Identification of flora and fauna and their conservation status



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5.2 Recommendations


In order to meet the need/ intention of retaining flora and fauna species in the coastal forest of Mafia island and to enhance sustainable conservation of fauna diversity, we recommend that Mlola Forest Reserve and Juani Forest Reserves receive additional ornithological investigations, identifying and promoting better management practices for use of coastal forest natural resources (especially for non-wood products), identifying and promoting alternatives for meeting resource-based livelihoods needs outside natural forests (especially for wood products), such as establishing plantations for fuel wood, environmental education and awareness regarding longer-term trends in natural resources and the impacts of extractive activities, and more effective regulations and enforcement against unsustainable use, also further studies of these little-known areas will provide important information to help preserve some of the last-remaining viable stands of coastal forests in Tanzania.

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Clarke, G.P. (2000). Climate and Climatic History. In: The Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa (Edited by Burgess N.D. and Clarke G.P.). IUCN Publication Unit. Cambridge. PP. 47-67.

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LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix 1: Conservation status of fauna species as categorized by IUCN red list of 2010



Common Name(s)

Scientific name

IUCN

Emerald spotted wood dove

Turtur chalcospilos

Vulnerable

African fish eagle

Haliacetus vociffer

Vulnerable

White broused coacal

Centropus supercihosus

Vulnerable

Grey backed camaroptera

Camaroptera branchyura

Vulnerable

Black backed puff back

Dryoscopus cubla

Vulnerable

Grey headed sparrow

Passer griseus

Vulnerable

Variable Sunbird

Cinnyris venusta

Vulnerable

Pale Flycatcher

Bradomis palliclus

Vulnerable

Yellow Rumptedtinker bird

Pogoniulus bilineatus

Vulnerable

Yellow vented bulbul

Pycnonotus barbatus

Vulnerable

Isabeline Shrike

Lanius isabellinus

Vulnerable

Collared palm – Thrush

Cichladusa guttata

Vulnerable

Black Bellied Starling

Lamprotornis Corruscus

Vulnerable

African paradiseflycatcher

Terpsiphone viridis

Vulnerable

Sombre Green bull

Andropadus importunus

Vulnerable

Hadada ibis

Bostrychia hagedash

Vulnerable

Yellow Rumptedtinker bird

Pogoniulus bilineatus

Vulnerable

Collared palm – Thrush

Cichladusa arquata

Vulnerable

Grey backed camaroptera

Camaroptera branchyura

Vulnerable

Black backed puff back

Dryoscopus cubla

Vulnerable

African fish eagle

Haliacetus vociffer

Vulnerable

Variable Sunbird

Cinnyris venusta

Vulnerable

Yellow vented bulbul

Pycnonotus barbatus

Vulnerable

Grey backed camaroptera

Camaroptera branchyura

Vulnerable

Emerald spotted wood dove

Turtur chalcospilos

Vulnerable

White broused coacal

Centropus supercihosus

Vulnerable

Sombre Green bull

Andropadus importunus

Vulnerable

Variable Sunbird

Cinnyris venusta

Vulnerable

Black backed puff back

Dryoscopus cubla

Vulnerable

Namaqua dove

Oeria capensis

Vulnerable

Isabeline Shrike

Lanius Isabellinus

Vulnerable

Bronze mankinn

Lonchura cuculata

Vulnerable

Purple - banded sunbird

Cinnyris bifasciata

Vulnerable

Black Bellied Starling

Lamprotornis Corruscus

Vulnerable

Black throated wattle – eye

Platysteira cyanea

Vulnerable

Ring necked dove

Streptopelia capicola

Vulnerable

Cattle agret

Bubulcus ibis

Vulnerable

Red chested cuckoo

Cuculus solitarius

Vulnerable

Eurasian swift

Apus apus

Vulnerable

Diederik cuckoo

Chrysococcyx

Vulnerable

Blue cheecked bee – eater

Merops persicus

Vulnerable

Blue cheecked bee – eater

Merops Persicus

Vulnerable

Black backed puff back

Dryoscopus cubla

Vulnerable

Grey backed camaroptera

Camaroptera branchyura

Vulnerable

Sombre Green bull

Andropadus importunus

Vulnerable

Black throated wattle – eye

Platysteira peltata

Vulnerable

Lilac brested rollar

Coracias caudata

Vulnerable

Broad billed roller

Eurystomus glauculus

Vulnerable

Eurasian bee – eater

Merops apiaster

Vulnerable

collared sunbird

Hedydipna collaris

Vulnerable

Tambourine dove

Turtur tympanistria

Vulnerable

Helmeted guinea fowl

Numida meleagris

Vulnerable

Black backed puff back

Dryoscopus cubla

Vulnerable

Yellow Rumptedtinker bird

Pogoniulus bilineatus

Vulnerable

Tambourine dove

Turtur tympanistria

Vulnerable

