Non-marine ostracoda




Дата канвертавання25.04.2016
Памер163.15 Kb.



Maxillopoda

NON-MARINE OSTRACODA

K. MARTENS

Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences

N. WÜRDIG

Centro de Estudos Costeiros, Limnológicos e Marinhos

F. BEHEN

Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences

Class Ostracoda Latreille, 1806

Subclass Podocopa G. W. Müller, 1894

Order Podocopida Sars, 1866

Suborder Podocopina Sars, 1866

Infraorder Cytherocopina Grundel, 1967

Superfamily Cytheroidea Baird, 1850

Family Limnocytheridae Klie, 1938

Subfamily Limnocytherinae Klie, 1938

Genus Limnocythere Brady, 1968

Limnocythere cidreirensis Würdig & Pinto, 1994

Description and diagnosis: Würdig & Pinto, 1994: 427.

References: Würdig & Pinto, 1994: 427, pls. 1-6; Würdig, 1984: 457, pls. 51-55.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).

Comments: Freshwater lagoons, with low conductivity.

Subfamily Timiriaseviinae Mandelstam, 1960

Genus Cytheridella Daday, 1905

Cytheridella ilosvayi Daday, 1905

Synonymy: Purper, 1974: 637; Martens & Behen, 1994: 27.

Description and diagnosis: Purper, 1974: 637.

References: Purper, 1974: 637, pls. 1-9; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 1, fig. 20; 1984: 465, pl. 56, fig. 6a-b.

Geographic distribution: Chile, Nicaragua, Cuba, Trinidad, Venezuela, Brazil (AM, MS, SP, RS), and Paraguay.

Comments: Lakes.

Genus Elpidium O. F. Müller, 1880



Elpidium bromeliarum O.F. Müller, 1880

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 30.

Description and diagnosis: Pinto & Purper, 1970: 1.

References: Müller, 1880: 27; Klie, 1940a: 301; Farkas, 1959: 279; Pinto & Purper, 1970: 1, pls. 1-11 .

Geographic distribution: Jamaica and Brazil (PE, RJ, SC, RS).

Comments: In bromeliad phytotelnata.

Family Neocytherideidae Puri, 1957

Genus Minicythere Ornellas, 1974

Minicythere heinii Ornellas, 1974

Description and diagnosis: Ornellas, 1974: 476.

References: Ornellas, 1974: 476, pls. 1-11; Würdig, 1984: 472, pl. 54, fig. 4a-b.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SC, RS).

Comments: Regarded as marine by Kempf (1980).

Family Cytherideidae Sars, 1925

Subfamily Cytherideinae Sars, 1925

Genus Cyprideis Jones, 1857



Cyprideis multidentata Hartmann, 1955

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 23.

Description and diagnosis: Hartmann, 1955: 119; Würdig, 1983: 594.

References: Hartmann, 1955: 119, figs. 24-34; 1957: 217; Pinto & Ornellas, 1965: 1, pls. 1-14; Würdig, 1983: 594, figs. 1-2; 1984: 467, pl. 56, fig. 1a-b.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AL, SP, SC, RS).

Comments: Pinto & Ornellas (1965) as Cyprideis riograndensis (syn. fide Sandberg & Plusquellec, 1974).

Cyprideis saetosa Hartmann, 1955

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 24.

Description and diagnosis: Hartmann, 1955: 124.

References: Hartmann, 1955: 124, figs. 35-44; 1957: 217; Sandberg, 1964: 143.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).
Cyprideis salebrosa salebrosa Van den Bold, 1963

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 24.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig, 1983: 594.

References: Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 1, figs. 5-6.

Geographic distribution: Venezuela, Brazil (RS), and Argentina.
Cyprideis salebrosa hartmanni Ramirez, 1967

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 24.

Description and diagnosis: Ornellas & Würdig, 1983: 97; Würdig, 1984: 470.

References: Ornellas & Würdig, 1983: 97, pls. 1-7; Würdig, 1984: 470, pl. 56, fig. 2a-c.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).
Cyprideis similis (Brady,1869)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 24.

Description and diagnosis: Sandberg, 1964: 152.

References: Klie, 1939a: 364; Schubart, 1942: 34; Sandberg, 1964: 152, pl. 10, figs. 1-17, pl. 16, fig. 7, pl. 20, fig. 11, pl. 21, fig. 5.

Geographic distribution: West Indies, Venezuela, and Brazil (PE)

Comments: Klie (1939a) as Cyprideis inermis.

Family Cytheruridae G. W. Müller, 1894

Subfamily Cytherurinae G. W. Müller, 1894

Genus Cytherura Sars, 1866



Cytherura purperae Ornellas & Fallavena, 1978

Description and diagnosis: Ornellas & Fallavena, 1978: 122.

References: Ornellas & Fallavena, 1978: 122, pls. 1-6.; Würdig, 1984: 475, pl. 56, fig. 5a-b.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SC, RS).

Comment:s: Considered a marine species by Kempf (1980).

Genus Semicytherura Wagner, 1957



Semicytherura gerlachi (Hartmann, 1957)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 46.

Description and diagnosis: Hartmann, 1957: 215.

References: Hartmann, 1957: 215, figs. 21-25.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: Mangroves.

Family Cytheridae Baird, 1850

Subfamily Cytherinae Baird, 1850

Genus Pericythere Hartmann, 1957



Pericythere arcuata Hartmann, 1957

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 40.

Description and diagnosis: Hartmann, 1957: 212.

References: Hartmann, 1957: 212, figs. 9-19.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).

Genus Perissocytheridea Stephenson, 1938



Synonymy: Ilyocythere Klie, 1939.
Perissocytheridea costata (Hartmann, 1957)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 41.

Description and diagnosis: Hartmann, 1957: 209.

References: Hartmann, 1957: 209, figs. 1-8.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE, SP).

Comments: Hartmann (1957) as Ilyocythere; mangroves.
Perissocytheridea cribrosa (Klie, 1933)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 41.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1933: 383.

References: Klie, 1939a: 370; Schubart, 1942: 34.

Geographic distribution: West Indies and Brazil (PE).

Comments: Klie (1933) as Leptocythere; Klie (1939a) as Ilyocythere.
Perissocytheridea gibba (Klie, 1939)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 41.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1939a: 366.

References: Klie, 1939a: 366, figs. 1-10; Schubart, 1942: 34.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE).

Comments: Klie (1939a) as Ilyocythere.
Perissocytheridea krommelbeini Pinto & Ornellas, 1970

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 41.

Description and diagnosis: Pinto & Ornellas, 1970: 1; Würdig, 1983: 594.

References: Pinto & Ornellas, 1970: 1, pls. 1-10; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 1, figs. 7-8; 1984: 471, pl. 1, figs. 7-8.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SC, RS).
Infraorder Darwinulocopina Sohn, 1988

Superfamily Darwinuloidea Brady & Norman, 1889

Family Darwinulidae Brady & Norman, 1889

Genus Darwinula Brady & Robertson, 1885



Darwinula africana Klie, 1935

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 27.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1935: 58.

References: Klie, 1940a: 300.

Geographic distribution: West and Central Africa, and Brazil (“São Jose”).
Darwinula brasiliensis Pinto & Kotzian, 1961

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 27.

Description and diagnosis: Pinto & Kotzian, 1961: 15.

References: Pinto & Kotzian, 1961: 15, pl. 2, figs. 1-4, pl. 3, figs. 5-8, pl. 5, figs. 7-9, pl. 7, figs. 1-9, pl. 10, figs. 1-9; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 1, fig. 21; 1984: 455, pl. 56, fig. 9a.

Geographic distribution: Europe and Brazil (RS).V

Comments: First described as subspecies of Darwinula africana.
Darwinula pagliolii Pinto & Kotzian, 1961

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 28.

Description and diagnosis: Pinto & Kotzian, 1961: 27.

References: Pinto & Kotzian, 1961: 27, pl. 1, figs. 1-5, pl. 3, figs. 1-4, pl. 5, figs. 1-5, pl. 6, figs. 1-9, pl. 9, figs. 1-9; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 1, fig. 20; 1984: 453, pl. 56, fig. 10a.

Geographic distribution: Europe and Brazil (RS).
Darwinula serricaudata Klie, 1935

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 28.

Description and diagnosis: Pinto & Kotzian, 1961: 37.

References: Pinto & Kotzian, 1961: 37, pl. 2, figs. 5-7, pl. 4, figs. 1-4, pl. 5, fig. 6, pl. 8, figs. 1-8, pl. 11, figs. 1-8; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 1, fig. 18; 1984: 456, pl. 56, fig. 7a.

Geographic distribution: West Africa and Brazil (PE, RS).

Comments: Pinto & Kotzian (1961) as Darwinula serricaudata espinosa.
Darwinula stevensoni (Brady & Robertson, 1870)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 28.

Description and diagnosis: Rossetti & Martens, 1996: 73.

References: Klie, 1940a: 300; Würdig, 1984: 448, pls. 48-50.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (MS, SP, RS).

Comments: Ubiquitous, mostly in littoral of lakes, at 1-2 m depth.
Infraorder Cypridocopina Jones, 1901

Superfamily Cypridoidea Baird, 1845

Family Ilyocyprididae Kaufmann, 1900

Genus Ilyocypris Brady & Norman, 1889



Ilyocypris gibba (Ramdohr, 1808)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 36.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1938: 90.

References: Wierzejski, 1892 (in Ramirez, 1967: pl. 2, figs. 4-9).

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (?).

Comments: Presence in Brazil uncertain.

Genus Pelocypris Klie, 1939



Pelocypris lenzi Klie, 1939

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 40.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1939b: 85.

References: Klie, 1939b: 85, figs. 1-12; Tressler, 1950: 63, fig. 12b-i.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB, CE).

Family Candonidae Kaufmann, 1900

Subfamily Candoninae Kaufmann, 1900

Tribe Candonini Kaufmann, 1900

Genus Candonopsis Vavra, 1891

Candonopsis brasiliensis Sars, 1901

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 14.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 45; Würdig, 1984: 439.

References: Sars, 1901: 45, pl. 8, figs. 21-22; Würdig, 1984: 439, figs. 41-47.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AM, SP, RS).

Comments: Small lakes.

Tribe Namibcypridini Martens, 1992

Genus Danielocandona Broodbakker, 1983

Danielocandona albida (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 27.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 44.

References: Sars, 1901: 44, pl. 8, figs. 19-20.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: Sars (1901) as Paracypridopsis albida.

Subfamily Paracypridinae Sars, 1923

Genus Dolerocypria Tressler, 1937

Synonymy: Thalassocypris Hartmann, 1955.
Dolerocypria elongata (Hartmann, 1955)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 29.

Description and diagnosis: Hartmann, 1955: 115.

References: Hartmann, 1955: 115.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: Intertidal in fine sand. Hartmann (1955) as Thalassocypris.
Dolerocypria inopinata Klie, 1939

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 29.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1939a: 361.

References: Klie, 1939a: 361; Schubart, 1942: 33.

Geographic distribution: West Indies and Brazil (PE).

Subfamily Cyclocypridinae Kaufmann, 1900

Genus Cypria Zenker, 1854

Cypria obtusa Klie, 1940

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 21.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940b: 225.

References: Klie, 1940b: 225, figs. 12-19.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE).
Cypria pellucida Sars, 1901

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 22.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 37.

References: Sars, 1901: 37, pl. 8, figs. 7-8.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP) and Paraguay.

Genus Physocypria Vavra, 1898



Physocypria affinis Klie, 1933

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 42.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1933: 220.

References: Klie, 1933: 220, fig. 1.

Geographic distribution: West Indies and Brazil (PE).
Physocypria circinata Würdig & Pinto, 1993

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 42.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig & Pinto, 1993a: 285.

References: Würdig, 1984: 424, pls. 32-34; Würdig & Pinto, 1993a: 285, pls. 1-4.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AM, RS).




Physocypria crenulata (Sars, 1903)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 42.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 62.

References: Tressler, 1950: 62, fig. 12a.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE, PE).
Physocypria deformis Klie, 1940

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 42.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940b: 221.

References: Klie, 1940b: 221, figs. 2-11.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB).
Physocypria schubarti Farkas, 1958

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 43.

Description and diagnosis: Farkas, 1958: 307.

References: Farkas, 1958: 307, fig. A1-10.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE).

Family Cyprididae Baird, 1845

Subfamily Cyprinotinae Bronstein, 1947

Genus Hemicypris Sars, 1903



Hemicypris communis (Klie, 1940)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 32.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940c: 114.

References: Klie, 1940c: 114, figs. 1-6.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE, RN, PB, AL).

Comments: Temporary pools.
Hemicypris ovata Sars, 1903

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 32.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 66.

References: Tressler, 1950: 66, fig. 12n.

Geographic distribution: Asia and (?) Brazil (CE).

Comments: Record in Brazil possibly erroneous.
Hemicypris rara (Klie, 1940)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 32.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940c: 117.

References: Klie, 1940c: 117, figs. 7-10.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE).

Genus Heterocypris Claus, 1893



Heterocypris incongruens (Ramdohr, 1808)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 34.

Description and diagnosis: Purper & Würdig, 1974: 61.

References: Purper & Würdig 1974: 61, pls. 1-3.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (RS).

Comments: In temporary rainpools.
Heterocypris similis (Wierzejski, 1893)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 35.

Description and diagnosis: Ramirez, 1967: 29.

References: Ramirez, 1967: 29, pl. 5, figs. 27-31, pl. 6, figs. 32-39, pl. 7, figs. 40-41.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (?) and Argentina.

Comments: Presence in Brazil uncertain .

Subfamily Cypricercinae McKenzie, 1971

Genus Cypricercus Sars, 1895

Cypricercus acanthigera (G. W. Müller, 1912)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 22.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 36; Würdig, 1984: 361.

References: Sars, 1901: 36, pl. 8, figs. 5-6; Tressler, 1950: 80, fig. 14s; Würdig, 1984: 361, pls. 7-9.

Geographic distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Surinam, Brazil (AL, SP, RS), and Paraguay.

Comments: Sars (1901) as Neocypris mucronata (unused senior synonym; see Martens & Behen, 1994); Tressler (1950) as Cypricercus episphaenus (erroneous identification).
Cypricercus centrura (Klie, 1940)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 23.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940d: 201.

References: Klie, 1940d: 201, figs. 1-4.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AL).

Comments: Tidal pool.

Genus Strandesia Stuhlmann, 1888



Synonymy: Acanthocypris Claus, 1892; Neocypris Sars, 1901.
Strandesia bicuspis (Claus, 1892)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 47.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig, 1984: 392.

References: Sars, 1901: 29, pl. 6, figs. 13-14, pl. 7, figs. 1-7; Tressler, 1950: 74, fig. 13p; Kleerekoper, 1955: 557; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 2, fig. 4; 1984: 392, pls. 19-21.

Geographic distribution: Colombia, Surinam, Brazil (SP, RS), Paraguay, and Argentina.

Comments: Sars (1901) as Neocypris gladiator. Strandesia denticulata is a juvenile of S. bicuspis (syn. nov.).
Strandesia elliptica (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 48.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 35.

References: Sars, 1901: 35, pl. 8, figs. 3-4.

Geographic distribution: West Indies, Colombia, and Brazil (SP).
Strandesia inornata (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 48.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 27.

References: Sars, 1901: 27, pl. 6, figs. 9-12.

Geographic distribution: Colombia and Brazil (SP).
Strandesia mutica (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 49.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 32.

References: Sars, 1901: 32, pl. 7, figs. 8-13; Farkas, 1959: 278, figs. 5-8.

Geographic distribution: West Indies; Paraguay, and Brazil (SP, RS).

Comments: Sars (1901) as Neocypris.
Strandesia obliqua Klie, 1940

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 49.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940d: 204.

References: Klie, 1940d: 204.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (AL, PE).
Strandesia obtusata (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 49.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 34; Würdig, 1984: 384.

References: Sars, 1901: 34, pl. 8, figs. 1-2; Tressler, 1950: 78, fig. 14i-k, y; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 2, fig. 1; 1984: 384, pls. 16-18.

Geographic distribution: West Indies and Brazil (SP, RS).

Comments: Sars (1901) as Neocypris, Würdig (1984) as Eucypris. Synonym Strandesia itapeva Tressler, 1950.
Strandesia ovalis Tressler, 1950

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 49.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 78.

References: Tressler, 1950: 78, fig. 14l-o.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).

Comments: Temporary pools.
Strandesia pedroensis Tressler, 1950

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 50.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 79.

References: Tressler, 1950: 79, fig. 14p-r, x.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE).


Strandesia psittacea (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 50.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 24.

References: Sars, 1901: 24, pl. 5, figs. 13-15.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: Raised from dried mud.

Strandesia riograndensis Tressler, 1950

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 50.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 76.

References: Tressler, 1950: 76, fig. 14a-b, f.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).

Comments: Temporary pool.

Strandesia rotunda (Tressler, 1950)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 50.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 80.

References: Tressler, 1950: 80, fig. 14i-w.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RJ).

Comments: Tressler (1950) as Cypricercus.

Strandesia tietensis Tressler, 1950

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 51.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 76.

References: Tressler, 1950: 76, fig. 14d-e, g-h.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP).

Comments: Temporary river pools.

Strandesia trispinosa (Pinto & Purper, 1965)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 51.

Description and diagnosis: Pinto & Purper, 1965: 1.

References: Pinto & Purper, 1965: 1, pls. 1-6; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 2, fig. 7; 1984: 399, pl. 56, fig. 8a.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP, RS).

Comments: Pinto & Purper (1965) as Cyprinotus.

Strandesia variegata (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 51.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 33.

References: Sars, 1901: 33, pl. 7, figs. 14-16.

Geographic distribution: West Indies, Brazil (SP), and Paraguay.

Comments: From dried mud; Sars (1901) as Neocypris.
Genus Diaphanocypris Würdig & Pinto, 1990

Diaphanocypris meridana (Furtos, 1936)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 28.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig, 1984: 347; Würdig & Pinto, 1990: 31.

References: Klie, 1939c: 318, figs. 1-3; Würdig, 1984: 347, pls. 1-3; Würdig & Pinto, 1990: 31, pls. 1-3.

Geographic distribution: West Indies, Ecuador, and Brazil (AM, PB, PE, AL, RS).

Comments: Klie (1939c) as Dolerocypris sagitta (fide Würdig & Pinto, 1990); = Herpetocypris bonetti Ferguson 1967 syn. nov.; formerly as Herpetocypris meridana and Tanycypris meridana.

Subfamily Isocypridinae Hartmann & Puri, 1974

Genus Isocypris G. W. Müller, 1908

Isocypris beauchampi (Paris, 1920)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 36.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig, 1984: 377.

References: Würdig, 1984: 377, pls. 13-15 .

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (RS).

Comments: Nearly ubiquitous, prefers ditches.

Subfamily Herpetocypridinae Kaufmann, 1900

Genus Herpetocypris Brady & Norman, 1889

? Herpetocypris muhitis Tressler, 1950



Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 33.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 73.

References: Tressler, 1950: 73, figs. 13m-o.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP, RS).

Comments: Most likely juvenile stage of another genus and species, possibly Cypricercus acanthigera or Diaphanocypris meridana.

Genus Stenocypris Sars, 1889



Stenocypris major (Baird, 1859)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 47.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig, 1984: 354.

References: Klie, 1939c: 316; Tressler, 1950: 72, fig. 13k; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 2, fig. 13; 1984: 354, pls. 4-6.

Geographic distribution: Circumtropical. Brazil (AM, SP, RS).
Subfamily Cypridinae Baird, 1845

Genus Chlamydotheca (Saussure, 1858)



Synonymy: Pachycypris Claus, 1892.

Chlamydotheca angulata Klie, 1939

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 15.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1939d: 156.

References: Klie, 1939d: 156, figs. 8-13.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB).

Comments: Temporary pools.

Chlamydotheca arcuata (Sars, 1901 )

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 16.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 23.

References: Sars, 1901: 23, pl. 5, figs. 10-12.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP) and Paraguay.

Comments: Temporary pools. Syn. Cypris arcuata Sars, 1901

Chlamydotheca barbadensis Sharpe, 1910

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 16.

Description and diagnosis: Kotzian, 1974: 442.

References: Kotzian, 1974: 442, pl. 6, figs. 1-8.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RN).

Comments: Temporary pools. Kotzian (1974) as Chlamydotheca hummelincki nordestina (syn. nov.).

Chlamydotheca calcarata Klie, 1930

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 16.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1939d: 155.

References: Klie, 1939d: 155, fig. 7.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB, PE) and Paraguay.

Comments: Temporary pools.

Chlamydotheca deformis Farkas, 1958

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 16.

Description and diagnosis: Farkas, 1958: 310; Kotzian, 1974: 433.

References: Farkas, 1958: 310, pl. B, figs. 1-4; Kotzian, 1974: 433, pl. 2, figs. 1-6, pl. 3, figs. 1-10; Tressler, 1950: 70, fig. 13h-i.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE, PE).

Comments: Temporary pools. Farkas (1958) as Chlamydotheca mexicana deformis; Kotzian (1974) as Chlamydotheca deformis cearensis (syn. nov.).




Chlamydotheca iheringi (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 17.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 25; Kotzian, 1974: 443.

References: Sars, 1901: 25, pl. 6, figs. 1-4; Brehm, 1934: 82; Kotzian, 1974: 443, pl. 8, figs. 1-7, pl. 9, figs. 1-6; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 2, fig. 2; 1984: 401, pl. 56, fig. 12a.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS, SP) and Paraguay.

Comments: Temporary pool; Kotzian (1974) as Chlamydotheca mckenziei (syn. nov.).
Chlamydotheca incisa (Claus, 1812)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 17.

Description and diagnosis: Martens & Behen, 1994: 17.

References: Tressler, 1950: 67, fig. 13l; Kleerekoper, 1955: 557; Würdig, 1983: 594, pl. 2, fig. 1; 1984: 402, pl. 56, fig. 11a.

Geographic distribution: ?Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil (SP, RS), Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina, and Chile.

Comments: Pools and littoral of lakes; most common species of the genus.
Chlamydotheca kleerekoperi Tressler, 1950V

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 18.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 70.

References: Tressler, 1950: 70, figs. o-s.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE) .

Comments: Probably a synonym of Chlamydotheca calcarata Klie, 1930.
Chlamydotheca leuckarti (Claus,1892)

Synonymy: Martens & Behem, 1994: 18.

Description and diagnosis: Martens & Behem, 1994: 18.

References: Klie, 1939d: 152, fig. 1.

Geographic distribution: Venezuela, Peru, Brazil (PB, PE), Paraguay, and Argentina.

Comments: Temporary pools.
Chlamydotheca manguerensis Kotzian, 1974

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 18.

Description and diagnosis: Kotzian, 1974: 450.

References: Kotzian, 1974: 450, pl. 10, figs. 1-7, pl. 11, figs. 1-10, pl. 12, figs.1-7, pl. 13, figs. 1-9.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).

Comments: Lagoon.
Chlamydotheca pseudobrasiliensis Martens,1994

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 19.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 72.

References: Tressler, 1950: 72, figs. 13d-g, Martens & Behen, 1994: 19.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE).

Comments: Artificial lake.
Chlamydotheca riograndensis Kotzian,1974

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 19.

Description and diagnosis: Kotzian, 1974: 437.

References: Kotzian, 1974: 437, pl. 4, figs. 1-7, pl. 5, figs. 1-8.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).

Comments: Temporary pools.
Chlamydotheca rudolphi Triebel, 1939

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 19.

Description and diagnosis: Triebel, 1939: 363.

References: Triebel, 1939: 363, figs. 1-12.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB).

Comments: Man-made reservoir.
Chlamydotheca speciosa (Dana, 1849)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 19.

Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1849: 1285; Lübbock, 1855: 234.

References: Dana, 1849: 1285, pl. 90, fig. 6; Lübbock, 1855: 234.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RJ).

Comments: Freshwater pools.
Chlamydotheca spectabilis (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 19.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 26.

References: Sars, 1901: 26, pl. 5, figs. 5-8; Triebel, 1939: 370, figs. 13-17.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE, SP).

Comments: Pools.
Chlamydotheca unispinosa (Baird, 1862)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 19.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1939d: 155; Roessler 1985: 639.

References: Klie, 1939d: 155, fig. 6; Tressler, 1950: 68, figs. 13j.

Geographic distribution: West Indies, Colombia, Peru, and Brazil (PB, PE, AL, RJ).

Comments: River (?), pools, lakelets.

Chlamydotheca vanhoeffeni (Daday, 1911)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 20.

Description and diagnosis: Daday, 1911: 337; Klie, 1939d: 153.

References: Daday, 1911: 337, fig. 1a-h; Klie, 1939d: 153, figs. 2-5.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE, AL).

Comments: River (?), pools.

Chlamydotheca wrighti Tressler, 1950

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 20.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 71.

References: Tressler, 1950: 71, fig. 13a-c.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (CE, RJ).

Comments: Pools.

Genus Cypris O.F. Müller, 1776



Cypris decaryi Gauthier, 1933

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 26.

Description and diagnosis: Martens, 1990: 136.

References: Farkas, 1959: 278, fig. 9.

Geographic distribution: Circumtropical. Brazil (PE).

Comments: Temporary pools.

Subfamily Cyprettinae Hartmann, 1963

Genus Cypretta Vavra, 1895

Cyprette brevispina Farkas, 1959

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 20.

Description and diagnosis: Martens & Behen, 1994: 20.

References: Farkas, 1959: 278.

Geographic distribution: ? Brazil (without detailed locality).
Cypretta costata G. W. Müller, 1898

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 20.

Description and diagnosis: Tressler, 1950: 81.

References: Tressler, 1950: 81, fig. 14z; Kleerekoper, 1955: 557.

Geographic distribution: Madagascar and Brazil (RS).
Cypretta kawatai Sohn & Kornicker, 1972

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 21.

Description and diagnosis: Sohn & Kornicker, 1973: 1.

References: Sohn & Kornicker, 1973: 1, figs. 1-18.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (MG).

Comments: Described from aquarium material, presumed to originate from pools and ditches in Belo Horizonte.
Cypretta schubarti Farkas, 1959

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 21.

Description and diagnosis: Farkas, 1959: 277.

References: Farkas, 1959: 277, figs. 1-8.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE).
Cypretta vivacis Würdig & Pinto, 1993

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 21.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig 1984: 403; Würdig & Pinto 1993b: 89.

References: Würdig 1984: 403, pls. 22-24; Würdig & Pinto 1993b: 89, pls. 1-5.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS).

Comments: In lakes, temporary ponds, and small ditches.
Subfamily Cypridopsinae Bronstein, 1947

Genus Cypridopsis Brady, 1868



Cypridopsis assimilis Sars, 1895

Synonymy: Martens & Behen: 1994, 24.

Description and diagnosis: Ramirez, 1967: 33.

References: Ramirez, 1967: 33, pl. 9, figs. 54-62, pl. 10, figs. 63-73.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (?).

Comments: Possibly a subspecies of Cypridopsis vidua .
Cypridopsis flavescens Sars, 1901

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 25.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 40.

References: Sars, 1901: 40, pl. 7, figs. 11-12.

Geographic distribution: Paraguay and Brazil (SP).
Cypridopsis vidua (O. F. Müller, 1776)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 26.

Description and diagnosis: Würdig, 1984: 410.

References: Klie, 1940e: 61; Würdig, 1984: 410, pls. 25-28.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (AM, PE, SP, RS).

Comments: Among submerged macrophytes, in lakes, rivers, or ditches.

Genus Neocypridopsis Klie, 1940



Synonymy: Notiocypridopsis De Deckker, 1981.
Neocypridopsis debilis Klie, 1940

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 38.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1040c: 62.

References: Klie, 1040c: 62, figs. 3-10.

Geographic distribution: West Indies and Brazil (AL).
? Neocypridopsis nana (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 39.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 43.

References: Sars, 1901: 43, pl. 8, figs. 17-18; Klie, 1940e: 64.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE, SP).

Comments: Possibly is a new genus. Sars (1901) as Cypridopsella.

Genus Potamocypris Brady, 1870



Potamocypris bituminicola Klie, 1940

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 44.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940e: 69.

References: Klie 1940e: 69, figs. 21-27.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PE).

Potamocypris schubarti Klie, 1940

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 45.

Description and diagnosis: Klie, 1940e: 65.

References: Klie, 1940e: 65, figs. 11-20.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB, PE, AL) .

Genus Zonocypris G. W. Müller, 1898



Zonocypris hispida (Sars, 1901)

Synonymy: Martens & Behen, 1994: 52.

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1901: 42; Klie, 1940e: 60.

References: Sars, 1901: 42, pl. 8, figs. 15-16; Klie, 1940e: 60, figs. 1-2.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB, PE, SP).

Comments: Possibly is a new genus. Sars (1901) as Cypridopsella.

References

Brehm, V. 1934. Über südamerikanische Ostrakoden des Zoologischen Staatsinstituts und Museums in Hamburg. Zoologischer Anzeiger 108: 74-85.

Daday, E. 1911. Eine neue Cypris-Art aus Brasilien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 38(14/15): 337-339.

Dana, J.D. 1849. Conspectus Crustaceorum quae in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione, Carolo Wilkes e classe Reipublicae Foederatae duce, lexit et descripsit Jacobus D. Dana, Pars 2. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2(1848-1852)(1): 9-61.

Farkas, H. 1958. Über einige Süsswasser-Ostrakoden von Südamerika. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, Ser. nov. 9, 50: 307-312.

Farkas, H. 1959. Die Beschreibung von Cypretta schubarti n.sp. (Ostracoda) aus Südamerika. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, Ser. nov. 9, 51: 277-280.

Hartmann, G. 1955. Neue marine ostracodender der Familie Cypridae und den Subfamilie Cytherideinae der Familie Cytheridae aus Brasilien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 154: 109-127.

Hartmann, G. 1957. Ostracoden aus den Mangroven Brasiliens. Zoologischer Anzeiger 158(9/10): 209-217.

Kempf, E.K. 1980. Index and Bibliography of non-marine Ostracoda. 1. Index A. Geologisches Institut der Universität zu Köln, Sonderveröffentlichungen 35: 188 pp.

Kleerekoper, H. 1955. Limnological observations in northeastern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 50(3/4): 553-567.

Klie, W. 1930. Ostracoden aus dem Paraguayischen Teile des Gran-Chaco. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 22: 221-258.

Klie, W. 1933. Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach Bonaire, Curaçao und Aruba im Jahre 1930. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 64(3/5): 369-390.

Klie, W. 1935. Ostracoda aus dem tropischen Westafrika. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 28: 35-68.

Klie, W. 1938. Ostracoda, Muschelkrebsen: Die Tierwelt Deuschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihren Lebensweise 34. Krebstiere oder Crustacea: 1-230. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.

Klie, W. 1939a. Brackwasserostracoden von Nordostbrasilien. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 72(5/6): 359-372.

Klie, W. 1939b. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien I. Zoologischer Anzeiger 128: 85-91.

Klie, W. 1939c. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien III. Die Gattungen Stenocypris und Dolerocypris. Zoologischer Anzeiger 128: 317-320.

Klie, W. 1939d. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien II. Die Gattung Chlamydotheca. Zoologischer Anzeiger 128: 153-159.

Klie, W. 1940a. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien VIII. Darwinulidae und Cytheridae, Rückblick. Zoologischer Anzeiger 130: 300-303.

Klie, W. 1940b. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien VII. Ilyocyprinae und Candocyprinae. Zoologischer Anzeiger 130: 219-229.

Klie, W. 1940c. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien IV. Eucypris oder Heterocypris? Zoologischer Anzeiger 129(5/6): 113-121.

Klie, W. 1940d. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien V. Die Gattung Strandesia. Zoologischer Anzeiger 129: 201-206.

Klie, W. 1940e. Süsswasserostracoden aus Nordostbrasilien VI. Cyprinae mit geisselförmigen Furka. Zoologischer Anzeiger 130: 59-73.

Kotzian, C.B. 1974. New Fresh-water Ostracodes of the genus Chlamydotheca from Brazil. Ecology, geographic distribution and stratigraphical position. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 46(3/4): 423-467.

Lubbock, J. 1855. On the freshwater Entomostraca of South America. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, New Series, 3(6): 232-240.

Martens, K. 1990. Taxonomic revision of African Cypridini. Part I. The genera Cypris O.F. Müller, Pseudocypris Daday and Globocypris Klie. Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Biologie 60: 127-172.

Martens K. & Behen, F. 1994. A checklist of the non-marine ostracods (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from South-American inland waters and adjacent islands. Travaux Scientifiques du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle de Luxembourg 22: 81 pp.

Müller, F. 1880. Descrição do Elpidium bromeliarum, crustáceo da família dos Cytherideos. Archivos do Museu Nacional 4(1879): 27-34.

Ornellas, L.P. de. 1974. Minicythere heinii Ornellas, gen. et sp. nov. from southern Brazil and a characteristic ostracod association of brackish water environment. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 46(3/4): 469-496.

Ornellas, L.P. de & Würdig, N.L. 1983. Cyprideis salebrosa hartmanni Ramirez, 1967, a new subspecies from Brazil and Argentina. Pesquisas 15: 94-112.

Pinto, I.D. & Kotzian, C.B. 1961. Novos ostracodes da família Darwinulidae e a variação das impressões musculares. Boletim do Instituto de Ciências Naturais, Porto Alegre 11: 5-64.

Pinto I.D. & Ornellas, L.P. de. 1965. A new brackish water ostracode Cyprideis riograndensis P & 0 sp. nov. from Southern Brasil and its ontogenetic carapace development. Escola de Geologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Publicações Especiais 8: 1-80, pls. 1-14.

Pinto I.D. & Ornellas, L.P. de. 1970. A new brackish water ostracode Perissocytheridea krommelbeini Pinto & Ornellas sp. nov. from Southern Brazil. Escola de Geologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Publicações Especiais 20: 1-19.

Pinto I.D. & Purper, I. 1965. A new freshwater ostracode Cyprinotus trispinosus Pinto & Purper sp. nov. from southern Brazil, its ontogenetic carapace variation and seasonal distribution. Escola de Geologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Publicações Especiais 7: 1-53.

Pinto I.D. & Purper, I. 1970. A neotype for Elpidium bromeliarum O.F. Müller, 1880 (type species of the genus) and a revision of the genus Elpidium (Ostracoda). Escola de Geologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Publicações Especiais 19: 1-23.

Purper, I. 1974. Cytheridella boldii Purper sp. nov. (Ostracoda) from Venezuela and a revision of the genus Cytheridella Daday, 1905. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 46(3/4): 635-662.

Purper, I. & Würdig, N.L. 1974. Occurrence of Heterocypris incongruens (Ramdohr, 1808) (Ostracoda) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Discussion on the allied genera Cyprinotus, Hemicypris, Homocypris and Eucypris. Pesquisas 3(1): 69-91.

Ramirez, F.C. 1967. Ostracodos de lagunas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Revista del Museo de La Plata (Nova Serie), Zoologia 10(73): 5-54.

Roessler, E.W. 1985. Estudios taxonomicos, ontogeneticos, ecologicos y etologicos sobre los ostracodos de agua dulce en Colombia. V. Estudio taxonomico del genero Chlamydotheca Saussure, 1858 (Ostracoda, Podocopida, Cyprididae). Parte III. El gruppo Chlamydotheca iheringi (Sars 1901). Caldasia 14(68-70): 617-650.

Rossetti G. & Martens, K. 1996. Redescription and morphological variability of Darwinula stevensoni (Brady & Robertson, 1870) (Crustacea, Ostracoda). Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Biologie 66: 73-92.

Sandberg, P.A. 1964. The ostracod genus Cyprideis in the Americas. Contributions to Geology Stockholm 12: 1-178.

Sandberg, P.A. & Plusquellac, P.L. 1974. Notes on the anatomy and passive dispersal of Cyprideis (Cytheracea, Ostracoda). In: Perkins, B.F. (ed.). Geoscience and Man VI. Ostracoda: 1-26. The Henry V. Howe Memorial Volume .

Sars, G.O. 1901. Contributions to the knowledge of the freshwater Entomostraca of South America. Part II. Copepoda-Ostracoda. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab B, 14(1): 1-52, 8 pls.

Schubart, O. 1942. Fauna do estado de Pernambuco e dos estados limítrofes. Segunda lista. Boletim do Museu Nacional 14/17: 22-61.

Sharpe, R.W. 1910. On some Ostracoda, mostly new, in the collection of the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 38: 335-341.

Sohn, I.G. & Kornicker, L.S. 1973. Morphology of Cypretta kawatai Sohn & Kornicker, 1972 (Crustacea, Ostracoda), with a discussion of the genus. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 141: 1-28..

Tressler, W.L. 1950. Freshwater Ostracoda from Brazil. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 100(3258): 61-83 (1949).

Triebel, E. 1939. Zur Ostracoden-Fauna von Brasilien. Senckenbergiana 21(5/6): 363-374.

Vavra, W. 1898. Süsswasser-Ostracoden. Ergebnisse der Hamburger Magalhaensischen Sammelreise 1892/93, 2(3): 1-26.

Wierzejski, A. 1892. Süsswasser-Crustaceen und Rotatorien gesammelt in Argentinien. Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Krakau 5 (not seen, cited from Ramirez, 1967).

Würdig, N.L. 1983. Fresh and brackish-water ostracodes from the East Coast of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. In: Maddocks, R.F. (ed.), Applications of Ostracoda. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium of Ostracoda, Houston: 591-604.

Würdig, N.L. 1984. Ostracodes do sistema lagunar de Tramandaí, RS, Brasil. Sistemática, ecologia e subsídios à paleoecologia. Ph. D. Thesis, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul 2: 344-476, 56 pls.

Würdig, N.L. & Pinto, I.D. 1990. Diaphanocypris, a new Ostracoda genus occurring in South and Central America. Pesquisas 17(1-2): 31-38.

Würdig, N.L. & Pinto, I.D. 1993a. New species of Cyclocyprididae from the north coast of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 65(3): 285-294.

Würdig, N.L. & Pinto, I.D. 1993b. A new freshwater Ostracoda from southern Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 65(1): 89-99.



Würdig, N.L. & Pinto, I.D. 1994. A freshwater Ostracoda, Limnocythere cidreirensis, sp. nov. from southern Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 66(4): 425-439.


 MARTENS, K., WÜRDIG, N. & BEHEN, F., 1998. Maxillopoda. Non-Marine Ostracoda. In: YOUNG, P.S. (ed.). Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. p. 45-65. (Série Livros n. 6).



База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка