Of a proposal for the importation of feed grain maize




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6.53 Lachesilla pedicularia (Linnaeus) : booklouse



Species: Lachesilla pedicularia (Linnaeus, 1758) [Psocoptera : Lachesillidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Hemerobius pedicularia Linnaeus, 1758; Termes fatidicum Linnaeus, 1758; Hemerobius abdominalis Fabricius, 1775; Hemerobius pusillus Müller, 1776; Psocus nigricans Stephens, 1836; Psocus dubius Stephens, 1836; Psocus domesticus Burmeister, 1839; Psocus binotatus Rambur, 1842; Psocus salicus Hagen, 1861; Psocus geologus Walsh, 1862; Leptopsocus exiguus Reuter, 1899; Lachesilla limbata Enderlein, 1924; Caecilius nigrotuberculatus Curran, 1925; Lachesilla stigmalis Navás, 1932
Common name(s): booklouse
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: pest of storage structures in coastal areas
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Smithers, C.N. (1996). Psocoptera. Pp. 1-79, 333-361 (App. I-IV), 363-372 (Index) In Wells, A. (Ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 26. Psocoptera, Phthiraptera, Thysanoptera. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia 418pp.


Rees, D.P. & Wright, E.J. (1995). Lachesilla quercus (Kolbe) (Psocoptera: Lachesillidae): First record in Australia and a new pest of grain stores. J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 34: 355-357


6.54 Lachesilla quercus (Kolbe) : booklouse



Species: Lachesilla quercus (Kolbe, 1880) [Psocoptera : Lachesillidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): booklouse
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: known only from natural habitats in Australia
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Rees, D.P. & Wright, E.J. (1995). Lachesilla quercus (Kolbe) (Psocoptera: Lachesillidae): First record in Australia and a new pest of grain stores. J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 34: 355-357




6.55 Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius) : cigarette beetle



Species: Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius, 1792) [Coleoptera : Anobiidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Hypora serricorne Fabricius, 1792; Xyletinus brevis Wollaston, 1861; Lasioderma rufescens Sturm, 1826; Lasioderma testacea Duftschmidt, 1825.
Common name(s): cigarette beetle
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, already present in Australia
Economic Importance: minor pest of stored grains, more important as pest of processed foods and tabacco products.
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Arnett, R.H. (1983) Checklist of the Beetles of North and Central America and the West Indies. Vol. 4. The Click Beetles, Fireflies, Checkered Beetles, and Related Groups. Gainesville, Florida : Fauna and Fauna Publications


Rees, D.P. (1994) Insects of Stored Grain - a Pocket Reference. Stored Grain Research Laboratory, CSIRO Entomology : Canberra.
Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.56 Latheticus oryzae Waterhouse : longheaded flour beetle



Species: Latheticus oryzae Waterhouse, 1880 [Coleoptera : Tenebrionidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): longheaded flour beetle
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: minor pest of stored grain
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Rees, D.P. (1994) Insects of Stored Grain - a Pocket Reference. Stored Grain Research Laboratory, CSIRO Entomology : Canberra.


Greening, H.G. (1985) Insect pests of stored grain. AGFACTS P1.AE.1, NSW Department of Agriculture, Agdex 100/615


6.57 Lathridius spp. : plaster beetle



Species: Lathridius spp. [Coleoptera : Lathridiidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Conithassa Thomson, 1859
Common name(s): plaster beetle
Distribution: North America , Australia
Entry potential: n/a, genus probably present in Australia
Economic Importance: mould feeder – not a pest of clean dry grain
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Bousquet, Y. (1990) Beetles Associated with Stored Grain Products in Canada : An Identification Guide. Agriculture Canada : Ottawa, 220 pp.


Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.58 Lema melanopa Linnaeus : cereal beetle



Species: Lema melanopa Linnaeus [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Oulema melanopus (Linnaeus)
Common name(s): cereal beetle, cereal leaf beetle, oat leaf beetle.
Hosts: Growing plants of oats, wheat, barley, rye, maize, and grasses especially timothy and quack grass; prefers oats.
Distribution: Europe, Iran, Israel, Turkey, Cyprus, Morocco, Tunisia, Mongolia, China, USA, Canada.
Parts of plant affected: Shoots and leaves, particularly of young plants.
Vector Status: Vector of maize dwarf mosaic potyvirus, maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV).
Biology:
Life History - Adults are slender, about 4mm in length, head and elytra metallic blue-black, prothorax and legs red. Overwintering beetles appear in the spring, females lay tiny cylindrical eggs on upper surfaces of leaves, yellow darkening to almost black before hatching. Larvae are pale yellow with brown-black legs and head but are encased in fecal matter. They browse on the leaf surfaces between veins. Pupation is in earthen cells in the top two inches of soil, adults emerging after 20-25 days. Life cycle can be as short as 46 days; the emerging adults feed for a while and then go into summer diapause followed by hibernation for the winter under crop remnants.
Entry potential - n/a, recorded as being carried in grain at harvest stage, however, no records of species as a storage pest or in grain itself.
Establishment potential - High, suitable hosts widespread.
Spread potential - High, said to be spread in grain, straw, fodder and machinery in USA.
Economic Importance: Medium, infestations have caused loss of some oat crops at seedling stage and spread MCMV in corn crops.
Estimated Risk: Quarantine.
References:

C.I.E. (1969) Map No. A 260.


Davidson, R.H. & Lyon, W.F. (1979) Insect Pests of Farm, Garden and Orchard. 7th Edition. John Wiley & Sons : New York, pp: 167-168.
Hill, D.S. (1994). Agricultural Entomology. Timber Press, Portland : Oregon, p304.


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