Oklahoma Aquarium Association




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Oklahoma Aquarium Association


Horticulture Awards Program

INTRODUCTION


PURPOSE: The purpose of the Horticultural Award Program (HAP) is to promote the keeping and propagation of aquatic plants, aid in the recognition of the species, encourage research, through the growth and propagation of different species, recognize achievements of individuals through awards, and disseminate information through The Oklahoma Aquarium Association’s Forum and through the general meetings.
AQUATIC PLANT DEFINED: An aquatic plant is one with a submerged or floating form, as a normal occurrence, at some time during the course of any one complete growing season.
THE HAP COMMITTEE: The HAP Chair shall be appointed by the OKAA President, and the remaining members shall be appointed by the HAP Chair or by the Administration Team.
FUNCTION OF THE HAP COMMITTEE: To oversee and enforce all rules and regulations governing HAP, awarding points to qualifying members, maintaining records and presenting awards. The HAP rules and regulations shall be reviewed and revised when necessary.
HAP CHECKERS: Any person on the HAP committee may verify the species of a submitted plant and any flowerings or sexual propagation, with the HAP chair having final approval. *** The HAP Chair reserves the right to reject stunted, algae covered, or unhealthy plants. ***
OKLAHOMA NOXIOUS PLANTS: The following plants are listed under the Oklahoma Noxious Plants List and are hereby illegal to propagate or cultivate. In the following document, these plants are marked with an asterisk (*).
Azolla pinnata, Caulerpa taxifolia, Eichhornia azure, Hydrilla verticillata, Hygrophila polysperma, Ipomoea aquatica, Lagarosiphon major, Limnophila species, Lythrum salicaria, Marsilea quadrifolia, Marsilea mutica, Marsilea minuta, Melaleuca quinquenervia, Monochoria hastata, Ottellia alismoides, Sagittaria sagittifolia, Salvinia auriculata, Salvinia biloba, Salvinia herzogii, Salvinia molesta, Solanum tampicense, Sparganium erectum, Glossostigma diandrum
REQUIREMENTS FOR PROPAGATION


  1. The propagation process must be completed in the manner described below:

    1. About 1/2 cup (not including water) must be submitted. For plants such as Wolffia arrhiza and other similar species, at least one heaping tablespoonful must be submitted.

    2. For bunch plants, the initial stem count shall be at least six stems, rooted or unrooted, and must be doubled as determined by the count of growing stems. * Exceptions are for larger stem plants such as Alternanthera species, Gymnocoronis spilanthoides, and Hygrophilia species including and similar to H. corymbrosa

    3. Reproducing by the means of runners, shall be recognized when three or more healthy plants are produced, which are capable of living independently from the parent plant. The parent plant must be alive and healthy.

    4. Flowering, when properly verified, shall be awarded extra points equal to the value of the asexual propagation of the particular plant species.

    5. Sexual reproduction will be recognized for one or more plant reproducing by sexual means from the aquarists own stock. Sexual propagation will be awarded 1.5 times the value of asexual propagation. Seeds and reproduced plants must be from the members parent plant(s) and not obtained from a supplier or nursery. The reproduction of those plants propagating form spores i.e. (ferns) will be considered a sexual reproduction and shall be awarded 1.5 times the point value of the asexual propagation of the particular plant species.

    6. Regrowth of a seasonal plant does not count as propagation, it is simply classified as a new growth. (Examples are the Aponogeton sp.)

    7. For class G, growth that is simply continued growth of obtained plants does not count! Material turned in for AHAP must be from side shoots, new stems after trimming, or runners.

  2. To be recognized for propagation, a completed HAP form must be submitted along with one or all of the following:

    1. Plant or plants donated to the HAP auction. (If a plant is not submitted for auction a cash donation (currently: $1.00) will be required to help defer the cost of certificates and awards. Amount to be set by the HAP Comm.)

    2. A written article on the propagation of the species, submitted for publication in any OKAA publication.

    3. A five- to ten-minute oral presentation on the propagation of the species. At least one month's prior notification to the HAP Chair is required before an oral presentation can be scheduled. (OPTIONAL* photos or slides would be helpful to other members).

    4. Photos or slides will only be accepted to prove a new or unidentified Species. (See the section on New or Unidentified Species.)

Note: Completion of all the options for a species will result in an additional ten (10) points being awarded to the participant.
ELIGIBILITY
All members in good standing are eligible for HAP. If any member should not renew their membership, awarded points will be kept on an “inactive list” until such time that they renew their membership.
TRANSFER MEMBERSHIPS - NEW MEMBERS ONLY: Any person joining OKAA and transferring from another club will be allowed to transfer points from the other club only if that club's rules meet OKAA HAP criteria. These propagations must be verified by the transferring club. The points allocated will follow OKAA HAP. Certificates or awards will not be given for plants previously propagated or classes already finished in another club. Full point credit for transferred propagations will be given toward a member's Level of Achievement.
AWARDS


  1. Plant Certificates will be awarded for each species successfully propagated.

  2. Plaques will be given for the completion of each HAP Class.

  3. Certificates will be given for the fulfillment of the requirements for the Levels of Accomplishment for Novice and Beginning Horticulturalist.

  4. Plaques will be given for the fulfillment of the requirements for each Level of Accomplishment above Novice and Beginning Horticulturalist

  5. A Special award will be given for the completion of all classes

  6. A lifetime OKAA membership will be awarded to anyone becoming a Grand Master Aquatic Horticulturalist. To maintain this title, the member must give an oral presentation or write an article at least once each calendar year. The member must also serve on the HAP Committee.

  7. Other special awards may be given at the discretion of the HAP Committee.

LEVELS OF ACCOMPLISHMENT


Requirements for the levels of accomplishment are as follows:

  • Novice Horticulturalist: a total of 5 to 100 points

  • Beginning Aquatic Horticulturalist: a total of 100 points, plus one (1) completed class.

  • Aquatic Horticulturist: a total of 200 points, plus one (1) completed class, and one flowering or sexual reproduction, and one (1) article, oral presentation, or artwork published in the newsletter

  • Senior Aquatic Horticulturist: a total of 300 points, plus completion of two (2) classes, and a total of three flowerings or sexual reproductions, and one article, oral presentation, or artwork published in any OKAA Publication.

  • Expert Aquatic Horticulturalist: a total of 500 points, plus completion of four (4) classes, and a total of five (5) flowerings or sexual reproductions, and a total of two (2) articles, oral presentations, or artwork published in any OKAA Publication.

  • Master Aquatic Horticulturist: a total of 800 points, plus completion of six (6) classes, and a total of eight (8) flowerings or sexual reproductions, and a total of four (4) articles, oral presentations, or artwork published in any OKAA Publication.

  • Grand Master Aquatic Horticulturist: a total of 1,000 points plus completion of all classes, and a total of eight (8) flowering or sexual reproduction and a total of six (6) articles, oral presentations, or artwork published in any OKAA Publication.

AMENDMENTS: The HAP committee may make changes to these rules as they deem necessary, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. Changes will be published to OKAA members.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The OKAA HAP program rules were developed by the GPASI AHAP Committee consisting of Chair: Cavan Allen and Members: Tom Connors, Ted Neill. Modified by Gerald Griffin for the OKAA.
CLASSES
There are eleven (11) classes A-K. Classes "A" to "H and J-K" are determined by biological types, which are artificial keys to groups of aquatic plants. They include a combination of factors that include mode of reproduction, structure and scientific classification. The main identification books which will be used for the AHAP program will be Baensch Aquarium Atlas volumes 1-3 and Aquarium Plants by Kristel Kasselmann. Back up books will be Tropica Catalogue Aquarium Plants - A Complete Introduction by Holger Windelov published by T.F.H. and A Fishkeepers Guide to Aquarium Plants by Barry James published by Tetra Press. Other references will be used as necessary for the identification of species. Freshwater algae are not eligible for inclusion in the program. Class "K" includes all marine plants. Marine plants include many kinds of algae and a variety of grasses. The main identification book which will be used for the AHAP program will be Marine Plants of the Caribbean: A Field Guide from Florida to Brazil by Littler, Littler, Bucher & Norris published by Smithsonian Institution. Other references will be used as necessary for the identification of species. Among marine alga, only macroalga forms will be eligible for inclusion in the program. Microalga forms will not be eligible for inclusion.
POINT VALUE: Plants are assigned a point value according to the following criteria - how difficult a plant is to grow and propagate according to the AHAP committee, the reputed difficulty of a plant according to other aquatic gardners and aquarium literature, and how long propagation takes.
CLASS LISTINGS:
Class A - Most Small Surface & Near Surface Type Plants

Small plants that float on the surface of the water. They have some parts reduced (roots, stems, or leaves) and for nourishment they are dependent on dissolved matter in the water. They are free floating and do not root to any substrate. Include all species of: Azolla (floating fern) caroliniana, Lemna minor, Limnobium stoloniferum, spongia, laevigatum, Riccia fluitans (crystal wort), Salvinia cucullata, rotundifolia Spirodella Wolffia arrhiza (watermeal) To complete this class one must propagate five (5) species.


5 points: All species of Lemna and All species of Salvinia except S. auriculata* & S. cucullata

10 points: All species not mentioned in other point groups

15 points: None

20 points: Salvinia cucullata

Target: None
Class B - Most Large Surface & Free Floating Type Plants

Class B is composed of larger floating plants. Some have floating leaves exposed to the air and others like Ceratophyllum stay submerged but do not form true roots. Include all species of Aldrovanda vesiculosa, Ceratophyllum demersum, (hornwort) submersum, Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth), Ludwigia helminthorrhiza sediodes, Pistia stratiotes (water lettuce), Utricularia vulgaris (common bladder wort) aurea. To complete this class one must propagate five (5) species.

5 points: All Ceratophyllum species

10 points: All species not mentioned in other point groups

15 points: Pistia stratiotes and All Eichhornia species

20 points: All Utricularia species

Targets: All Aldrovanda species
Class C -All Sagittaria & Vallisneria Type Plants

These are submersed plants with long leaves which are thread-shaped or ribbon-shaped, creating a rosette. They root on the bottom and flower on the surface of the water with the exception of male Vallisneria flowers. Blyxa auberti,i japonica, Cyperus helferi, Eleocharis acicularis (dwarf hair grass), parvula, vivipara, Sagittaria eatonii, graminea, subulata, v. subulata, Vallisneria americana, (val) gigantea, (giant val) natans, (eel grass) spiralis, (large corkscrew val). To complete this class one must propagate five (5) species.

5 points: Vallisneria spiralis

10 points: All species not mentioned in other groups

15 points: Subularia aquatica

20 points: Blyxa aubertii, Cyperus helferi

Targets: Blyxa japonica and novoguineensis
Class D - All Anubias, Aponogeton & Cryptocoryne Type Plants

Rosette plants with their leaves submersed and with distinct petioles. All species except where noted Anubias species barteri var., barteri barteri var., nana, lanceolata, Aponogeton species (except A. didistachyus in Class F) bernlerianus, boiviniaus, crispus, elongatus, longiplumulosis, madagascariensis, natans, rigidifolius, ulvaceus, Cryptocoryne species affinis, becketii, balansae, walkeri, wendtii, Lagenandra lancifolia, ovata, Ottelia ulvifolia. To complete this class one must propagate six (6) species.


5 points: None

10 points: All species not mentioned in other groups

15 points: Aponogeton ulvaceus, Aponogeton undulatus, and All Anubias species, and most Cryptocoryne species

20 points: All Aponogeton species not mentioned in other point classes and All Lagenandra species

Targets: Aponogeton berierianus, and A. madagascariensis, Ottelia species, Cryptocoryne nuri and auriculata
Class E - All Amazon Sword and Crinum Plants

All species except where noted Crinum aquatica, natans, thaianum, (Thai onion plant) Echinodorus species, amazonicus, blehri, brevipedicellatus, berteroi, cordifolius, horizontalis, latifolius, (dwarf amazon sword) osiris, parvifloris, subalatus, tenellus, (pygmy sword) Samolus parviflorus. To complete this class one must propagate five (5) species.


5 points: none

10 points: All species not mentioned in other point classes

15 points: All Echinodorus species

20 points: Samolus

Targets: None
Class F - Water Lily Type Plants

Plants which root in the mud with the roots growing from a stout rootstock. The leaves have long petioles (stems) and they float on the surface of the water. The flowers are on the surface of the water, and the fruits sink after ripening. Aponogeton distachyus, (only one of this species in this group) Barclaya longifolia, Brasenia schreberi, Nuphar japonicum, (Japanese spatterdock) lutea, Nymphaea alba, (white water lily) pubescens, lotus, Nymphoides aquatica (banana plant) To complete this class one must propagate two (2) species.

5 points: Aponogeton distachyus

10 points: All species not mentioned in other groups

15 points: Barclaya longifolia, and All Nupar species, and All Nymphaea species

20 points: All Orontium species

Targets: All Brasenia species
Class G - Stem Plants

Biological types Plants with long stems with leaves which root in the mud. They are dependent on life in the water, but at the same time can have contact with the air. (floating leaves, immersed part of the stem and the blossoms). Many aquarium species belong to this group. Alternanthera reineckii, Ammannia senegalensis, gracilis, Bacopa amplexicaulis, caroliniana, monnieri, Cabomba aquatica, caroliniana, furcata, Cardamine lyrata, (bittercress) Didiplis diandra, (waterhedge) Eichhornia diversifolia, Elodea canadensis, (Anacharis) Gymnocoronis spilanthoides, Egeria densa, Hottonia palustris, (water violet) inflata, (tropical water violet) Hygrophila corymbosa, (giant hygrophilia) difformis, (water wisteria) Heteranthera zosterifolia, Lagarosiphon major, Ludwigia arcuata, glandulosa, inclinata, repens, Lysimachia nummularia, (loosetrife) Lobelia cardinalis, (water lobelia), Myriophyllum mattogrossense, pinnatum, spicatum, (milfoil), Najas flexilis, guadalupensis, Potamogeton gayi, perfoliatus, Rotala macrandra, rotundifolia, wallichii, Shinnersia rivularis, Zosterella dubia. To complete this class one must propagate six (6) species.


5 points: All Elodea species

10 points: All Hygrophilia species (except H. polysperma*) and all species not mentioned in other groups.

15 points: All Myriophyllum species, Ludwigia glandulosa, Cabomba caroliniana

20 points: Hottonia palustris, Eichhornia diversifolia, Ammania species, Nesaea pedicillata, Cabomba furcata and aquatica

Targets: Ludwigia inclinata, Eusteralis stellata, Rotala wallichi and macrandra, Nesaea sp “red”, Blyxa alternifolia
Class H - Most Bog Type Plants

Shore plants living only in the partly emerged and terrestrial phases. Strong stems tower above the water. They usually have a short submerged stage. The presence of water is necessary for their growth ie. Bog plants. Acorus calamus, Alisma plantago, aquatica, gramineum, Canna species, Cyperus alternifolius, papyrus, Equisetum hyemale, Iris fulva, pseudacoris, versicolor, Limnacharis flava, Myriophyllum aquaticum, (parrots feather) Pontedaria cordata, Regnellidium diphyllum, Saururus cernuus, (lizzard's tail) Sparganium ramosum, (burreed) Typha latifolia, minima. To complete this class one must propagate six (6) species.


5 points: Sparganium species

10 points: All species not mentioned in other groups

15 points: Limnacharis flava,

20 points: None

Target: Regnellidium diphyllum
Class I ­ Creeping Shoot Plants

This class includes low growing plants that spread by a creeping shoot bearing a new leaf at a regular interval. They are most frequently used as foreground plants in aquatic gardening. Elatine triandra, Glossostigma elatinoides, Hydrocotyle leucocephala, vulgaris, verticillata, Lilaeopsis brasiliensis, mauritiana, novae-zealandiae, Marsilia crenata, drummondii, Pilularia globulifera, Ranunculus limosella, Sellaria radicans. To complete this class, one must propagate four (4) species .


5 points: None

10 points: Hydrocotyle leucocephala and verticillata

15 points: All plants not mentioned in other groups

20 points: Hydrocotyle vulgaris and sibthorpiodes, Marsilea species, Pilularia species

Target: None
Class J ­ Aquatic Ferns and Mosses

This class contains all aquatic ferns and mosses not listed in other categories. All species herein grow under water as a normal circumstance. Bolbitis heudelotii, heteroclita, Ceratopteris cornuta, thalictroides, Fontinalis antipyretica, Isoetes lacustris, valeta, Microsorium pteropus, (java fern) Vesicularia dubyana, (java moss) To complete this class, one must propagate 5 species.

5 points: Vesicularia dubyana, Ceratopterus species

10 points: Microsorium and Bolbitis species, all plants not mentioned in other groups

15 points: Fontinalis antipyretica, “Christmas moss”

20 points: None

Target: Isotes species
Class K - All Marine Plants

Marine Macroalgae (Green, Red & Brown) and Grasses. Alga - Most marine plants are types of alga. For our purpose the alga which will be considered for the AHAP program are certain forms of green, red, & brown macroalga. Alga compose a collection of primitive plants characterized by a reproduction system that does not require the formation of flowers or seeds. Macroalga are generally anchored to the substrate by a root-like "holdfast" that performs the sole function of attachment; it does not extract nutrients from the environment, as do the roots of higher plants. These alga often have a vegetative portion which is divisible into stem-like blades and which may possess leaf-like branchlets. These macroalga are photosynthethetic. Macroalga are large enough to be easily seen and examined. Microalga include the many microscopic, mostly single-celled forms. Among marine alga only macroalga forms will be eligible for inclusion in the program; microalga forms are not be eligible for inclusion. Grasses - The higher marine plants included in the AHAP are mostly flowering grasses. The higher marine plants possess true roots and use them to obtain nutrients. They also have true stem and leaf structures. They may reproduce vegetatively, but have true flowers as well. The flowers are pollinated to produce seeds and seedlings, a form of sexual reproduction.

To complete this class, one must propagate 6 species.
Class K. A All species of Red Macroalga (Rhodophyta) Acanthophora, Amphiroa, Anotrichum, Asparagopsis, Callithamnion, Centroceras, Ceraminum, Champia, Chondria, Coelothrix, Dasya, Dictyurus, Eupogodon, Galaxaura, Griffithsia, Haloplegma, Haliptilon, Subulatum, All species of Red Macroalga (Rhodophyta) cont'd. Halymenia, Helerosiphonia, Jania, Kallymenia, Liagora, Martensia, Spyridia, Trichogloea, Trichogloepsis, Wrangelia, Plus all other species of: Red Macroalga.

5 points: None

10 points: Galaxaura marginata

15 points: Galaxaura oblongata

20 points: All species of red macroalga not included in other point classes

Targets: Acanthophora spicifera, Anotrichum barbatum, Asparagopsis taxiformis, Callithamnion cordatum, All Chondria species, All Dasya species, Dictyurus accidentalis, Griffithsia globulifera, All Jania species, Martensia pavonia, and Trichogloepsis pedicellata.


Class K. B All species of: Green Macroalga (Chlorophyta) Acetubularia, Adadyomene, Avrainvillea, Batophora, Bryopsis, Caulerpa crassifolia, cupressoides, lanuginosa, mexicana, prolifera, racemosa var: peltata, racemosa var: racemosa, serrulata, serularioides, verticillata, Chadtomorpha, Chamaedons, Cladocephalus, Codium, Cymopolia, Dasycladus, Dictyophaeria, Enteromorpha, Halimeda, Microdictyon, Neomeris, Penicillus capitatus, (shaving brush) Polyphysa, Rhipilea, Rhipocephalus, Udotea, Ulva, Ulvarua, Plus all other species of Geen Macroalga.

5 points: Caulerpa mexicana, C. prolifera, C. racemosa var. peltata, C. racemosa var. racemosa & C. serularioides, and Enteromorpha flexuosa

10 points: All Bryopsis sppecies, Caulerpa crassifolia, C. lanuginosa, C. serrulata, All Chadtomorpha species, Cladophora prolifera, and Codium decorticatum.

15 points: Batophora oerstedii, Caulerpa cupressoides & C. verticillata, All Chadtomorpha species, All Cladocephalus species, Codium repens, Dasycladus vermicularis, Dictyophaeria cavernosa, Neomeris annulata, All Penicillus species, All Rhipilea species, and All Ulva species

20 points: All species of green macroalga not mentioned in other point classes

Targets: All Chamaedons species, Cymopolia barbarta, Halimeda lacrimosa & H. opuntia, Ulvarua oxysperma,


Class K. C All species of: Brown Macroalga (Phaeophyta) Chnoospora, Colpomenia, Cystoseira, Dictyota, Hydroclathrus, Lobophora, Rosenvingea, Sargassum, Turbinaria, Plus all other species of Brown Macroalga.

5 points: None

10 points: None

15 points: None

20 points: All species of brown macroalga not mentioned in other point classes

Targets: Dictyota bartayresii, D. divaricata & D. linearis, Lobophora variegata, Rosenvingea intricata, and All Turbinaria species


Class K. D All species of marine flowering plants Thalassia testudinim (turtle grass) Plus all other species of marine plants not included in macroalga
5 points: None

10 points: All species of marine plants not mentioned in other point classes

15 points: Halophila englemannii

20 points: Halophila decipiens



Targets: Any species reproduced by sexual reproduction, producing: flowers, seeds & seedlings.

* Identified as a Noxious Weed by the State of Oklahoma


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