Of a proposal for the importation of feed grain maize




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6. APPENDIX 1: BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF ARTHROPOD PESTS ASSOCIATED WITH STORED MAIZE GRAIN AND ADMIXTURE GRAIN COMMODITIES AND ARTHROPOD PESTS KNOWN TO VECTOR MAIZE DISEASES IN NORTH AMERICA.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS 2

1. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 3 2

2. INTRODUCTION 3 2

3. METHODOLOGY 3 2

4. RISK IDENTIFICATION 5 2

5. PROPOSED PEST RISK MANAGEMENT OPTIONS 6 2

6. APPENDIX 1: BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF ARTHROPOD PESTS ASSOCIATED WITH STORED MAIZE GRAIN AND ADMIXTURE GRAIN COMMODITIES AND ARTHROPOD PESTS KNOWN TO VECTOR MAIZE DISEASES IN NORTH AMERICA. 9 2

7. APPENDIX 2: TABLE 1: QUARANTINE STATUS OF PESTS ASSOCIATED WITH STORED MAIZE GRAIN AND ADMIXTURE GRAIN COMMODITIES AND ARTHROPOD PESTS KNOWN TO VECTOR MAIZE DISEASES IN NORTH AMERICA. 83 2


1. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 3

2. INTRODUCTION 3

3. METHODOLOGY 3

4. RISK IDENTIFICATION 5

5. PROPOSED PEST RISK MANAGEMENT OPTIONS 6

6. APPENDIX 1: BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF ARTHROPOD PESTS ASSOCIATED WITH STORED MAIZE GRAIN AND ADMIXTURE GRAIN COMMODITIES AND ARTHROPOD PESTS KNOWN TO VECTOR MAIZE DISEASES IN NORTH AMERICA. 9


6.1 Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) : bean weevil 12

6.2 Aceria tosichella (Keifer) : grass mite 12

6.3 Aceria tulipae (Keifer) : wheat curl mite 13

6.4 Aglossa caprealis (Hübner) : murky meal moth 14

6.5 Agriotes mancus (Say) : Wheat wireworm 14

6.6 Ahasverus advena (Waltl) : foreign grain beetle 15

6.7 Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) : lesser mealworm 15

6.8 Alphitobius laevigatus (Fabricius) : black fungus beetle 16

6.9 Alphitophagus bifasciatus (Say) : twobanded fungus beetle 16

6.10 Anthicus spp. Paykull : ant beetles 17

6.11 Anthrenus spp. Geoffroy : museum beetle 17

6.12 Attagenus spp. Latrielle : fur beetle 18

6.13 Bruchus pisorum (Linnaeus) : pea weevil 18

6.14 Cadra cautella (Walker) : tropical warehouse moth 19

6.15 Cadra figulilella (Gregson) : raisin moth 19

6.16 Callosobruchus chinensis (Linnaeus) : southern cowpea weevil 20

6.17 Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) : cowpea weevil 20

6.18 Carpophilus spp. Stephens : sap beetles 21

6.19 Cathartus quadricollis (Guérin-Méneville) : square-necked flour beetle 22

6.20 Caulophilus oryzae (Gyllenhal) : broadnosed grain weevil 23

6.21 Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsheimer : corn flea beetle 24

6.22 Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton) : rice moth 24

6.23 Corticaria spp. : minute mould beetles 25

6.24 Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens) : rusty grain beetle 25

6.25 Cryptolestes pusilloides (Steel & Howe) : flat grain beetle 26

6.26 Cryptolestes pusillus (Schönherr) : flat grain beetle 26

6.27 Cryptolestes turcicus (Grouvelle) : flat grain beetle 27

6.28 Cryptophagus spp. Paykull 28

6.29 Cynaeus angustus (Le Conte) : large black flour beetle 29

6.30 Dalbulus maidis (DeLong and Wolcott) : corn leafhopper 30

6.31 Deinerella spp. 30

6.32 Delia platura (Meigen) : seed corn maggot 31

6.33 Dermestes spp. Linnaeus : hide beetles 31

6.34 Diabrotica sp. Chevrolat : corn rootworms 32

6.35 Diabrotica longicornis (Say) : northern corn rootworm 32

6.36 Diabrotica undecimpunctata Mannerheim : southern corn rootworm 33

6.37 Diabrotica virgifera LeConte : western corn rootworm 34

6.38 Dinoderus minutus (Fabricius) : bamboo powderpost beetle 34

6.39 Endrosis sarcitrella (Linnaeus) : whiteshouldered house moth 35

6.40 Enicumus minutus (Linnaeus) 35

6.41 Ephestia elutella (Hübner) : tobacco moth 36

6.42 Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) : Mediterranean flour moth 36

