Lettuces, curled-leaved endives and




Дата канвертавання17.04.2016
Памер58.99 Kb.


UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

UNECE STANDARD FFV-22

concerning the marketing and

commercial quality control of
LETTUCES, CURLED-LEAVED ENDIVES AND

BROAD-LEAVED (BATAVIAN) ENDIVES
2009 EDITION


UNITED NATIONS

New York and Geneva, 2009



NOTE
Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards
The commercial quality standards developed by the UNECE Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards help facilitate international trade, encourage high-quality production, improve profitability and protect consumer interests. UNECE standards are used by governments, producers, traders, importers and exporters, and other international organizations. They cover a wide range of agricultural products, including fresh fruit and vegetables, dry and dried produce, seed potatoes, meat, cut flowers, eggs and egg products.
Any member of the United Nations can participate, on an equal footing, in the activities of the Working Party. For more information on agricultural standards, please visit our website <www.unece.org/trade/agr>.
The present revised Standard for Lettuces and Endives is based on document ECE/TRADE/C/WP.7/2008/7, reviewed and adopted by the Working Party at its sixty-fifth session.

The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Mention of company names or commercial products does not imply endorsement by the United Nations.


All material may be freely quoted or reprinted, but acknowledgement is requested.
Please contact the following address with any comments or enquiries:
Agricultural Standards Unit

Trade and Timber Division

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

Palais des Nations

Geneva 10, CH-1211, Switzerland

e-mail: agristandards@unece.org


UNECE STANDARD FFV-22

concerning the marketing and commercial

quality control of
LETTUCES, CURLED-LEAVED ENDIVES AND

BROAD-LEAVED (BATAVIAN) ENDIVES




I. DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to


- lettuces of varieties (cultivars) grown from:

- Lactuca sativa var. capitata L. Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata L. (head (cabbage) lettuces including crisphead and "Iceberg" type lettuces),

- Lactuca sativa var. longifolia Lam. Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia Lam. (cos or romaine lettuces),

- Lactuca sativa var. crispa L. Lactuca sativa L. var. crispa L. (leaf lettuces),

- crosses of these varieties and

- curled-leaved endives of varieties (cultivars) grown from Cichorium endivia var. crispum Lam. Cichorium endivia L. var. crispa Lam. and

- broad-leaved (Batavian) endives (escaroles) of varieties (cultivars) grown from Cichorium endivia var. latifolium Lam.Cichorium endivia L. var. latifolium Lam.
to be supplied fresh to the consumer.
This standard does not apply to produce for industrial processing, produce presented as individual leaves, lettuces with root ball or lettuces in pots.

II. PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for produce at the export- control stage after preparation and packaging.

However, if applied at stages following export, products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

- a slight lack of freshness and turgidity

- a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.
The holder/seller of products may not display such products or offer them for sale, or deliver or market them in any manner other than in conformity with this standard. The holder shall be responsible for observing such conformity.
A. Minimum requirements
In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the produce must be:
- intact

- sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded

- clean and trimmed, i.e. practically free from all earth or other growing medium and practically free of any visible foreign matter

- fresh in appearance

- practically free from pests

- practically free from damage caused by pests

- turgescent

- not running to seed

- free of abnormal external moisture

- free of any foreign smell and/or taste.


In the case of lettuce, a reddish discolouration, caused by low temperature during growth, is allowed, unless it seriously affects the appearance of the lettuce.
The roots must be cut close to the base of the outer leaves and the cut must be neat.
The produce must be of normal development. The development and condition of the produce must be such as to enable it:
- to withstand transportation and handling

- to arrive in a satisfactory condition at the place of destination.


B. Classification
The produce is classified in two classes, as defined below:
(i) Class I
Produce in this class must be of good quality. It must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type, especially the colour.
The produce must also be:
- well formed

- firm, taking into account the cultivation methods and the type of produce

- free from damage or deterioration impairing edibility

- free from frost damage.


Head lettuces must have a single well-formed heart. However, in the case of head lettuces grown under protection, the heart may be small.
Cos lettuces must have a heart, which may be small.
The centre of curled-leaved endives and broad-leaved (Batavian) endives must be yellow in colour.
(ii) Class II
This class includes produce which do not qualify for inclusion in Class I, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.
The produce must be:
- reasonably well-formed

- free from damage and deterioration which may seriously impair edibility.


The following defects may be allowed provided the produce retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:
- slight discolouration

- slight damage caused by pests.


Head lettuces must have a heart, which may be small. However, in the case of head lettuces grown under protection, absence of heart is permissible.
Cos lettuces may show no heart.
III. PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING
Size is determined by the weight of one unit.
To ensure uniformity in size:
(a) Lettuces
In all classes, the difference between the lightest and heaviest units in each package must not exceed:
- 40 g when the lightest unit weighs less than 150 g per unit

- 100 g when the lightest unit weighs between 150 g and 300 g per unit

- 150 g when the lightest unit weighs between 300 g and 450 g per unit

- 300 g when the lightest unit weighs more than 450 g per unit.


(b) Curled-leaved and broad-leaved (Batavian) endives
In all classes, the difference between the lightest and heaviest units in each package must not exceed 300 g.
IV. PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES
At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A. Quality tolerances
(i) Class I
A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.
(ii) Class II
A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. With this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.
B. Size tolerances
For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing, but weighing no more than 10 per cent over or under the size in question, is allowed.
V. PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION
A. Uniformity
The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only produce of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality and size.
However, a mixture of produce lettuces and endives of distinctly different colours, varieties and/or commercial types may be packed together in a package and/or sales unit1, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each colour, variety and/or commercial type concerned, in origin.
The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.
B. Packaging
The produce must be packed in such a way as to protect it properly. It must be reasonably packed having regard to the size and type of packaging, without empty spaces or crushing.
The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly paper or stamps bearing trade specifications, is allowed, provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.
Packages must be free of all foreign matter.
VI. PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING
Each package2 must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:
A. Identification
Packer and/or dispatcher/shipper:
Name and physical address (e.g. street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country) or a code mark officially recognized by the national authority3.

B. Nature of produce

- "Lettuces", "butterhead lettuces", "batavia", "crisphead lettuces (Iceberg)", "cos lettuces", “leaf lettuce” (or, for example and if appropriate, “Oak leaf”, “Lollo bionda”, “Lollo rossa”),"curled-leaved endives" or "broad-leaved (Batavian) endives", or other synonyms if the contents are not visible from the outside

- “Little gem” where appropriate or other synonyms

- An indication "grown under protection", or other appropriate indication, where appropriate

- Name of the variety (optional)

- “Mixture of lettuces/endivessalads”, or equivalent denomination in the case of packages and/or sales units containing a mixture of produce of distinctly different colours, varieties and/or commercial types. If the produce is not visible from the outside, the colours, varieties or commercial types and the quantity of each in the package must be indicated.


C. Origin of produce

- Country of origin and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.


In the case of packages and/or sales units containing a mixture of produce of distinctly different colours, varieties and/or commercial types of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the colour, variety and/or commercial type concerned.

D. Commercial specifications

- Class


- Size, expressed by the minimum weight per unit, or number of units.

- Net weight (optional).


E. Official control mark (optional)

-----
Published 1961



Last revised 20109
The OECD Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables has published an explanatory illustrated brochure on the application of this standard. The publication may be obtained from the OECD bookshop at: www.oecdbookshop.org.
-----

1 The sales unit should be designed to be purchased in its entirety.


2 According to the Geneva Protocol, footnote 2, “Package units of produce prepacked for direct sale to the consumer shall not be subject to these marking provisions but shall conform to the national requirements. However, the markings referred to shall in any event be shown on the transport packaging containing such package units”.


3 The national legislation of a number of countries requires the explicit declaration of the name and address. However, in the case where a code mark is used, the reference “packer and/or dispatcher (or equivalent abbreviations)” has to be indicated in close connection with the code mark, and the code mark should be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognizing country, if not the country of origin.



База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка