Orchid Research Newsletter N




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Systematics and distribution


Agrawala, D. K. 2014. Extended distribution of Eria globulifera Seidenf. (Orchidaceae). Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 435-437.
Albert, V. A. and Carretero-Paulet, L. 2015. A genome to unveil the mysteries of orchids. Nature Genetics 47: 3-4.
Almeida Perez, R. S. and Marrero Rodriguez, A. 2014. Rediscovery of Eulophia guineensis Lindl. (Orchidaceae) in Fogo, Cape Verde Islands. Vieraea 42: 241-248.
Amardeilh, J.-P. 2014. Les Orchidées de Navarra (Espagne). L’Orchidophile (202): 195-210.
Archila, F., Chiron, G., Szlachetko, D., Bertolini, V., and Perez-Garcia, E. A. 2014. Laelia mottae (Orchidaceae): a new species of the complex of Laelia anceps Lindl. Botanical Sciences 92: 343-350.
Barberena, F. F. V. A. and De Barros, F. 2015. A new species of Promenaea (Cymbidieae; Epidendroideae; Orchidaceae) from southeastern Brazil. Phytotaxa 203: 205-209.
Barrett, C. F., Freudenstein, J. V., Li, J., Mayfield-Jones, D. R., Perez, L., Pires, J. C., and Santos, C. 2014. Investigating the path of plastid genome degradation in an early-transitional clade of heterotrophic orchids, and implications for heterotrophic angiosperms. Molecular Biology and Evolution 31: 3095-3112.
Bennery, L. and Hirschy, O. 2014. Nouvelles observations et discussions du complexe de l’Ophrys fuciflora (F.W. Schmidt) Mönch dans la Drôme et en région PACA. L’Orchidophile (202): 247-256.
Bhattacharjee, A. and Chowdhery, H. J. 2014. Lectotypification of the name Chrysobaphus roxburghii (Orchidaceae). Taxon 63: 1114-1116.
Bhattacharyya, P. and Kumaria, S. 2015. Molecular characterization of Dendrobium nobile Lindl., an endangered medicinal orchid, based on randomly amplified polymorphic DNA. Plant Systematics and Evolution 301: 201-210.
Biagioli, M., Grünanger, P. and Kreutz, K. 2015. Nuove combinazioni a rango sottospecifico di alcune Ophrys. Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58(1): 5-8.
Bogarin, D., Serracin, Z., Samudio, Z., Rincon, R., and Pupulin, F. 2014. An updated checklist of the Orchidaceae of Panama. Lankesteriana 14: 135-364.
Brullo, S. and Zimmitti, A. 2014. Epipactis hyblaea (Orchidaceae; Epipendroideae; Neottieae), a new species from Sicily. Phytotaxa 186: 42-50.
Cai, J., Liu, X., Vanneste, K., Proost, S., Tsai, W-C., Liu, K-W., Chen, L-J., He, Y., Xu, Q., Bian, C., Zheng, Z., Sun, F., Liu, W., Hsiao, Y-Y., Pan, Z-J., Hsu, C-C., Yang, Y-P., Hsu, Y-C., Chuang, Y-C., Dievart, A., Dufayard, J-F., Xu, X., Wang, J-Y., Wang, J., Xiao, X-J., Zhao, X-M., Du, R., Zhang, G-Q, Wang, M., Su, Y-Y., Xie, G-C., Liu, G-H., Li, L-Q., Huang, L-Q., Luo, Y-B., Chen, H-H., Van de Peer, Y., and Liu, Z-J. 2015. Corrigendum: The genome sequence of the orchid Phalaenopsis equestris. Nature Genetics 47(2): 186.
Cai, J., Liu, X., Vanneste, K., Proost, S., Tsai, W-C., Liu, K-W., Chen, L-J., He, Y., Xu, Q., Bian, C., Zheng, Z., Sun, F., Liu, W., Hsiao, Y-Y., Pan, Z-J., Hsu, C-C., Yang, Y-P., Hsu, Y-C., Chuang, Y-C., Dievart, A., Dufayard, J-F., Xu, X., Wang, J-Y., Wang, J., Xiao, X-J., Zhao, X-M., Du, R., Zhang, G-Q, Wang, M., Su, Y-Y., Xie, G-C., Liu, G-H., Li, L-Q., Huang, L-Q., Luo, Y-B., Chen, H-H., Van de Peer, Y., and Liu, Z-J. 2015. The genome sequence of the orchid Phalaenopsis equestris. Nature Genetics 47: 65-72.
Chase, M. W., Cameron, K. M., Freudenstein, J. V., Pridgeon, A. M., Salazar, G., van den Berg, C., and Schuiteman, A. 2015. An updated classification of Orchidaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177: 151-174.
Chateignier, A. 2015. Voyage en Italie du sud-est. L’Orchidophile 204: 99-114.
Chen, Y-Y., Bao, Z-X., Qu, Y., and Li, Z-Z. 2014. Genetic variation in cultivated populations of Gastrodia elata, a medicinal plant from central China analyzed by microsatellites. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 61: 1523-1532.
Clements, M. A., Howard, C. G., and Miller, J. T. 2015. Caladenia revisited: results of molecular phylogenetic analyses of Caladeniinae plastid and nuclear loci. American Journal of Botany 102: 581-597.
Cornej, X. and Hagsater, E. 2014. Epidendrum aromoense (Orchidaceae, Laeliinae), a new species from the coastal dry forests in western Ecuador. Harvard Papers in Botany 19: 185-188.
D’Alonzo, F. 2015. Ophrys gravinensis, nuova specie endemica della Puglia. Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58: 98-106.
Dalstrom, S. 2015. A new and previously misidentified Cyrtochilum (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) from the high plains of central Ecuador. Lankesteriana 15: 101-105.
Dalstrom, S. and Pérez, A. R. 2015. Two new similar species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae) from Pasco, Peru. Lankesteriana 15: 59-65.
De Leo, V. 2015. Le Orchidaceae del Parco Naturale di Lama Balice (Bari, Puglia). Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58: 129-135.
de Medeiros Vichiato, M. R., Vichiato, M., Pasqual, M., Rodrigues, F. A., and de Castro, D. M. 2014. Morphological effects of induced polyploidy in Dendrobium nobile Lindl. (Orchidaceae). Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 14: 154-159.
De Rezende Cardoso, A. L., Ilkiu-Borges, A. L., and Rodrigues, T. M. 2015. A new species of Uleiorchis (Gastrodieae, Orchidaceae) from the Brazilian Amazon. Phytotaxa 205: 117-122.
de Souza-Leal, T. and Pedroso-de-Moraes, C. 2014. Reproductive phenology and spatial distribution of Oeceoclades aculate [sic] (Lindl.) Lindl. (Orchidaceae) in Cerrado of Mogi Guacu, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Iheringia Serie Botanica 69: 405-416.
Delforge, P. and Delforge-Onckelink, C. 2014. Contribution à la connaissance des Orchidées de l’île de Kythnos (Cyclades occidentales, Grèce). Naturalistes belges 95 (Orchid. 27): 125-216.
Delforge, P. 2014. Ophrys ×lamprechtsiana nothosp. nat. nova. Naturalistes belges 95 (Orchid. 27): 87-92.
Delforge, P. 2014. Remarque sur la nomenclature du Serapias des Açores. Naturalistes belges 95 (Orchid. 27): 67-78.
Fateryga, A. V. and Kreutz, C. A. J. 2014. Checklist of the orchids of the Crimea (Orchidaceae). Journal Europäischer Orchideen 46: 407-436.
Fay, M. F. 2015. British and Irish orchids in a changing world. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 32: 3-23.
Fay, M. F. and Taylor, I. 2015. Cypripedium calceolus: Orchidaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 32: 24-32.
Fay, M. F. and Taylor, I. 2015. Ophrys fuciflora: Orchidaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 32: 42-50.
Fay, M. F. and Taylor, I. 2015. Orchis anthropophora: Orchidaceae Curtis's Botanical Magazine 32: 63-71.
Fay, M. F. and Taylor, I. 2015. Orchis purpurea: Orchidaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 32: 72-81.
Fay, M. F., Sayers, B., and Taylor, I. 2015. Dactylorhiza viridis: Orchidaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 32: 33-41.
Fay, M. F., Taylor, I., and Sayers, B. 2015. Ophrys insectifera: Orchidaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 32: 51-62.
Fraga, C. N., Fontana, A. P., and Kollmann, L. J. C. 2015. A new species of Epidendrum (Orchidaceae) from the Brazilian Atlantic forest of Espirito Santo. Plant Ecology And Evolution 148: 128-133.
Freudenstein, J. V. and Chase, M. W. 2015. Phylogenetic relationships in Epidendroideae (Orchidaceae), one of the great flowering plant radiations: progressive specialization and diversification. Annals of Botany 115: 665-681.
Frey, L. 2014. Orchidaceae in the Pieniny Mountains (Western Carpathians). Biodiversity: Research and Conservation 35: 93-100.
Gale, S. W., Kumar, P., and Fischer, G. A. 2014. Bulbophyllum ambrosia Orchidaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 31: 302-313.
Gennaio, R. and Medagli, P. 2015. Ophrys ×sulphurea Gennaio & Medagli, nuovo ibrido naturale del Salento (Puglia). Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58: 110-113.
Ginésy, B. 2015. Les orchidées des collines de Marseille. L’Orchidophile 204: 83-97.
Griebl, N. 2014. Beitrag zur Orchideenflora des Monte Gargano (Italien). Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 189-212.
Guan, Q-X., Chen, G-Z., Li, M-H., and Chen, S-P. 2014. Goodyera malipoensis (Cranichideae, Orchidaceae), a new species from China: evidence from morphological and molecular analyses. Phytotaxa 186: 51-60.
Guo, Y-Y., Luo, Y-B., Liu, Z-J., and Wang, X-Q. 2015. Reticulate evolution and sea-level fluctuations together drove species diversification of slipper orchids (Paphiopedilum) in South-East Asia. Molecular Ecology 24: 2838-2855.
Hansson, S. 2015. Hur star det till med den svenska orkidefloran? [Sweden's orchids today.] Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 109: 4-12.
Hayakawa, H., Hayakawa, C., Kusumoto, Y., Nishida, T., Ikeda, H., Fukuda, T., and Yokoyama, J. 2014. Cephalanthera falcata f. conformis (Orchidaceae) forma nov.: a new peloric orchid from Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 65: 127-139.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Die neue systematische Gliederung der Gattung Ophrys: Subgenus Fuciflorae. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 200-214.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Die neue systematische Gliederung der Gattung Ophrys: Untergattung Ophrys. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 62-73.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Genus Ophrys subgen. Fuciflorae sect. Araniferae subsect. Argolicae. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 232-238.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Genus Ophrys subgenus Fuciflorae sect. Apiferae. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 215-225.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Genus Ophrys subgenus Fuciflorae sect. Araniferae. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 226-231.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Genus Ophrys subgenus Fuciflorae sect. Araniferae subsect. Ferrum-equini. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 239-244.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Genus Ophrys subgenus Fuciflorae sect. Araniferae subsect. Bertoloniorum. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 245-257.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Subgenus Ophrys sectio Bombyliflorae. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 127-133.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Subgenus Ophrys sectio Ophrys. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 74-86.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Subgenus Ophrys sectio Pseudophrys. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 99-126.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Subgenus Ophrys sectio Speculi. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 87-98.
Hennecke, M. and Munzinger, S. 2014. Subgenus Ophrys sectio Tenthrediniferae. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 134-147.
Henry, Y. 2014. Radiation évolutive chez les Angiospermes – evolutionary radiation in angiosperms (with particular attention to Orchidaceae). Journal Europäischer Orchideen 46: 305-380.
Hertel, S. and Presser, H. 2014. Zur Kenntnis einiger Epipactis-Arten in Italien. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 148-188.
Hrivnak, R., Hrivnak, M., Slezak, M., Vlcko, J., Baltiarova, J., and Svitok, M. 2014. Distribution and eco-coenotic patterns of the forest orchid Epipactis pontica in Slovakia. Annals of Forest Research 57: 55-69.
Jacquemyn, H. and Brys, R. 2015. Pollen limitation and the contribution of autonomous selfing to fruit and seed set in a rewarding orchid. American Journal of Botany 102: 67-72.
Jalal, J. S. and Jayanthi, J. 2015. An annnotated checklist of the orchids of Western Himalaya, India. Lankesteriana 15: 7-50.
Jenny, R. 2014. Stanhopea intermedia and Johannes Christoph Klinge. Orchids 83: 564-566.
Jermakowicz, E., Wroblewska, A., Brzosko, E., Mirski, P., and Hirse, T. 2015. Phylogeographical structure of the boreal-montane orchid Malaxis monophyllos as a result of multi-directional gene flow. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 178: 138-154.
Khyanjeet, G., Raju, D., and Rajendra, Y. 2015. Orchids of Assam, North East India - an annotated checklist. International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences 6: 4123-4156.
Kolanowska, M. 2014. A new species of Pterichis (Cranichideae, Orchidaceae) from Peru. Wulfenia 21: 49-54.
Kolanowska, M. 2014. Notes on Costa Rican Pterichis (Orchidaceae) - new taxa and additions to national orchid flora. Lankesteriana 14: 99-108.
Kolanowska, M. 2014. The naturalization status of African spotted orchid (Oeceoclades maculata) in Neotropics. Plant Biosystems 148: 1049-1055.
Kolanowska, M. 2014. The orchid flora of the Colombian Department of Valle del Cauca. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85: 445-462.
Kolanowska, M. and Szlachetko, D. L. 2015. Notes on Pachyphyllinae (Vandoideae, Orchidaceae) with a description of a new genus. Plant Systematics and Evolution 301: 95-111.
Kolanowska, M. and Szlachetko, D. L. 2015. Overview of Cranichis (Orchidaceae, Cranichidinae) and allied genera with notes on their Colombian representatives. Plant Systematics and Evolution 301: 709-724.
Kreutz, C. A. J. 2014. Neue Erkenntisse zum Ophrys holosericea- und Ophrys oestrifera-Komplex im Südosten der Türkei. Journal Europäischer Orchideen 46: 437-461.
Kreutz, C. A. J. 2014. Neue Erkentnisse zu den Orchideen Rumäniens. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 75-139.
Kreutz, C. A. J., Rebbas, K., Belair, G. de, Miara, M. D., and Ait-Hammou, M. 2014. Ergänzungen, Korrekturen und neue Erkentnisse zu den Orchideen Algeriens. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 140-199.
Kreutz, K., Rossini, A., Quitadamo, G., Turco, A., and Medagli, P. 2014. Epipactis leptochila (Godfery) Godfery subsp. umbrae (Fam. Orchidaceae) nuovo taxon della Puglia. Thalassia Salentina 36: 79-90.
Lamaurt, G. 2015. Deux hybrides intergénériques de la Drôme. L’Orchidophile 204: 115-124.
Leles, B., Chaves, A. V., Russo, P., Batista, J. A. N., and Lovato, M. B. 2015. Genetic structure is associated with phenotypic divergence in floral traits and reproductive investment in a high-altitude orchid from the iron quadrangle, southeastern Brazil. PLOS ONE 10(3): e0120645.
Li, X-B., Jin, F., Jin, L., Jackson, A., Huang, C., Li, K-H., and Shu, X-L. 2014. Development of Cymbidium ensifolium genic-SSR markers and their utility in genetic diversity and population structure analysis in cymbidiums. BMC Genetics 15: 124 (5 December 2014).
Li, Y., Luo, F., and Xue, T. 2014. Studies on cross-compatibility of interspecific cross in Cymbidium. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 34: 1339-1344.
Lin, C-S., Chen, J. J. W., Huang, Y-T., Chan, M-T., Daniell, H., Chang, W-J., Hsu, C-T., Liao, D-C., Wu, F-H., Lin, S-Y., Liao, C-F., Deyholos, M. K., Wong, G. K-S., Albert, V. A., Chou, M-L., Chen, C-Y., and Shih, M-C. 2015. The location and translocation of ndh genes of chloroplast origin in the Orchidaceae family. Scientific Reports 5: 9040.
Lin, T-P. 2014. Newly discovered native orchids of Taiwan (VII). Taiwania 59: 360-367.
Liu, Q-X., Cheng, Z-Q.l, Tan, H-Y., Hsu, T-C., and Tian, H-Z. 2015. Morphological comparisons of two pairs of easily confused species in subtribe Goodyerinae (Cranichideae; Orchidaceae). Phytotaxa 202: 207-213.
Lumare, F. and Medagli, P. 2015. Serapias xbarsellae, nuovo ibrido naturale tra S. bergonii e S. parviflora. GIROS Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58: 40-49.
McMurtry, D. and Bytebier, B. 2015. Disa staerkeriana (Orchidaceae): a new species from Mpumalanga, South Africa. Phytotaxa 203: 192-198.
Manudevl, K. M., Bhattacharjee, A., and Nampy, S. 2014. Rediscovery of Zeuxine rolfiana, a 'critically endangered' endemic Indian orchid from Andaman and Nicobar Islands, with a note on its typification. Annales Botanici Fennici 51: 409-413.
Martin, R., Vela, E., and Ouni, R. 2015. Orchidées de Tunisie. Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest n.s., num. spéc. 44: 1-160.
Menz, M. H. M., Phillips, R. D., Anthony, J. M., Bohman, B., Dixon, K. W., and Peakall, R. 2015. Ecological and genetic evidence for cryptic ecotypes in a rare sexually deceptive orchid, Drakaea elastica. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177: 124-140.
Miller, J. T. and Clements, M. A. 2014. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of Drakaeinae: Diurideae (Orchidaceae) based on DNA sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region. Australian Systematic Botany 27: 3-22.
Moreira, M. M., Villela Antolin Barberena, F. F., and Lopes, R. C. 2014. Orchidaceae of the Grumari restinga: floristic and similarity among restingas in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 28: 321-326.
Morrison, L. W., Haack-Gaynor, J. L., Young, C. C., and DeBacker, M. D. 2015. A 20-year record of the western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara): population dynamics and modeling of precipitation effects. Natural Areas Journal 35: 246-255.
Munzinger, S. and Hennecke, M. 2014. Differentialdiagnostische Erwägungen zur Anwendung von Artkonzepten für die Gattung Ophrys. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 6-35.
Munzinger, S., Hennecke, M., Miller, G., Manzo, A., Panseri, S., and Giorgi, A. 2014. Stressbedingte Veränderungen der Blüten-Duftbouquets von Ophrys sphegodes und Ophrys pseudobertolonii var. benacensis. Berichte aus den Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 31: 64-74.
Mytnik-Ejsmont, J., Szlachetko, D. L., Baranow, P., Jolliffe, K., and Gorniak, M. 2015. Phylogenetic placement and taxonomy of the genus Hederorkis (Orchidaceae). PLOS ONE 10(4): e0122306.
Naczk, A. M., Gorniak, M., Szlachetko, D. L., and Zietara, M. S. 2015. Plastid DNA haplotype diversity and morphological variation in the Dactylorhiza incarnata/maculata complex (Orchidaceae) in northern Poland. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 178: 121-137.
Nilsson, S. 2014. Ophrys apifera, en ny orkide for Sverige. (Ophrys apifera, a new orchid for Sweden). Botaniska Notiser 147: 1-4.
Noguera-Savelli, E. and Cetzal-Ix, W. 2014. Revision and integration of the knowledge of the Orchidaceae from Tabasco, Mexico. Botanical Sciences 92: 519-540.
Noguera-Savelli, E., Cetzal-Ix, W., Burguillos, M., Tillett, J., Jimenez, E., and Basu, S. K. 2014. The floristic composition and biodiversity of Orchidaceae in the Guatopo National Park, Venezuela and the urgent need for the conservation of the parks [sic] biodiversity. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 142: 63-77.
Nowak, S., Szlachetko, D. L., Mytnik-Ejsmont, J., and Cleef, A. M. 2015. Eight new species of Gomphichis (Orchidaceae, Spiranthoideae) from Colombia. Plant Systematics and Evolution 301: 61-76.
Ormerod, P. 2014. Crossoglossa Dressler and Dodson (Orchidaceae: Malaxideae) - an addendum. Harvard Papers in Botany 19: 97-115.
Paulus, H. F. and Hirth, M. 2014. Zur Bestäubungsbiologie der Gattung Ophrys auf den Ionischen Inseln mit speziellen Bemerkungen zum Status von Ophrys punctulata-O. leucadica sowie Beschreibungen von zwei neuen Arten aus der O. lutea- und O. oestrifera-Gruppe. Journal Europäischer Orchideen 46: 233-304.
Persson, A. 2014. Blomning, fruktsattning och populations-dynamik hos guckusko i norra Lappland. [Flowering, reproduction and population dynamics of lady's-slipper orchid in northern Swedish Lapland]. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 108: 302-311.
Pessoa, E. and Alves, M. 2015. Synopsis of Orchidaceae from Serra do Urubu: an area of montane forest, Pernambuco State, Brazil. [Sinopse de Orchidaceae na Serra do Urubu: uma área de floresta montana do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil.] Hoehnea 42: 109-133.
Pessoa, E. M., Araujo da Silva, I. A., and Alves, M. 2014. Aspects of Orchidaceae distribution in Costa Rica and northwestern South America: a study on similarity with emphasis on the Amazonian Region. Hoehnea 41: 623-630.
Pezzetta, A. 2015. Le Orchidaceae del Molise. Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58: 88-97.
Pikner, T. 2014. Evolution, classification and distribution of allotetraploid Dactylorhiza (Orchidaceae) in previously glaciated areas of Europe. Naturalistes belges 95 (Orchid. 27): 93-114.
Pinheiro, F., Cardoso-Gustavson, P., Suzuki, R. M., Abrao, M. C. R., Guimaraes, L. R. S., Draper, D., and Moraes, A, P. 2015. Strong postzygotic isolation prevents introgression between two hybridizing Neotropical orchids, Epidendrum denticulatum and E. fulgens. Evolutionary Ecology 29: 229-248.
Pupulin, F. and Bogarin, D. 2014. Aliae Lepanthes machogaftenses (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae). Harvard Papers in Botany 19: 193-200.
Qian, C-J., Zhao, X-Q., An, M-T., Jiang, Y-L., Yan, L-B., Luo, L., and Li, H. 2014. Investigation and analysis on ornamental species of wild orchid plants in Guiyang. Journal of Southern Agriculture 45: 833-839.
Rajendra, Y., Lama, D., and Samuel, R. 2014. Fragranced orchid species from Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India: Coelogyne flaccida Lindl. and C. pempahisheyana Chowdhery. Indian Forester 140: 896-899.
Raventos, J., Gonzalez, E., Mujica, E., and Doak, D. F. 2015. Population viability analysis of the epiphytic ghost orchid (Dendrophylax lindenii) in Cuba. Biotropica 47: 179-189.
Rodrigues, J. F., van den Berg, C., Abreu, A. G., Novello, M., Veasey, E. A., Oliveira, G. C. X., and Koehler, S. 2015. Species delimitation of Cattleya coccinea and C. mantiqueirae (Orchidaceae): insights from phylogenetic and population genetics analyses. Plant Systematics and Evolution 301: 1345-1359.
Romero-Gonzalez, G. A. and Gomez, C. 2014. Novelties in the orchid flora of Venezuela VII. Cymbidieae, Catasetinae. Notes on Galeandra (Orchidaceae), including a new species. Harvard Papers in Botany 19: 203-217.
Romolini, R. and Soca, R. 2015. Un nuovo ibrido di Ophrys in onore di un amico scomparso: Ophrys ×stivii Romolini & Soca. Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58: 155-159.
Romolini, R. and Soca, R. 2015. Un nuovo ibrido di Ophrys in Toscana: Ophrys ×cetonae Romolini & Soca. Orchidee spontanee d’Europa, European Native Orchids 58: 143-147.
Saporiti, G., Pacifico, G., and Mazzoni, A. 2014. Stato della conoscenza sulle Orchidaceae in provincia della Spezia (Liguria di Levante). GIROS Notizie 56: 1-9; 57: 22-31.
Schelkunov, M. I., Shtratnikova, V. Y., Nuraliev, M. S., Selosse, M-A., Penin, A. A., and Logacheva, M. D. 2015. Exploring the limits for reduction of plastid genomes: a case study of the mycoheterotrophic orchids Epipogium aphyllum and Epipogium roseum. Genome Biology and Evolution 7: 1179-1191.
Siripipatthana, P., Phaonakrop, N., Roytrakul, S., Senawong, G., Bunyatratchata, W., Mudalige-Jayawickrama, R. G., and Sattayasai, N. 2014. Genetic differences between Dendrobium chrysotoxum native to northeastern and northern regions of Thailand based on Galanthus nivalis agglutinin-related lectins and internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA. Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 1561-1572.
Soares Pessanha, A., Menini Neto, L., Campostrini Forzza, R., and Nascimento, M. 2014. Composition and conservation of Orchidaceae on an inselberg in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest and floristic relationships with areas of eastern Brazil. [Composición y conservación de Orchidaceae en un inselberg en el bosque Atlántico brasileño y sus relaciones florísticas con áreas del este de Brazil.] Revista de Biología Tropical 62: 829-841.
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Su, Y-Y., Huang, Y-L., Chen, L-J., Zhang, P-W., Liu, Z-J., and Zhang, G-Q. 2015. Liparis wenshanensis, a new orchid species from China: evidence from morphological and molecular analyses. Phytotaxa 204: 253-264.
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Szlachetko, D. L. and Kolanowska, M. 2015. A new species of Scelochilus (Orchidaceae) from Colombia. Systematic Botany 40: 94-103.
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Book Review
Barthlott, W., Große-Veldmann, B., and Korotkova, N. 2014. Orchid seed diversity: a scanning electron microscopy survey. Softcover, 245 pp. 620 micrographs, 33 figures. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin. Englera 32. ISBN 978-3-921800-92-8. Price: €25. For information on ordering, visit www.bgbm.org/englera.
Forty years in the making, this SEM survey of orchid seed morphology was begun by Bernhard Ziegler as a dissertation under the guidance of Wilhelm Barthlott. Ziegler (1981) examined the seeds of 310 genera and almost 900 species and assigned combinations of character-states into 20 types named after genera. Barthlott expanded the study here to 350 genera and 1100 species from 1400 collections, took 7000 micrographs for this monograph, and reduced the number of recognized seed types to 17. Nadja Korotkova analyzed the data in a phylogenetic context and compared them to published molecular trees. Bernadette Große-Veldmann continued the character reconstruction as her B.Sc. thesis. By any measure, this volume is a major achievement in orchid morphology.
The survey opens with summaries of current knowledge of orchid phylogeny based on molecular work, morphology of orchid seeds, descriptions of terminology and seed characters (shape, size, colour, number and shape of testa cells, testa cell pattern, anticlinal wall curvature, transverse anticlinal walls, intercellular gaps, surface structure of periclinal walls, cuticular layer, and modifications of testa cell corners). Following are descriptions of the seed types (reduced from 20 to 17 and all referenced to the various micrographs) and then materials and methods including character-coding.
The bulk of the volume is devoted to the illustrated survey arranged by subfamily, tribe, subtribe, and genus. For each genus, the authors provide descriptions using the characters listed above, additional literature references, and illustrations for most. Where no data are available for a recognized genus is made clear as a signal for future research. Regrettably, the authors did not always follow the classification presented in the six volumes of Genera Orchidacearum (GO) as they claim in the methods section, and so the reader will see several genera listed either in the classification or as unplaced that were synonymized in GO many years ago as the result of extensive DNA sequencing, e.g., Odontoglossum, Osmoglossum, Palumbina, Rodrigueziopsis, Eulophidium, Cryptophoranthus, Physothallis, Physosiphon, Schomburgkia, and Nanodes. Some of these genera were sunk either in volume 4 (2005) or volume 5 (2009) of Genera Orchidacearum, which the authors profess to have followed, so it is difficult to comprehend some of the generic usage here. Other genera such as Cirrhopetalum, Epigeneium, Cadetia, Doritis, and Tainiopsis were lumped either in volume 6 (2015) or by Chase et al. (2015) after this work appeared, so those inclusions might be understandable. For the same reason, the recently reinstated genus Psychopsiella (Oncidiinae) and new genera such as Danxiaorchis (Calypsoinae) are not listed.
Following the descriptions, illustrated by superb scanning electron micrographs, is the discussion of the systematic and diagnostic value of the characters. The authors conclude that combinations of characters are most useful, and they were adopted by Dressler (1993). Some single characters such as intercellular gaps and undulate anticlinal walls are synapomorphies for some taxa, but most are homoplastic even though consistent within their respective clades at the tribal and subtribal levels. This was also the overall conclusion reached by Molvray and Chase (1999), who also argued that classifying taxa by seed type can be misleading because it is the variable characters, not the types or syndromes, that can and should be used in phylogenetic analyses.
The book closes with 26 pages of phylogenetic trees with character reconstructions for the ones discussed in the book and finally the references. Orchid Seed Diversity is a remarkable contribution to orchid morphology that has been eclipsed in this age of molecular systematics. It remains to be seen what selective value these characters have (if any) and under what environmental conditions they evolved.
Literature cited
Chase, M. W., Cameron, K. M., Freudenstein, J. V., Pridgeon, A. M., Salazar, G., van den Berg, C., and Schuiteman, A. 2015. An updated classification of Orchidaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177: 151-174.
Dressler, R. L. 1993. Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Cambridge University Press.
Molvray, M. and Chase, M. W. 1999. Seed morphology. Pages 59-66 in Genera Orchidacearum. Volume 1. General Introduction, Apostasioideae, Cypripedioideae (ed. Pridgeon, A. M., Cribb, P. J., Chase, M. W., and Rasmussen, F. N.). Oxford University Press.
Ziegler, B. 1981. Mikromorphologie der Orchidaceen-Samen unter Berücksichtigung taxonomische Aspekte. Ph.D. thesis, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, Heidelberg.
Alec Pridgeon

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