6.43 Exitianus exitosus Uhler : leafhopper 37

6.44 Gibbium aequinoctiale Boieldieu : spider beetle 37

6.45 Gibbium psylloides (Czenpinski) : spider beetle 38

6.46 Glischrochilus fasciatus (Olivier) : picnic beetle 38

6.47 Glischrochilus quadrisignatus (Say) : picnic beetle 39

6.48 Gnatocerus cornutus (Fabricius) : broadhorned flour beetle 40

6.49 Graminella nigrifrons (Forbes) : grass leafhopper 41

6.50 Graminella sonora (Ball): grass leafhopper 41

6.51 Henoticus spp. 42

6.52 Hofmannophila pseudospretella (Stainton) : brown house moth 42

6.53 Lachesilla pedicularia (Linnaeus) : booklouse 42

6.54 Lachesilla quercus (Kolbe) : booklouse 43

6.55 Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius) : cigarette beetle 43

6.56 Latheticus oryzae Waterhouse : longheaded flour beetle 44

6.57 Lathridius spp. : plaster beetle 45

6.58 Lema melanopa Linnaeus : cereal beetle 45

6.59 Lepinotus inquilinus Heyden : booklouse 46

6.60 Lepinotus patruelis Pearman : booklouse 47

6.61 Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel : booklouse 47

6.62 Liposcelis brunnea Motschulsky : booklouse 48

6.63 Liposcelis corrodens (Heymans) : booklouse 48

6.64 Liposcelis decolor (Pearman) : booklouse 49

6.65 Liposcelis entomolphila (Enderlein) : booklouse 49

6.66 Liposcelis paeta (Pearman) : booklouse 50

6.67 Liposcelis rufa (Broadhead) : booklouse 50

6.68 Litargus balteatus LeConte 51

6.69 Mezium affine Boieldieu : spiny spider beetle 51

6.70 Mezium americanum Laporte : American spider beetle 52

6.71 Murmidius ovalis (Beck) : murmidius beetle 52

6.72 Mycetophagus quadriguttatus Müller : spotted hairy fungus beetle 52

6.73 Nemapogon granella (Linnaeus) : European grain moth 53

6.74 Niptus hololeucus (Faldermann) : golden spider beetle 53

6.75 Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel) : merchant grain beetle 54

6.76 Oryzaephilus surinamensis (Linnaeus) : sawtoothed grain beetle 54

6.77 Palorus ratzeburgii Wissman : broadhorned flour beetle 55

6.78 Palorus subdepressus (Wallaston) : depressed flour beetle 56

6.79 Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) : corn planthopper 56

6.80 Pharaxanotha kirschi Reitter : Mexican grain beetle 57

6.81 Phyllophaga spp. Harris : may beetle 58

6.82 Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) : Indian meal moth 58

6.83 Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) : larger grain borer 59

6.84 Pseudeurostus hilleri (Reitter) 60

6.85 Psocatropos microps (Enderlein) : booklouse 61

6.86 Ptinus spp. Linnaeus : spider beetles 61

6.87 Pyralis farinalis Linnaeus : meal moth 62

6.88 Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch) : corn leaf aphid 62

6.89 Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus) : bird cherry-oat aphid 63

6.90 Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius) : lesser grain borer 63

6.91 Sitophilus granarius (Linnaeus) : granary weevil 64

6.92 Sitophilus oryzae (Linnaeus) : rice weevil 65

6.93 Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky : maize weevil 65

6.94 Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) : angoumois grain moth 66

6.95 Stegobium paniceum (Linnaeus) : drugstore beetle 66

6.96 Tenebrio molitor (Linnaeus) : yellow mealworm 67

6.97 Tenebrio obscurus Fabricius : dark mealworm 67

6.98 Tenebroides mauritanicus (Linnaeus) : cadelle 68

6.99 Tineola bisselliella (Hummel) : common clothes moth 68

6.100 Tortricidae spp. : budworms 69

6.101 Tribolium audax Halstead : American black flour beetle 69

6.102 Tribolium brevicornis (LeConte) : flour beetle 70

6.103 Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) : red flour beetle 71

6.104 Tribolium confusum Jacquelin duVal : confused flour beetle 72

6.105 Tribolium destructor Uyttenboogaart : Large flour beetle 72

6.106 Tribolium madens (Charpentier) : black flour beetle 73

6.107 Trigonogenius globulus Solier : globular spider beetle 74

6.108 Trogoderma glabrum (Herbst) : glaberous cabinet beetle 75

6.109 Trogoderma granarium Everts : khapra beetle 76

6.110 Trogoderma inclusum LeConte : large cabinet beetle 77

6.111 Trogoderma ornatum (Say) : ornate cabinet beetle 78

6.112 Trogoderma variabile Ballion : warehouse beetle 79

6.113 Typhaea stercorea (Linnaeus) : hairy fungus beetle 81

6.114 Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) : Mexican bean beetle 81


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