Items for a Botany Faculty web page for Eve Emshwiller
Notes for the web designer are included in this color and small caps. If there are any questions please contact me at email@example.com, or (312) 665-7871. Here are two lines of research interests for the faculty list on http://www.botany.wisc.edu/info/faculty.htm :
Ethnobotany and systematics: domestication, evolution, and conservation of crop plants; evolution of polyploidy and of clonally-propagated crops; Oxalidaceae.
I assume that at this time we are primarily looking to get my name up on the page above, and to link this to a standardized faculty page, similar to these:
So, the following are pieces to place on the left side of a page like that, followed by a section of text for the left side.
Since this page is going up now primarily as a way to recruit graduate students, I thought that we might set apart a piece like the following box, but I am open to suggestions about how to do this.
Ethnobotany at UW—Madison. Ethnobotany is the study of the interactions between human cultures and plants. As such it is an extremely broad field that crosses disciplinary boundaries. It includes economic botany, the study of the human uses of plants in all aspects of material culture. However, ethnobotany also includes aspects that do not involve the practical uses of plants, such as linguistic/cognitive studies of how plants are perceived, named, and classified in various cultures, or studies of the history of human impacts on the environment. The University of Wisconsin—Madison is an excellent place for the study of ethnobotany because there are people all across campus who do research in areas encompassed by ethnobotany, even if those researchers would not necessarily identify themselves as ethnobotanists, but rather as geneticists, archaeologists, geographers, horticulturalists, paleoecologists, anthropologists, linguists, pharmacologists, etc.. My own ethnobotanical research concentrates on the evolution and the conservation of diversity of crop plants and their wild relatives.
The domestication of crops is one of our most important human achievements. Through my interdisciplinary research program I work to elucidate the history of domestication of crops, the continuing human influence on their evolution, and the implications of this influence for conservation of the diversity of crops and their wild relatives. I am particularly interested in meeting the challenges that polyploidy and clonal propagation introduce to understanding the evolution of crops.
I combine research tools from different disciplines to address questions in crop evolution under human influence, integrating systematic botany, ethnobotany, and conservation genetics. The powerful phylogenetic tools of systematics can reveal the origins of polyploids and domesticates in the context of their relationships with their wild relatives. Combining the tools of conservation genetics and ethnobotany can provide information about how biotic and social factors interact to affect the distribution and dynamics of genetic diversity within domesticates and their allies. When used in concert, the results from these three disciplines can provide insights about evolution and conservation that concentration in a single discipline might overlook. Data from one discipline can inform and guide research in the others by suggesting hypotheses that can be tested using different tools.
My research studying the domestication and evolution of polyploid crops has concentrated to date on the octoploid tuber crop “oca,” Oxalistuberosa Molina. Oca is one of several dozen Andean domesticates, and is second only to potatoes among tuber crops in the diet and farming system of millions of Quechua and Aymara subsistence farmers in the Central Andes. Research on oca and its allies provides a system for study of fundamental questions about the evolution of polyploidy and the genetic consequences of clonal propagation.
Areas of study:
Polyploidy and domestication in Oxalistuberosa – continuing work on unraveling the complexities of the origins of oca and clarifying its relationships with wild allies.
Systematics of Oxalis and Oxalidaceae – solving species delimitation problems, describing new species, and studying biogeography and character evolution across the large genus Oxalis.
Human influence on crop genetic diversity – identifying factors that affect whether crop diversity is being lost or maintained in traditional Andean agricultural systems through ethnobotanical interviews.
Evolution and conservation of clonally-propagated crops – clarifying how vegetatively-propagated crops differ from seed crops in their evolution and their conservation requirements.
Different faculty members have different styles for formatting the links to PDFs of publications or for outside links. I don’t have a strong preference for how this is to be done.
I am a co-editor of the forthcoming book Documenting Domestication: New Genetic and Archaeological Paradigms.http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/10279.html University of California Press. (M.A. Zeder, D. Bradley, E. Emshwiller, and B. Smith, editors). I was responsible for the section on Genetic Documentation of Plant Domestication, and author or co-author of the following chapters:
Zeder, Melinda A., Dan Bradley, Eve Emshwiller, Bruce Smith. Chapter 1: Documenting domestication: Bringing together plants, animals, archaeology, and genetics.
Emshwiller, Eve. Chapter 8: Genetic data and plant domestication.
Emshwiller, Eve. Chapter 12: Origins of polyploid crops: the example of the octoploid tuber crop Oxalis tuberosa..
Emshwiller, Eve. (In press, expected early 2006). Evolution and conservation of clonally-propagated crops: insights from AFLP data and folk taxonomy of the Andean tuber “oca,” Oxalistuberosa. In: T. Motley, N. Zerega, and H. Cross (eds.), Darwin’s Harvest: New Approaches to the Origins, Evolution, and Conservation of Crops, Colombia University Press.http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/catalog/data/023113/0231133162.HTM
Emshwiller, Eve and Jeff J. Doyle. 2002. Origins of domestication and polyploidy in oca (Oxalis tuberosa: Oxalidaceae). 2. Chloroplast-expressed glutamine synthetase data. American Journal of Botany. 89(7):1042-1056. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/reprint/89/7/1042.pdf.
Emshwiller, Eve. 2002. Ploidy levels among species of the “Oxalistuberosa alliance” as inferred by flow cytometry. Annals of Botany. 89(6): 741-753. http://aob.oupjournals.org/cgi/reprint/89/6/741.pdf?ijkey=ao30ppkuS7aj2&keytype=ref&siteid=annbot
Emshwiller, Eve. 2002. Biogeography of the “Oxalistuberosa alliance.”Botanical Review. 68(1): 128-152. http://fm1.fmnh.org/aa/Files/emshwill/BotRev2002.pdf
Emshwiller, Eve and Jeff J. Doyle. 1999. Chloroplast-expressed glutamine synthetase (ncpGS): potential utility for phylogenetic studies with an example from Oxalis (Oxalidaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12(3): 310-319. http://fm1.fmnh.org/aa/Files/emshwill/Emshwiller_and_Doyle_1999.pdf
Emshwiller, Eve and Jeff J. Doyle. 1998. Origins of domestication and polyploidy in oca (Oxalis tuberosa: Oxalidaceae): nrDNA ITS data. American Journal of Botany 85(7): 975-985. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/reprint/85/7/975.pdf.
More information on Eve Emshwiller’s research may be found at: