Of a proposal for the importation of feed grain maize




старонка18/26
Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
Памер0.69 Mb.
1   ...   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   ...   26

6.78 Palorus subdepressus (Wallaston) : depressed flour beetle



Species: Palorus subdepressus (Wallaston, 1864) [Coleoptera : Tenebrionidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Hypophloeus subdepressus Wallaston, 1864; Palorus bifoveolatus Baudi, 1896
Common name(s): depressed flour beetle
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: minor pest of stored grain
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Greening, H.G. (1985) Insect pests of stored grain. AGFACTS P1.AE.1, NSW Department of Agriculture, Agdex 100/615


Greening, H.G. & Gellatley, J.G. (1987) Insect pests of stored foodstuffs. AGFACTS AE.51, NSW Department of Agriculture, Agdex 615
Voucher Specimens in Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra
Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.79 Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) : corn planthopper



Species: Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead, 1890) [Hemiptera: Delphacidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): corn planthopper
Distribution: circumtropical, including coastal eastern Australia.
Vector Status: maize stripe tenuivirus and maize mosaic nucleorhabdovirus.
Entry potential - n/a, not on pathway. On growing cereals and grasses where suck sap, not associated with grain.
Establishment potential - n/a, already present in Australia.
Spread potential - High, in suitable areas.
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine.
References:

C.I.E. (1973) Map No. A 317.


Davidson, R.H. & Lyon, W.F. (1979) Insect Pests of Farm, Garden and Orchard. 7th Edition. John Wiley & Sons : New York, p. 184.
Hill, D.S. (1994). Agricultural Entomology. Timber Press, Portland : Oregon, p155.


6.80 Pharaxanotha kirschi Reitter : Mexican grain beetle



Species: Pharaxanotha kirschi Reitter, 1875 [Coleoptera : Languriidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Thallisella conradti Gorham, 1898.
Common names(s): Mexican grain beetle.
Hosts: maize and maize meal, cotton bolls, edible tubers, wheat, flour, beans, stored products.
Part of plant affected: seeds.
Distribution: North and South America, intercepted in Germany from Guatemala.
Biology:
Life history:- A general feeder scavenger insect probably of tropical origin. Adults are 4-4.5 mm long with shining dark brown to reddish cuticle and a sparse covering of fine and short recumbent setae. The adults tend to remain on the surface of grain meal, forming small pits which 2 or 3 beetles will occupy. Adults can live for up to three months and deposit eggs on the surface of the food source. The larvae prefer to feed on broken grains as opposed to whole grains. Larvae move to the surface to pupate and pupation takes from 5-10 days. Life cycle from egg to adult takes 32 days to 5 months depending on temperature and humidity.
Entry potential:- Low in clean dry grain in good condition, risk increases with moisture content and quantity of admixture and damaged grains
Establishment potential:- High, suitable hosts present in Australia.
Spread potential:- Low, spread would depend on passive movement in commodity.
Economic importance: Likely to be only a minor pest, likely to be best able to feed and breed successfully on grain in poor condition.
Quarantine Status: Quarantine (Low-Medium).
References:

Hinton, H. (1945) A Monograph of the Beetles Associated with Stored Products. Vol. 1. British Museum : London, 443 pp.


Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.81 Phyllophaga spp. Harris : may beetle



Species: Phyllophaga spp. Harris, 1826 [Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): may beetle, white grub, grubworm, june beetles.
Distribution: 20 species widespread in Northern, Central and Southern America.
Vector Status: minor carrier of bacterium Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii (Smith) in USA.
Entry potential - n/a, not in pathway. Larvae are exclusively general root feeders on grasses and cereals. Adults emerge and fly for relatively short periods in late spring to mid summer, not likely to be present at harvest or in stored grain.
Establishment potential - possibly high, other family members native to Australia.
Spread potential - Medium.
Quarantine Status: Quarantine.
References:

Davidson, R.H. & Lyon, W.F. (1979) Insect Pests of Farm, Garden and Orchard. 7th Edition. John Wiley & Sons : New York, pp: 126-128.


Hill, D.S. (1994). Agricultural Entomology. Timber Press, Portland : Oregon, p265.

6.82 Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) : Indian meal moth



Species: Plodia interpunctella (Hübner, 1813) [Ledidoptera : Pyralidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Tinea interpunctella Hübner, 1813; Tinea zeae Fitch, 1856; Unadilla latercula Hampson, 1901; Ephestia glycinivana Matsumura, 1917; Ephestia glycinivorella Matsumura, 1932
Common name(s): Indian meal moth
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: major pest of mills, food processors, shops and homes
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Nielsen, E.D., Edwards, E.D., Rangsi, T.V. (Eds)(1996). Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia 529pp.


Greening, H.G. (1985) Insect pests of stored grain. AGFACTS P1.AE.1, NSW Department of Agriculture, Agdex 100/615
Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


1   ...   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   ...   26


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка