How to automate a scripted installation of Ubuntu 04 with Deployment Solution 9 Requirements




Дата канвертавання19.04.2016
Памер44.79 Kb.
How to automate a scripted installation of Ubuntu 9.04 with Deployment Solution 6.9
Requirements:

  1. Altiris Deployment Solution 6.8 sp2 or above

  2. Web or FTP server (Apache , any FTP server software or IIS, although the latter may have some issue publishing *.cfg files)

  3. preseed.cfg file (Ubuntu answer file, see example at the end of the document)




  1. On a Linux machine download the Network boot files (netboot.tar.gz ) matching the pc’s architecture from: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/netboot/9.04/ , (this example is based on x86 architecture)




  1. Open the shell and unzip the file netboot.tar.gz executing the command: “sudo tar –xzvf netboot.tar.gz” then copy the netboot folder to the DS server.




  1. On the DS server, open the PXE configuration Utility and click New.




  1. Select “Linux” and “x86” in the Operating System & Processor Options and select "User supplied" in the Image Creation Method, click Manual Boot Image. (Make note of the "Final location on PXE Server". This is the location where the Ubuntu Netboot files will be placed).




  1. Browse to the location where the boot files have been copied








  1. Close the PXE Configuration Utility, saving your changes.




  1. Browse to x:\Program Files\Altiris\eXpress\Deployment Server\PXE\Images\MenuOptionxxx\x86PC\pxelinux.cfg\ open the “default” file with notepad, delete the content and edit it following the example below:



default preseed

label preseed

kernel ubuntu-installer/i386/linux

append vga=normal initrd=ubuntu-installer/i386/initrd.gz locale=en_US.UTF-8 debian-installer/keymap=us netcfg/wireless_wep= netcfg/choose_interface=eth0 netcfg/get_hostname=ubuntu preseed/url=http://webservername/preseed.cfg --

prompt 1

timeout 1





  1. Copy the preseed.cfg file to the Web or to the FTP server. (Make sure that the address http://webservername/preseed.cfg or ftp://ftpservername/preseed.cfg typed in the “default” file is pointing to the answer file)

This is an example that can be used as preseed.cfg answer file, it will install the Desktop environment Gnome and other system components:



Please Note: In this example all packages, will be downloaded directly from internet, however you can edit the preseed.cfg file to point to a local repository or customise other options in the answer file.

It is strongly recommended to review the text below and adapt it according to your preferences especially the section regarding the partitioning method, root, additional users and passwords


#### Contents of the preconfiguration file

### Localization

# Locale sets language and country.

d-i debian-installer/locale string en_US


# Keyboard selection.

# Disable automatic (interactive) keymap detection.

d-i console-setup/ask_detect boolean false

#d-i console-setup/modelcode string pc105

d-i console-setup/layoutcode string us

# To select a variant of the selected layout (if you leave this out, the

# basic form of the layout will be used):

#d-i console-setup/variantcode string dvorak


### Network configuration

# netcfg will choose an interface that has link if possible. This makes it

# skip displaying a list if there is more than one interface.

d-i netcfg/choose_interface select auto


# To pick a particular interface instead:

#d-i netcfg/choose_interface select eth1


# If you have a slow dhcp server and the installer times out waiting for

# it, this might be useful.

#d-i netcfg/dhcp_timeout string 60
# If you prefer to configure the network manually, uncomment this line and

# the static network configuration below.

#d-i netcfg/disable_dhcp boolean true
# If you want the preconfiguration file to work on systems both with and

# without a dhcp server, uncomment these lines and the static network

# configuration below.

#d-i netcfg/dhcp_failed note

#d-i netcfg/dhcp_options select Configure network manually
# Static network configuration.

#d-i netcfg/get_nameservers string 192.168.1.1

#d-i netcfg/get_ipaddress string 192.168.1.42

#d-i netcfg/get_netmask string 255.255.255.0

#d-i netcfg/get_gateway string 192.168.1.1

#d-i netcfg/confirm_static boolean true


# Any hostname and domain names assigned from dhcp take precedence over

# values set here. However, setting the values still prevents the questions

# from being shown, even if values come from dhcp.

d-i netcfg/get_hostname string unassigned-hostname

d-i netcfg/get_domain string unassigned-domain
# Disable that annoying WEP key dialog.

d-i netcfg/wireless_wep string

# The wacky dhcp hostname that some ISPs use as a password of sorts.

#d-i netcfg/dhcp_hostname string radish


### Mirror settings

d-i mirror/country string enter information manually

d-i mirror/http/hostname string archive.ubuntu.com

d-i mirror/http/directory string /ubuntu

d-i mirror/http/proxy string
# Suite to install.

#d-i mirror/suite string feisty

# Suite to use for loading installer components (optional).

#d-i mirror/udeb/suite string feisty


### Partitioning

# If the system has free space you can choose to only partition that space.

# Note: this must be preseeded with a localized (translated) value.

d-i partman-auto/init_automatically_partition select biggest free

# select Use the largest continuous free space
# Alternatively, you can specify a disk to partition. The device name must

# be given in traditional non-devfs format.

# For example, to use the first SCSI hard disk:

#d-i partman-auto/disk string /dev/sda

# Or, if you want to use LVM:

#d-i partman-auto-lvm/disk string /dev/sda

d-i partman-auto/method string regular

# You can choose from any of the predefined partitioning recipes.

# Note: this must be preseeded with a localized (translated) value.

d-i partman-auto/choose_recipe select atomic

select All files in one partition (recommended for new users)

#d-i partman-auto/choose_recipe \

# select Separate /home partition

#d-i partman-auto/choose_recipe \

# select Separate /home, /usr, /var, and /tmp partitions
# Or provide a recipe of your own...

# The recipe format is documented in the file devel/partman-auto-recipe.txt.

# If you have a way to get a recipe file into the d-i environment, you can

# just point at it.

#d-i partman-auto/expert_recipe_file string /hd-media/recipe
# If not, you can put an entire recipe the preconfiguration file in one

# (logical) line. This example creates a small /boot partition, suitable

# swap, and uses the rest of the space for the root partition:

#d-i partman-auto/expert_recipe string \

# boot-root :: \

# 40 50 100 ext3 \

# $primary{ } $bootable{ } \

# method{ format } format{ } \

# use_filesystem{ } filesystem{ ext3 } \

# mountpoint{ /boot } \

# . \

# 500 10000 1000000000 ext3 \



# method{ format } format{ } \

# use_filesystem{ } filesystem{ ext3 } \

# mountpoint{ / } \

# . \


# 64 512 300% linux-swap \

# method{ swap } format{ } \

# .
# This makes partman automatically partition without confirmation.

d-i partman/confirm_write_new_label boolean true

d-i partman/choose_partition select finish

select Finish partitioning and write changes to disk

d-i partman/confirm boolean true
### Clock and time zone setup

# Controls whether or not the hardware clock is set to UTC.

d-i clock-setup/utc boolean true
# You may set this to any valid setting for $TZ; see the contents of

# /usr/share/zoneinfo/ for valid values.

d-i time/zone string GMT
### Apt setup

# You can choose to install restricted and universe software, or to install

# software from the backports repository.

#d-i apt-setup/restricted boolean true

#d-i apt-setup/universe boolean true

#d-i apt-setup/backports boolean true

# Uncomment this to avoid adding security sources, or

# add a hostname to use a different server than security.ubuntu.com.

#d-i apt-setup/security_host string
# Additional repositories, local[0-9] available

#d-i apt-setup/local0/repository string \

# deb http://local.server/ubuntu feisty main

#d-i apt-setup/local0/comment string local server

# Enable deb-src lines

#d-i apt-setup/local0/source boolean true

# URL to the public key of the local repository

#d-i apt-setup/local0/key string http://local.server/key


d-i user-setup/encrypt-home boolean false

### Account setup

# Skip creation of a root account (normal user account will be able to

# use sudo). The default is false; preseed this to true if you want to set

# a root password.

#d-i passwd/root-login boolean false

# Alternatively, to skip creation of a normal user account.

#d-i passwd/make-user boolean false


# Root password, either in clear text

d-i passwd/root-password password r00tme

d-i passwd/root-password-again password r00tme

# or encrypted using an MD5 hash.

#d-i passwd/root-password-crypted password [MD5 hash]
# To create a normal user account.

d-i passwd/user-fullname string Ubuntu User

d-i passwd/username string ubuntu

# Normal user's password, either in clear text

d-i passwd/user-password password insecure

d-i passwd/user-password-again password insecure

# or encrypted using an MD5 hash.

#d-i passwd/user-password-crypted password [MD5 hash]


### Base system installation

# Select the initramfs generator used to generate the initrd for 2.6 kernels.

#d-i base-installer/kernel/linux/initramfs-generators string yaird
### Boot loader installation

# Grub is the default boot loader (for x86). If you want lilo installed

# instead, uncomment this:

#d-i grub-installer/skip boolean true


# This is fairly safe to set, it makes grub install automatically to the MBR

# if no other operating system is detected on the machine.

d-i grub-installer/only_debian boolean true
# This one makes grub-installer install to the MBR if if finds some other OS

# too, which is less safe as it might not be able to boot that other OS.

d-i grub-installer/with_other_os boolean true
# Alternatively, if you want to install to a location other than the mbr,

# uncomment and edit these lines:

#d-i grub-installer/bootdev string (hd0,0)

#d-i grub-installer/only_debian boolean false

#d-i grub-installer/with_other_os boolean false
### Package selection

tasksel tasksel/first multiselect ubuntu-standard, ubuntu-desktop

#tasksel tasksel/first multiselect ubuntu-standard, lamp-server

#tasksel tasksel/first multiselect ubuntu-standard, kubuntu-desktop


#d-i pkgsel/include string openssh-server build-essential

d-i pkgsel/update-policy select none

# Some versions of the installer can report back on what software you have

# installed, and what software you use. The default is not to report back,

# but sending reports helps the project determine what software is most

# popular and include it on CDs.

popularity-contest popularity-contest/participate boolean false
### Finishing up the first stage install

# Avoid that last message about the install being complete.

d-i finish-install/reboot_in_progress note
# This will prevent the installer from ejecting the CD during the reboot,

# which is useful in some situations.

#d-i cdrom-detect/eject boolean false
### X configuration

# X can detect the right driver for some cards, but if you're preseeding,

# you override whatever it chooses. Still, vesa will work most places.

#xserver-xorg xserver-xorg/config/device/driver select vesa


# A caveat with mouse autodetection is that if it fails, X will retry it

# over and over. So if it's preseeded to be done, there is a possibility of

# an infinite loop if the mouse is not autodetected.

#xserver-xorg xserver-xorg/autodetect_mouse boolean true


# Monitor autodetection is recommended.

xserver-xorg xserver-xorg/autodetect_monitor boolean true

# Uncomment if you have an LCD display.

#xserver-xorg xserver-xorg/config/monitor/lcd boolean true

# X has three configuration paths for the monitor. Here's how to preseed

# the "medium" path, which is always available. The "simple" path may not

# be available, and the "advanced" path asks too many questions.

xserver-xorg xserver-xorg/config/monitor/selection-method \

select medium

xserver-xorg xserver-xorg/config/monitor/mode-list \

select 1024x768 @ 60 Hz
### Preseeding other packages

# Depending on what software you choose to install, or if things go wrong

# during the installation process, it's possible that other questions may

# be asked. You can preseed those too, of course. To get a list of every

# possible question that could be asked during an install, do an

# installation, and then run these commands:

# debconf-get-selections --installer > file

# debconf-get-selections >> file

#### Advanced options

### Shell commands

# d-i preseeding is inherently not secure. Nothing in the installer checks

# for attempts at buffer overflows or other exploits of the values of a

# preconfiguration file like this one. Only use preconfiguration files from

# trusted locations! To drive that home, and because it's generally useful,

# here's a way to run any shell command you'd like inside the installer,

# automatically.


# This first command is run as early as possible, just after

# preseeding is read.

#d-i preseed/early_command string anna-install some-udeb
# This command is run just before the install finishes, but when there is

# still a usable /target directory. You can chroot to /target and use it

# directly, or use the apt-install and in-target commands to easily install

# packages and run commands in the target system.



#d-i preseed/late_command string apt-install zsh; in-target chsh -s /bin/zsh




База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка