History In-Class Assignment Answers

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History In-Class Assignment Answers

Write answers in full sentences where applicable and provide adequate explanation.

Section A: Answer all questions in this section (questions 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5).

  1. Name three things Riel and the provisional government demanded on the Métis List of Rights. Explain why each item was of importance to the Métis. (3 x 2 marks = 6 mark)

3 marks for identifying 3 demands + 3 marks for explaining why each demand is important to the Métis = 6 marks). Possible answers:

  • Schools should be separate—important to protect different religious groups

  • Treaties should be concluded between Canada and different First Nations—important to protect First Nation rights

Both English and French should be common in the legislature, courts and public documents—important to protect the French language

  1. Describe THREE reasons why the Canadian government wanted to build a railway. (6 Marks)

  • Move Troops

  • Join the Provinces/Colonies together

  • Increase Trade

  1. Page H 117 Caption.-What would you advise the homesteaders to bring on their journey to survive temperatures as low as -40°C? (2 marks)

Since the feet, hands, and head are particularly important body parts to keep warm in ensuring survival, heavy boots, gloves, and hats are essential.

  1. Page H 127 Caption - This is a modern gold mining operation. How do you think the environmental impact of modern gold mining is different from the impact of the gold rush? (2marks)

Modern gold mining is on a much larger scale and potentially much more damaging. But there are more

stringent regulations in place today to reduce environmental damage. For example, the dumping of cyanide is now prohibited

  1. Match the meanings with the key terms by completing the answer column. Make the best choice. One meaning will not be used. (8 marks)


Key Terms


1. designed to keep out people with serious diseases

a) treaties


2. labourers who constructed the railways

b) reserves


3. created the township system and homesteads

c) Indian Act


4. legal documents signed between the Crown and the First Nations

d) Immigration Act


5. fighting by means of ambush and surprise attacks

e) Dominion Lands Act


6. made First Nations into wards of the state

f) Pacific Scandal


7. Macdonald’s slogan in the election of 1891

g) navvies


8. led to Macdonald’s defeat in 1874

h) guerilla tactics


9. land set aside exclusively for First Nations use

Section B: Answer either question 6 or 7.

  1. Write a full paragraph about ONE of the following. (6 marks)

  1. What were some of the key differences between the lifestyles of the Métis and the settlers?

  • Métis killed only those bison needed for survival; settlers killed large numbers to sell for profit

  • Métis settled only small areas, leaving the rest for animal migrations; settlers created farms over wide areas to grow crops and raise farm animals

  • Métis believed in open land to help the bison move about; settlers believed in fenced farms to keep bison and other wild animals out

  1. Pick one of the following new provinces, (i) Manitoba, (ii) British Columbia, or
    (iii) Prince Edward Island. Explain how and why Macdonald was able to persuade it to enter Confederation.

  • Macdonald wanted to expand Canada westward

  • Passed Manitoba Act that identified terms for province’s entry into Confederation

  • Guaranteed Métis and settlers recognition for French and English languages in legislature and courts

  • Guaranteed separate Catholic and Protestant schools

  • Federal government retained power over land and resources of province

British Columbia (1871)

  • Macdonald wanted to expand Canada right across the continent

  • Gold rush had rapidly expanded the population

  • Some favoured joining U.S.A., others wanted a link with Canada

  • Macdonald promised to build a railway from Ontario to the Pacific coast within ten years if B.C. joined (it seemed a reckless promise at the time)

Prince Edward Island (1873)

  • Macdonald wanted to bring in the seventh province

  • P.E.I. recognized its mistake in not joining in 1867

  • Was isolated from Canada

  • Its trade had not expanded like the provinces who had joined

  • Was in debt from its effort to build a railway

  • Macdonald agreed that the federal government would take over the railway debts

  1. Explain how ONE of the following items contributed to the development of the west. Describe any conflicts or issues that arose as a result. ( 6 marks)

  1. Chinese immigration b) Louis Riel’s return from the U.S.A

C) The arrival of the settlers

  1. Chinese immigration:

Contribution—Chinese workers did much of the heavy/dangerous work of CPR in B.C. helping to finish the rail line quickly

Conflict/issue—Chinese workers were paid less than white workers, 600–700 Chinese died, lived in poor conditions, government imposed a head tax to make it difficult for Chinese workers to bring their families to Canada

  1. Louis Riel’s return from the U.S.A.:

Contribution—leader of First Nations and supported by First Nations chiefs, wanted to improve serious situation faced by First Nations, formed a second provisional government.

Conflict/issue—Northwest Rebellion

  1. The arrival of the settlers

Contribution—increased population of the west, established homesteads, brought new farming practices, sparked the government to get the railway built quickly.

Conflict/issue—First Nations ways of life had to change to meet the needs of the settlers.

Section C: Answer either question 8 or 9
Page 131-132

  1. Create a mind map or other organizer to identify some of the hardships the stampeders experienced getting to the Klondike, and surviving once they got there. (6 marks)

Among the hardships the stampeders encountered were ferrying a year’s worth of supplies over the

mountain passes, or taking the two-year journey along the “all-Canadian” route; staking a claim;

extracting the gold from the claim; and avoiding losing their riches to the cheaters and swindlers

attracted to the gold rush settlement

  1. Examine the list of supplies that stampeders had to have with them to get past the NWMP officers stationed at the top of the White and Chilkoot passes, estimate the number of trips up and down the passes stampeders would have had to take to ferry supplies to the top of the passes. (Show your work). (6 marks)

Examine the list of supplies that stampeders had to have with them to get past the NWMP officers stationed at the top of the White and Chilkoot passes. Ask students to estimate the number of trips up and down the passes stampeders would have had to take to ferry supplies to the top of the passes. [It comes to 409.85 kg plus the weight of the condensed milk tins. Imagine that they had to carry another 100 kg of mining supplies and spare clothing. The total is over 500 kg. Thus for the very fittest, it could not have been less than ten round trips. Then they still had hundreds of kilometres to go to get to Dawson City.] What conclusions can be drawn about the stampeders and their mission? [They were rugged and desperate]

Write answers for this section on the worksheet.

Section D: Answer either question 10 or 11

  1. a) In point form, place four pieces of information to complete the organizer below about the First Nations’ and the settlers’ perspectives on the land. (4 marks). An example has been provided.

  1. a) In point form, place four pieces of information to complete the organizer below about the First Nations’ and the settlers’ perspectives on the land. (4 marks)

For each column, 1 mark for each perspective, 2 marks maximum

First Nations’ perspective

Settlers’ perspective

did not own the land, but had been entrusted by the Great Spirit to take care of it

believed people could own individual plots of land

in return, the Great Spirit allowed them to live off the land’s resources

they could put fences around their plots to keep other people and wild animals out, and keep farm animals in

humans were only to take what they needed for their survival, so that land could exist forever

believed they had the right to use the land for whatever purposes they liked because they owned it

  1. What compromise would you suggest to deal with these two conflicting points of view?

Explain (2 marks)

Answer will vary

Write answers for this section on the worksheet.

  1. a) In the organizer below, fill in the second and third columns with two different perspectives, based on your knowledge of history, about the event in the first column. (4 marks). An example has been given.


Perspective 1

Perspective 2

The rise of prairie towns

(1 mark for each perspective = 2 marks)

Possible answers:

  • I think the rise of prairie towns are good because they provide more stores, services, and opportunities for individuals.

Possible answers:

  • Prairie towns were only good for settlers and not First Nations.

  • The building of these communities should only have happened in cooperation with First Nations.

Gold rushes

(1 mark for each perspective = 2 marks)

Possible answers:

  • The gold rushes were great because they brought more people to Canada and helped people to discover the many natural resources in the north.

Possible answers:

  • The gold rushes were the beginning of mining for natural resources in the North and this mining has had a terrible effect on the environment.

  1. Which perspective do you most agree with regarding the rise of prairies towns or the gold rushes? Why? (2 marks)

Answer will vary

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