|Kickboxer Classic: Down with Game Shows
November 6, 2004
Edited by Chris Frankel
Packet by Swarthmore (Chris White, Emily Ullman, Scott Blaha, Micaela Baranello, Miriam Newman)
1. It is a consequence of the SFA principle, since it is a result of moving away from the normal in certain situations. The angle at which it occurs is 48.6 degrees between water and air, a number derivable from Snell’s law, and it is the reason there is no signal degradation in fiber optic lines. Occurring only when light moves from a denser to a less dense medium, and when the angle of incidence is greater than the critical angle, FTP, what is this optical effect in which no refraction occurs and all the light stays inside the denser material?
ANSWER: total internal reflection
2. “Abound” and “abundant” provide evidence for its occurrence, as do “goose” and “gosling.” It inspired John Hart’s Orthographie, which was the first attempt to devise a new phonetic alphabet. The movement was uniform, as both the front and back varieties moved up, except for the two instances in which diphthongs were formed. Short examples of the affected speech sounds were not changed by this event, but long ones were; strangely, it only happened in English. FTP, name this historical linguistic phenomenon, which stopped the word “me” from sounding like “may.”
ANSWER: The Great Vowel Shift
3. The Trolli Company of Germany and another German company named for Hans Riegel both claim to be the first to produce them in the U.S. In versions manufactured for vegans, its primary ingredient is replaced by pectin; other ingredients typically include citric acid and corn syrup. In 1985, Duke Igthorn and his army of ogres were fought in Dunwyn by talking versions of them named Zummi, Grammi, Gusto, and Tummi, among others, as part of an animated Disney cartoon about their adventures. FTP, name these candies, most often associated with the Haribo Company, and consisting of gelatinous material molded in ursine shapes.
ANSWER: Gummi Bears
4. Rival contemporary accounts by Idris Bitlisi and Patriarch Danilo III each claim victory for their own people in this battle, which occurred a year after the attackers’ total defeat of Ivan Sisman’s forces. Taking place on St. Vitus day, this clash saw both opposing leaders die: Sultan Murad I was assassinated in his tent by Milosh Obilitch, while Prince Lazar was killed on the Field of Blackbirds, becoming a martyr for the Serbs. FTP, identify this 1389 battle between the Serbs and Turks, whose setting now names a war-torn Yugoslav province with a capital at Pristina.
ANSWER: Battle of Kosovo
5. He served as a tempter who was the patron deity of slaves, the north, and a class of boarding schools known as telpochcalli. Depicted with black face-paint, he wore a piece of obsidian in place of one foot, which he lost to the monster Tlatecuhtli in the process of creating the earth. Named for the magical prop with which he smote his enemies, the smoking mirror, he often shape shifts into the guise of a jaguar. FTP, name this brother and enemy of Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec deity of night, beauty and war.
6. Act II, Scene ii of this work reveals that the central family once had a son with the same first name as the author, but he died of measles at age 2. In Act III, comic relief comes from the drunken antics of the servant Cathleen, while the female protagonist reminisces on how she once wanted to be a concert pianist or a nun. Major themes are the drunkard Jamie’s forgiveness by his brother Edmund, a budding author, and the fall from grace of Mary, who ends the play by walking around in her old wedding dress and rambling in a daze while high on morphine. FTP, name this semi-autobiographical Eugene O’Neil play about the Tyrone family.
ANSWER: A Long Day’s Journey Into Night
7. While it had been hypothesized for many years beforehand, its existence was not confirmed until Explorer I did so in 1958. Its existence creates problems for proposed space elevator systems, since it can kill unshielded humans. First speculation as to its origin centered on the US and the USSR blaming each others’ nuclear testing for it, but current theory points at the interaction of Earth’s magnetic field with the solar wind. FTP, name this ring of charged particles circling the Earth, which is responsible for auroras.
ANSWER: Van Allen Belt
8. During this period, the “True Words” sect was established at Mount Koya, inspiring proliferation in music and the arts. Private families’ increasing acquisition of shoen planted the seed’s of its downfall, and when the Hogen disturbance was put down, feudal power became concentrated into the hands of the Taira and Minamoto clans. Along with its predecessor, the Nara period, it identifies its nation’s “classical” era, and it began with the move of the capital to Kyoto under the Fujiwara family. FTP, identify this period in Japanese history that ran from 794-1192 and witnessed the flourishing of literature such as The Pillow Book and The Tale of Genji.
ANSWER: Heian period (prompt on “Fujiwara” until it is mentioned)
9. Born in Kneitlingen around 1290, he is said to have been dunked three times at baptism. Two of the more popular versions of his tale are a 1511 Hermann Bote Schwankbuch and a rather scatological High German edition published by Johannes Gruninger a few years later. With a name literally meaning “owl mirror”, he often provides his trickery in the form of literally interpreting idioms in an attempt to puncture the egos of authority figures. FTP, name this apocryphal medieval German trickster whose merry pranks were most famously chronicled in a Richard Strauss tone poem.
ANSWER: Till Eulenspiegel
10. He emphasized a rational approach to religion in a series of three fictitious dialogues with St. Augustine called the Secretum. He paralleled the search for eternal life to his climbing of a peak in the “The Ascent of Mount Ventoux,” while his devotion to the cultures of Greece and Rome inspired the epic Africa, about Scipio Africanus, and Lives of Famous Men. FTP, identify this Italian founder of Renaissance humanism, known as the namesake of a type of sonnet and as the devoted lover of Laura.
ANSWER: Francis Petrarch (or Francesco Petrarcha)
11. Upon first seeing Monet’s Haystacks at Giverny, he commented that he “thought the painter had no right to paint in such an imprecise fashion”, an assertion challenged by such works of his as Counter-Gravitation. Besides painting, he was also heavily interested in spirituality, which manifested itself in the goals of a Munich art group he founded. His interest in music played a major part in the color schemes and titles of this synesthete’s paintings, which include Contrasting Sounds; Yellow, Red, Blue, and his many Improvisations and Compositions. FTP, name this Russian abstract painter a participant in the Bauhaus and founder, with Franz Marc, of Die Blaue Reiter.
ANSWER: Wassily Kandinsky
12. Two of its first gubernatorial candidates were Darius Lyman of Ohio and Solomon Southwick of New York, though both were unsuccessful. However, Joseph Ritner of Pennsylvania and William Palmer of Vermont did manage to be elected governor of their states. Amos Ellmaker was the only vice presidential candidate of this party, which was formed as a reaction to the 1826 abduction and probable murder of the William Morgan, author of an expose on secret societies. FTP, name this first American third party, which sought to combat the political influence of Freemasonry.
ANSWER: Anti-Masonic Party
13. Materials with this property follow Curie’s law, since once they are saturated, their atoms are as aligned as possible. The fact that liquid oxygen exhibits it is often given as evidence supporting MO theory, as orbital mixing results in O2 having one electron in each pi 2p orbital. When materials lose their ferromagnetism above the Curie temperature, they display this property instead. FTP, identify this property, the attraction of a substance to a magnetic field, exhibited by materials with unpaired electrons and contrasted with diamagnetism.
14. Possibly the most impressive copy of this work is a 750-year old version written on over 80,000 wood blocks and stored in Haein-sa. Originally transmitted orally by the sangha it takes its name from its storage method when they were written on palm leaves. They consist of a code of ethics for the monastic orders, the Vinaya, an exposition of doctrinal principles, the Abhidhamma, and the Sutta, which recounts the life and teachings of the Buddha. Pali for “three baskets,” this is, FTP, what term for the official canon of scripture in Theravada Buddhism?
15. His later works include “A Fool’s Life”, the autobiographical “Cogwheels,” and Kappa, which details a mental hospital inmate’s travels with the titular water spirits. Nonfiction works include “What is Proletarian Literature” and “A Note to A Certain Old Friend,” his 1927 suicide note. His most popular work, written while still a student and set in medieval Kyoto, was, along with “In a Grove,” the basis for a 1950 Kurosawa film. FTP, name this man who never penned a novel, the namesake of Japan’s most prestigious prize for young authors and the writer of short stories such as Rashomon.
ANSWER: Akutagawa Ryunosuke
16. Russia was the most major party not to participate in this series of agreements, as it did not want to interfere with the terms of the Treaty of Rapallo, signed three years earlier. Headed by Austen Chamberlain, Gustav Stresemann, and Aristide Briand, it produced mutual defense agreements between France and Poland and France and Czechoslovakia, while upholding the boundaries of France, Belgium, and German, who agreed not to attack each other. Denounced and violated in March 1936 when Hitler sent troops into the Rhineland, this is, FTP, what October 1925 series of European peace agreements produced in the namesake town in Switzeland?
ANSWER: Treaties of Locarno or Locarno Pact
17. As part of reproduction, many of its members produce egg cocoons with a saddle-shaped, mucus-secreting glandular projection called a clitellum. Structures called annuli externally mark the divisions of their bodies, and though they lack appendages, they are able to move with the aid of bristles called setae. The first phylum to have a true coelom, it includes such groups as Oligocheata and Polychaeta. FTP, name this phylum whose members are primarily segmented worms.
ANSWER: Annelida or Annelids
18. This man’s autobiography served as the basis for a life on him written by a second generation disciple named Jorjani. His now lost Philosophia Orientalis was an extensive treaty on pantheism, which was discussed by his main intellectual successor, as well as by Roger Bacon. This Mutazilite scholar also stated the principle, “intellectus in formis agit universalitatem,” which attributed the universality of human ideas to action of the mind. Influenced by Galen and introduced to Aristotle through an essay by al-Farabi, he produced his best-known works: the Book of Remedy and the Canon on Healing. FTP, name this 11th Century Persian philosopher and predecessor to Averroes.
ANSWER: Avicenna or Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina
19. It opens with a prologue that briefly describes how Tirius founded Tuscany, Langoberde settled Lombardy, and Felix Brutus founded Britain. The action begins when a feast is broken up by a man who “had on no hauberk, nor a helmet for his head.” As a result of an accepted challenge, the title character must ride Gringolet through the country, stopping at the castle of Bercilak de Hautdesert on the way. After being tempted by Bercilak’s wife for three days, the title character slips up and accepts a girdle, which leads to him being wounded with an ax by the other title character. FTP, name this medieval story about an Arthurian knight and his oddly colored opponent.
ANSWER: “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”
20. Its text was originally written by a biographer of St. Francis named Thomas of Celano, and its music makes an appearance in Liszt’s Totentanz, the final movement of Berlioz’s Symphony Fantastique, and in the requiems of Ligeti, Verdi, and Mozart. A prayer of mercy addressed to Jesus during the time of judgment, it makes its most prominent musical appearances in Rachmaninov’s Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini and Isle of the Dead and in Camille Saint-Saens’ Danse Macabre. FTP, name this trochaic Latin hymn, whose name means “day of wrath.”
ANSWER: Dies Irae
Kickboxer Classic: Down with Game Shows
November 6, 2004
Edited by Chris Frankel
Packet by Swarthmore (Chris White, Emily Ullman, Scott Blaha, Micaela Baranello, Miriam Newman)
1. Identify these Freidrich Nietzsche works, FTPE.
(10) Ending with the poem “From High Mountains” and containing 296 aphorisms, this complete summation of Nietzsche’s thought is subtitled “Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future.”
ANSWER: Beyond Good and Evil
(10) This work was reworking of his earlier 1881 piece, The Dawn. It is Nietzsche’s first work to contain the declaration, “God is Dead.”
ANSWER: The Gay Science
(10) Subtitled “How One Becomes What One Is,” this is Nietzsche’s autobiography, and his last published work.
ANSWER: Ecce Homo
2. Answer the following about an Elizabethan playwright, FTSNOP.
(5) This man wrote plays like Tamburlaine the Great and The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, and suffered a mysterious death in a tavern brawl.
ANSWER: Christopher Marlowe
(10) Marlowe also wrote poems, such as this pastoral work with a title character promising worldly pleasures in the hope that the addressee will “Come live with me and be my love.”
ANSWER: “The Passionate Shepherd to his Love”
(15) This man called Marlowe “the father of English tragedy and the creator of English blank verse.” The author of Atalanta in Calydon, he wrote such as poetry collections Songs Before Sunrise and A Channel Passage.
ANSWER: Algernon Charles Swinburne
3. Name the following data structures from descriptions, for 10 points each:
(10) This is simply a list of items held next to each other in computer memory. They are often indexed from zero to the number of elements minus one.
(10) This structure is defined recursively, so that a node points to a node smaller than it on the left, and a node bigger than it on the right.
ANSWER: binary search tree
(10) This altered binary search tree, which sounds like a Stendahl work, gives each node a characteristic color.
ANSWER: red-black tree
4. Some composers got it pretty tough from the critics. Some just got confused. From the comment,
(10) The venerable Hanslick said his violin concerto “brings to us for the first time the horrid notion that music may stink to the ear.” This guy is better known for symphonies nicknamed Winter Dreams and the Pathetique.
ANSWER: Pyotr Tchaikovsky
(10) This Brit trashed Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess as “crooked folklore and half-way opera.” His own work as a composer includes a collaboration with Gertrude Stein on the opera Four Saints and Three Acts.
ANSWER: Virgil Thomson
(10) According to Thomas Beecham, his late works “should only be listened to by a deaf man.”
ANSWER: Ludwig van Beethoven
5. Name these random European treaties; 15-10-5.
(15) Napoleon made two of these in 1807, with Prussia and Russia. They rendered the rest of continental Europe powerless, at least until Napoleon broke them.
ANSWER: Treaties of Tilsit
(10) This treaty gave Silesia to Prussia and preserved Maria Theresa’s right to Austrian lands, thus ending the War of Austrian Succession
ANSWER: Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
(5) Treaties of this name ended the Crimean War and the American Revolution, among others.
ANSWER: Treaty of Paris
6. Given a constellation’s description, name it, FTPE:
(10) This A-shaped constellation shares its corner of space with its namesake galaxy. Named after an Ethopian princess from Greek myth, it has Alpheratz as its brightest star.
(10) Its massive red giant, Betelgeuse, was mistakenly called the brightest star in the constellation, when the title actually belongs to Rigel.
(10) It is the smallest constellation of the 88 recognized by the International Astronomical Union. The lack of a southern pole star led to its use by early navigators for locating the south pole.
ANSWER: Southern Cross or Crux
7. The Comte St. Germain, an alchemist and diplomat of the 16th century, was rumored to possess the secret of eternal life. This fantastical figure made it into a number of works of literature; identify them FTPE.
(10) In this Pushkin story, Countess Anna Fedorovna asks for St. Germain’s help when she loses a lot of money at cards; he tells her a secret that recoups all her losses. Herman the German becomes obsessed with learning it.
ANSWER: “The Queen of Spades” (or “Pikovaya Dama”)
(10) Umberto Eco uses St. Germain for his associations with the Freemasons and other secret sects in this work, about a giant occult plot prominently featuring the title object.
ANSWER: Foucault’s Pendulum
(10) The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge, a series of spiritual confessions purportedly written by a Danish expatriate in Paris, also features a character modeled on St. Germain, the Marquis von Belmare. They were written by this German poet of the Sonnets to Orpheus.
ANSWER: Ranier Maria Rilke
8. Answer the following about Herbert Hoover, FTPE.
(10) Before becoming president, Hoover served in the cabinet under Harding and Coolidge as secretary of this department.
ANSWER: Department of Commerce
(10) Hoover likely made the Great Depression worse by signing this 1930 tariff that raised rates on a wide range of products to record levels.
ANSWER: Hawley-Smoot tariff (accept names in reverse order too)
(10) Hoover got a lot of bad PR by sending Douglas MacArthur and federal troops to put down this Walter Waters-led group of disgruntled World War I veterans, who were protesting in Washington D.C.
ANSWER: Bonus Army or Bonus March
9. Name the monastic orders for 10 points each.
(10) Founded by Bernard of Clairveaux, this Benedictine offshoot has split into two branches, the “strict observance” of which is popularly known as Trappists.
(10) Early members tried to trace their order’s history back to Elijah, but most agree today that they were founded in the Holy Land around the turn of the 13th century, from which they migrated to Europe.
(10) Groups include the Third Order, the Poor Clares, and Assisi-Kresden, which takes part of its name from the home of its two founders, one of which is notable as the patron saint of animals.
10. Given songs from a Pink Floyd album, name the album, FTPE:
(10) Appropriately enough, this 1977 release contains such songs as “Dogs,” “Sheep,” and “Pigs on the Wing.”
(10) “Young Lust,” “Comfortably Numb,” “Mother,” and “The Trial” are among the songs from this double album that tells the story of a troubled boy turned rock star named Pink Floyd.
ANSWER: The Wall
(10) “Shine On You Crazy Diamond” makes up most of this album, a living tribute to Syd Barrett. Also included are “Welcome to the Machine” and “Have a Cigar.”
ANSWER: Wish You Were Here
11. British colonialism wasn’t always a walk in the park. FTPE:
(10) In the 1950’s, members of the Kikuyu tribe staged this bloody rebellion against British colonialism in Kenya.
ANSWER: Mau Mau Rebellion
(10) Beginning with an 1839 attempt to oust Dost Mohammed, the British waged three wars against the Russian-backed Pashtun tribesmen in this present day nation. Under King Amanullah, it won independence in 1919.
(10) This 1898 feud between Britain and France over a small bit of sand near Egypt highlighted the futility of the scramble for Africa.
ANSWER: Fashoda Incident
12. When you assign physics questions to an English major, don’t be surprised when the bonus themes are flimsy and irrelevant. Name these hyphenated physics concepts FTPE.
(10) It provides a good approximation of blackbody radiation, if you ignore that whole problem with the ultraviolet catastrophe.
ANSWER: Rayleigh-Jeans law
(10) When the fluid parameters are interpreted as time-averaged values, it can model turbulent flow, though these equations are most often advertised as a method of determining the flow of a non-turbulent, Newtonian fluid
ANSWER: Navier-Stokes equations
(10) This law describes the magnetic field produced by a current-carrying wire. According to it, the intensity of the field varies inversely with the square of the distance from the wire.
ANSWER: Biot-Savart law
13. Yes, there are other ways to choose politicians than voting for one candidate! FTPE, name the
following voting and representation systems:
(10) Identify the voting system used in America and Great Britain, in which the person who gets more votes than anyone else wins.
ANSWER: first-past-the-post or winner-take-all or plurality voting
(10) This is the law that states that constituencies using first-past-the-post will naturally develop a two-party system.
ANSWER: Duverger’s Law
(10) This system tries to ensure that the winners of an election represent the composition of the electorate. Used in many European countries, it requires a multi-winner election system and encourages the creation of many parties.
ANSWER: proportional representation
14. A bunch of poets wrote stuff in Abraham Lincoln’s honor after he died. FTPE:
(10) This poem contains a lot of ship imagery and something about how honest Abe’s “fallen cold and dead.”
ANSWER: “Oh Captain! My Captain!”
(10) This Springfield, Illinois poet wrote the ethereal “Abraham Lincoln Walks at Midnight.” Also the author of a ballad about the founder of the Salvation Army, he later killed himself by drinking Lysol.
ANSWER: Nicholas Vachel Lindsay
(10) He declared of Lincoln’s death, “They have killed the Forgiver / The Avenger takes his place,” in “The Martyr.” This overasked author, known more as a prose writer, authored the novels Typee and Omoo.
ANSWER: Herman Melville
15. Name the objects or places from Norse myth, FTPE. All begin with the same letter.
(10) Preceded by Loding and Dromi, and including ingredients such as a woman’s beard and a bird’s spit, this chain restrains the Fenris wolf.
(10) With a name meaning “Hall of Joy,” it was the meeting hall of the gods in Asgard and could be found on the plain of Ida.
(10) Once found between Niflheim and Muspell, this was primordial void that existed before the creation of the world.
16. Answer the following about a cellular structure, FTPE.
(10) This cellular complex, which has smooth and rough sections, serves to synthesize various macromolecules and transport proteins in vesicles to the Golgi body.
ANSWER: endoplasmic reticulum
(10) The rough endoplasmic reticulum is characterized by the presence of these protein-synthesizing organelles on its membrane.
(10) The ER is comprised of sheets of these flattened tubules which consist of folded sections of membrane.
17. Identify these churches, FTPE.
(10) Features include the two tiers of paired Corinthian columns, in imitation of the Louvre, transept porches inspired by da Cortona, and most notably, a dome that rises 366 feet off the pavement. Sir Christopher Wren was charged with rebuilding it after the Great Fire of London.
ANSWER: St. Paul’s Cathedral
(10) Conceived of as a “drawn-out pilgrimage,” this bizarre-looking Le Corbusier chapel in a city near France’s Swiss border has an outdoor altar as most unique feature.
ANSWER: Ronchamp Cathedral or Chapel of Notre-Dame-du-Haut
(10) Still incomplete is this Barcelona cathedral, which Antoni Gaudi began work on in 1884.
ANSWER: La Sagrada Familia or Church of the Holy Family
18. Answer the following about an author and her work, FTPE.
(10) Nadia May narrates this tale of Mehring, a wealthy and detached businessman. It was conceived as a kind of sequel to Olive Schreiner's The Story of an African Farm.
ANSWER: The Conservationist
(10) Name this South African author of The Conservationist and July’s People.
ANSWER: Nadine Gordimer
(10) This 1979 work was a “coded homage” to Communist lawyer Bram Fisher, whose very name was banned in South African public discourse. Its title character is haunted by the deaths of her parents, which was brought about by their time in prison for their political views.
ANSWER: Burger’s Daughter
19. Name the English king, FTPE:
(10) Preceded by Edward I Longshanks, he allowed Robert Bruce to retake much of Scotland and was deposed and murdered by his son in 1327.
ANSWER: Edward II
(10) Preceded by the boy king Edward V, whom he likely killed after imprisoning in the Tower of London, this man died in 1485 at Bosworth Field.
ANSWER: Richard III
(10) He was doubly preceded by Edwards: Edward III was his grandfather and predecessor, while his father was Edward the Black Prince. Probably his worst decision was to exile the popular noble Henry Bolingbroke, who later deposed him to start the house of Lancaster.
ANSWER: Richard II
20. FTPE, answer these questions concerning electrochemical cells.
(10) A simple way to produce emf, this multiphase system has potential differences between its phases that result in a potential difference in its terminals: the electrical energy is produced by the conversion of chemical energy.
ANSWER: galvanic cell
(10) This most famous chemistry class example of a galvanic cell was used in the early days of telegraphy. It features a zinc rod in a zinc sulfate solution and a copper rod in a copper sulfate solution.
ANSWER: Daniell cell
(10) This type of cell is the opposite of a galvanic cell, since, in its function, a flow of current produces a chemical reaction. Aluminum is commercially prepared from Al2O3 by this method.
ANSWER: electrolytic cell