Introduction 2 Lesson 1 creating a file 4




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Introduction 2

Lesson 1 - CREATING A FILE 4

Lesson 2 - OPENING A FILE 5

Lesson 3 - MOVING AROUND A FILE - CURSOR MOVEMENT 6

Lesson 4 - PRINTING A FILE 8

Lesson 5 - DELETING A FILE 11

Lesson 6 - EDITING COMMANDS 12

Lesson 7 – SPEECH PARAMETERS 14

Lesson 8 - THE STATUS MENU 16

Lesson 9 - SPELLCHECK 18

Lesson 10 - FIND, FIND AND REPLACE 19

Lesson 11 - MARKING TEXT, COPY, CUT, PASTE 20

Lesson 12 - FOLDERS 21

Lesson 13 – PC EDITING 22

Lesson 14 – MACROS 23

Lesson 15 – DISK DRIVE 25

Lesson 16 - MISCELLANEOUS COMMANDS 28

Braille ‘n Speak – Braille Lite Student Progress Chart 31


GUIDE TO BRAILLE 'N SPEAK/BRAILLE LITE COMMANDS

THE BASICS
Introduction

When using this guide, anything written in italics refers to the speech output the Braille 'n Speak (BNS) or Braille Lite (BL) devices make when the command just mentioned is completed.


When you turn on the Braille 'n Speak (BNS) or Braille Lite (BL), it will tell you the version of the Braille 'n Speak followed by the word ready and the name of the file that is open.
For example: "Braille 'n Speak 2000 ready, Joan now open."
There are several things that are important to remember when using the BNS line of products.


  1. The commands that work for the BNS generally speaking also work for the BL. The BL has commands that work exclusively for that machine because of its added features such as the parallel port, refreshable braille display and braille advance bar.

  2. It is not necessary to save any file, whenever you write anything on a BNS, it automatically saves it either in the file you just created or the file you were working in. When the battery gets low, sometimes the BNS does unusual things to files. Therefore, when the battery gets below 20% it is a good idea to recharge it at that time.

  3. The BNS assumes that whenever you input braille you are continuing what you have previously written and will automatically add that text to the end of the document. The BNS 2000’s and BL’s have the option of PC Editing in the status menu. When this feature is turned on you are able to edit by moving your cursor to the location and insert without using the insert command.

  4. When you turn the BNS off and then turn it on again, it places you in the same file you were in when you turned it off.

  5. Chording commands are performed by holding the space bar down while simultaneously pressing the keys.

  6. In order to prevent irreparable damage, please use only the battery charger that comes with your BNS/BL.


Chargers and Batteries
The Braille ‘n Speak lasts approximately 20-24 hours while in use. The Classic and 640 use a 9-volt charger and the 2000 needs a 12-volt charger. Using the wrong charger will burn out the battery.

Checking the battery Level
In order to see what percentage of the battery has been drained or to find out if the battery if fully charged: (not available with the Classic)
St sign (dots 3,4) chord (Status Menu)

Write sh sign (dots 1,4,5) (percent, __% not charging, or __% charging)

E chord (dots 1,5) to exit
Resetting Battery Counter
St sign (dots 3,4) chord (Status Menu)

Th sign (dots 1,4,5,6) (Question mark, battery used __ hours ___ minutes)

Hit the space bar to reset the timer to zero.

Reset battery timer enter y or n.

If you want to reset, braille y for yes or n for no.

E chord to exit

Lesson 1 - CREATING A FILE

O chord (dots 1, 3 and 5 with the space bar) Option

F (dots 1, 2 and 4) Enter file command

C (dots 1 and 4) File to Create?

Enter a file name, use only grade one braille when entering file names, and do not use any punctuation or composition signs.

E Chord (dots 1 and 5 with the space bar) _____ (file name) now open


The default feature of the newer versions of the BNS/BL devices automatically create files that are one page in length and allow usage of grade two braille. Older versions, such as the Classics or 640K’s, will ask two additional questions. Enter the file size? - Use nemeth (dropped) numbers to indicate how many pages, (do not use a number sign) follow that entry with an E chord. It will then ask Grade two braille, enter /Y/ or /N/?, as soon as you have indicated your choice, the BNS will say _____ (file name) now open
NOTE: There is no need to save a file you create on the BNS, the file is automatically saved. When you turn your BNS on, you will be in the same file as when you turned the BNS off.
Braille the following quotes, number each one and put a new line command (dots 4,6 chord) in between each quote.
“Use your eyes as if tomorrow you would be stricken blind… Hear the music of voices, the song of the bird, the mighty strains of an orchestra, as if you would be stricken deaf tomorrow. Touch each object as if tomorrow your tactile sense would fail. Smell the perfume of the flowers, taste with relish each morsel, as if tomorrow you could never smell and taste again. Make the most of every sense; glory in all the facets of pleasure and beauty which the world reveals to you.

From Three Days to See,” Atlantic Monthly, January 1933.”


“Use all of your senses for learning.”

Chrisana, 1991


When finished, write a sentence of your own choosing, don't worry too much about mistakes at this point.

Lesson 2 - OPENING A FILE

There are several ways to open a file, all of which take place in the file menu.

Here’s how you get to the file menu:
O chord (dots 1, 3 and 5 with the space bar) Option (Option Menu)

F (dots 1, 2 and 4) Enter file command (File Menu)


The easiest was to open a file is to press an O chord (dots 1, 3 and 5 with the space bar), when you are pointing to the file you want to open. You can tell which file you are pointing to by entering a C chord (dots 1 and 4 with the space bar).

The BNS will say file number ____, file name _____, braille file ____ page(s).

If the BNS says braille file, that indicates it is a grade two file. If it says nothing, that indicates it is a grade one file. One other thing it might say is flash file
Another way to open a file is:

O chord (dots 1, 3 and 5 with the space bar) Option

F (dots 1, 2 and 4) Enter file command

O (dots 1, 3 and 5) File to Open?

At this point, enter a file name. Remember to use only grade one braille when entering file names, and do not use any punctuation or composition signs. The name must be brailled exactly as it was created, if it was misspelled when it was created, it must also be misspelled now. If you spell it differently than the original file name, the BNS will say Can’t find that file, enter file command.
E Chord (dots 1 and 5 with the space bar) _____ (file name) now open

Lesson 3 - MOVING AROUND A FILE - CURSOR MOVEMENT

The commands for maneuvering around a file are very logical and sequential. The commands performed on one side will have an equal and opposite effect when performed on the other side. For example, for chording commands performed on the keys on the right hand side, the device will speak and move the cursor in a forward direction. For chording commands performed on the keys on the left hand side, the device will speak and move the cursor in a backward direction. For chording commands performed simultaneously with the keys on both sides, the device will speak and keep the cursor at its current position.


Chord L (dots 1,2,3) will take you to the top of file

Chord 4,5,6 will take you to the end of file


Reading Lines

dot 4 chord - moves the cursor to the beginning of the next line & reads it

c chord - keeps the cursor at its present position & reads the current line

dot 1 chord - moves the cursor to the beginning of the previous line & reads it


Reading Words

dot 5 chord - moves the cursor forward a word & reads it

dots 2,5 chord - keeps the cursor on the present word & reads it

dot 2 chord - moves the cursor backward a word & reads it


Reading Characters

dot 6 chord - moves the cursor forward a character & reads it

dots 3,6 chord - keeps the cursor on the present character & reads it

dot 3 chord - moves the cursor backward a character & reads it


Note: When reading words, if the chording command is pressed twice, the word will be spelled out. When reading characters, if the chording command is pressed twice, a sound clue word will be given. For example, if the student cannot understand if he wrote the letter /t/ or the letter /d/, when you ask it to read the character by pressing dot 3 chord twice, the BNS will respond by saying tango for the letter /t/, and delta for the letter /d/.
Reading Large Groups of Text
Er sign chord 1,2,4,5,6 will read the entire text

Dots 5,6 chord will read the next paragraph

Dots 2,3 chord will read the previous paragraph
Moving Around the 2000
Number sign chord (dots 3,4,5,6) places you at move menu

C chord to hear first option, dot 4 chord moves down the options, and dot 1chord moves up through your options. By pressing the space bar to cycle through your choices until you reach the end, then you must use the dot 1 chord to move back through the choices.

Select w for word or c for character

Write nemeth number you want and press e chord


NOTE: Number sign chord, followed by w and then zero and the e chord will tell you the number of words in your file. This is helpful for students who need to write a paper of 500 words.
Special Options for Reading with the Braille Display
When the voice is turned off on the Braille Lites you have the option of reading the text by scrolling through it. From the top of file, press the Er sign chord (dots 1,2,4,5,6) to begin the document-scrolling feature. To speed up the scrolling speed, press dot five, to slow down the scrolling speed, press dot 2.
NOTE: This feature only works when the voice is turned off. To turn off the voice, O chord (option) v and the braille display will show the words speech off. It is a toggle switch so in order to turn in back on, simply repeat the command.
Lesson 4 - PRINTING A FILE


General Comments
One of the first things you should do before printing any document is to check the status menu to make certain you have selected the correct type of printer that you are printing to and the parameters are set correctly. For example:
St sign Chord (dots 3,4 with the space bar) – status menu …(the BNS/BL will tell you where you are in the status menu, it goes to the last place you were in when you previously used the status menu.)
Selecting Epson will generally work with most parallel printers, if you want to print with an HP then select the HP option. NOTE: There are some HP printers that simply won’t work with the BNS/BL devices. Hopefully, yours is one that will work.
Press L to go to the printer options – Printer is (HP, Imagewriter, or Epson) the space bar will toggle through the choices, or press the first letter to hear the specific printer.
Setting Print Parameters
If you are not already at your printer choice option, press L to go to the printer choice option. By pressing dot 4 chord you can move down to the first ink print parameter which is line length.

Print line length 75” (This is a typical value.)

To change the length, use lower numbers and e chord when finished. (Do not use a number sign)

Press dot 4 chord to go to print left margin.

Print left margin 10” (This is a typical value.)

To change the left margin, use lower numbers and e chord when finished. (Do not use a number sign)

Press dot 4 chord to cycle through the other options, using lower numbers to change the choice and e chord to enter the new choice.

Print page length 60” (This is a typical value depending on the value given to the top margin.)

Print top margin 6” (This is a typical value.)

When completely finished, exit status menu with an e chord.


Setting Braille Parameters
The braille parameters follow the print parameters in the status menu. There is not hot key to get you there directly so the fastest way to get to these choices is to use the L hot key to go to the printer choice option and then use dot 4 chord to get through the print parameters.
Braille line length 40” (This is a typical value unless you are embossing on narrow braille paper.)

Braille left margin 1” (This is a typical value but can enter a lower zero if you do not want to leave room for punching holes.)

Braille page length 25” (This is a typical value.)

Braille top margin 1” (This is a typical value to leave a little room at the top, this can also be controlled by the embosser in most cases.)


Once the parameters are set and work well for your printer or embosser, you should not have to change them unless you switch printers or have had to do a cold reset and your printer information was lost in the process.

Printing a File Using the Serial Port Connection

These commands should work universally for the BNS and BL through the serial port connection.


l Chord - (dots 1,2,3 with the space bar) - Top of file

t Chord - (dots 2,3,4,5 with the space bar) - Enter Transmit Parameter

a (dot 1) to print an inkprint copy

b (dots 1,2) to emboss a braille copy

The BNS will respond with an OK, if all goes well.
If those commands do not work, then you can try some of these alternatives.
l Chord - (dots 1,2,3 with the space bar) - Top of file

t Chord - (dots 2,3,4,5 with the space bar) - Enter Transmit Parameter

z (dots 1,3,5,6) to print an inkprint copy

Now the BNS may ask print or braille?

p (dots 1,2,3,4) for print

b (dots 1,2) for braille

The BNS will respond with an OK, if all goes well.
Printing a File Using the Parallel Port Connection
If you have a parallel printer, you may need to purchase a special cable depending on the BNS model you have. The BNS Classics and 640's require a serial to parallel converter cable with the rectangular 8 pin port while the BNS 2000's require a serial to parallel converter cable with the round 9 pin port. A parallel cable can be hooked directly into the Braille Lites through the parallel port located beneath the 2 serial port connections.
NOTE: When using the special serial to parallel converter cables from Blazie, it is best to plug the cables in first, turn on the printer and the turn on the BNS.
Printing and Embossing with the BNS:
l Chord - (dots 1,2,3 with the space bar) - Top of file

t Chord - (dots 2,3,4,5 with the space bar) - Enter Transmit Parameter

a (dot 1) to print an inkprint copy

b (dots 1,2) to emboss a braille copy

The BNS will respond with an OK, if all goes well.
If those commands do not work, then you can try some of these alternatives.
l Chord - (dots 1,2,3 with the space bar) - Top of file

t Chord - (dots 2,3,4,5 with the space bar) - Enter Transmit Parameter

z (dots 1,3,5,6) to print an inkprint copy

Now the BNS may ask print or braille?

p (dots 1,2,3,4) for print

b (dots 1,2) for braille

The BNS will respond with an OK, if all goes well.
Printing with the BL:
t Chord - (dots 2,3,4,5 with the space bar) - Enter Transmit Parameter

b (dots 1,2) chord to emboss a braille copy

The BL will respond with an OK, if all goes well, if not use the following commands.
l Chord - (dots 1,2,3 with the space bar) - Top of file

t Chord - (dots 2,3,4,5 with the space bar) - Enter Transmit Parameter

z (dots 1,3,5,6) Chord - print or braille?

p (dots 1,2,3,4) for print

b (dots 1,2) for braille, the BL will respond with an OK, if all goes well.

Lesson 5 - DELETING A FILE

There are also several ways to delete a file and are similar to the commands for opening a file.


Go to the file menu:
O chord (dots 1, 3 and 5 with the space bar) Option (Option Menu)
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