|NAME:_______________ DATE:__________ PERIOD:_______
Kingdom Plantae Notes Packet
22.1 Characteristics of Plants
List the 4 main things that plants need to survive.
Plants are thought to evolve from:
Origins of plants began in the water. What 3 things did evolution favor in plants?
Plant Life Cycle
What is meant by the alternation of generations?
Describe the following:
22.2 Seedless Plants
1. Green Algae
What does this name indicate?
What other phylum can green algae be identified in?
Where is green algae found?
List some examples of green algae?
2. Mosses and other Bryophytes:
What are bryophytes? What makes them different than green algae?
List 3 groups that are classified as bryophytes.
What are bryophytes small?
What is the dominant generation (gametophyte or sporophyte) in bryophytes?
How do bryophytes reproduce since they do not have seeds?
What are archegonia and antheridia?
Vascular plants – contain a vascular system
What is the importance of a transport system?
What are the two types of vascular tissue and what do they each transport?
Seedless vascular plants:
What three groups of plants fall under this group?
What generation (gametophyte or sporophyte) is dominant in these plants?
How is reproduction similar in seedless vascular and the bryophytes?
22.3 Seed plants
What adaptations allow seed plants to reproduce without open water?
22.4 – Flowering Plants – Angiosperms
What is the advantage of flowering plants?
Angiosperms can be divided into 2 groups: monocots and dicots
What is a cotyledon?
Flowering plants can also be subdivided into Woody and Herbaceous plants.
Differentiate between the 2.
24.4 Plants and Humans
List some benefits of plants.
How can plants be harmful to humans?