Of a proposal for the importation of feed grain maize




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6.36 Diabrotica undecimpunctata Mannerheim : southern corn rootworm



Species: Diabrotica undecimpunctata Mannerheim, 1843 [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): corn rootworm, southern corn rootworm, twelve-spotted cucumber beetle. Davidson & Lyon (1979) give a number of subspecies names with associated common names.
Distribution: Southern Canada and USA east of the Rocky Mountains.
Vector Status: minor carrier of bacterium Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii (Smith) in USA. Also recorded as carrier of Pseudomonas syringae pv. lapsa (Ark) Young et al.
Entry potential - n/a, not on pathway. Adults overwinter under trash on the ground and lay eggs in soil next to the host and atttack growing leaves. Larvae attack roots and shoots. Not found on harvested cobs.
Establishment potential - High, has range of hosts
Spread potential - High.
Quarantine Status: Quarantine.
References:

Davidson, R.H. & Lyon, W.F. (1979) Insect Pests of Farm, Garden and Orchard. 7th Edition. John Wiley & Sons : New York, pp: 168-169.




6.37 Diabrotica virgifera LeConte : western corn rootworm



Species: Diabrotica virgifera LeConte, 1868 [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): corn rootworm, western corn rootworm.
Distribution: Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Minnesota, Colorado and Kansas (south and east)
Vector Status: minor carrier of bacterium Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii (Smith) in USA. Also recorded as carrier of Pseudomonas syringae pv. lapsa (Ark) Young et al.
Entry potential - n/a, not in pathway. Overwinter as eggs in soil. Larvae attack roots of maize only; adults feed voraciously on fresh corn leaves and silks reducing seed set. Not on mature cobs.
Establishment potential - Medium, may be limited by climate.
Spread potential - High.
Quarantine Status: Quarantine.
References:

Davidson, R.H. & Lyon, W.F. (1979) Insect Pests of Farm, Garden and Orchard. 7th Edition. John Wiley & Sons : New York, p. 170.




6.38 Dinoderus minutus (Fabricius) : bamboo powderpost beetle



Species: Dinoderus minutus (Fabricius, 1775) [Coleoptera : Bostrichidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy:
Common name(s): bamboo powderpost beetle
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: pest mainly of bamboo and bamboo products, occasional pest of maize under tropical subsistence conditions.
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Voucher Specimens in Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra




6.39 Endrosis sarcitrella (Linnaeus) : whiteshouldered house moth



Species: Endrosis sarcitrella (Linnaeus, 1758) [Lepidoptera : Oecophoridae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Phalaena (Tinea) sarcitrella Linnaeus, 1758; Tinea lactella Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775
Common name(s): whiteshouldered house moth
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: minor pest of residues
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Nielsen, E.D., Edwards, E.D., Rangsi, T.V. (Eds)(1996). Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia 529pp.


Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.40 Enicumus minutus (Linnaeus)



Species: Enicumus minutus (Linnaeus, 1767) [Coleoptera : Lathridiidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Lathridius minutus (Linnaeus, 1767)
Common name(s):
Distribution: USA, Canada, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: mould feeder present on newly harvested or damp grain
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Aitken, A. D (1975) Insect Travellers, Volume I: Coleoptera, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office


Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


6.41 Ephestia elutella (Hübner) : tobacco moth



Species: Ephestia elutella (Hübner, 1796) [Lepidoptera : Pyralidae]
Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Tinea elutella Hübner, 1796; Phycis semirufa Haworth, 1811; Phycis rufa Haworth, 1811; Hyphantidium sericarium Scott, 1859; Ephestia roxburghi Gregson, 1873; Ephestia infumatella Ragonot, 1887; Homoeosoma affusella Ragonot, 1888; Ephestia icosiella Ragonot, 1888; Ephestia amarella Dyar, 1904
Common name(s): tobacco moth, warehouse moth, cocoa moth, chocolate moth
Distribution: North America, Australia
Entry potential: n/a, present in Australia
Economic Importance: Common and important pest of mills and grain processors
Quarantine Status: Non-Quarantine
References:

Nielsen, E.D., Edwards, E.D., Rangsi, T.V. (Eds)(1996). Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia 529pp.,


Greening, H.G. (1985) Insect pests of stored grain. AGFACTS P1.AE.1, NSW Department of Agriculture, Agdex 100/615
Pest Infestation Control Laboratory Library Index, Slough: UK, now known as Central Science Laboratory, York, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food: UK. Copy held in Stored Grain Research Laboratories, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia


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