|ORDER: NEUROPTERA (spongillaflies)
with special reference to those found in Utah
prepared by: ?
revised by: Price and Nelson 14 Nov 2006; D. Jensen 28 Oct 2008
Diagnosing Features, adults:
multi-veined, especially in costal area
4 membranous, reticulated wings
wings held tent-like over the body
long, filiform antennae
Diagnosing Features, larvae:
small and stout
Larvae are aquatic and pupate above the waterline. Adults are near the water.
Aquatic Neuroptera are spongivores.
Adults can be pinned through mesothorax; larvae in ethanol.
The orders Megaloptera, Neuroptera, and Rhaphidioptera sometimes called one order: Neuroptera.
FAMILY: SISYRIDAE (spongillaflies)
masses of 2-5 eggs (sometimes 20)
oval in shape and covered in silk
laid over water on trees or rocks
egg-bursters are elongate
4-5 mm in length
mouthparts are elongate, unsegmented stylets that form a tube
2 or 3 segmented, transparent ventral gills on abodominal segments 1-8
housed in hemispherical, double-walled, silken cocoons
6-8 mm in length
.Larvae feed on fresh water sponges. Adults mainly nocturnal and can be found on flowers near water.
Climacia, only one known from Quail Creek, Washington Co.