Original: Spanish declarations and resolutions adopted by the general assembly




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FORTY-FIRST REGULAR SESSION OEA/Ser.P

June 5 to 7, 2011 AG/doc.5232/11

San Salvador, El Salvador 7 June 2011

Original: Spanish

DECLARATIONS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
(Provisional version pending revision by the Style Committee)

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

AG/DEC. 66 (XLI-O/11)



AG/DEC. 68 (XLI-O/11) 9

DECLARATION ON HAITI 9

SUPPORT FOR THE WORK OF THE
INTER-AMERICAN COMMITTEE AGAINST TERRORISM 13

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the holding of the Eleventh Regular Session of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) in Washington, D.C., on March 17, 2011, and the adoption of the Declaration on “Renewed Hemispheric Commitment to Enhance Cooperation to Prevent, Combat and Eliminate Terrorism”; 14

SPECIAL SECURITY CONCERNS OF THE SMALL ISLAND STATES
OF THE CARIBBEAN 17

Promote periodic, independent evaluations of policies, programs and interventions. 30

CONFERENCE IN SUPPORT OF THE CENTRAL AMERICAN SECURITY STRATEGY 60

SUPPORT FOR AND FOLLOW-UP TO THE


SUMMITS OF THE AMERICAS PROCESS 84

INCREASING AND STRENGTHENING THE PARTICIPATION OF CIVIL SOCIETY AND SOCIAL ACTORS IN THE ACTIVITIES OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES


AND IN THE SUMMITS OF THE AMERICAS PROCESS 93

SEVENTH INTER-AMERICAN MEETING OF


MINISTERS OF EDUCATION WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF CIDI 118

REPORT OF THE SECOND MEETING OF MINISTERS AND HIGH AUTHORITIES


OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF CIDI 125

OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE ANNUAL REPORT


OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS 149

FOLLOW-UP ON THE INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION AGAINST CORRUPTION AND ON THE INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM FOR COOPERATION


IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION 157

INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT


OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 176

STUDY OF THE RIGHTS AND THE CARE OF PERSONS


UNDER ANY FORM OF DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT 202

STRENGTHENING THE ACTIVITIES OF THE


JUSTICE STUDIES CENTER OF THE AMERICAS 213

OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE ANNUAL REPORT


OF THE INTER-AMERICAN JURIDICAL COMMITTEE 215

OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE ANNUAL REPORT


OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS/ 217

HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION IN FORMAL EDUCATION IN THE AMERICAS 223

DRAFT AMERICAN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES 226

PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS


WHILE COUNTERING TERRORISM 233

PROTECTION OF ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES IN THE AMERICAS 244

CONSUMER PROTECTION: CONSOLIDATION OF THE NETWORK FOR CONSUMER SAFETY AND HEALTH AND CREATION OF AN INTER-AMERICAN RAPID PRODUCT SAFETY WARNING SYSTEM 258

PROMOTION OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE HEMISPHERE 275

SUPPORT FOR REGIONAL COLLOQUIUM FOR FEMALE LEADERS 279

MECHANISM TO FOLLOW UP ON IMPLEMENTATION OF


THE INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION, PUNISHMENT, AND ERADICATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, “CONVENTION OF BELÉM DO PARÁ” 289

RECOGNITION AND PROMOTION OF THE RIGHTS OF


PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT IN THE AMERICAS 292

PROMOTION AND STRENGTHENING OF DEMOCRACY:


FOLLOW-UP TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC CHARTER 294

SOCIAL CHARTER OF THE AMERICAS: RENEWAL OF THE HEMISPHERIC COMMITMENT TO FIGHT POVERTY IN THE REGION 299


AG/DEC. 66 (XLI-O/11)


DECLARATION OF SAN SALVADOR
ON CITIZEN SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND HEADS OF DELEGATION OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (OAS), gathered in San Salvador, El Salvador, at the forty-first regular session of the OAS General Assembly;


