Library of congress classification outline class h social sciences subclass h h1-99 Social sciences (General)

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Subclass H
H1-99 Social sciences (General)
Subclass HA
HA1-4737 Statistics

HA29-32 Theory and method of social science statistics

HA36-37 Statistical services. Statistical bureaus

HA38-39 Registration of vital events. Vital


HA154-4737 Statistical data

HA154-155 Universal statistics

HA175-473 By region or country

Subclass HB
HB1-3840 Economic theory. Demography

HB71-74 Economics as a science. Relation to other


HB75-130 History of economics. History of economic


Including special economic schools

HB131-147 Methodology

HB135-147 Mathematical economics. Quantitative methods

Including econometrics, input-output

analysis, game theory

HB201-206 Value. Utility

HB221-236 Price

HB238-251 Competition. Production. Wealth

HB501 Capital. Capitalism

HB522-715 Income. Factor shares

HB535-551 Interest

HB601 Profit

HB615-715 Entrepreneurship. Risk and uncertainty.


HB801-843 Consumption. Demand

HB846-846.8 Welfare theory

HB848-3697 Demography. Population. Vital events

HB3711-3840 Business cycles. Economic fluctuations
Subclass HC
HC10-1085 Economic history and conditions

HC79 Special topics

Including air pollution, automation,

consumer demand, famines, flow of funds,


HC92 Economic geography of the oceans (General)

HC94-1085 By region or country
Subclass HD
HD28-9999 Industries. Land use. Labor

HD28-70 Management. Industrial management

HD39-40.7 Capital. Capital investments

HD41 Competition

HD45-45.2 Technological innovations. Automation

HD47-47.4 Costs

HD49-49.5 Crisis management. Emergency management.


HD50-50.5 Delegation of authority. Decentralization.

Span of control

HD56-57.5 Industrial productivity

HD58 Location of industry

HD58.7-58.95 Organizational behavior, change and

effectiveness. Corporate culture

HD59-59.6 Public relations. Industrial publicity

HD60-60.5 Social responsibility of business

HD61 Risk in industry. Risk management

HD62 Standardization. Simplification. Waste

HD62.2-62.8 Management of special enterprises

HD66-66.2 Work groups. Team work in industry.

Quality circles

HD69 Other

Including business consultants,

capacity, size of industries, etc.

HD72-88 Economic growth, development, planning

HD101-1395.5 Land use

Land tenure

HD1286-1289 Communal ownership

HD1290-1291 Municipal ownership

HD1301-1313 Nationalization (Agrarian socialism)

HD1326-1329 Large holdings

HD1330-1331 Landlord and peasant

HD1332-1333.5 Land reform. Agrarian reform

HD1334-1335 Consolidation of land holdings

HD1336-1339 Small holdings. Peasant proprietors.


HD1361-1395.5 Real estate business

HD1401-2210 Agriculture

HD1428-1431 International cooperation

HD1470-1476 Size of farms

HD1478 Sharecropping

HD1483-1486 Agricultural associations, societies, etc.

HD1491-1491.5 Cooperative agriculture

HD1492-1492.5 Collective farms

HD1493-1493.5 Government owned and operated farms. State

farms. Sovkhozes

HD1501-1542 Agricultural classes

Including farm tenancy, agricultural


HD1549 Gleaning

HD1580 Reclamation of agricultural land. Melioration

HD1635-1702 Utilization and culture of special classes of


Including pasture lands, water resources


HD1711-1741 Irrigation

HD2321-4730.9 Industry

HD2329 Industrialization

HD2330 Rural industries

HD2331-2336 Home labor. Home-based businesses

HD2337-2339 Sweatshops

HD2340.8-2346.5 Small and medium-sized businesses, artisans,

handicrafts, trades

HD2350.8-2356 Large industry. Factory system. Big business

HD2365-2385 Contracting. Letting of contracts

HD2421-2429 Trade associations

HD2709-2930.7 Corporations

Including international business enter-

prises, diversification, industrial

concentration, public utilities

HD2951-3575 Cooperation. Cooperative societies

HD3611-4730.9 Industrial policy. The state and industrial


Including licensing of occupations and

professions, subsidies, inspection,

government ownership, municipal


HD4801-8943 Labor. Work. Working class

HD4861-4895 Labor systems

HD4909-5100.9 Wages

HD5106-5267 Hours of labor

Including overtime, shift work, sick

leave, vacations

HD5306-5474 Labor disputes. Strikes and lockouts

HD5481-5630.7 Industrial arbitration. Mediation and


HD5650-5660 Employee participation in management.

Employee ownership. Industrial democracy.

Works councils

HD5701-6000.9 Labor market. Labor supply. Labor demand

Including unemployment, manpower policy,

occupational training, employment


HD6050-6305 Classes of labor

Including women, children, students,

middle-aged and older persons,


HD6350-6940.7 Trade unions. Labor unions. Workers'


HD6941-6948 Employers' associations

HD6951-6957 Industrial sociology. Social conditions of


HD6958.5-6976 Industrial relations

HD6977-7080 Cost and standard of living

HD7088-7252 Social insurance. Social security. Pension

HD7255-7256 Vocational rehabilitation. Employment of

people with disabilities

HD7260-7780.8 Industrial hygiene. Industrial welfare

HD7795-8027 Labor policy. Labor and the state

HD8031 Labor in politics. Political activity of the

working class

HD8038 Professions (General). Professional employees

HD8039 By industry or trade

HD8045-8943 By region or country

HD9000-9999 Special industries and trades

HD9000-9495 Agricultural industries

HD9502-9502.5 Energy industries. Energy policy. Fuel trade

HD9506-9624 Mineral industries. Metal trade

HD9650-9663 Chemical industries

HD9665-9675 Pharmaceutical industry

HD9680-9714 Mechanical industries

Including electric utilities, electronic

industries, and machinery

HD9715-9717.5 Construction industry

HD9720-9975 Manufacturing industries

HD9999 Miscellaneous industries and trades

Subclass HE
HE1-9990 Transportation and communications

HE199-199.5 Freight (General)

HE199.9 Passenger traffic (General)

HE305-311 Urban transportation

HE323-328 Transportation geography. Trade routes

HE331-380 Traffic engineering. Roads and highways.


HE369-373 Traffic surveys (General)

HE374-377 Bridges

HE379-380 Tunnels. Vehicular tunnels

HE380.8-971 Water transportation

HE380.8-560 Waterways

HE561-971 Shipping

HE730-943 Merchant marine. Ocean shipping. Coastwise


HE1001-5600 Railroads. Rapid transit systems

HE5601-5725 Automotive transportation

Including trucking, bus lines, and

taxicab service

HE5746-5749 Stage lines

HE5751-5870 Ferries

HE5880-5990 Express service

HE6000-7500 Postal service. Stamps. Philately

HE7511-7549 Pneumatic service

HE7601-8700.9 Telecommunication industry. Telegraph

HE8660-8688 Wireless telegraph. Radiotelegraphy

HE8689-8700.95 Radio and television broadcasting

HE8701-9680.7 Telephone industry

HE9713-9715 Cellular telephone services industry. Wireless

telephone industry

HE9719-9721 Artificial satellite telecommunications

HE9723-9737 Signaling

HE9751-9756 Messenger service

HE9761-9900 Air transportation. Airlines

Subclass HF
HF1-6182 Commerce

HF294-343 Boards of trade. Chambers of commerce.

Merchants' associations

HF1014 Balance of trade

HF1021-1027 Commercial geography. Economic geography

HF1040-1054 Commodities. Commercial products

HF1701-2701 Tariff. Free trade. Protectionism

HF3000-4055 By region or country

HF5001-6182 Business

HF5381-5386 Vocational guidance. Career devlopment

HF5387-5387.5 Business ethics

HF5410-5417.5 Marketing. Distribution of products

HF5419-5422 Wholesale trade

HF5428-5429.6 Retail trade

HF5429.7-5430.6 Shopping centers. Shopping malls

HF5437-5444 Purchasing. Selling. Sales personnel. Sales


HF5446-5459 Canvassing. Peddling

HF5460-5469.5 Department stores. Mail order business.

Supermarkets. Convenience stores

HF5469.7-5481 Markets. Fairs

HF5482-5482.4 Secondhand trade

HF5482.6-5482.65 Black market

HF5484-5495 Warehouses. Storage

HF5520-5541 Office equipment and supplies

HF5546-5548.6 Office management

HF5548.7-5548.85 Industrial psychology

HF5549-5549.5 Personnel management. Employment


HF5601-5689 Accounting. Bookkeeping

HF5691-5716 Business mathematics. Commercial arithmetic

Including tables, etc.

HF5717-5734.7 Business communication

Including business report writing,

business correspondence

HF5735-5746 Business records management

HF5761-5780 Shipment of goods. Delivery of goods

HF5801-6182 Advertising

Subclass HG
HG1-9999 Finance

HG178 Liquidity

HG179 Personal finance

HG201-1496 Money

HG258-312 Precious metals. Bullion

HG315 Small coins

HG321-329 Mints. Assaying

HG335-339 Counterfeiting

HG348-353.5 Paper money

HG361-363 Legal tender

HG381-395 International coinage

HG401-421 Bimetallism

HG451-1496 By region or country

HG1501-3550 Banking

HG1621-1638 Interest rates. Interest tables

HG1641-1643 Bank loans. Bank credit. Commercial loans

HG1651-1654 Discount

HG1655 Acceptances

HG1656 Bank reserves. Bank liquidity. Loan loss


HG1660 Bank accounts. Bank deposits. Deposit


HG1662 Insurance of deposits. Deposit insurance

HG1685-1704 Drafts. Checks

HG1706-1708 Accounting. Bookkeeping

HG1709 Data processing

HG1710-1710.5 Electronic funds transfers

HG1722 Bank mergers

HG1723 Bank stocks. Banking as an investment

HG1725-1778 Banks and the state. State supervision of


HG1811-2351 Special classes of banks and financial


HG2397-3550 By region or country

HG3691-3769 Credit. Debt. Loans

Including credit institutions, credit

instruments, consumer credit, bank-


HG3810-4000 Foreign exchange. International finance.

International monetary system

HG4001-4285 Finance management. Business finance.

Corporation finance

HG4301-4480.9 Trust services. Trust companies

HG4501-6051 Investment, capital formation, speculation

HG4530 Investment companies. Investment trusts.

Mutual funds

HG4538 Foreign investments

HG4551-4598 Stock exchanges

HG4621 Stockbrokers. Security dealers. Investment


HG4701-4751 Government securities. Industrial securities.

Venture capital

HG4900-5993 By region or country

HG6001-6051 Speculation

HG6105-6270.9 Lotteries

HG8011-9999 Insurance

HG8053.5-8054.45 Insurance for professions. Malpractice

insurance. Professional liability insurance

HG8059 Business insurance

HG8075-8107 Insurance business. Insurance management

HG8111-8123 Government policy. State supervision

HG8205-8220 Government insurance

HG8501-8745 By region or country

HG8751-9295 Life insurance

HG8779-8793 Actuarial science. Statistical theory and

methodology applied to insurance

HG8799-8830 By class insured, by risk, by plan

HG8835-8899 Life insurance business. Management

HG8901-8914 Government policy. State supervision

HG8941-9200.5 By region or country

HG9201-9245 Mutual life insurance. Assessment life

insurance. Fraternal life insurance

HG9251-9262 Industrial life insurance

HG9271 Child insurance. Life insurance for


HG9291-9295 Maternity insurance

HG9301-9343 Accident insurance

HG9371-9399 Health insurance

HG9651-9899 Fire insurance

HG9956-9969 Casualty insurance

HG9969.5-9999 Other insurance

Including automobile, burglary, credit,

disaster, title insurance
Subclass HJ
HJ9-9940 Public finance

HJ9-99.8 Periodicals. Serials. By region or country

HJ210-240 History

HJ241-1620 By region or country

HJ2005-2216 Income and expenditure. Budget

HJ2240-5908 Revenue. Taxation. Internal revenue

HJ2321-2323 Tax incidence. Tax shifting. Tax equity

HJ2326-2327 Progressive taxation

HJ2336-2337 Tax exemption

HJ2338 Taxation of government property

HJ2351 Inflation and taxation

HJ2351.4 Tax revenue estimating

HJ2361-3192.7 By region or country

HJ3801-3844 Revenue from sources other than taxation

HJ3863-3925 Direct taxation

HJ4113-4601 Property tax

HJ4629-4830 Income tax

HJ4919-4936 Capitation. Poll tax

HJ5309-5510 Administrative fees. User charges.

License fees

HJ6603-7390 Customs administration

HJ7461-7980 Expenditures. Government spending

HJ8001-8899 Public debts

HJ8052 Sinking funds. Amortization

HJ8101-8899 By region or country

HJ9103-9695 Local finance. Municipal finance

Including the revenue, budget, expenditure,

etc. of counties, boroughs, communes,

municipalities, etc.

HJ9701-9940 Public accounting. Auditing
Subclass HM
HM(1)-1281 Sociology

(HM1-299) These are obsolete numbers no longer used

by the Library of Congress

HM435-477 History of sociology. History of sociological


HM461-473 Schools of sociology. Schools of social thought

HM481-554 Theory. Method. Relations to other subjects

HM621-656 Culture

HM661-696 Social control

HM701 Social systems

HM706 Social structure

HM711-806 Groups and organizations

HM756-781 Community

HM786-806 Organizational sociology. Organization theory

HM811-821 Deviant behavior. Social deviance

HM826 Social institutions

HM831-901 Social change

HM1001-1281 Social psychology

HM1041-1101 Social perception. Social cognition

Including perception of the self and

others, prejudices, stereotype

HM1106-1171 Interpersonal relations. Social behavior

HM1176-1281 Social influence. Social pressure

Subclass HN
HN1-995 Social history and conditions. Social problems.

Social reform

HN30-39 The church and social problems

HN41-46 Community centers. Social centers

HN50-995 By region or country
Subclass HQ
HQ1-2044 The Family. Marriage. Women

HQ12-449 Sexual life

HQ19-30.7 Sexual behavior and attitudes. Sexuality

HQ31-64 Sex instruction and sexual ethics

HQ71-72 Sexual deviations

HQ74-74.2 Bisexuality

HQ75-76.8 Homosexuality. Lesbianism

HQ77-77.2 Transvestism

HQ77.7-77.95 Transexualism

HQ79 Sadism. Masochism. Fetishism, etc.

HQ101-440.7 Prostitution

HQ447 Masturbation

HQ449 Emasculation. Eunuchs, etc.

HQ450-472 Erotica

HQ503-1064 The family. Marriage. Home

HQ750-755.5 Eugenics

HQ755.7-759.92 Parents. Parenthood

Including parent and child, husbands,

fathers, wives, mothers

HQ760-767.7 Family size

HQ767.8-792.2 Children. Child development

Including child rearing, child life,

play, socialization, children's rights

HQ793-799.2 Youth. Adolescents. Teenagers

HQ799.5-799.9 Young men and women

HQ799.95-799.97 Adulthood

HQ800-800.4 Single people

HQ801-801.83 Man-woman relationships. Courtship. Dating

HQ802 Matrimonial bureaus. Marriage brokerage

HQ802.5 Matrimonial advertisements

HQ803 Temporary marriage. Trial marriage.

Companionate marriage

HQ804 Breach of promise

HQ805 Desertion

HQ806 Adultery

HQ811-960.7 Divorce

HQ961-967 Free love

HQ981-996 Polygamy

HQ997 Polyandry

HQ998-999 Illegitimacy. Unmarried mothers

HQ1001-1006 The state and marriage

HQ1051-1057 The church and marriage

HQ1058-1058.5 Widows and widowers. Widowhood

HQ1060-1064 Aged. Gerontology (Social aspects).


HQ1073-1073.5 Thanatology. Death. Dying

HQ1075-1075.5 Sex role

HQ1088-1090.7 Men

HQ1101-2030.7 Women. Feminism

HQ1871-2030.7 Women's clubs

HQ2035-2039 Life skills. Coping skills. Everyday living


HQ2042-2044 Life style

Subclass HS
HS1-3371 Societies: secret, benevolent, etc.

HS101-330.7 Secret societies

HS351-929 Freemasons

HS951-1179 Odd Fellows

HS1201-1350 Knights of Pythias

HS1355 Other societies

HS1501-2460.7 Other societies. By classes

HS1501-1510 Benevolent and "friendly" societies and

mutual assessment fraternities

HS1525-1560 Religious societies

HS1601-2265 Race societies

HS2275 Occupation societies

HS2301-2460.7 Political and "patriotic" societies

HS2501-3371 Clubs. Clubs and societies for special classes

Including boys' societies, Boy scouts,

girls' societies

Subclass HT
HT51-1595 Communities. Classes. Races

HT51-65 Human settlements. Communities

HT101-395 Urban groups. The city. Urban sociology

HT161-165 Garden cities. "The city beautiful"

HT165.5-169.9 City planning

HT170-178 Urban renewal. Urban redevelopment

HT201-221 City population

Including children in cities, immigration

HT231 Effect of city life

HT251-265 Mental and moral life

HT281 Recreation. Amusements

HT321-325 The city as an economic factor. City


HT330-334 Metropolitan areas

HT351-352 Suburban cities and towns

HT361-384 Urbanization. City and country

HT388 Regional economics. Space in economics

HT390-395 Regional planning

HT401-485 Rural groups. Rural sociology

HT601-1445 Classes

HT621-635 Origin of social classes

HT641-657 Classes arising from birth

Including royalty, nobility, commons

HT675-690 Classes arising from occupation

HT713-725 Caste system

HT731 Freedmen

HT751-815 Serfdom

HT851-1445 Slavery

HT1501-1595 Races

Including race as a social group and race

relations in general

Subclass HV
HV1-9960 Social pathology. Social and public welfare.


HV40-69 Social service. Social work. Charity

organization and practice

Including social case work, private and

public relief, institutional care,

rural social work, work relief

HV85-525 By region or country

HV530 The church and charity

HV541 Women and charity

HV544 Charity fairs, bazaars, etc.

HV544.5 International social work

HV547 Self-help groups

HV551.2-639 Emergency management

HV553-639 Relief in case of disasters

HV560-583 Red Cross. Red Crescent

HV599-639 Special types of disasters

HV640-645 Refugee problems

HV650-670 Life saving

HV675-677 Accidents. Prevention of accidents

HV680-696 Free professional services

Including medical charities

HV697-4959 Protection, assistance and relief

HV697-3024 Special classes

HV697-700.7 Families. Mothers. Widow's ­pensions

HV701-1420.5 Children

HV835-847 Foundlings

HV873-887 Destitute, neglected, and abandoned

children. Street children

HV888-907 Children with disabilities

HV931-941 Fresh-air funds

HV959-1420.5 Orphanages. Orphans

HV1421-1441 Young adults. Youth. Teenagers

HV1442-1448 Women

HV1449 Gay men. Lesbians

HV1450-1494 Aged

HV1551-3024 People with disabilities

Including blind, deaf, ­people with

physical and mental disabilities

HV3025-3174 Special classes. By occupation

HV3025-3163 Mariners

HV3165-3173 Shop women, clerks, etc.

HV3174 Other. By occupation

HV3176-3199 Special classes. By race or ethnic group

HV4005-4013 Immigrants

HV4023-4470.7 Poor in cities. Slums

HV4480-4630 Mendicancy. Vagabondism. Tramps.


HV4701-4890.9 Protection of animals. Animal rights. Animal


HV4905-4959 Animal experimentation. Anti-vivisection

HV4961-4995 Degeneration

HV5001-5720.5 Alcoholism. Intemperance. Temperance reform

HV5725-5770 Tobacco habit

HV5800-5840 Drug habits. Drug abuse

HV6001-7220.5 Criminology

HV6035-6197 Criminal anthropology

Including criminal types, criminal

psychology, prison psychology, causes

of crime

HV6201-6249 Criminal classes

HV6250-6250.4 Victims of crimes. Victimology

HV6251-6773.55 Crimes and offenses

HV6774-7220.5 Crimes and criminal classes

HV7231-9960 Criminal justice administration

HV7428 Social work with delinquents and criminals

HV7431 Prevention of crime, methods, etc.

HV7435-7439 Gun control

HV7551-8280.7 Police. Detectives. Constabulary

HV7935-8025 Administration and organization

HV8031-8080 Police duty. Methods of protection

HV8035-8069 Special classes of crimes, offenses

and criminals

HV8073-8079.35 Investigation of crimes. Examination

and identification of prisoners

HV8079.2-8079.35 Police social work

HV8079.5-8079.55 Traffic control. Traffic accident


HV8081-8099 Private detectives. Detective bureaus

HV8130-8280.7 By region or country

HV8290-8291 Private security services

HV8301-9920.7 Penology. Prisons. Corrections

HV9051-9230.7 The juvenile offender. Juvenile delinquency.

Reform schools, etc.

HV9261-9430.7 Reformation and reclamation of adult


HV9441-9920.7 By region or country

HV9950-9960 By region or country

Subclass HX
HX1-970.7 Socialism. Communism. Anarchism

HX519-550 Communism/socialism in relation to special


HX626-696 Communism: Utopian socialism, collective


HX806-811 Utopias. The ideal state

HX821-970.9 Anarchism

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