Of a proposal for the importation of feed grain maize




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6.113 Typhaea stercorea (Linnaeus) : hairy fungus beetle



Species: Typhaea stercorea (Linnaeus, 1758) [Coleoptera : Mycetophagidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Dermestes stercoreus Linnaeus; Dermestes fumatus Linnaeus
Common name(s): hairy fungus beetle
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, already present in Australia
Economic Importance: minor pest of stored grain, often present at harvest, will only persist in storage if grain remains slightly damp
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Voucher Specimens in Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra




6.114 Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) : Mexican bean beetle



Species: Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman, 1833) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: many, see Bottimer (1968)
Common name(s): Mexican bean beetle
Distribution: southern USA, Mexico
Entry potential: n/a, negligible unless maize is source with beans as admixture from areas where this pest is present
Economic Importance: pest of stored beans – Phaseolus spp (only in Americas), potential contaminant in maize if beans are present as admixture
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References: Bottimer, L.J. (1968) Notes on Bruchidae of America north of Mexico with a world list of genera, Canadian Entomologist 100: 1009-1049.
Dobie, P., Haines, C.P., Hodges, R.J., Prevett, P.F. and Rees D.P. (Eds) (1991) Insects and Arachnids of Tropical Stored Products, Their Biology and Identification (A Training Manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, United Kingdom, 246 pp.
Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia

7. APPENDIX 2: TABLE 1: QUARANTINE STATUS OF PESTS ASSOCIATED WITH STORED MAIZE GRAIN AND ADMIXTURE GRAIN COMMODITIES AND ARTHROPOD PESTS KNOWN TO VECTOR MAIZE DISEASES IN NORTH AMERICA.

In Table 1 the economic pests that either do not occur on stored maize grain in Australia or are under official control are quarantine pests in accordance with the FAO definition of a quarantine pest. However, specific phytosanitary measures are only needed if the pest is associated with the part of the plant proposed to be imported, in this case the seeds. Taking account of this, the final column in the table identifies those pests which require quarantine management. Action, however, will be taken against any of the quarantine pests if found with the commodity on arrival in Australia.




Pest

Common name/s

Present in North America, Canada, USA or Mexico

Present

in Australia


Australian Quarantine

Status

Present on Pathway (seeds)

Quarantine Management Required1

Acanthoscelides obtectus

bean weevil

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Aceria tosichella

grass mite

USA

no

Quarantine

no




Aceria tulipae

wheat curl mite

North America

unconfirmed

Quarantine

no




Aglossa caprealis

murky meal moth

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Agriotes mancus

wheat wireworm

North America

no

Quarantine

no




Ahasverus advena

foreign grain beetle

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Alphitobius diaperinus

lesser mealworm

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Alphitobius laevigatus

black fungus beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Alphitophagus bifasciatus

twobanded fungus beetle

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Anthicus spp.

ant beetles

North America

yes

Non- quarantine

yes




Anthrenus spp.

museum beetle, carpet beetle

North America

yes

Non-

Quarantine



yes




Attagenus spp.

black carpet beetle, fur beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Bruchus pisorum

pea weevil

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cadra cautella

tropical warehouse moth

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cadra figulilella

raisin moth

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Callosobruchus chinensis

southern cowpea weevil

possible in southern USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Callosobruchus maculatus

cowpea weevil

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Carpophilus spp.

sap beetles, dried fruit beetles

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cathartus quadricollis

square-necked flour beetle

USA-south, Mexico

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Caulophilus oryzae

broadnosed grain weevil

SE USA, Mexico

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Chaetocnema pulicaria

corn flea beetle

North America

no

Quarantine

no




Corcyra cephalonica

rice moth

USA, Mexico

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Corticaria spp.

minute mould beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cryptolestes ferrugineus

rusty grain beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cryptolestes pusilloides

flat grain beetle

Mexico

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cryptolestes pusillus

flat grain beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cryptolestes turcicus

flat grain beetle, flour mill beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Cryptophagus spp.




USA, Canada

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Cynaeus angustus

large black flour beetle

Canada, Mexico, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Dalbulus maidis

corn leafhopper

USA

no

Quarantine

no




Deinerella spp.




North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Delia platura

seed corn maggot

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

no




Dermestes spp.

hide beetles

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Diabrotica sp.

corn rootworm

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

no




Diabrotica longicornis

northern corn rootworm

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

no




Diabrotica undecimpunctata

southern corn rootworm

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

no




Diabrotica virgifera

western corn rootworm

USA

no

Quarantine

no




Dinoderus minutus

bamboo powderpost beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Endrosis sarcitrella

whiteshouldered house moth

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Enicumus minutus




USA, Canada

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Ephestia elutella

tobacco moth

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Ephestia kuehniella

Mediterranean flour moth

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Exitianus exitosus

leafhopper

USA

no

Quarantine

no




Gibbium aequinoctiale

spider beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Gibbium psylloides

spider beetle

USA, Mexico

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Glischrochilus fasciatus

redspotted sap beetle, picnic beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Glischrochilus quadrisignatus

fourspotted sap beetle, picnic beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Gnatocerus cornutus

broadhorned flour beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Graminella nigrifrons

grass leafhopper

USA

no

Quarantine

no




Graminella sonora

grass leafhopper

USA

no

Quarantine

no




Henoticus spp.




North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Hofmannophila pseudospretella

brown house moth

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Lachesilla pedicularia

booklouse

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Lachesilla quercus

booklouse

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Lasioderma serricorne

cigarette beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Latheticus oryzae

longheaded flour beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Lathridius spp.

plaster beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Lema melanopa

cereal beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

no




Lepinotus inquilinus

booklouse

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Lepinotus patruelis

booklouse

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Liposcelis bostrychophila

booklouse

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Liposcelis brunnea

booklouse

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Liposcelis corrodens

booklouse

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Liposcelis decolor

booklouse

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Liposcelis entomolphila

booklouse

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Liposcelis paeta

booklouse

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Liposcelis rufa

booklouse

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Litargus balteatus




Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Mezium affine

spiny spider beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Mezium americanum

American spider beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Murmidius ovalis

murmidius beetle

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Mycetophagus quadriguttatus

spotted hairy fungus beetle

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Nemapogon granella

European grain moth

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Niptus hololeucus

golden spider beetle

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Oryzaephilus mercator

merchant grain beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Oryzaephilus surinamensis

sawtoothed grain beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Palorus ratzeburgii

broadhorned flour beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Palorus subdepressus

depressed flour beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Peregrinus maidis

corn planthopper

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

no




Pharaxanotha kirschi

Mexican grain beetle

USA, Mexico

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Phyllophaga spp.

May beetle

North America

no

Quarantine

no




Plodia interpunctella

Indian meal moth

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Prostephanus truncatus

larger grain borer, greater grain borer

USA-south, Mexico

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Pseudeurostus hilleri




Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Psocathropos microps




USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Ptinus spp.

spider beetles

North America (temperate regions)

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Pyralis farinalis

meal moth

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Rhopalosiphum maidis

corn leaf aphid

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

no




Rhopalosiphum padi

bird cherry-oat aphid

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

no




Rhyzopertha dominica

lesser grain borer

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Sitophilus granarius

granary weevil

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Sitophilus oryzae

rice weevil

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Sitophilus zeamais

maize weevil

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Sitotroga cerealella

angoumois grain moth

USA, Mexico

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Stegobium paniceum

drugstore beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Tenebrio molitor

yellow mealworm

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Tenebrio obscurus

dark mealworm

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Tenebroides mauritanicus

cadelle

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Tineola bisselliella

common clothes moth

USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Tortricidae spp.

budworm

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

no




Tribolium audax

American black flour beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Tribolium brevicorne

flour beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Tribolium castaneum

red flour beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Tribolium confusum

confused flour beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Tribolium destructor

large flour beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Tribolium madens

black flour beetle

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Trigonogenius globulus

globular spider beetle

Canada, USA

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Trogoderma glabrum

glaberous cabinet beetle

Canada, Mexico, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Trogoderma granarium

khapra beetle

not present but interceptions recorded

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Trogoderma inclusum

large cabinet beetle, mottled dermestid

Canada, USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Trogoderma ornatum

ornate cabinet beetle

USA

no

Quarantine

yes

yes

Trogoderma variabile

warehouse beetle

USA

yes (under official control in WA)

Quarantine

yes

yes

Typhaea stercorea

hairy fungus beetle

North America

yes

Non-quarantine

yes




Zabrotes subfasciatus

Mexican bean beetle

southern USA, Mexico

no

Non-quarantine

yes

yes


1 Pests assessed as quarantine pests present in the pathway will be addressed by routine inspection procedures. The risks posed by these pests are reduced to negligibly low levels with a combination of inspection and management strategies which are outlined in other parts of this document.

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