RECOGNIZING that peace, security, democracy, human rights, development, and cooperation are the pillars of the inter-American system and that they are interlinked and mutually reinforcing;
CONVINCED that all multilateral efforts and cooperation in the area of security must respect in full the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence of states, and of non-interference in the internal affairs of states, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the Charter of the Organization of American States, and international law, as well as take into account different perspectives with regard to threats to states’ security and their priorities;
RECOGNIZING that the Declaration on Security in the Americas reiterates that the concept of security in the Hemisphere is multidimensional in scope, includes traditional and new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere, incorporates the priorities of each state, contributes to the consolidation of peace, integral development, and social justice, and is based on democratic values, respect for and promotion and defense of human rights, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for national sovereignty;
RECOGNIZING that with the adoption of the Commitment to Public Security in the Americas at the First Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA I), held in Mexico on October 7-8, 2008, the member states expressed their political will for and the priority of confronting crime, violence, and insecurity in a joint, mutually supportive, preventive, comprehensive, coherent, effective, and continuous manner;
RECOGNIZING ALSO the Consensus of Santo Domingo on Public Security in the Americas adopted at the Second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA II), held in the Dominican Republic on November 3-5, 2009;
REAFFIRMING that the Meetings of Ministers of Justice or Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA) and other meetings of criminal justice authorities are important and effective forums for promoting and strengthening mutual understanding, confidence, dialogue, and cooperation in developing criminal justice policies and responses to address threats to security;
RECALLING the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, in the American Convention on Human Rights, and in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
TAKING NOTE of the Report on Citizen Security and Human Rights prepared by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and presented by it in December 2009;
RECOGNIZING that public security is the duty and exclusive obligation of the state, strengthens the rule of law, and has as its purpose to safeguard the integrity and safety of persons and to protect the enjoyment of all their rights;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that citizen and community participation is essential in the promotion and sustainability of public security policies;
RECOGNIZING that public security conditions are improved through full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as by means of the promotion of education, culture, health, and economic and social development;
RECOGNIZING furthermore the need to promote and strengthen long-term and comprehensive state policies for public security that fully ensure the protection and promotion of human rights, with an emphasis on addressing the causes of crime and violence;
UNDERLINING the need to continue coordinating international measures in the area of natural disaster prevention, mitigation and assistance, while encouraging community participation and strengthening domestic capabilities as well as those of competent risk management agencies;
REITERATING the commitment to promote, within the framework of the rule of law, a culture of peace and non-violence, which is understood as a set of values, attitudes, and modes of behavior based on respect for life, human beings, and their dignity, and which gives priority to human rights, ending of violence, and adherence to the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, solidarity, tolerance, and respect for diversity;
RECOGNIZING that crime and violence crime impair the social, economic, and political development of their societies;
CONSIDERING ALSO that, in the OAS Charter, the member states agreed that equality of opportunity, the elimination of extreme poverty, equitable distribution of wealth and income, and the full participation of their peoples in decisions relating to their own development are, among others, basic objectives of integral development; 
RECOGNIZING the need to take action to bring about conditions for social, economic, political and cultural development so as to promote social inclusion, reduce inequity and create opportunities for their people thereby contributing to the prevention of crime, violence and insecurity;
REITERATING the commitment to address the challenges related to pandemics and natural and man-made disasters;
REAFFIRMING that states have a duty and responsibility to provide the humanitarian assistance necessary to protect the life, integrity, and dignity of their inhabitants in natural or man-made disasters;
CONSIDERING the importance of adopting policies, programs, and actions to prevent and confront crime, violence, and insecurity, including measures for the protection of vulnerable groups;
CONVINCED that elimination of violence against women in all its dimensions is an indispensable condition for their individual and social advancement and for their full and equal participation in society; as well as of the importance of including a gender perspective in security policies;
RECOGNIZING the importance of providing youth, particularly at-risk youth, with opportunities for and access to education, training, employment, culture, sports, and recreation, in order to prevent violence;
REAFFIRMING that prevention, punishment, and eradication of migrant smuggling, trafficking in persons and exploitation in all its forms, including sexual exploitation of women and minors, are obligations of the member states that should be addressed in accordance with the national and international legal instruments on such matters, and when appropriate, in partnership with civil society;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that transnational organized criminal activities can be used to finance and facilitate terrorism;
RECOGNIZING the importance of continuing to strengthen law enforcement and criminal justice capabilities;
RECOGNIZING the importance of mutual assistance in criminal matters and extradition in response to the preparation, planning, commission, execution, or financing of acts of terrorism, as well as corruption and organized crime, in accordance with domestic law and international agreements;
CONSIDERING the importance of international cooperation for improving economic and social conditions and thereby strengthening public security;
REAFIRMING the importance of maintaining and strengthening bilateral, subregional, regional, and international cooperation on security-related matters,
DECLARE:


  1. That it is their priority to continue directing their political will, efforts and actions to strengthen citizen security, as a component of public security, in their countries.




  1. The obligation of states to develop and implement public policies in the area of public security in the framework of a democratic order, the rule of law, and observance of human rights, geared towards providing security and strengthening peaceful coexistence in their communities.

  2. That public security policies must encourage measures for dealing with the causes of crime, violence, and insecurity.




  1. That the individual is at the center of citizen security, understood as a component of public security and should therefore be a partner in the definition and implementation of ways to build more secure and sustainable communities and societies that conform to their aspirations for democracy and for socioeconomic and cultural development.




  1. That public security policies require the participation and cooperation of multiple actors, such as individuals, government at all levels, civil society, communities, the mass media, the private sector, and academia in order to reinforce promotion of a culture of peace and non violence and respond effectively and in a participatory manner to the needs of society as a whole.




  1. The importance of strengthening the capacity of the State to develop comprehensive, long-term public security policies with a gender-based perspective, bearing in mind the needs of vulnerable groups, including the promotion and protection of human rights, and adapting, as necessary, the appropriate legal frameworks, structures, programs, operating procedures, and management mechanisms.




  1. The need to continue implementing policies and measures in the area of prevention, law enforcement, rehabilitation, and reintegration into society, in order to ensure a comprehensive approach in combating crime, violence, and insecurity, for the purpose of enhancing public security.




  1. The determination to design public policies and educational programs with a view to achieving a cultural transformation aimed at eradicating domestic violence.




  1. The importance of continuing to foster measures to ensure that their populations have access to justice and to the protection afforded by an effective, transparent, and reliable criminal justice system.




  1. The need to continue promoting prison systems based on respect for human dignity and human rights, including policies and practices geared towards rehabilitation and reintegration into society.




  1. Their commitment to strengthen the links between development and security and, in this regard, foster the increasing coordination between the areas of integral development and multidimensional security of the OAS.




  1. The importance of maintaining and strengthening bilateral, subregional, regional, and international cooperation on security-related matters.




  1. The commitment to reinforce inter-American partnership for integral development and to strengthen cooperation mechanisms and actions to urgently address extreme poverty, inequity, and social exclusion.




  1. The need to continue coordinating international measures in the area of disaster prevention, mitigation and assistance, while encouraging community participation and strengthening domestic capabilities as well as those of competent risk management agencies.

  2. The need to continue strengthening bilateral, subregional, regional, and international cooperation mechanisms, in keeping with the principles established in the OAS Charter, to address, prevent and combat, in a comprehensive and effective manner, transnational organized crime, illicit arms trafficking, trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants, the global drug problem, money laundering, corruption, terrorism, kidnapping, criminal gangs and technology-related crime, including cybercrime, as they may affect, in certain cases, social, economic, and political development and the legal and institutional order.

1

6. To instruct the Permanent Council to prepare, in consultation and coordination with the national authorities of the Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA) and of the Meetings of Ministers of Justice or Other Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA), with the assistance of the General Secretariat, a draft hemispheric plan of action, to follow-up to the Declaration of San Salvador, to be considered by the forty-second regular session of the General Assembly;




  1. That they request the General Secretariat to seek adequate funding for the preparation of the Plan of Action and to report to the General Assembly at its next regular session on steps taken to achieve it.

AG/DEC. 67 (XLI-O/11)
DECLARATION ON THE QUESTION OF THE MALVINAS ISLANDS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


CONSIDERING its repeated statements that the Question of the Malvinas Islands is a matter of enduring hemispheric concern;
RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 928 (XVIII-O/88), adopted by consensus on November 19, 1988, in which it requested the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations in order to find, as soon as possible, a peaceful solution to the sovereignty dispute;
BEARING IN MIND that in its resolution AG/RES. 1049 (XX-O/90), it expressed satisfaction over the resumption of diplomatic relations between the two countries;
RECOGNIZING that the accreditation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, under CP/RES. 655 (1041/95), as a Permanent Observer of the OAS reflects principles and values shared by that country and OAS member states, which facilitate greater mutual understanding;
NOTING with satisfaction that the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland maintain important political, cultural and trade ties, share common values and are also engaged in close cooperation both bilaterally and in international fora;
BEARING IN MIND that, despite those ties and shared values, it has not yet been possible to resume the negotiations between the two countries with a view to solving the sovereignty dispute over the Malvinas Islands, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas in the framework of resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25 of the United Nations General Assembly, the decisions adopted by the same body on the same question in the Special Committee on Decolonization, and the reiterated resolutions and declarations adopted at this General Assembly; and
HAVING HEARD the presentation by the head of delegation of the Argentine Republic,
WELCOMES the reaffirmation of the will of the Argentine Government to continue exploring all possible avenues towards a peaceful settlement of the dispute and its constructive approach towards the inhabitants of the Malvinas Islands.
REAFFIRMS the need for the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume, as soon as possible, negotiations on the sovereignty dispute, in order to find a peaceful solution to this protracted controversy.
DECIDES to continue to examine the Question of the Malvinas Islands at its subsequent sessions until a definitive settlement has been reached thereon.
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