Of a proposal for the importation of feed grain maize




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6.42 Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) : Mediterranean flour moth



Species: Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller, 1879) [Lepidoptera : Phycitinae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Ephestia keuhniella Zeller, 1879; Ephestia fuscofasciella Ragonot, 1887; Ephestia gitonella Druce, 1896; Homoeosoma ischnomorpha Meyrick, 1931
Common name(s): Mediterranean flour moth
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: Common and important pest of mills and grain processors
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Nielsen, E.D., Edwards, E.D., Rangsi, T.V. (Eds)(1996). Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia 529pp.


Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.43 Exitianus exitosus Uhler : leafhopper



Species: Exitianus exitosus Uhler [Hemiptera: Cicadellidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): leafhopper.
Distribution: apart from USA no mention of distribution found.
Vector Status: vector of maize chlorotic mottle machlomovirus and maize chlorotic dwarf waikavirus.
Entry potential - n/a, not in pathway. By analogy with other leafhoppers, on growing cereals and grasses where they suck sap, not associated with grain.
Establishment potential - Medium.
Spread potential - High.
Quarantine Status: Quarantine.
References:

Brunt, A.A., Crabtree, K., Dallwitz, M.J., Gibbs, A.J., and Watson, L. (1996). Viruses of Plants. CABI, University Press : Cambridge, p748.




6.44 Gibbium aequinoctiale Boieldieu : spider beetle



Species: Gibbium aequinoctiale Boieldieu, 1854 [Coleoptera : Ptinidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): spider beetle
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: scavenger and minor pest of residues
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References: Aitken, A. D (1975) Insect Travellers, Volume I: Coleoptera, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office
Bousquet, Y. (1990) Beetles Associated with Stored Grain Products in Canada : An Identification Guide. Agriculture Canada : Ottawa, 220 pp.
Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.45 Gibbium psylloides (Czenpinski) : spider beetle



Species: Gibbium psylloides (Czenpinski, 1778) [Coleoptera : Ptinidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Scotias psylloides Czempinski, 1778; Ptinus scotias Fabricius, 1781; Gibbium apterus Fourcroy, 1785; Gibbium scotias (Fabricius, 1781)
Common name(s): spider beetle
Distribution: USA, Mexico, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: scavenger and minor pest of residues
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Aitken, A. D (1975) Insect Travellers, Volume I: Coleoptera, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office


Bousquet, Y. (1990) Beetles Associated with Stored Grain Products in Canada : An Identification Guide. Agriculture Canada : Ottawa, 220 pp.
Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.46 Glischrochilus fasciatus (Olivier) : picnic beetle



Species: Glischrochilus fasciatus (Olivier, 1790) [Coleoptera : Nitidulidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Nitidula fasciata Olivier, 1790; Ips quadrisignatus Say, 1835; Ips bipustulatus Mesheimer, 1846; Ips sexpustulata Reitter, 1873; Ips quadriguttatus Blatchley, 1910.
Common names(s): picnic beetle, redspotted sap beetle.
Hosts: ripening grain, fruit and vegetables.
Part of plant affected: seeds and ripening plant material.
Distribution: Canada, USA.
Biology:
Life history:- This species attacks ripening crops. It is unlikely to survive and breed in dry clean grain. The species is usually found in the field on fruit and vegetables already injured by other insects or birds, and occasionally in stored products. Adults hibernate in large numbers under bark or underneath logs. Can be a facultative predator on other insects present.
Entry potential:- Low in clean dry grain in good condition, risk increases with moisture content and quantity of admixture and damaged grains.
Establishment potential:- High, wide variety of suitable hosts present in Australia.
Spread potential:- High, adults are very active and fly well.
Economic importance: In North America can be a serious pest of ripening fruit and vegetable crops and a nuisance at picnic areas. It appears capable of spreading a number of fungal plant diseases. It is a pest of ripening grain but appears incapable of surviving in dry grain in good condition.
Quarantine Status: Quarantine (High), damp grain in poor condition may be a way this potentially important pest of fruit, vegetables and ripening grain may enter the country.
References:

Bousquet, Y. (1990) Beetles Associated with Stored Grain Products in Canada : An Identification Guide. Agriculture Canada : Ottawa, 220 pp.


Hinton, H. (1945) A Monograph of the Beetles Associated with Stored Products. Vol. 1. British Museum : London, 443 pp.


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