Masaryk university in brno faculty of education




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MASARYK UNIVERSITY IN BRNO

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

Department of English and Literature








Interactive Boards in ESL Learning at Secondary School

Diploma Thesis






Brno 2009



Written by: Bc. Marcela Lexová Supervisor: PhDr. Alena Kašpárková

BIBLIOGRAFICKÝ ZÁZNAM

LEXOVÁ, Marcela. Interactive Boards in ESL Learning at Secondary School: diplomová práce, Brno: Masarykova univerzita, Fakulta pedagogická, Katedra anglického jazyka a literatury, 2009. Počet stran 87, stran příloh 17. Vedoucí diplomové práce PhDr. Alena Kašpárková.

ANOTACE


Diplomová práce „Interactive Boards in ESL Learning at Secondary School“ pojednává o využití interaktivních tabulí při výuce anglického jazyka na střední škole. Práce uvádí metodologie a výchovné přístupy, které při výuce využívají technologii. Dále se práce zaměřuje na výzkum učebních stylů studentů a uvádí možnosti, jak tyto styly podporovat za použití interaktivních tabulí ve výuce.

Hlavní část práce obsahuje plány vyučovacích hodin, které se zabývají výukou různých jazykových dovedností pro studenty s různou úrovní znalosti jazyka. Plány hodin jsou vypracovány tak, aby mohli být dále použity a měněny dle potřeb vyučujícího.

ANNOTATION

Diploma thesis “Interactive Boards in ESL Learning at Secondary School” deals with utilization of interactive whiteboards in English language learning at secondary school. The thesis presents methodologies and approaches that use technology in education. Then the thesis focuses on a research on students' learning styles and presents possibilities how these styles can be supported by using of interactive whiteboards in education.

The main part of the thesis includes lesson plans that deal with teaching different language skills to students on different levels of language knowledge. Lesson plans are created to be reused and adapted according to the needs of the teacher.

KLÍČOVÁ SLOVA

Interaktivní tabule, rozmanité inteligence, aktivity, cvičení, učitel, studenti, učební styly

KEY WORDS

Interactive whiteboards, multiple intelligences, activities, exercises, teacher, students, learning styles
















DECLARATION


“I declare that I have compiled this final work by myself and that I have used only the sources listed in the bibliography.”


“I agree with storage of my Diploma thesis at Masaryk University at the library of Pedagogical Faculty and using it for study purposes.”


...................................................................

Bc. Marcela Lexová




















ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


I would like to sincerely thank to PhDr. Alena Kašpárková for her help, advice, valuable comments and support that she gave me as my supervisor.

CONTENTS


MASARYK UNIVERSITY IN BRNO 1

FACULTY OF EDUCATION 1

Department of English and Literature 1

Interactive Boards in ESL Learning at Secondary School 1

Diploma Thesis 2

Brno 2009 2

2



DECLARATION 4

I declare that I have compiled this final work by myself and that I have used only the sources listed in the bibliography.” 5

I agree with storage of my Diploma thesis at Masaryk University at the library of Pedagogical Faculty and using it for study purposes.” 5

................................................................... 5

Bc. Marcela Lexová 5

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 7

I would like to sincerely thank to PhDr. Alena Kašpárková for her help, advice, valuable comments and support that she gave me as my supervisor. 7



CONTENTS 7

INTRODUCTION 12

THEORETICAL PART 14

1 LANGUAGE TEACHING 14

1. 1 Teaching Principles of J. A. Comenius 14

1. 2 Methodologies and Approaches Using Visual Aids or Computers 16

1. 2. 1 E-learning 18

1. 2. 2 Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) 20

1. 2. 3 Presentation, Practice and Production (PPP) 21

1. 2. 4 Engage, Study and Activate (ESA) 21

2 MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES THEORY 23

2. 1 The Theory 23

2. 2 Learning Styles 25

2. 2. 1 Index of Learning Styles (ILS) 25

2. 2. 2 VAK learning styles (Visual, Auditory and Kinaesthetic) 28

2. 2. 3 Whiteboard Supporting the Learning Styles 28

3 BASIC Characteristics of Whiteboards 30

3. 1 ActivBoard 31

3. 2 SMART Board 32

3. 3 Common Features and Differences 33

3. 4 Interactive Textbooks and Materials 35

3. 5 Other Ways to Use Whiteboards in Lessons 35



PRACTICAL PART 37

4 RESEARCH ON MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES 38

4. 1 The Method 39

4. 2 The Results 40

4. 3 The Conclusion 41

5 USING WHITEBOARDS IN LESSONS 42

5. 1 Comparison of Two Parallel Lessons 43

6 TEACHING LANGUAGE SKILLS AND SUBSKILLS 49

6. 1 Teaching Grammar 49

6. 2 Teaching Vocabulary 54

6. 3 Teaching Reading 59

6. 4 Teaching Listening 63

6. 5 Teaching Speaking 67

6. 6 Teaching Writing 72

6. 7 Teaching about Countries 77

6. 8 Teaching Culture 82



CONCLUSION 87

RESUMÉ 89

WORKS CITED 90

BOOKS 90

CD 91

Sk8er Boi. Maturita Solutions. Pre-Intermediate. Class CDs. Oxford University Press, 2007. 92

Hamlet. New Opportunities. Pre-Intermediate. Class CD1. Paerson Education Limited, 2006. 92

INRTERNET SOURCES 92

ActivBoard. 20 March 2007. Promethean Limited. 23 Nov. 2009 . 92

BRUALDI, Amy C. Multiple Intelligences: Gardner´s Theory. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation. 13 Nov. 1999. PAREonline. 23 Nov. 2009 . 92

Cambridge Dictionaries Online. 2009. Cambridge University Press. 23 Nov. 2009 . 92

Computer Assisted Language Learning. Babylon Dictionary. 1997-2009. Babylon Ltd. 23 Nov. 2009 . 93

CLARK, Donald. Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic Learning Styles (VAK). 11 Apr. 2008. 23 Nov. 2009 . 93

CLARK, Donald. Howard Gardner´s Multiple Intelligences. 14 Apr. 2007. 23 Nov. 2009 . 93

DELANEY, Robert. MLA Citation Style. C. W. Post Campus. 15 Nov. 2007. Long Island University. 23 Nov. 2009 . 93

Discover Your Learning Style – Graphically! Learning Styles Online. 2003-2007. Advanogy.com. 23 Nov. 2009 . 93

DUCKET, Ian, TATARKOWSKI, Marilyn. Learning Styles and Their Application for Effective Learning. Increased Flexibility Support Programme. 23 Nov. 2009 . 93

E-learning. Webopedia. 2009. WebMediaBrands Inc. 23 Nov. 2009 . 94

FELDER, Richard M. Resources in Science and Engineering Education. Richard Felder´s Home Page. 2009. Richard Felder. 23 Nov. 2009 . 94

FELDER, Richard M., SOLOMAN, Barbara A. Learning Styles and Strategies. 23 Nov. 2009 . 94

FLEETHAM, Mike. Multiple Intelligences. Mike Fleetham´s Thinking Classroom. 23 Nov. 2009 . 94

GARDNER, Howard. Home page. 2009. 23 Nov. 2009 . 94

Howard Gardner. Human Intelligence. 25 July 2007. Indiana University. 23 Nov. 2009 . 94

Howard Gardner´s Multiple Inelligences Theory. Great Performances. 2009. Educational Broadcasting Corporation. 23 Nov. 2009 . 95

CHAU, May Ying. Connecting Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences Theories Through Learning Strategies: An Online Tutorial for Library Instruction. 23 Nov. 2009 < http://libres.curtin.edu.au/libres16n1/Chau.htm>. 95

CHAPMAN, Alan. VAK Learning Styles. Businessballs. 2005-2009. 23 Nov. 2009 < http://www.businessballs.com/vaklearningstylestest.htm>. 95

Interactive Whiteboards in the Classroom. 6 Nov. 2009. Resource Materials and Technology Center for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. 23 Nov. 2009 < http://www.fsdb.k12.fl.us/rmc/tutorials/whiteboards.html>. 95

KEATING, Maurice Walter. The Great Didactic by John Amos Comenius. New York: Russell & Russell, 1967. 17 Oct. 2009 . 95

LANG, Ossian Herbert. Comenius: His Life and Principles of Education. University of California Libraries. 3 May 2007. E. L. Kellog. 23 Nov 2009 . 96

Learning Styles Explained. LdPride.net. 23 Nov. 2009 < http://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm>. 96

McKENZIE, Walter. I Think…Therefore…MI!. Walter´s McKenzie One and Only Surfaquarium. 1997-2009. Walter McKenzie. 23 Nov. 2009 . 96

MacRAE, Catherine. Learning Styles. Skillswise. 4 Feb. 2004. BBC. 23 Nov. 2009 . 96

Multilingual Dictionary. 2006. Langsoft. 23 Nov. 2009 . 96

Multiple Intelligences and Technology. 23 Nov. 2009 . 96

Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom. Indiana University. 2009. Indiana University. 23 Nov. 2009 . 97

Presentation, Practice and Production. English Online. British Council. 23 Nov. 2009 . 97

SMART Board. 2009. SMART Technologies ULC. 23 Nov. 2009 . 97

Tapping into Multiple Intelligences. Concept to Classroom. 2004. Educational Broadcasting Corporation. 23 Nov 2009 . 97

Thesaurus.com. 2009. Lexico Publishing Group. 23 Nov. 2009 . 97

What is Engage, Study, Motivate?. Teaching Tips. 2009. Pearson Longman. 23 Nov. 2009 . 97

APPENDICES 98


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