Grey backed camaroptera

Camaroptera branchyura

Vulnerable

African fish eagle

Haliacetus vociffer

Vulnerable

Yellow vented bulbul

Pycnonotus barbatus

Vulnerable

Emerald spotted wood dove

Turtur chalcospilos

Vulnerable

Grey backed camaroptera

Camaroptera branchyura

Vulnerable

Klaass cuckoo

Chrysococcyx klaas

Vulnerable

Yellow Rumptedtinker bird

Pogoniulus bilineatus

Vulnerable

African paradiseflycatcher

Trepsiphone viridis

Vulnerable

Amethyst sunbird

Nectarinia amethystina

Vulnerable

Sombre Green bull

Andropadus importunus

Vulnerable

Azure hair streak butterfly

Hypolycaena c.caeculus

Vulnerable

Cream striped swod tail

Graphium p.porthaon

Vulnerable

Forest leopard butterfly bado

Phalanta e.eurytus

Vulnerable

Smoky orange tip butterfly

Colotis euippe

Vulnerable

Straight - line sapphire buterfly

Lolaus s. silarus

Vulnerable

African migrant butterfly

Catopsilia florella

Vulnerable

Black veined white butterfly

Dixeia doxo parva

Vulnerable

Superb false tiger moth

Heraclia sp

Vulnerable

Needle - nose fly

Philoliche rostrata

Vulnerable

African honey bees

Apis mellifera

Vulnerable

Capenter bees

Xylocopa caffora

Vulnerable

Tetremorium_ Copense ants

Tetremorium capense

Vulnerable

African Stict ants

Pochycondyla tarsata

Vulnerable

Streblognathus aethiopicus ants

Streblognathus aethiopicus

Vulnerable

Slender ants

Tetraponera sp

Vulnerable

Blue - wing grasshopper

Sphingonotus scabriculus

Vulnerable

Cocktail ants

Crematogaster peringueyi

Vulnerable

Thread - Waisted wasps

Ammophila ferrugineipes

Vulnerable

Carton nest termites

Microcerotermes sp

Vulnerable

Microsfylum flies

Microsflum sp

Vulnerable

Rock spoon - wing anthons

Palmipenna aeoleoptera

Vulnerable

Orange - wing bugs

Plafypteura capensis

Vulnerable

Large striped sword tail butterfly

Graphium antheus

Vulnerable

Smoky orange tip butterfly

Colotis euippe

Vulnerable

Broad - bordened grass - yellow butterfly

Eurema brigitta

Vulnerable

Cocktail ants

Crematogaster peringueyi

Vulnerable

Droptail ants

Myrmicaria natalensis

Vulnerable

Malaria mosquito

Anopheles cinereus

Vulnerable

Slender ants

Tetraponera sp

Vulnerable

Needle - nose fly

Philoliche rostrata

Vulnerable

Hostilia Sp - cockroach

(Hostilia carinata)

Vulnerable

Twin dotted boarder butterfly

Mylothris rueppellii haemus

Vulnerable

Gold banded forester butterfly

Euphaedra neophron

Vulnerable

Smoky orange tip butterfly

Colotis euippe

Vulnerable

Golden plusia moth

Trichoplusia orichalcea

Vulnerable

Zimbabwe yellow- banded

Lofaus nasisii

Vulnerable

Sapphire butterfly

Doxoscopa laurentia laurentia)

Vulnerable

Blond glider butterfly

Cymothae coranus

Vulnerable

Brown pansy butterfly

Junonia n. natalica

Vulnerable

African wood white butterfly

Leptosia alcestainalcesta

Vulnerable

Small striped sword tail butterfly

Graphium p.policenes

Vulnerable

Malaria mosquito

Anopheles cinereus

Vulnerable

Hoplocoryphella grandis mantid

Hoplocoryphella grandis

Vulnerable

Orang - wing bugs

Platypteura capensis

Vulnerable

Spider

Pepsin hemipepsis

Vulnerable

Trivia termescockroach

Tivia termes

Vulnerable

Hostilia Sp – cockroach

Hostilia sp

Vulnerable

Burrowing cockroach

Blepharoclera discoidalis

Vulnerable

Blood red Acraea butterfly

Acrae petraea

Vulnerable

Smoky orange tip butterfly

Colotis euippe

Vulnerable

Millipedes

Archispirostreptus gigas)

Vulnerable

Belonogaster dubia waps

Belonogaster dubia

Vulnerable

Cenaieus carnifex bugs

Cenaeus carnifes

Vulnerable

Orange - wing bugs

Platypteura capensis

Vulnerable

Unknown

Polyrhachis gagates

Vulnerable

White barred Acraea butterfly

Hylites encedon encedon

Vulnerable

Forest leopard butterfly

Phalanta e.eurytus

Vulnerable

Window Acraea butterfly

Acrae oncaea

Vulnerable

Garden inspecta butterfly

Junonia archesia

Vulnerable

Gold banded forester butterfly

Euphaedra neophron

Vulnerable

Large striped sword tail butterfly

Graphium antheus

Vulnerable

Citrus swallotail butterfly

Papilio d.demodocus

Vulnerable

Gold banded forester butterfly

Euphaedra neophron

Vulnerable

Emperor swallowtail butterfly

Papilio aphidiciphalus

Vulnerable

African common white butterfly

Belenois creona severina

Vulnerable

Orang - wing bugs

Platypteura capensis

Vulnerable

Cocktail ants

Crematogaster peringueyi

Vulnerable

African wood white butterfly

Leptosia alcestainalcesta

Vulnerable

Mocker swallowtail butterfly

Papilio dardanus cenea

Vulnerable




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