate such modalities and link them with the existing and potential financing mechanisms,
RESOLVES:


  1. To recognize the progress made by the Working Group to Strengthen the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) established by the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI), extend its mandate to the seventeenth regular meeting of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) so that it continue to move forward with its Work Plan (CEPCIDI/GT/FORCIDI/doc.20/10 rev. 1. corr. 1), and request its authorities to submit its recommendations to CEPCIDI no later than April 30, 2012.




  1. To instruct the CEPCIDI Working Group to Strengthen CIDI and its Organs to consider in its recommendations to be presented to CEPCIDI the recommendations and guidelines resulting from the dialogue during the Sixteenth Regular CIDI meeting, aimed at promoting and consolidating the innovative modalities for cooperation, so that they are linked with the existing and potential financing mechanisms.




  1. To request CEPCIDI that, if in considering possible courses of action aimed at strengthening CIDI, its organs, and the mechanisms for political dialogue and technical cooperation, it determines the need to make amendments to CIDI, CEPCIDI, the Special Multilateral Fund of CIDI (FEMCIDI), and the Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development (IACD), including its Statutes or the Rules of Procedure, these be approved ad referendum of the General Assembly, as pertinent.




  1. T

    o request the Inter-American Council for Integral Development to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution. The activities identified for execution shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.



AG/RES. 2647 (XLI-O/11)

EXISTING MECHANISMS FOR DISASTER PREVENTION AND RESPONSE AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AMONG THE MEMBER STATES


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


TAKING INTO ACCOUNT resolutions AG/RES. 2314 (XXXVII-O/07), “Natural Disaster Reduction, Risk Management, and Assistance in Natural and Other Disaster Situations,” AG/RES. 2372 (XXXVIII-O/08), “Coordination of Volunteers in the Hemisphere in Response to Natural Disasters and the Fight against Hunger and Poverty–White Helmets Initiative,” AG/RES. 2492 (XXXIX-O/09), “Existing Mechanisms for Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance among the Member States,” CIDI/RES. 245 (XV-O/10), “Existing Mechanisms for Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance among the Member States,” and CIDI/RES. 259 (XVI-O/11), “Existing Mechanisms for Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance among the Member States”;
TAKING NOTE of the “Diagnostic and Suggested Course of Action” of the Joint Working Group on Existing Mechanisms for Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance among the Member States (GTC/DAH-12/11 rev. 3 corr. 1);
ALSO TAKING NOTE of the Report prepared by the Chair on the five substantive meetings of the Joint Working Group (GTC/DAH-11/11);
HIGHLIGHTING the participation, proposals, and recommendations of the member states and of 37 experts and officials of countries, of bodies of the inter-American system, and of international, regional, and subregional agencies and organizations at five substantive meetings of the Joint Working Group;
EMPHASIZING the need to continue assessing and, when necessary, strengthening the hemispheric mechanisms to adapt them and to bring them into line with the new realities and complexities of disasters and to the new framework for action in the international arena;
REAFFIRMING the importance of facilitating and utilizing mechanisms to further joint efforts and enlist the community and its organizations in assessing its problems and developing prevention and response mechanisms;
UNDERSCORING the advisability of implementing the guidelines arising from the Hyogo Framework of Action on public policies to continue specific risk management and emergency policies;
MINDFUL that in achieving rapid and efficient assistance to persons in disaster situations, it is essential that conflicts of jurisdiction and/or competence arising from a lack of specific legislation on disaster risk management be avoided;

CONVINCED of the importance of migration, customs, and tax agreements, among others, to facilitate the receipt, donation, or transit of humanitarian inputs in disaster or emergency situations;


EMPHASIZING the importance of strengthening regional and subregional emergency and risk management agencies and the importance of closer ties among the inter-American system, national agencies, and subregional risk management entities, taking into account existing mechanisms and activities such as the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA), the Center for the Prevention of Natural Disasters in Central America (CEPREDENAC), the Andean Committee for Disaster Prevention and Relief (CAPRADE), and the Specialized Meeting on Social and Natural Disaster Risk Reduction, Civil Defense, Civil Protection, and Humanitarian Assistance (REHU), reinforcing complementarity without duplicating efforts;
REITERATING the importance of reaching a commitment among member states that will allow the timely and effective exchange of information, tools, successful experiences, and best practices among countries, international agencies, regional and subregional institutions and organizations, social actors, and civil society entities, in respect of risk management, disaster assistance, avoiding duplication of efforts, and combining synergies of existing mechanisms in the interest of the region,
RESOLVES:


  1. To welcome the “Diagnostic and Suggested Course of Action of the Joint Working Group on Existing Mechanisms for Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance among the Member States” (GTC/DAH-12/11 rev. 3 corr. 1)




  1. To extend the mandate of the Joint Working Group on Existing Mechanisms for Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance among the Member States for 1 (one) additional year so that it may design an Inter-American Plan for the Coordination of Disaster Prevention and Response and Humanitarian Assistance, to reflect, inter alia, the diagnostic and to take into account the existing national, subregional, regional, and multilateral mechanisms and agencies, in order to seek out complementarities and avoid the duplication of efforts.




  1. To instruct the Joint Working Group that in designing this Plan, it consider the instruments and mechanisms that exist in the inter-American sphere.




  1. To urge the member states to consider:




  1. Strengthening the subregional mechanisms and their Forum on Coordination and Cooperation of Subregional Agencies for Disaster Risk Management in the Americas as key actors, to increase the level of regional coordination; (this paragraph will be placed in the position of the current 4.bis)

b. Strengthening national comprehensive risk management capabilities by enhancing response coordination and international humanitarian assistance; (this paragraph will be placed in the position of the current 4.a)


c. Informing the OAS General Secretariat, through the permanent missions of the member states, of the respective National Coordination Authorities for emergency situations in the member states with a view to increasing the levels of regional coordination;
d. Developing, in accordance with their possibilities and needs, tools to optimize humanitarian assistance processes, such as supply management, operating guidelines, manuals, etc.;
e. Promoting the International Disaster Response Laws, Rules and Principles (IDRL) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) as a contribution to the development of internal legal structures with a view to generating action protocols, improving and adapting laws, closing gaps, and enlisting the involvement of the public, private, and community sectors; and
f. Supporting the process of regional meetings on international humanitarian assistance mechanisms, helping to prevent the duplication of efforts and focusing on building specific tools to improve regional coordination mechanisms, such as designing a compendium of regional standards, developing formal foreign ministry procedures and operating manuals for humanitarian assistance, and adopting subregional models for supply management, virtual coordination tools, recovery of traditional knowledge and practices, etc.


  1. To instruct the General Secretariat:




  1. To report on the status of implementation of the agreements that the General Secretariat has concluded with, inter alia, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), and the World Food Programme (WFP);




  1. Making use of the installed capacity of the OAS, based on interaction among the OAS offices in the member states, the foreign ministries of the member states, and their missions to the Organization, to encourage the use of standardized systems on the problems of disasters that exist, including on the basis of requests from the relevant subregional agencies;




  1. To establish and disseminate an updated registry of civil society organizations and other social actors working in the field of humanitarian assistance on which the OAS and the member states can call in the event of an emergency, based on the resources that exist within the Organization;




  1. To publicize, expedite, and facilitate the work of the Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction (IACNDR) and the Inter-American Emergency Aid Fund (FONDEM);

e. To activate the Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction (IACNDR) in the event of emergency situations requiring international assistance in the region; and


f. To disseminate the International Disaster Response Laws, Rules and Principles (IDRL) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)




  1. To instruct the Working Group that in preparing the Plan referred to in the first operative paragraph, it follow up on and take into consideration, as appropriate, the activities described in operative paragraphs 2 and 3, as well as other specialized meetings that could offer contributions.




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat to develop a resource mobilization strategy to sustain the work of the Joint Working Group.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of whose activities shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources. The execution of the activities described in this resolution shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2648 (XLI-O/11)

IMPROVING TRANSPARENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF
THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMITTEE ON PORTS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


BEARING IN MIND:
That, under Article 8 of the Statutes of CIDI, the functions of the Permanent Executive Committee of CIDI (CEPCIDI) include, inter alia, coordinating the activities of the subsidiary bodies of CIDI and receiving their reports and recommendations;
That in the framework of the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI), a process of reflection and consultation is under way regarding the mechanisms for policy dialogue within the framework of CIDI and the existing partnership for development system, exploring different alternatives with a view to strengthening it; and
That in that context, CEPCIDI created a working group with the mandate of “considering the various options for strengthening CIDI and its organs and improving their functioning”,
HAVING SEEN resolution CIDI/RES. 257 (XVI-O/11), “Improving Transparency and Effectiveness of the Inter-American Committee on Ports”;
CONSIDERING:
That through resolution CECIP/RES. 1 (XII-11), “Subcommittee on Policy and Coordination,” the Executive Board of the Inter-American Committee on Ports (CECIP) instructed the CIP Subcommittee on Policy and Coordination of the CIP to approve by June 1, 2011, a format for reporting quarterly financial statements that includes a detailed reporting of the CIP’s expenditures in order to improve record keeping and budget creations of future activities;
That, through resolution CECIP/RES. 9 (XII-11), “Pilot Plan for New Procedures for Managing and Executing the Work of the Groups and Subcommittees,” the CECIP instructed the Subcommittee on Policy and Coordination of the CIP to formulate the proposal for a pilot plan for new procedures for managing and executing the work of the Groups and Subcommitteesthat does not alter proper follow-up of existing plans and programs but opens up an executive track to ensure that the work of the CECIP is performed;
RESOLVES:


  1. To instruct the Secretariat of the Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP) to submit to the Permanent Executive Committee of CIDI (CEPCIDI) for approval, prior to holding meetings of the CIP and of its organs, proposed sites and dates for those meetings.




  1. To instruct the Secretariat of the CIP to submit to CEPCIDI the results of each meeting so that CEPCIDI may transmit them to CIDI, accompanied, when appropriate, by its observations and recommendations thereon.




  1. To instruct the Secretary of the Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP) to present the new format for quarterly financial reports to the Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) no later than June 17, 2011.




  1. To instruct the CIP Secretary to review the CIP activities and propose to CEPCIDI a survey of member states with a view to informing a streamlined program of targeted activities that align with the CIP's strengths and member's priorities.




  1. To instruct the Secretary of the CIP to provide CEPCIDI with quarterly financial reports using the new format no later than 30 days after the end of each quarter, starting July 1, 2011.




  1. To entrust the Secretariat of the CIP with submitting to CEPCIDI a report on the implementation of resolution CECIP/RES. 9 (XII-11) no later than July 1, 2011




  1. To instruct CEPCIDI to consider the reports requested of the Secretariat of the CIP and those for the information of the CIP, together with any recommendations it deems relevant for improving the work of the Committee. To instruct it also to forward those recommendations to the Working Group to Strengthen CIDI for it to take them into account in its process of strengthening CIDI.




  1. To instruct the Secretariat of the CIP to adopt the provisions of this resolution in the preparations for the next meeting of the CIP.




  1. To instruct CEPCIDI to make the amendments necessary to the Rules of Procedure of the CIP to take account of this resolution.




  1. To request CIDI to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution. The execution of the activities provided for in this resolution shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2649 (XLI-O/11)

CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE HEMISPHERE
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN resolutions CIDI/RES. 241 (XV-O/10), AG/RES. 2588 (XL-O/10), and CIDI/RES. 260 (XVI-O/11), “Climate Change in the Countries of the Hemisphere”;
CONSIDERING:
That socioeconomic development and environmental protection are interdependent pillars of sustainable development, of which poverty eradication is an essential target;
That climate change generates adverse impacts throughout the Hemisphere, causing deterioration in the quality of life and the environment for present and future generations;
That the most recent scientific evidence, including the Fourth Assessment Report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), indicates that it is necessary to reduce global emissions in order to stabilize the earth’s temperature in the medium and long terms;
That the OAS member states face significant risks from the adverse impacts of climate change, particularly those vulnerable in accordance with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and require adaptation strategies to counteract such effects;
That the Organization of American States (OAS) member states and the international community share the responsibility of finding effective and equitable solutions to climate change in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and their respective capabilities, and all other principles, objectives and provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change;
That the OAS member states endorse the efforts underway to mobilize financial and technological support in the Hemisphere to address adaptation and mitigation needs of its developing countries;
That the OAS has adopted resolutions and declarations to support the efforts of the member states in climate change and sustainable development, including: resolutions AG/RES. 1674 (XXIX-0/99), “Climate Change in the Americas”; AG/RES. 1736 (XXX-O/00) and AG/RES. 1821 (XXXI-O/01), “The Socioeconomic and Environmental Impact of Climate Change on the Countries of the Hemisphere”; AG/RES. 2588 (XL-O/10), “Climate Change in the Countries of the Hemisphere”; and the Declaration of Santo Domingo for the Sustainable Development of the Americas (CIDI/RIMDS-II/DEC.1/10)21/; and
That the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 16) and the sixth session of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP-CMP 6) were held from November 29 to December 10, 2010, in Cancún, Mexico,
RESOLVES:


  1. To reaffirm the commitments undertaken in the relevant instruments, resolutions, and declarations on sustainable development and climate change within the framework of the Organization of American States (OAS).




  1. To support the efforts of the OAS member states to promote economic and social development and environmental protection in a comprehensive manner, consistent with the actions to eradicate poverty.




  1. To welcome with appreciation the Cancún outcomes of the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 16) and, for those who are Party to the Kyoto Protocol, the sixth session of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 6), held in Cancún, Mexico, from November 29 to December 10, 2010.22/




  1. To work to strengthen the resilience of the OAS member states to the adverse impacts of climate change, especially the most vulnerable states of the Hemisphere, and to support the development of climate change adaptation activities.




  1. To support the efforts of the OAS member states to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including the promotion of capacity-building and information exchange activities.




  1. To urge all OAS member states to work together to build on the decisions adopted at the thirteenth and sixteenth sessions of the Conference of the Parties, including both implementation tasks and issues to be resolved, in order to ensure the success of COP 17/CMP 7..23/24/




  1. To promote capacity-building and information exchange, related to climate change, including the development and strengthening of the meteorological capacities of the OAS member states.




  1. To highlight the special needs of people, communities, and ecosystems vulnerable to climate change in the countries of the Hemisphere and take them into account in OAS plans, programs and activities in the area of climate change.




  1. To urge also all OAS member states to seek and agree upon ambitious equitable, effective, and efficient results of an inclusive and transparent negotiation process to ensure the success of the Seventeenth Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 17) and the seventh session of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 7), to be held in Durban, South Africa.




  1. To support the General Secretariat’s efforts to mobilize resources aimed at furthering implementation of climate change-related activities.




  1. To request the Inter-American Council for Integral Development to report to the General Assembly, at its forty-third regular session on the implementation of this resolution.

FOOTNOTES
1. in Santo Domingo, as it believes that the valuation of environmental services and carbon markets, rather than contributing to sustainable development and to resolving the problem of climate change, further deepen the lack of equilibrium with nature and inequity among human beings.
2. would place humanity and nature in the catastrophic scenario of a 4° C increase in temperature by permitting developed countries to violate their greenhouse-gas reduction obligations, weaken the Kyoto Protocol, and promote new market mechanisms that transfer their responsibilities to developing countries.
3. … of the 277 decisions adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Climate Change, the formal and express objection of a state party was disregarded, and that circumstance must be taken into account in the implementation of its results.

4. … without exception, by consensus. The preparatory process for COP 16 was characterized by transparency and by the Chair’s interest in reflecting the concerns of all the states parties. There is no right of veto under the Framework Convention. The reports of the Conference indicated that the Chair stated that the Cancún Agreements were adopted by consensus and that no delegation objected to that declaration.

AG/RES. 2650 (XLI-O/11)

PROMOTION OF AND RESPECT FOR INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


REAFFIRMING its resolution AG/RES. 2575 (XL-O/10) and all its pertinent past resolutions;
DEEPLY CONCERNED that in various parts of the world violations of international humanitarian law persist, causing suffering to victims of armed conflict, particularly the civilian population, and by the challenges posed by the new situations that arise in the context of armed conflicts;
RECALLING that the obligation, under any circumstances, to respect and ensure respect for international humanitarian law, whether treaty-based or arising from customary international law, applies to all states parties to the universally recognized, four Geneva Conventions, which includes the member states;
RECALLING that 33, 32, and 13 OAS member states are parties, respectively, to Additional Protocols I, II, and III to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and that 11 have recognized the competence of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission;
NOTING the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions on August 1, 2010, and that, to date, 10 member states are parties to said instrument and 19 have signed it;
NOTING the attention paid to the question of cluster munitions by the Group of Governmental Experts of the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (CCW);
AWARE of the rich legacy of cultural assets in the Hemisphere recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as world heritage, and which would benefit from the protection systems of international humanitarian law;
UNDERSCORING the need to strengthen international humanitarian law by means of its universal acceptance, broader dissemination, and adoption of national measures for its effective application, including the suppression of gross violations thereof;
RECOGNIZING the important advisory work of the national committees or commissions on international humanitarian law, and that 19 member states of the Organization have such bodies;
TAKING NOTE of the conclusions of the Third Universal Meeting of National Committees on International Humanitarian Law held in Geneva, Switzerland, from October 17 to 29, 2010, as well as the conclusions and recommendations adopted by the International Conference of National Committees on International Humanitarian Law of Latin America and the Caribbean held in Mexico City from June 30 to July 2, 2010; and
EMPHASIZING the special role of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) as a neutral, impartial, and independent institution working to protect and assist the victims of armed conflicts, as well as to promote respect for international humanitarian law in the region, and recognizing, also, the valuable efforts of national Red Cross societies in that regard,
RESOLVES:


  1. To urge the member states and the parties engaged in armed conflict to honor and fulfill their obligations under international humanitarian law, including those pertaining to safeguarding the life, well-being, and dignity of protected persons and property, and the proper treatment of prisoners of war.




  1. To urge those member states that have not yet done so to consider becoming parties to the treaties on international humanitarian law to which they are not yet party, including those on prohibition or restriction of the use of certain weapons for humanitarian reasons, and to consider making use of, when appropriate, the services of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission.




  1. To invite the member states to disseminate as widely as possible the rules and principles of international humanitarian law, in particular by incorporating them into military doctrine and manuals, so that armed forces will have the means and mechanisms necessary for their effective application, and by making use of the pertinent media so that such law may be familiar to the civilian population.




  1. To urge the member states to adopt such legislative or other measures as may be necessary to meet their legal obligations under the treaties on international humanitarian law to which they are party, including:




    1. To classify under criminal law gross violations of international humanitarian law, with a particular emphasis on war crimes, including the responsibility of superiors for the acts of their subordinates and recognition of non-applicability of statutory limitations to these offenses, among other pertinent provisions.




    1. To adopt all necessary measures to comply with their respective international obligations regarding the recruitment and use of children in armed forces or armed groups and to prevent their participation in hostilities, in accordance with rules and principles of international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and international refugee law.




    1. To adopt laws to regulate the use of and respect for–and to prevent and, when applicable, punish the misuse of–the Red Cross, Red Crescent, and, where applicable, Red Crystal emblems, as well as their denominations, including provisions to protect medical missions.

    2. To adopt provisions to guarantee protection of cultural property from the effects of armed conflict, which may include preventive measures related to the preparation of inventories, the planning of emergency measures, and the appointment of competent authorities.




  1. To remind member states that are parties to treaties that prohibit or restrict, for humanitarian reasons, the use of certain arms and munitions, of their obligations under those instruments, including:




    1. To adopt legislative or other measures to prevent or, as appropriate, criminalize the use, manufacture, stockpiling, and any other prohibited activity with respect to these weapons and munitions; to facilitate the purging and destruction of their arsenals; to provide proper care to victims, and to strengthen control over their availability.




    1. To introduce procedures to determine, when studying, developing, acquiring, or adopting a new weapon or new means or methods of warfare, whether their use would be contrary to international humanitarian law, and, if so, prohibit such activities.




    1. To actively implement the 2010-2014 Plan of Action of Cartagena,25/ as well as the Vientiane Action Plan,26/ with a particular emphasis on care for victims and on activities designed to prevent and reduce the risk of arms contamination.




    1. To strengthen safeguards for civilians against the use and indiscriminate effects of arms and munitions, inter alia, through active participation in:




      1. The Fourth Review Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (CCW), which will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, in November 2011, and which will consider, inter alia, the findings of the Group of Governmental Experts of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention, entrusted with developing an instrument that fully addresses the consequences of cluster munitions.




      1. The Second Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which will be held in Beirut, Lebanon, from September 12 to 16, 2011.




      1. The Fourth Session of the Preparatory Committee and the United Nations Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty, which will be held in New York, in July 2011 and in 2012, respectively.




  1. To urge member states to participate actively in the 31st International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, which will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, from November 28 to 31, 2011.




  1. To invite member states to continue to support the work of national committees or commissions responsible for the implementation and dissemination of international humanitarian law; and to urge any state without such a body to consider establishing one as a means of strengthening advancement and observance of international humanitarian law.




  1. To ask the General Secretariat to identify, in conjunction with the ICRC, mechanisms for promoting the participation of national commissions for international humanitarian law in the OAS’s activities.




  1. To provide backing for the regional meetings of national commissions for international humanitarian law organized with the support of the ICRC, which assist in promoting awareness of the activities and contributions of those commissions, for the sharing of good practices in the implementation, integration, and promotion of international humanitarian law in their corresponding countries, and to invite the ICRC to submit reports on the results of those meetings.




  1. To urge member states to continue to support efforts to implement and strengthen international humanitarian law, with a view to making its application more effective and to finding solutions to shortcomings in protection.

11. To express its satisfaction with the cooperation between the Organization of American States (OAS) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in promoting respect for international humanitarian law and the principles that govern that law; and to urge the General Secretariat to continue to strengthen such cooperation.


12. To request the Inter-American Juridical Committee (CJI), to propose model laws to support the efforts made by member states to fulfill obligations under international humanitarian law treaties, with an emphasis on protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict, and to report on the progress made to the General Assembly at its forty-second and forty-third regular sessions, respectively.
13. To request the General Secretariat to continue organizing, within the framework of the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs, through the Department of International Law and in coordination with the ICRC, courses and seminars for member states, staff of the Organization of American States, and the general public, in order to promote knowledge of and respect for international humanitarian law and related regional instruments, including measures for their effective implementation.
14. To reiterate the request made to the Permanent Council to hold, prior to the forty-second regular session of the General Assembly, a special meeting on topics of current interest in international humanitarian law.
15. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-third regular session on the implementation of this resolution. The execution of the activities therein shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2651 (XLI-O/11)

PERSONS WHO HAVE DISAPPEARED AND ASSISTANCE
TO MEMBERS OF THEIR FAMILIES
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECALLING resolution AG/RES. 2594 (XL-O/10), “Persons Who Have Disappeared and Assistance to Members of Their Families,” adopted by this General Assembly on June 8, 2010; resolution A/RES/65/210, “Missing Persons,” adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 21, 2010; other past resolutions on this subject, adopted by both forums, by the former Commission on Human Rights, and by the present Human Rights Council of the United Nations; as well as the treaties on international humanitarian law and international human rights law, both universal and regional, that address this problem;
NOTING that the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, adopted on December 20, 2006, by the United Nations General Assembly, entered into force on December 23, 2010, and that 23 countries have ratified or acceded to it, of which 10 are states of the Hemisphere, and three of the six that have recognized the competence of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances belong to this region;
RECOGNIZING also the efforts made in this area by organizations and associations of family members and civil society and by state institutions in defining common standards for matters related to psychosocial care;
BEARING IN MIND that the problem of missing persons and assistance to members of their families is addressed in both international humanitarian law and international human rights law within their respective spheres of application, and that, in accordance with those legal frameworks, states are further urged to adopt, progressively, the national implementing measures referred to in previous resolutions of this General Assembly on the subject, in particular, in terms of prevention, investigation of cases, and treatment of human remains, and support to family members;
REAFFIRMING the humanitarian need and the responsibility of States to continue necessary efforts to alleviate the suffering, anxiety, and uncertainty besetting the family members of persons who are presumed to have disappeared in situations of armed conflict or armed violence, as well as their right to truth and justice and to learn about the fate and whereabouts of those persons, as recognized in OAS resolution AG/RES. 2509 (XXXIX-O/09), and, where appropriate, to receive legal remedy for the damage caused;
EMPHASIZING the development of forensic science and, in particular, forensic genetics, and the important contribution of those sciences to the process of searching for missing persons, especially as regards clarifying the location, recovery, identification, and return of human remains, and as regards the fate and the whereabouts of persons who are presumed to have disappeared; and
REAFFIRMING that forced disappearance is a multiple and continuous violation of various human rights and that it cannot be practiced, permitted, or tolerated, even in states of emergency or exception or of suspension of guarantees,
RESOLVES:


  1. To reiterate the provisions of operative paragraphs 1 through 17 of AG/RES. 2594 (XL-O/10), “Persons Who Have Disappeared and Assistance to Members of Their Families,” adopted by this General Assembly on June 8, 2010.




  1. To urge states, in keeping with their obligations under international humanitarian law and international human rights law, to continue the progressive adoption of measures, including domestic regulatory and institutional provisions, to prevent the disappearance of persons in the context of armed conflict or other situations of armed violence, to clarify the fate and whereabouts of those who have disappeared, to strengthen technical capacity to deal with human remains, and to attend to the needs of the family members, using as a reference, among others, the Guiding Principles/Model Law on the Missing,” prepared by the Advisory Service on international humanitarian law of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).




  1. To encourage member states, in order to address the legal situation of missing persons and its effect on that of family members, to proceed to adopt the necessary domestic legal framework to recognize and address the legal and practical difficulty and hardship faced by the missing person and his or her family members, including the legal framework needed to authorize a “declaration of absence” for persons who are presumed to have disappeared.




  1. To ask states to pay maximum attention to cases of children presumed to have disappeared in connection with armed conflicts and other situations of armed violence and to adopt appropriate measures to seek out and identify those children and reunite them with their families.




  1. To invite member states to consider ratifying and/or acceding to, and implementing in their domestic legal systems, the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance and to recognize the competence of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances for which that Convention provides.

6. To exhort member states, in order to allow family members to exercise their right to learn the fate and whereabouts of their relatives who have disappeared in situations of armed conflict or armed violence, [United States: as recognized in OAS resolution AG/RES. 2509 (XXXIX-O/09),] to adopt effective measures in the context of a broad and comprehensive investigation for the location, recovery, identification, and return of human remains, while respecting the families’ dignity, traditions, and mental health.


7. To urge member states, in line with the conclusions and recommendations of the First Meeting of Forensic Specialists of the Americas, of the Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA), held on September 24 and 25, 2009, to support the training of forensic scientists in their own countries and the implementation of professional forensic training consistent with internationally validated scientific standards and procedures, to that end fostering the international cooperation, participation, and technical assistance of international and national institutions with recognized experience in the field.

8. To recommend that member states take into account minimum standards for psychosocial work when defining and applying their government policies concerning the search for missing persons and the corresponding forensic investigation, and in addressing the situation of family members.


9. To invite member states to continue their cooperation with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), a recognized neutral and independent humanitarian institution, in its various areas of responsibility, by facilitating its work and implementing its technical recommendations, with a view to consolidating the measures adopted by states in the process of searching for missing persons.


10. To encourage member states, as appropriate, with the support of their respective missing persons search commissions and their national commissions on human rights or on international humanitarian law or other competent bodies, in accordance with their respective mandates, and with technical collaboration from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), to provide information on the measures taken, at the national level, regarding the provisions of resolutions adopted by this General Assembly since 2005 on “Persons who have Disappeared and Members of Their Families,” entrusting the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs (CAJP) with placing on its agenda the broad dissemination of this information, before the forty-second regular session of the OAS General Assembly.
11. To instruct the Permanent Council to follow up on this resolution.
AG/RES. 2652 (XLI-O/11)


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